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Transcript: What is Halloween? and What do people do on Halloween? Origins of Halloween Why we (as Ahmadi Muslims) should avoid celebrating halloween? What is Shirk? Do Muslims believe in ghosts and supernatural things? What is Halloween? Celebrated on the night of October 31st Traditional activities include: Trick-or-treating Carving jack-o-lanterns Costume parties Visiting "haunted houses" Origin of Halloween celebration of the end of the harvest season Samhain was a time used by the ancient pagans to take stock of supplies and prepare for winter The ancient Gaels believed that on October 31, the boundaries between living and the dead overlapped and the deceased would come back to cause havoc such as sickness or damaged crops Masks and costumes were worn in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or appease them. Why we should avoid celebrating Halloween? Halloween is a harmful innovation among Christians which takes one closer to shirk. The Bible forbids witches, satanic practices etc. but Halloween is generally regarded as fun. Hudhur said it should always be remembered that any ‘fun’ that is based on shirk or any harmful way is to be avoided. We must give up on worldly traditions like these to follow the right path Faith Matters These practices makes children do wrong things in the name of “fun” These practices makes children do wrong things in the name of “fun” Agenda Friday Sermon October 29th 2010 ... small Conclusion Even a hint of shirk is unacceptable to God What is Shirk? Associate anyone in the name, action, or worship of Allah constitutes shirk Condition of Baiat number 6 says that we “shall refrain from following ______________ Ahmadi muslims do not believe in ghosts and other supernatural things (witches, goblins...) Do Muslims believe in ghosts and supernatural being? Heaven is a better reward than the candy get from you get from trick or treat QUESTIONS? “Badness attracts and leads man to adopt it with intensity, while forgetting traditions and beliefs. Some Ahmadis, considering such matters trivial, also get inclined in this way, resulting in very bad consequences” Shirk causes man to sink morally and spiritually. Belief in Divine Unity is a seed out of which grows all virtues, and lack of which lies at the root of all sins Halloween and what do people do on halloween? What other holidays do we not celebrate? Originated from the ancient celtic festival known as Samhain It is extremely wrong to believe in things that are supernatural even if it is for fun We must give up on worldly traditions like these to follow the right path Halloween is a tradition when many people celebrate it with extravagant parties, elaborate costumes and spending more $$$ Hudhur’s Friday Sermon October 29th 2010 Why should Ahmadi Muslims avoid celebrating Halloween? Bringing of dead spirits is WRONG and it goes against what we believe as Muslims

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Transcript: Opportunities for development My vision for English Independent writing Sufficient opportunities for children to write both in context and out of genre, and in genre out of context, choice of independent writing tasks, shadowing English manager and liaising with a SLE to ensure extended independent writing is part of the planning cycle. 'Bridging' gaps in English: Supporting progression from year 5 to year 6, building a set of skills to transfer, adapting units to challenge, booster group for 'inspired writers'. Purpose for writing: Using trips to stimulate writing, sharing work with year 3, providing 'real life' learning to motivate and excite, parent topic morning workshops. A language-rich learning environment: A strong focus on the importance of speaking, reading, and writing for all learners, a variety of books, reading awards and class book display, real-life literacy. Pupil generated success criteria Inspirational interventions in place for identified vulnerable groups of learners Develop marking policy to ensure feedback encourages children to identify their next steps and focus on progression Foster a culture of editing and improving writing Learning walks to improve the level of challenge (e.g. displays, modelling, working wall) Peer work/ group work (e.g. peer coaching/ peer questioning) Personalised writing targets regularly reviewed and updated " If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader" (John Quincy Adams) "A good leader inspires others with confidence in him; a great leader inspires them with confidence in themselves" (anon) Orchard Lea is a creative, innovative and well-known primary school providing an outstanding curriculum and learning environment for all of the children. Parents are involved in their child's education and have excellent relationships with the school. Children learn from themselves and each other in an exciting and challenging way. Staff are proud to be part of a team at Orchard Lea and have a strong desire to help the children on their individual journeys to become the very best they can be! My vision for English “The best leaders don’t know just one style of leadership – they are all skilled at several, and have the flexibility to switch between styles as the circumstances dictate.” – Daniel Goleman Develop our taught curriculum including increased opportunities for maths and English in light of the new National Curriculum and our school values. Leading and managing improvement Develop provision through outstanding teaching and learning so all pupils are enabled to make good progress within every lesson. There will be a special focus on the able pupil and pupil premium children. Develop Writing mentors Advance use of book corners and class book Empowering children to have more choice in their reading and writing Ensure planning shows coverage, content and progression; support year groups in planning new units/developing existing units. Form cluster moderation opportunities for each year group Monitor and observe the use of guided writing to develop good practice Create opportunities for more peer observation Develop an increased transparency in our partnership working with parents incorporating learning, behaviour and pupil wellbeing. My vision for English Reading mentors in every class Children working with class teachers to support peers, launched summer reading challenge, planned visits to the infant school, reading mentor handbooks used. Shape coding integrated into English teaching and learning Staff meeting delivered, resource packs given to teachers, Shape coding displays, extra support given to SENCO and support staff for use as an intervention. Spelling strategy consolidating the aims of the New Curriculum: Encourage progression, develop exploration of vocabulary, multisensory approach. Reading for pleasure: Combined into guided reading sessions, class reading champions, class book built into timetable, home- school reading journals monitored by reading mentors, paired reading opportunities. Develop ‘Parent Power’ within our library Parent workshops Informal parent evenings on key areas of our English curriculum Create English home learning toolkits for parents and children Parent readers and training Increase the profile of home/ school reading records Aspirational shared values: The school and the team have a clear sense of direction. Focus on improvement and explicit expectations: Detailed criteria and definitions to support high-performance teaching and learning. Data-rich decision taking: To develop targeted interventions Clear targets: Explicit outcomes e.g. reviewing target setting Job-related development strategies: Supporting other colleagues with effective development Coaching to improve performance: Sustained support to build confidence and enable change Team-based learning and working: Working as a team with a common purpose, high trust, complementary skills and mutual confidence. High

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Transcript: The History of India As large, stable ships came into use, mariners increasingly entrusted their crafts and cargos to the reasonably predictable monsoons and sailed directly across the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. 1398 A.D. to 1515 A.D. Ships of Ancient India Fine cotton textiles came into high demand throughout the trading world of the Indian Ocean basin, so Indian artisans built thriving local industries around the production of high-quality cotton textiles that influenced the structure of the Indian economy and enabled consumers to important different goods from regions that specialized in the production of other commodities. Khemer Empire Chola Kingdom expansion in SE Asia opened markets for Indian merchants and producers Place Angkor Wat 851 A.D. Temple to the hindu god Vishnu. 500-1000s A.D. Because India stood in the middle of the Indian Ocean basin, it was a natural site for emporia and warehouses. Merchants coming from east Africa or Persia exchanged their cargos at Cambay, Calicut or Quilon for goods to take back with the winter monsoon. 500-1000s A.D. 500-1000 A.D. India as a Trade Area 500-1000 A.D. Conquerers spread Islam to the northwestern city of Sind, while merchants from nearby brought Islam to north and south India. Place Region A Timeline Place Creation of Sikhism 500-1000s A.D. A tomb built under Shah Jahan’s command when his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, died giving birth to their 14th child. It is known for its symmetrical beauty, and its architecture greatly mimics that of the Byzantinian style. 500-1000s A.D. Powerful local kings of Southeast Asia charged merchants high fees to use their ports or pass through their waterways. Islam is Spread to India India Industries Portuguese Conquerors Caitlin Byoun, Julia Jeong, Oren Mor, & William Villalobos Human-Environmental Interaction Recording Devices In 1398 Tamerlane conquered Delhi. Alfonso de albuquerque seized the western Indian port of Goa in 1510, and occupied the port of Malacca on the Malay Peninsula. In 1515, he captured Muslim city of Hormuz. 500-1000s A.D. 1653 A.D. During the Mughal dynasty, the thinker Nanak created Sikhism, a mixture between Muslim and Hinduism. This religion remains a primary part of India's culture to this day. Mariners recognized the rhythms of the monsoons, and over time, they built larger ships, which enabled them to leave the coasts behind and ply the blue waters of the Indian Ocean. The Chola Kingdom Expansion Early 1100s Indians used oral accounts called “itihas” to record past events, were accurate but didn’t emphasize dates. Strategies of Mariners Region 711 A.D. The Khemer empire ruled form what is now the boundaries of modern Cambodia and southward along the Mekong River. Taj Mahal 1400s Waterway Taxes Movement End of Medieval India 18th Century Qutb Minar Early 1200s A.D. Minaret built by the sultans of Delhi. This monument stands at a height of 240 feet, impressive for such a structure that has survived to this day. End of the Gupta Dynasty 400 A.D. to the mid 600's A.D. The Huns rampaged across Asia and attacked northern India. The Gupta Dynasty disappeared during the 600s. During the rule of the Rajputs in India, Buddhism began to fade away as simply an idea taken out of Hinduism. Buddha was believed to be a reincarnation of Vishnu. 800s A.D. Shore temple Rajputs Rule Northern India Relief carving from the Buddhist temple at Borobodur in Java depicts a typical southeast Asian ship. Descent of the Ganges Temple located at Mahabalipuram, south of Madras 600s A.D. 700s A.D. Carved reliefs from the 7th century at the temple Mamallapuram, celebrates the Ganges river as a gift from Shiva and other gods 800s A.D. 14th Century Demographic Surge in India The demographic surge encouraged the concentration of people in cities.. Most ports and trading centers, specifically, had populations well over one hundred thousand. Cities in southern India grew rapidly, as a result of the increasing agricultural poductivity in the region. Monsoons in India Throughout the entire era of Medieval India, monsoons would come and go periodically, affecteing the schedules of marine transportationas well as agriculture. Medieval India (perpetual event) Start of Medieval India 300s A.D. Islam in Southern India is Renounced 1336 A.D. The kingdom of Vijayanagar reverts the southern portion of India from Muslim influence back into Hinduism. Carving at Borobodur Location Movement Movement Location Movement Movement Movement Place Human-Environmental Interaction Movement Location Region Place Place Region

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