Transcript: INDIAN WEDDING Work done by: Valeria Circhetta 5^H Linguistico Rituals HINDU CULTURE key word The Bride Mehendi ceremony, application of henna Haldy, a yellow turmeric paste Traditional red Sari Jewelry, gold, silver and diamonds Paisley, mandala and floral patterns. The paste is believed to ward off evil spirits and provide healing properties. Nose ring called "nath" is the most seductive jewel piece without which a bride's make up is considered incomplete. Mangalsutra, a necklace worn only by married woman, and, traditionally it is a groom's gift. The Ceremony The Wedding Procession: The Cerimonial Customs The Celebration The Blessings The GROOM The traditional turban called Safa. Barat ceremony. The traditional turban called Safa. The Mandap The Garlands MANGALPHERA, the walk around the fire. The couple walks around the fire four times, each turn represents a major goal in life: -Dharma, morality -Artha, prosperity -Kama, personal gratification -Moksha, spirituality SAPTAPARDI 1.Let us provide for our household, stay in good health and carry out our duties and responsibilities to each other, our families and our tradition. 2.Let us develop our mental and spiritual powers 3.Let us increase our wealth and comfort by righteous and proper means 4.Let us acquire knowledge, happiness and harmony by mutual love, respect and trust 5.Let us be blessed with contended family of strong, virtuous and heroic children 6.Let us be blessed with long lives 7.Let us remain true companions, committed only to each other The seven steps
Transcript: Clothing Weddings are a big part of Indian and Hindu culture. Indian weddings are usually arranged and involve different traditions and ceremonies. Decoration, food, and religion are some of the most important parts of the wedding. Arranged Marriage Indian Weddings Most Indian weddings are comprised of three parts: the pre-wedding festivities, the marriage ceremony, and post- wedding. There are many fun and interesting rituals associated with the pre-wedding. Some of these are: The Haldi ceremony- A holy ceremony where a paste of turmeric, oil and water is applied to the bodies of the bride and groom. This is said to both promote healthy skin and keep the evil eye away. The Mehndi ceremony- For the bride and her female relatives and friends only, Henna is applied to the bride's hands. It is said that the darker the color of the dried henna, the stronger the love of the groom for his bride. Traditional brides' clothing includes either a sari or a lahenga, both decorated in ornate embroidery. Colors that are considered lucky are red, white, green, and yellow. Brides usually wear red, which represents prosperity and fertility. The groom wears a dhoti or a sherwani, in white, off-white, or beige. It is also embroidered. https://oiss.rice.edu/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=854 Religion Food Post- wedding After the wedding, the bride bids farewell to her family as she leaves for her husband's house. This is a very emotional experience for the bride and her family members. In some cultures, the bride is carried from the wedding in a doli. This conveys her good wishes to her parents. Upon arrival at the home of the groom, they must engage in several rituals to ensure good luck in their marriage. At the door, the bride must topple a metal pot with her foot. The first step the newlyweds take in their new home must be with their right feet. The bride and groom also perform a prayer, to show their gratitude to the lord. Married couples often throw a reception at their new home for their family and friends. https://oiss.rice.edu/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=854 Indian weddings are typically held at either the home of the bride or a wedding hall. The arrival of the groom to the house of his bride is a very important event. The groom leaves home on a decorated horse, or, for the more extravagant, an elephant. He is accompanied by a large procession of his family and friends. At the wedding hall, after the bride and groom exchange decorative garlands, they engage in a variety of rituals including the Kanyadaan, or giving away of the bride by the father. The couple is considered wed when the groom ties a thali, which is a sacred thread. The entire wedding is done around a sacred fire and after the bride and groom encircle the fire seven times. This is called Saat Phere and it symbolizes the couples seven goals of marriage. The ceremony culminates with the groom applying vermillion to the forehead of his bride, welcoming her as his partner for life. http://www.culturalindia.net/weddings/wedding-preparations/wedding-food.html Throughout and leading up to the wedding, many prayers are made by the bride and groom, especially on the day of the wedding. These include prayers to gods including the Indian goddess Parvati and Ganesha, the deity of overcoming obstacles. The majority of the wedding is done around a sacred fire for the purpose of having the fire god Agni as the main witness of the marriage. In Western societies, physical attraction often plays a big part in who we decide to go out with initially. But arranged marriages, which are in part based on the assumption that young people will just seek pleasure instead of looking at the big picture, are much more analytical. The major factors that must be taken into account are: Reputation- of the family. Vocation- the more prestigious, the better. Wealth Appearance- height and color are the main traits to consider. Values- traditional/liberal. Caste/Religion Horoscope- must be compatible (this was traditionally true). Medical- Hereditary disease is becoming an increasingly important factor. Indian Weddings Pre-wedding Wedding Image by goodtextures: http://fav.me/d2he3r8 Sources Food is served after the wedding ceremony. The food is traditional and typically vegetarian. Indian cuisine is very diverse and flavorful, and some say the wedding would be incomplete without such food. Wedding ceremony
Transcript: The parents give the bride away, but they do not eat before the wedding to remain pure for the occasion. The bride’s saree is tied to the groom’s scarf to symbolize the union of the souls. During a similar ceremony, a cord is tied around the couple’s necks to protect them from evil and they are typically tied by elders of the bride and groom. In Indian weddings, the Mangala Sutra is tied around the bride’s neck instead of exchanging rings. The mangala sutra is a cord with two gold pendants and is tied in three knots by the groom to symbolize the bonding of the two souls for 100 years. This necklace lets others know that the bride is married. The bride then leaves for the groom’s home where her mother-in-law has placed a vessel filled with rice at the entrance of the home. The bride is supposed to spill the rice by touching it with her right foot to signify wealth and that the bride accepts her new responsibilities. Another fun game for the newlyweds is called Aeki Beki where a tray of water is mixed with milk and sindoor (vermillion) and it is filled with coins and a ring. Whoever finds the ring four out of seven times will rule the household. The day is then concluded with prayers to God requesting happiness and love for the newlyweds. Indian Wedding Indian weddings are traditionally multi-day affairs, and involve many intricate ceremonies, such as the painting of the hands and feet of the bride called a mehndi. The wedding is typically divided into three parts: pre-wedding, main, and post-wedding. The pre-wedding includes all the preparations and a party the night before where each side of the family can meet each other and dance and have fun. A Pandit, who has selected the day of the wedding based on the bride and groom’s horoscopes, conducts a prayer with family members to provide the couple with a happily married life. “Joota Chupai” or stealing shoes. So the tradition starts when the groom sits for the puja, he takes off his shoes. At that point, his saalis or the bride’s sisters/cousins/bridesmaids steal the shoes and return them for some money. It is the job of groomsmen/groom’s brothers/cousins to not let the bride’s entourage to steal the shoes, and at the same time the bride’s side has to try their best to get the shoes and hide them.It is not about the money, but the fun that comes along with the tradition. Once the time comes to return the shoes to the groom, the “saalis” negotiate with the groom and his side for the money. Indian Wedding One fun ceremony is called mangal pheras. This is when the bride and groom circle the sacred fire four times to represent dharma, artha, kama, and moksha and they run to their seats—whoever gets there first will rule the household. In Saptapadi, the groom helps the bride touch seven betel nutes with her right toe while they recite seven vows. Finally, seven married women from the bride’s side pass by the couple and whisper blessings in the bride’s right ear. After the wedding, the bride is carried out by her brothers.
Transcript: The Enterance Cake Ice cream Kurta pajama When we went the entrance was dome shaped with flowers and blinking lights. There was a stage with a big sofa on it. Above the sofa was a picture of the groom and bride. There were also big dazzling chandeliers hanging from the ceiling. All of the girls wore a Lehanga, Salwar Kameez or Sari. Most of the the girls had some bling on their dress. Most boys wore a suit. Boring! But my uncle wore a Kurta pajama. What do we wear to Indian Weddings? Lehanga Palak Paneer The stage with the bride and groom. Sari Gulab Jamun I chose this PEAKS because me and my family were invited to a Wedding. I thought the class could learn a bit about Indian Weddings Salwar Kameez Indian Wedding Why did I choose this PEAKS? In Indian Weddings we eat Indian food. We eat Butter Chicken, Nan, Rice, Palak Paneer and more yummy food. For desert we had Gulab Jamun, Cake and Ice cream. Butter Chicken In Indian Weddings we dance to Bollywood music. We party like there is no end. Three girls presented a dance for the couple! Decor Nan Dance and Music Food
Transcript: Sindoor (Red Vermillion) Mehndi (Henna) Pre-Wedding Traditions Main Events Jai Mala (Exchange of Garlands) Similar to American weddings, bride is escorted to the altar by relatives and close friends Bride and groom make Seven circles around the fire, each representing a Vow Newly weds are send off in a joyful yet bittersweet procession Very emotional, especially for the mother (common for people to actually cry) The couple touches toes of elders as a symbol of obtaining their blessings Wedding Traditions Vidaai (Send-Off) Grand party filled with lots of food, music, dancing, cake, festivities Choreographed performances and speeches Grand parade of Groom and family/friends singing & dancing their way to the venue Groom arrives on a decorated white Mare called "Ghodi" Guests dance around him to the beat of the an Indian bass drum called "Dhol" Symbolizes happiness of the Groom’s family in accepting the bride as a part of their family Vivah Havan (Lighting of the Sacred Fire) Vermillion is placed on Groom’s forehead by males of bride’s family Symbolizes their acceptance of the Groom and support of the marriage For good luck and warm wishes Saathphere (Seven Vows) Ganesh Puja (Prayer to Lord Ganesh) Indian Wedding Tilak (Vermillion) 1. Together we will live with respect for one another. 2. Together we will develop mental, physical and spiritual balance. 3. Together we will prosper, acquire wealth and share our accomplishments. 4. Together we will acquire happiness, harmony and knowledge through mutual love. 5. Together we will raise strong, virtuous children. 6. Together we will be faithful to one another and exercise self-restraint and longevity. 7. Together we will remain lifelong partners and best friends. Kanya Aagaman (Arrival of the Bride) Ceremony begins with prayer ritual of Lord Ganesh, the destroyer of all obstacles Priest guides Groom and Bride’s parents in offering flowers, sweets and prayers Kanyadaan (Giving Away of the Bride) Decorate Bride's hands and feet with intricate designs of temporary tattoos symbolizes transition from woman to bride Evening full of music, dancing, food, fun Celebration of the Bride; Equivalent of “Bridal Shower” Symbolize sacred union of two individuals and coming together of two families Best known for the grandeur, traditions, grace, colors, food and entertainment Family plays an important role throughout (Collectivism culture) Priest lights the sacred fire called “Agni” Fire symbolizes the divine presence as a witness of the ceremony Mehndi Party Tilak Ceremony The Wedding Reception Reception Baraat (Groom's Procession) Bride and groom exchange floral garlands, signifying their acceptance of one another Baraat is greeted by Bride’s family at the entrance to the wedding venue with flowers and/or garlands Bride’s mother greets the Groom with a welcoming ritual called “Aarti” Bride’s family escorts Groom to canopied altar called “Mandap,” which represents the home that the Bride and Groom will make together Groom applies red vermillion to the crown of her forehead Signifies grooms devotion to bride as well as brides status as a married woman Milni (Meeting of Families) Indian Wedding Bride’s father pours sacred water into her hands and places her hand in the Groom’s hand, officially giving her away Groom’s scarf is tied to the bride’s with betelnuts, copper coins and rice, symbolizing unity, prosperity and happiness. The knot represents the eternal bond of marriage.
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Transcript: Indian wedding 1.--------------------------------------- 2.------------------------------------- 3.--------------------------------------- 4.---------------------------------------- Saptapadi The Haldi Ceremony Welcome the Baraat The Mehndi Ceremony indian Graha Pravesh The Jai Mala
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