Transcript: Industrial Workers Working Conditions copy and paste as needed to add notes to your brainstorm Haymarket Riot Knights of Labor BRAINSTORM ELEMENTS Labor Strikes Maximizing Profits and Efficiency - In May of 1 - During the late 1800's, there was a decline in quality - Machines run by unskilled workers that could be replaced easily - Factories focused a specialization/workers repeating a single step again and again -Even though it brought costs down and production to rise, it made workers tired, bored, and more likely to be injured By: Alyssa Nguyen, Meg Hsu, Ashely Ton, Florence Llanes Ch. 18, P. 584 Industrial Workers - The conditions of the Workers was terrible. - Workers were paid low wages since there was many people working for them. - Factories were stuffy and workers' eyes were strained from the dim light that came from outside. - Most of the workers earned $8-10 a week, which is about 10 ￠ per hour. Important People During This Time Period
Transcript: Maximizing profits and efficiency The first labor was the knights of labor was founded in the 1870 and it was the first national one Industrial workers Workers organize Labor strike In the late 1800 haymarket riot broke out by a man throwing bomb in a crowd History ch.18 sec 3
Transcript: Labor Unions Form Working Conditions The Unions Act The majority of working women in 1800s had a job as a domestic servant. women joined the industrial work forces, especially the textile industrial. Economic depression in the 1870s and the 1890s led companies to fire workers and lower wages. Economic depression hit the nation following a financial panic in 1873. Antilabor feeling grew stronger after a bloody clash between police and strikers in Chicago's Hay market Square in May 1886. In 1892 workers went on strike at Andrew Carnegie's steel plants in Homestead, Pennsylvania. A fierce battle left at least battle 10 people dead. The employees of George Pullman's railroad owners fought back. The workers and their leader, Eugene V. Debs, refuse to end the strike. President Grover Cleveland sent federal troops to Chicago, and soon the strike was over. The industrial growth of the 1800s created new jobs. Industrial laborers worked for 10 or 12 hours a day, six days a week. They could be fired at anytime for any reason. May lost there jobs during business downturns or were replaced by immigrants who were willing to work for lower pay. Factories were noisy, unhealthy and unsafe, accidents were common. They were breathing in airborne lint, gas, and coal. Industrial Workers Earlier in the 1800s, skilled workers had formed unions to represent workers in certain crafts or trades, such as carpentry. In 1869 garment cutters in Philadelphia founded the Noble and Holy Order of the Knight of Labor. The Knight of Labor grew rapidly to more than 700,000 members by 1886. In 1881 a group of national trade unions formed a federation that five years later became known as the American Federation of Labor. (AFL) The AFL was led by Samuel Gompers, the tough, practical-minded president of the cigar Makers' Union. By 1904 the AFL claimed more than 1.6 million members. Isaias Thomas & Devontay Abram In 1900 hundreds of thousands of children under 16, worked in factories. People brought attention to their state legislatures. Many states passed child labor. you had to be at least 12 and could not work 10 h.r. a day. Many unions would no admit women workers ,so some women formed their own unions. In 1911 a fire broke out at the Triangle Shirt-waist Company factory a crowded sweatshop in New York City. Women and the Unions Child Labor Women Workers
Transcript: Homestead hired nonunion workers brought in 300 armed guards battle left at least 10 people dead plant reopens with nonunion workers the homestead strike failed Q: What were the men of Big Buisness effect on philanthropy? A: The use of money to benefit the communites. Philanthropists founded schools, universities and other civic institutions in the U.S. $350 million were donated to many organizations by Carnegie. Women Workers Majority of women have jobs Worked in industrial workforce thousands of children, under 16, worked in factories States passed child labor laws Children had to be 12 years old Could not work more than 10 hours per day Employers ignored child labor laws Laws did not apply to agriculture About one million children are employed to agriculture By 1900 1 million women worked in industry Women received half of mens salary People thought women had men to support them so women didn't get paid as much Group founded in 1900 consisted of workers that weren't being paid fairly- mostly Jewish immigrants successful strikes, 1909 and 1910, in New York City New York Strike resulted in a "protocol of peace" the protocol improved the conditions for the clothing manufactures wages increased working hours decreased International Ladies' Garment Union Q: Did America fulfill the dreams of immigrants? A: Nowdays America does not fulfill the dreams of immigrants because we aren't letting them in. We aren't welcoming in these new people into america, they just want a safe place to live. Negotiation of wages and other conditions Employment by body of employees Homestead strike Child Labor & Women Workers factories were not heated or air-conditioned lacked light and ventilation worked in conditions for 12-14 hours a day, 5 days a week employers fire injured workers did not provide care benefits Major Strikes Question #2 Working Conditions Question #3 Questions Q: Has immigration been a key to America's success? A: Yes, because they supplied the US with workers. They also helped shape America and created major religion groups such as Protestants, Catholics, and Jews. In addition their customs, cultures, language, and literature of their homelands helped shape the us. Industrial Workers Sweatshops Factory or workshop, especially in the clothing industry Very low wages for long hours Poor conditions Question #1 Question #4 Trade Union Collective Bargaining Terms Q: Should business be allowed to combine and reduce competition? A: Employed in place of others who are on strike They make the strike ineffectual Child Labors Term for labor union Unorganized association of workers Protects rights and interests Haymarket riot Strikebreaker took place May 4, 1886 labor protest near Chicago's Haymarket square turned into riot after someone threw a bomb at police around 8 people were killed that day 8 labor activists were accused in connection to the bombing
Transcript: Child Labor Law Children had to be at least 12 years old to work in factories and could not be worked for more than 10 hours a day. The law did not work, most kids worked for farms and the law did not apply to farms. Most factory owners did not follow the law. Trivia: Women do more of this in the bathroom than men. 80% Women, but 55% wash their hands.... Most Americans were afraid of unions and thought of them of terrorist groups. Economic growth and progress helped make America rich, but cost the American worker health, life, and ability to have a good life. New Immigration What was it like to work in a factory? Horrible working conditions New immigration took place between 1880-1920. Came from Eastern European countries. Russia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Turkey, Poland, Japan, China, Mexico. Did not blend into American culture easily. Adjusting to America The Journey to America. Were pushed out of their homes by trouble in their home countries, and pulled to America by new opportunities. Pushes = high unemployment, economic depression, war, religious persecution, crop failures/starvation. Pull=Jobs, money, land, freedom. Where to Live Immigrants crossing the Atlantic came to Ellis Island in New York City. Immigrants crossing the Pacific came to Angel Island in San Francisco Bay. Cities become the region where immigrants and americans mix cultures. They become the melting pot of America where cultures mix together. People had to Assimilate, or become part of America. Many immigrants wanted to hold on to their own culture and become American, but this was very hard to do. Language: Parents spoke native language, kids spoke both English and native language, grandkids spoke only English. Americans do not like the new languages, religions, and customs, and a movement to keep immigrants out began. Chinese exclusion act 1882- No Chinese immigrants are allowed in for 10 years. It was renewed in 1892, and 1902. Immigration Act 1882 - No criminals and all immigrants must pay a tax. Immigrations Act 1897 - Immigrants must be able to read and write. Conditions Workers Act STRIKE! FIN Arrival Some immigrants had family they could move in with, but most showed up with everything they owned and nowhere to live. Unions would help workers to strike, or refuse to work, if their demands for safe work and equal pay were not met. These strikes sometimes became violent and resulted in death and destruction. Eventually Unions did help workers get the conditions they wanted and needed. American Reaction Entering America Few immigrants spoke English, and almost none had jobs. How would these people survive? Pay Why did they come? New Immigrants What to do? Many immigrants came from farms and had no education. They were forced to settle in industrial cities and work in factories. This created neighborhoods inside of cities that were similar to immigrant homelands. Americans working for the government would examine you. Names would be recorded, and sometimes shortened to be made easier to spell or write. Occupation, and home country would be recorded. Health exam to decide if you would be allowed in. Cities Become Melting Pots Some Americans were upset that immigrants were taking American jobs. Before 1865 American were afraid of the changes they saw. The mixing of cultures scared some Americans. New Laws Dangerous Crowded Fast Paced work uncovered machine parts No safety equipment little training long hours low pay could be fired for any reason at any time Terrible pay and dangerous working conditions force workers to act. They organize into groups and demand better pay and safer working conditions. These groups are known as labor unions. Labor unions wanted collective bargaining; meetings between unions who represent the laborers and the management. Industrial Workers Living in America. American get mad. Supplied the country with needed labor for factories. Helped shape American culture. Helped grow cities into the multicultural places they are today. Becoming American Nativist Movement Finding Work Why? Very low wages for very hard work. Factory owners wanted to mass produce as many finished goods as possible and ran their factories as hard and fast as possible. Women were paid less than men. Children were paid less than men and women. Hardest part of immigration was finding work. Most immigrants became laborers in factories, sweatshops, and mills. They worked the hardest jobs, the longest hours, and were given the lowest pay. Walk to the nearest port/harbor, sometimes hundreds of miles away. Get on a boat that had the cheapest tickets, and stay in the cheapest part of the boat for weeks as you cross the Atlantic or pacific. Arrive in America as a tired, poor, and hungry immigrant ready for a new start. Most immigrants came from western european countries. (England, France, Spain) They blended into American culture easily. Where to go? Immigrant Impact
Transcript: Labor Unions -published The Principles of Scientific Management -encouraged managers to view workers as interchangeable parts -caused injuries to increase Specialization -unskilled workers being hired -skilled craftspeople losing jobs -too many factories -workers were replaced easily Industrial Workers Decline in Quality of Work Conditions Major Labor Unions -formed to get better wages and working conditions -8 hour work days -equal pay for equal work -end child labor -collective bargaining: all workers acting together -Irish immigrant -worked for better conditions for miners -organized strikes -educated workers Frederick W. Taylor -Knights of Labor: 1st national Labor Union, founded in 1870s, lead by Terence V. Powderly -American Federation of Labor: early Labor Union lead by Sam Gompers By: Sofia Garcia, Katherine Book, and Sophie Velez 8B -workers repeating same steps over and over again -decreased costs of products -caused production to rise -made workers tired, bored, injured Mary Harris Jones Logo
Transcript: https://www.classtools.net/FB/1581-XEUHLR What was the greatest geographical factor from your topic? https://ecolaii.wordpress.com/factory-conditions-1800s/ Industrial workers first begun when factories became a huge thing in America during the 1800s. They worked in horrible conditions are were payed very little. But this was the only way they could provide for their families, so they did what they had to do. https://www.scribblemaps.com/create/#id=4aGVMZ0gJA&lat=42.03297433244314&lng=-88.8134765625&z=5&t=hybrid I learned that industrial workers is something people are very familiar with What did you find interesting about your topic? Industrial Workers by Jillian Terrell Application Program For my remembering program I used a fakebook, this actually helped me learn a lot more about the people in this time of the industrial workers than anything else did. Primary Sources Who were industrial workers? Industrial workers were really everywhere in the world, they didn't really have just one spot that they stayed in. Remembering program http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/working-conditions-factories-issue design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi Industrial workers achieved a lot in their day. They put on successful strikes that got them better work conditions and hours. They helped children not have to work in child abuse factories. They got better pay to help provide for their families. The workers achieved so much because they put their heads together and stood up for what they believed they deserved. Industrial workers were a people who worked in factories with very little pay and worked in very bad conditions to provide for their families. Evaluation Program Worksheet: https://docs.google.com/a/odcs.org/forms/d/1lzEZwhGHsx0N8v101HDzEYbuOCOxGY_eS5QAcZPQnHc/edit Responses: https://docs.google.com/a/odcs.org/forms/d/1lzEZwhGHsx0N8v101HDzEYbuOCOxGY_eS5QAcZPQnHc/edit#responses Questions This map shows some of the big strikes that industrial workers organized to help get what they believed in and what they deserved. Achievements of Workers Thesis: Why were industrial workers important? ~ I believe industrial workers were important because they stood for what they believed in and taught America and the world what happens of you do. Who was influenced by your topic? ~ The whole world was influenced by industrial workers. Even today I think it is important to understand what they stood for and how the achieved it. When did industrial workers end? ~ The industrial workers are still a thing today and probaly will be for a long time. I found it interesting on how industrial workers strikes and unions are still going on today.
Transcript: by Ann, Aline, Cameron, Young Woo Hospitality Industry Issue : Labour Issue What are the concerns? Lack of skilled/ experienced labour Gender discrimination (to women) Many female workers have less chance to get managerial posts due to their skills Female workers have less time for their job due to their time taking care of the family Global crisis in 2008 Less demand for vacations, leisure, lodging, events, food services, etc Dropping demand for hospitality labour Solutions Why is there skills shortage Particular job are there a real need for Kitchen Seamstress Bartender Maintenance Before and Now Newspaper were used often before Interviews were different The way of contacting was different Technology changed everything Right Place and People Interns in different hotels Student in hospitality schools Social Network Advertisement Facebook Linkedin Twitter Youtube Simplicity Different kinds of Front Office Clerks In charge of : Median Annual Wage is approx $19,500 Minimum Training : 1-4 weeks Hotel have to be open on every hour, every day Harsh Working In charge of Annual wage is approx $23,000 Usually on-the-job training, but any courses for hospital can be helpful in charge of Assist the guest to find room Carries guest's belongings to their room Escort guest to hotel/room Annual wage can be $30,000-$100,000 depends on the experience and skills Ususally there is day/night shifts In charge of : audits daily guest ledger of the hotel Annual wage in the range of $18,000-$26.000 Had experience in accounting Night shift job between 11pm-7am Interest and thoughts Not enough people with a particular skill to meet demand Different types of rooms Increasing demand for the labour Industry working Conditions Lower customers' incomes Low quality of education/training for hospitality student night audit THANK YOU concierge Reservation Clerk general knowledge Only top recruiters can recruit the best people (e.g : Accor) May differ in cause and nature Not very well-trained candidates have enough experience bookkeeping Reception clerk High-level training courses to women who wish to do/ get managerial posts Increasing demand for hospitality services Policies that require programs in all hospitality schools to include at least 1 year internship during the program general accounting Pumping money into the economy to increase the aggregate demand Assits guests to reserve rooms Accomodations Check in/out of the guest Women who work for small tourism or family companies often have paid and unpaid work unclear different point of view Policies that allow female workers to both have time for their family also the managerial job positions. Assisting guest on day-to-day activities Handling Complains Encouraging/ giving budgets to firms who recruit the new graduates/ inexperienced workers
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