Transcript: JOB PRODUCTION PRODUCTION SYSTEM manufacturing process in which components or goods are produced in groups and not in a continuous stream by: Valentina Aristizabal 7C PROCESS: SYSTEM Manufacturing subsystem that includes all functions required to design, produce, distribute, and service a manufactured product. form of production where all the different operations requires for production are carried out in sequence one after the other. BATCH PRODUCTION PRODUCTION The processes and methods used to transform tangible and intangible inputs FLOW PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PROCESS Sequence of interdependent and linked procedures Mechanical or chemical states used to create an object. industrial automation A body of knowledge dedicated to creating tools, processing actions and extracting of materials. TECHNOLOGY Set of detailed methods,procedures and routines created to carry out a specific activity . Type of business model that performs or creates single and customized projects for a specific client
Transcript: Industrial automation By> juan pablo parra 7c Technology Is the knowledge that create and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment. Technology System The collection of elements or components that are organized for a common purpose. And to have a system you need to be organized System Production is the process of manufacturing or growing something in large quantities. production Manufacturing subsystem that includes all functions required to design, produce, distribute. Production System Production System Mechanical or chemical steps used to create an object and in biggest quantities. Production process Production process A manufacturing process in which components are produced in groups and not in a continuous stream. Batch production Batch production Flow production is a method of production where products move continuously along a production line. Flow production Flow production A type of business model that performs or creates single and customized projects for a specific client. Job production Job production PROCESS A process is a series of actions which are carried out in order to achieve a particular result. Process
Transcript: Safety through Crane Algorithm New 1000 Series- Key Features J1000 5 frame sizes 23 ~ 105A 145 ~ 220A 255A 360 ~ 930A 1200 ~1600A 4 control voltages 110 ~ 220V AC 230 ~ 440V AC 24VDC 24VAC (optional) 630 Range 200 V, 3-phase power supply, 1.2 - 69A (0.2kW – 18.5kW, ND) 400 V, 3-phase power supply, 1.2 - 38A (0.2kW to 18.5kW, ND) Overload Capacity 150% (HD) or 120% (ND) for 60 sec Power Supply 200~240 V 3-phase 50/60 Hz 380~480 V 3-phase 50/60 Hz *Allowable voltage fluctuation -15%/+10% A1000 Series Applications V1000 Series- Specifications A1000 - C for Crane Control Product Range 0.4 EMX3 Soft Starters AC drives- Product range V1000 LnTOUCH HMI 4.3” TO 15” screen Multi-language, Graphics, Extended alarms Recipe, Data logging, Printing, Ethernet Fieldbus communication A1000 Series- Specifications Features Regenerative converter available from 5kW to 370kW Low power supply harmonics ensuring less input current distortion with unity power factor at rated load Multi drives can be connected to single D1000 ensuring saving of regenerated energy and low harmonics at improved power factor Multi drives combination useful for overhead cranes, escalator, automatic parking system, weaving machines, HVAC apps & many other Overload of 150% for 1min&200% for 3sec Brake opening command by Drive under following condition Inverter Output Frequency > Brake Release Frequency AND Inverter Output Current > Brake Release Current AND Inverter Torque > Torque Compensation Value Ensures Slip prevention Different settings possible for Hoisting & Lowering Motion Special “S” parameter group only for crane drives PLC & HMI V1000 Range from 7.5 to 110kW Range from 18A to 220A Control voltage: 110 V - 240VAC : 380V - 440VAC Time based start & stop ramp EMX3 World’s smallest drive V/f Control Built-in braking transistor High Flux Braking Unique maintenance monitor RS-485 MODBUS Communication (Optional) Low-noise technology Tree Program Structure 5 DI, 1 DO, 1 AI, 1 AO Features Compact Design Built-in bypass contactor Time based start & stop ramp Complements existing motor protection Programming through trim pot Flexible soft starting profiles (CSXi) Safety AC Inverter Drives Safe disable inputs Built-in RS-485 port @ 115.2 kbps Last 10 faults stored Peak current @ frequency recorded Fault trace of last fault Application presets 200 V class: 1.5 to 110 kW 400 V class: 1.5 to 110 kW CSX and CSXi Series- Specifications D1000 V1000 Series Applications Soft Starter Smooth & Comfortable Ride J1000 Series- Specifications A1000 Range 23 Models 23A ~ 1600A 7.5 ~ 800kW 2 Voltage Ranges 200 ~ 440V AC 380 ~ 690V AC Protection IP20 EMX-0023B EMX3-0105B IP00 EMX-0145B EMX3-1600C 18.5 D1000 A1000 Power-through Servo & Motion Control V1000 Series- Compact & Powerful V/f , V/f with feedback, OLV & Flux vector 200% starting torque @ 0 RPM in closed loop Speed range 1:1500 Swing PWM for low motor noise for all ND Built-in braking transistor upto 30kW Detachable terminal block with memory Standard conformal coating in all ratings CSX & CSXi Runs Induction and Synchronous Motors Compatible with a Wide Range of Encoders Loaded with Auto-Tuning Features Designed Compact for Tight Machine Rooms Reduced Operation Time and More Powerful Braking Extensive Product Lineup LX Series PLC 10 to 8192 I/Os Embedded Ethernet, USB, SD Card RoHS, CE, CULuS certification Embedded Web Server Modular Micro PLC J1000 Series Applications Robust control terminals Real time metering and monitoring Adjustable bus-bars Serial programming and control Suitable for Asynchronous & PM motor Designed for 10 years of performance life Rated for 50ºC without derating Unique maintenance monitor function Intelligent detachable control terminals Adapted to tropical conditions (conformal coating) Features a USB port for easier communication Key features of Crane Algorithm A1000 Series- High Performance EMX3- Key features EMX3- Key features Rescue Operation Light Load Search Detection Function Safe Disable Function Fault Detection During Run Preventative Warnings Long-life Performance Range 400 V, 3-phase power supply, 1.2 - 1200A (0.4kW to 630kW, ND) Overload Capacity 150% (HD) or 120% (ND) for 60 sec Power Supply 380~480 V 3-phase 50/60 Hz *Allowable voltage fluctuation -15%/+10% Matching Every Need Smooth Operation Overshoot and Anti-Vibration Control Variety of Braking Functions High Performance Starting Torque w/o Sensors (Anti-rollback) Range 200 V, single-phase power supply, 1.2 - 9.6A (0.4 – 2.2kW, ND) 400 V, 3-phase power supply, 1.2 – 11.1A (0.4 – 5.5kW, ND) Overload Capacity 150% (HD) or 120% (ND) for 60 sec Power Supply 200~240 V single-phase 50/60 Hz 380~480 V 3-phase 50/60 Hz *Allowable voltage fluctuation -15% to +10% V/f and Open loop control 200% starting torque at 0.5 Hz Dual Microprocessor Built-in braking transistor Online auto tuning Application preset Built-in MODBUS communication port No deration required upto 8kHz carrier freq 7 DI , 3 DO, 2 AI, 1 AO 5.5 Industrial
Transcript: automation Industrial AUTOMATION Automation can be defined as the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance DATOS LESS WORK LESS WORK LESS AUTOMATED EQUIPMENT LESS AUTOMATED EQUIPMENT VENTAJAS Permanent repetition. Optimal quality levels. Cost savings shorter production time. DESVENTAJAS Inflexibility highly qualified staff. In the same way, as we already know, day-to-day technology is becoming a fundamental part of human life, however, there are still many processes to automate. inflexibility. highly qualified staff. high investment cost. Strengths Weaknesses Company Logo NOTE CONCLUSIONS CONCLUSIONS The task of automation involves the programming of various functions that they concern different electrical and mechanical elements. NOTE 2 Still having the knowledge about the programming tools each project of automation is a new learning NOTE 3
Transcript: Specifications Features V/f and Open Loop Control Online Auto Tuning 200% starting torque @0.5Hz Rated for 50deg celcius without deration Application presets Built in braking transistor Built in MODBUS communication port @ 115.2 kbps Variable Frequency Drives Features Range 400V 3 - phase power supply, 0.4kW to 630kW, ND Overload Capacity 150% (HD) or 120% (ND) for 60 sec Power Supply 380~480 V 3-phase 50/60 Hz *Allowable voltage fluctuation -15% to +10% Range: 0.4kW – 315kW Applicable in all control modes V/f , Open loop vector & Closed loop Vector Brake contactor controlled through AC Drive Brake release feedback Provision for Control through analog Joystick Overload detection Travel Limit function Light load acceleration V/f, V/f with feedback, OLV & Flux Vector Control 200% Starting torque @ 0 RPM Can run synchronous & asynchronous motors Rated for 50 deg celcius without deration Conformal coating Intelligent detachable terminal block Specifications Speed range is 1:1500 in CLV Application presets for faster applications Last 10 faults stored Built in braking transistor upto 30 kW Built in MODBUS communication port @ 115.2kbps Performance life monitor Features Range 200V single phase power supply, 0.4kW to 2.2kW, ND 400V three phase power supply, 0.4kW to 5.5kW, ND Overload Capacity 150% (HD) or 120% (ND) for 60 sec Power Supply 200~240 V single-phase 50/60 Hz 380~480 V 3-phase 50/60 Hz *Allowable voltage fluctuation -15% to +10% Runs Induction & Synchronous motors Compatible with range of Encoders Loaded with Auto Tuning features Compact design for Tight Machine Room Smooth operation Over Shoot & Anti Vibration Control Rescue operation Safe disable function World’s smallest drive V/f Control 150% torque at 3Hz Built in braking chopper High flux braking Phase order selection using a parameter RS 485 Communication (Optional) EMX3 J1000 Series - Plug & Play A1000 - High Performance Industrial Automation Specifications Features Range 200V 3 - phase power supply, 0.4kW to 18.5kW, ND 400V 3 - phase power supply, 0.4kW to 18.5kW, ND Overload Capacity 150% (HD) or 120% (ND) for 60 sec Power Supply 200~240 V 3 -phase 50/60 Hz 380~480 V 3-phase 50/60 Hz *Allowable voltage fluctuation -15% to +10% Range 200V 3 - phase power supply, 1.5kW to 110kW, ND 400V 3 - phase power supply, 1.5kW to 110kW, ND Power Supply 200~240 V 3 -phase 50/60 Hz 380~480 V 3-phase 50/60 Hz *Allowable voltage fluctuation -15% to +10% Specifications V1000 Series- Compact & Powerful L1000A for Elevator Features Soft Starters Features A1000-C Crane Application
Transcript: By: Esther & Fiona Industrial Automation Definition What is Automation? Automation is the use of mostly automatic equipment in a manufacturing system or another production process. It is used because it is faster, cheaper, and used when humans aren't cut out for the job Environmental Pros 1) MACHINES LOSE HEAT SLOWER THAN HUMANS, WHICH IS A GOOD THINGS FOR THE ENVIRONMENT 2) MACHINES CAN ADAPT TO DIFFERENT SITUATIONS WITH EFFICIENCY, WHILE HUMANS CANNOT PERFORM AS WELL 3) MACHINES USE MINIMAL MATERIAL WASTE SOCIETAL SOCIETAL 1) INCREASED WORKER SAFETY (if you transfer your active hands-on workshop to supervisory roles, you have increased the overall safety) 2) MACHINES CAN DO BORING AND REPETITIVE TASKS WITHOUT COMPLAINING/BEING BORED MACHINES ARE FASTER THAN HUMANS 3) NO NEED TO HIRE EMPLOYEES AND DEAL WITH THEIR ABSENCES (MATERNITY LEAVE, SICK DAYS, VACATIONS) ECONOMICAL ECONOMICAL 1) IMPROVED PRODUCT QUALITY, ACCURACY, REPEATABILITY, AND LESS HUMAN ERROR (Experts argue that when a machine is programmed to perform a repeated task, the accuracy and repeatability of the work is much greater than work of human hands economic 2) CHEAPER TO USE 3) CONSISTENCY (One of the amazing things you could describe about automation are that they perform exactly the way it is asked for. You could also instruct a human to do so, but there are chances that the output may not be the exact same as desired.) 4) INCREASED RATE OF PRODUCTION Environment Cons 1) INCREASED DEMAND FOR ENERGY (the continuous use of energy will eventually deplete the natural resources of the Earth 2) POLLUTION (animal’s homes are lost, affect the ozone layer etc.) 3) THE COMPANY MAY CHANGE PRODUCTS TO MANUFACTURE, RESULTING IN A CHANGE OF MACHINES. THE CURRENT ONES WILL BE USELESS, RESULTING IN LOST MONEY CONS ECONOMIC 1) HUMAN-MADE PRODUCTS WILL BE MORE EXPENSIVE 2) MAINTENANCE OF MACHINES IS EXPENSIVE 3) IF THERE IS A SMALLER WORKFORCE, AUTOMATION IS NOT RECOMMENDED AS IT WILL BE MORE EXPENSIVE THAN MACHINES MAY BREAK DOWN; WHEN THEY DO, THE COST OF BUYING A NEW ONE IS EXPENSIVE 4) WITH AGE, MACHINES ARE LESS EFFECTIVE AS PARTS START TO RUST, WEAKEN, ETC. WHICH MAKES THEM INEFFECTIVE IN THE LONG-TERM RUN HUMAN LABOR 5) MACHINES ARE NOT CREATIVE AND WILL PERFORM ANY TASK THE WAY THEY ARE PROGRAMMED TO DO. THIS RESULTS IN UNVARIED PRODUCTS. CONS SOCIAL 1) HIGHER UNEMPLOYMENT RATES (If you are a staple employer in your area, this higher unemployment rate could jeopardize your relationship with your local or state government) 2) HUMAN-MADE PRODUCTS WILL BE MORE EXPENSIVE 3) MAINTENANCE OF MACHINES IS EXPENSIVE 4) MACHINES ARE EXPENSIVE TO BUY AS THEY NEED TO BE SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED, BUILT, AND CODED TO PERFORM A CERTAIN TASK Solution Solutions 1) Coat machinery with a protective coating to reduce the chance that it will be affected by the elements 2) Train employees to do another job so they won't go unemployed 3) Use automation to do jobs humans don't want to do while letting humans do the part where slightly varied products are acceptable (hand-painted cups, etc) 4) Use green energy (renewable forms of energy) to power machinery 5) Sell machines the company doesn't need to other companies to prevent economical loss 6) Think in the long term when making decisions about automation, not in the short term, like many other companies. They should plan ahead 5-6 years and delay gratification in the present it be more successful later on. They should invest in costly yet high-quality machinery and have areas of creativity where humans are needed in. Machines should be used to to boring, dangerous, hard jobs while humans should add the creativity in the form of painting, constructing, etc. This lets the company make more profit as they can advertise their products as “handmade”. Studies show that people are willing to pay more for a human-made object than a machine-created one. MORE ON AUTOMATION AUTOMATION Video
Transcript: Industrial Automation in iOt Basics What is iOt? It is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. What is iOt? What is industrial automation? the use of control systems, such as computers or robots, and information technologies for handling different processes and machineries in an industry to replace a human being What is industrial automation? IoT Industrial automation develop a system which will automatically monitor as well as control industry autonomously without human intervention. What Do IoT Implementations do for Industrial Automation? What Do IoT Implementations do for Industrial Automation? Why use iOt? To reduce maintenance cost Maintenance of the controlling system or industrial devices is crucial To optimize critical monitoring system Why use iOt? Types Of Industrial Automation Systems Fixed Automation System Programmable Automation System Flexible Automation System Integrated Automation System Types Of Industrial Automation Systems Levels: Levels of Industrial Automation Process Supervisor Level Consists of an Industrial PC, which is usually available as a desktop PC or a Panel PC or a Rack-mounted PC These PCs run on standard operating systems with a special software, usually provided by the supplier for industrial process control. A special industrial ethernet is used for communication, which can be Gigabit LAN or any wireless topology (WLAN). Supervisor Level Control Level this is the level where all the automation related programs are executed. Programmable Logic Controllers or PLCs are used, which provide real-time computing capability. PLCs are also capable of being interfaced with several I/O devices and can communicate through various communication protocols like CAN. Control Level Field Level The terminal equipment like Sensors and Actuators are categorized into Field Level in the hierarchy. The sensors like temperature, optical, pressure etc. and actuators like motors, valves, switches etc. are interfaced to a PLC through a field bus and the communication between a Field Level device and its corresponding PLC is usually based on a point-to-point connection. Field Level Protocols: Protocols Link Layer RFID: RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) is a radio frequency identification technology that allows identifying objects when they pass near a detector (antenna, terminal, smartphone, tablet, etc.) Link Layer Network Layer IPV4/IPV6: From the end-to-end connectivity perspective, IPv6 provides better results than IPv4. But IPV4 enhances its support towards video library files and conferences better. Both coexists. (Dual stack migration) Network Layer Transport Layer Transport Layer TCP/IP: It operates independently of the OS and can send larger files. Application Layer HTTP: It provides the gateway for communication your device and the website on which you want to share your file. FTP: The File Transfer Protocol is a standard network protocol used to transfer computer files from one host to another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet. Application Layer These are as follows: Advantages and Disadvantages Advantages higher production rates increased productivity more efficient use of materials shorter workweeks for labour improved safety Disadvantages high capital expenditure required a higher level of maintenance needed lower degree of flexibility possibility that workers will become slaves to automated machines less job opportunities Applications Monitoring and control Health and fitness Automation and logistics Digital camera and imaging Smart meters and energy management PAN-LAN bridge and cloud applications Consumer electronics Popular Industries Using Industrial Automation: > Manufacturing > Oil and Gas Drilling > Paper Mills > Steel Mills > Transportation > Distribution
Transcript: INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION Automation Automation Industrial automation can be defined as the use of set technologies and automatic control devices that results the automatic operation and control of industrial processes without significant human intervention and achieving superior performance than manual control. Auto means "Self" and matos means "moving". Example Example Levels of Automation Levels of Automation Increased throughput or productivity. Improved quality or increased predictability of quality. Improved robustness (consistency), of processes or product. Increased consistency of output. Reduced direct human labor costs and expenses. Advantages Advantages and Disadvantages Disadvantages Security Threats/Vulnerability Unpredictable/excessive development costs High initial cost Advantages and Disadvantages ANN - Artificial neural network DCS - Distributed Control System HMI - Human Machine Interface SCADA - Supervisory Control and Data Aquisition PLC - Programmable Logic Controller Instrumentation Motion control Robotics Sensors Actuators Tools for Automation Tools for Automation Programmable Logic Controller Programmable Logic Controller A PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER (PLC) is an industrial computer control system that continuously monitors the state of input devices and makes decisions based upon a custom program to control the state of output devices. There is a broad range of PLCs available. We can classify them as Siemens PLC and Non- Siemens PLC. Some of the Siemens PLCs are :- SIMATIC S7-300 Series SIMATIC S7-400 Series SIMATIC S7-1200 Series SIMATIC S7-1500 Series Some of the Non-Siemens PLC that we use are :- Allen Bradley(Rockwell Automation) Mitsubishi Omron Modicon (Schneider Electric) Brands of PLCs Brands of PLCs Advantages Advanatages and Disadvantages Advanatages and Disadvantages Disadvantages Rugged and designed to withstand vibrations, temperature, humidity, and noise. Have interfacing for inputs and outputs already inside the controller. PLCs are easily programmed and have an easily understood programming language. There's too much work required in connecting wires. There's difficulty with changes or replacements. It's always difficult to find errors; And require skillful work force. When a problem occurs, hold-up time is indefinite, usually long. The PLC receives information from connected sensors or input devices, processes the data, and triggers outputs based on pre-programmed parameters. Depending on the inputs and outputs, a PLC can monitor and record run-time data such as machine productivity or operating temperature, automatically start and stop processes, generate alarms if a machine malfunctions, and more. Programmable Logic Controllers are a flexible and robust control solution, adaptable to almost any application. How does a PLC work? How does a PLC work? The graphical user interface between human/operator and machine in a manufacturing or process control system to visualize, monitor and operate highly complex process. To achieve the above operations it communicates with specialized computers in the plant such as a programmable automation controller (PAC), programmable logic controller (PLC) or distributed control system (DCS). Human Machine Interface Human Machine Interface Human Machine Interface is classified into following types: Key Panels Basic Panels Comfort Panels Mobile Panels Classification Classification SIMATIC HMI Key Panels can be used for creating con-ventional operator panels according to the principle of "plug and control": They are ready for installation and pre-assembled. In this way, time-consuming individual assembly and wiring, as required for conventional operator panels, is not necessary. This reduces the time required for wiring by up to 90% compared to conventional wiring. Requirements are installation cutout and a PROFINET cable. E.g.- SIMATIC HMI KP8/KP8F PN and SIMATIC HMI KP32F etc. Simatic Key Panels Simatic Key Panels SIMATIC HMI Basic Panels 2nd generation are the ideal entry-level series for simple HMI applications. The device series offers panels with 4", 7", 9" and 12" displays, and combined key or touch operation Displays with high resolution They can be installed in portrait mode and are especially energy-efficient due to their 100% dimmable brightness. The user interface opens up a wide range of operations with improved usability and allows you to connect a keyboard, mouse and barcode scanner and supports archiving of data on a USB stick. Simatic Basic Panels Simatic Basic Panels Simatic Comfort Panel Simatic Comfort Panel Extremely flexible across all sizes Brilliant displays in widescreen format Application and data protection Optimum convenience, even during commissioning Precise diagnostics made easy Easy to operate More interfaces – less hardware costs Fast application recovery in case of device damage Intelligent energy management with PROFIenergy SIMATIC HMI Mobile Panels 2nd generation offer even more performance, flexibility,
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