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HIV

Transcript: Mode of Viral Transmission -36million infected by HIV worldwide(approximately 1.1% of the world's population) -Sixth-leading cause of death among 25 to 44years old -Highest percentage in Sub-Saharan Africa (25.4million people,about 7.4% of people 15-49years old) -About 2million people are infected in North America -HIV can stay in your body for 10years or more without showing any symptoms -Last year, HIV/AIDS killed more than 3 000 000 -AIDS/HIV infection takes 8,200 lives per day AIDS(Acquired Immune deficiency symdrome) is caused by HIV HIV affects helper T cells(immune system cells) by binding together and fuse with cell membrane, viral genes transcribed and HIV components produced, thus new viruses constructed Disease caused by HIV -Fever -Fatigue -Achy muscles, joint pain, swollen lymph nodes -Sore throat and headache -Skin rash -Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea -Weight loss -Dry cough -Pneumonia -Night sweats -Nail changes -Yeast infections -Confusion or difficulty concentrating -Cold sores or genital herpes -Tingling and weakness -Menstrual irregularities Mr.Stewart's HIV sheet HIV http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20539037_2,00.html http://www.livestrong.com/article/91688-important-hiv-aids/ http://trialscentral.org/blog/some-interesting-facts-about-hivaids/ Type of virus -Infected blood, semen, vaginal fluids, breast milk, tears, urine, and other body fluids containing blood -Pregnancy(can carry on to child) -Drugs use(needles) -Sexual(protective sex with someone who's already infected) Body defense against HIV Antiretroviral therapy(ART) is recommended treatment for HIV.ART helps prevents HIV from multiplying and destroying infection-fighting cells Human Immunodeficieny Virus -Absent of sex -Protected sex -Do not have sex if HIV positive -Do not share drug equipments -Cover up wounds(exposed to blood) -Take ART to lower the chance of passing it on to others Body Cells affected by HIV Human genitals contain cells named langerin cells, which are functioned to produce proteins. Langerin is used to protect the body from viruses, such as HIV Interesting Facts http://www.ehow.com/about_5100592_type-virus-hiv.html Biography HIV, is part of a family of viruses called retroviridae and is a member of the genus lentivirus Symptoms of HIV Prevention of viral transmission By Kenny N Treatments or vaccines available for the virus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIV

HIV

Transcript: What is HIV? HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes AIDS. This virus may be passed from one person to another when infected blood, semen, or vaginal secretions come in contact with an uninfected person's broken skin or mucous membranes. Infected pregnant women can pass HIV to their baby during pregnancy or delivery, as well as through breast-feeding. People with HIV have what is called HIV infection. Some of these people will develop AIDS as a result of their HIV infection. Symptoms: Rapid weight loss Dry cough Recurring fever or profuse night sweats Profound and unexplained fatigue Wollen lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week White spots or unusual blemishes on the tongue, in the mouth, or in the throat Pneumonia Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids Memory loss, depression, and other neurological disorders Some common symptoms of HIV that may take eight to ten years to appear HIV vs. AIDS TREATMENT: •No actual treatment is available to cure someone from AIDS •HIV can be treated with antiretroviral therapy, only to keep the number of CD4 cells above 300. •If antiretroviral therapy is done in the initial stage of the HIV disease, then the person can have more chances of survival. •Antiretroviral therapy reaches to only 42% of the HIV patients around the globe. •An early PCR treatment for HIV infected infant, can give the child a healthy normal life. •HIV positive pregnant woman can get good treatment during the early stages of her pregnancy, to give her child a healthy life. What tests are used in the diagnosis of HIV? AIDS is a disease •It is acquired by external means. It is not genetically transmitted •It deteriorates the immunity system, due to the presence of that virus •One with AIDS may have to go through a wide range of diseases and opportunistic infection. Therefore, it is a syndrome. •It occurs long after the person actually had acquired the HIV Blood– with oraquick test, Unigold test, conventional blood test Oral fluid– Orasure test, which tests the mucosal fluid from the gums of our teeth Urine- Even though it has less concentration of HIV antibodies, they can be occasionally detected through the ELISA method p24 antigen test CD4 and CD8 test- these count the number of these cells in your body. If it falls below 200, you are likely to be having HIV and HIV antibodies AIDS (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr HIV HIV is a virus •It attacks only the human •It creates a deficiency in the immunity system •HIVcannot reproduce by itself •It taakes over the human cell system and multiplies with the help of that. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

HIV + / HIV -

Transcript: Understanding Cont. HIV Negative Being HIV+ does not mean an individuals outwardly sick; the person may appear to be perfectly healthy Without an HIV antibody test, they may not even know they carry the virus resulting in them spreading the disease to others HIV transmits via semen, vaginal fluids and blood Besides having sexual intercourse, the most common transmission vehicle is shared needles. Misconceptions A person who is HIV- usually means the person is disease-free One exception.... Once an HIV infection is established, it usually takes the body up to six weeks to produce antibodies to the virus. It could be possible for a person to be HIV- with an active infection if that infection occurred within a few weeks, and the body had not yet produced antibodies. Understanding HIV- & HIV + HIV + / HIV - What's the difference between the two? Considerations An HIV antibody test is the only way to tell whether or not a person is infected with HIV When HIV enters the body, the immune system responds by making antibodies The HIV antibody test detects HIV antibodies in the blood. HIV antibodies usually show up in the blood within three months after infection It could also take up to six months to appear in some people. HIV antibodies will not detect is a person has AIDS or if and when they will develop AIDS HIV antibodies do not prevent someone from infecting others with HIV HIV Positive Elisa is a blood test used to check for antibodies for HIV If an ELISA test is positive, ti is repeated to confirm the result If 2 or more ELISA tests are positive, a Western Blot test is administered. A Western Blot is a blood test used to confirm an ELISA test This test usually takes longer to perform but it correct more than 99.9% of the time Term is used to describe a person who does not have antibodies for HIV present in his or her blood. Difference between HIV exposure and HIV infection Exposure simply means that an individual has been exposed to the HIV virus. It does not necessarily mean that the individual will become infected with the virus, although continued exposures increase the chances of infection. HIV-simply means the body has not produced antibodies. Term is used to describe a person who has antibodies for HIV present in his or her blood When the infection occurs, the body will recognize the invader and fight back by producing antibodies. So, it is the presence of these antibodies that confirms that an individual has been infected. HIV+ means they carry the virus and can spread it to other people.

HIV/AIDS PowerPoint Project

Transcript: How common is HIV/AIDS in the U.S? Transmission How will HIV/AIDS effect a pregnant women and her baby? What is HIV/AIDS? Human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV/AIDS weakens a person's ability to fight infections. It is contracted through unprotected sex or needle sharing. An HIV test confirms diagnosis. Medications may suppress the virus and delay the onset of AIDS. Olivia McAllister Bell 2 Babies can get HIV infection from their mothers during pregnancy, during the birth process and during breastfeeding. Diagnosis Can HIV/AIDS be cured? Treatment Bibliography More than 1.2 million people in the United States are living with HIV infection, and almost 1 in 8 (12.8%) are unaware of their infection. There are 31 drugs to treat HIV/AIDS but nothing can cure a person. Symptoms limiting your number of sexual partners, never sharing needles, and using condoms the right way every time you have sex. "DISCOVER YOUR WISDOM WITHIN." <i>Treatment &amp; Support for Living With HIV</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015. <i>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</i>. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 07 Dec. 2015. Web. 07 Dec. 2015. "AIDSinfo | Information on HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Research." <i>AIDSinfo</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015. HIV/AIDS PowerPoint Project However, when you are experiencing symptoms of HIV, you do have a high level of HIV RNA in your blood (RNA is the short name for "ribonucleic acid." RNA is made when the virus is active). A test of your "viral load" can measure this. This test tells your doctor the reason that you're feeling sick is because you have HIV. About 50,000 people get infected with HIV each year. HIV is largely an urban disease. About 36.9 million people are living with HIV around the world. About 1.2 million people in the United States were living with HIV at the end of 2012,about 12.8% do not know they are infected. To date, an estimated 658,507 people diagnosed with AIDS in the United States have died. 5 Facts No, because its a virus that gets in the blood stream. Fever Cough Headache Sore throat Fatigue Rash Swollen lymph nodes By having unprotected anal, vaginal or oral sex with an infected person. By sharing needles and syringes for injecting drugs with an infected person. How can HIV/AIDS be prevented?

HIV, HIV, HIV!

Transcript: D- deficiency - You get AIDS when your immune system is "deficient," or isn't working that way it should. Stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Life Span What is HIV? H-human- This Particular virus can only infect human being. I-immunodeficiency- HIV weakens your immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. A "deficient' immune system cant protect you. DEATHS The average time for HIV infection to progress to AIDS is to 10 to 11 years for people who do not take anti-retroviral. Life expecntancy for people living with HIV incresed by 15 years. Within 2-4 weeks after expore to HIV, many but not at all, people who are infected experience flu-like symptoms, often describe as the "worst flu ever" Many HIV people do not have symptoms. They dont look or feel sick. Often people only begin to feel sick when they progress toward aids. Human Immunodeficiency Virus S- syndrome - A syndrome is a collection of symptoms and sign of disease. AIDS is a syndrome, rather than a single disease. V-virus- A virus can only reproduce itself by taking over a cell in the body of its host. A- acquired- AIDS is not something you inherit from your parents. You acquire AIDS after birth. Symptoms The FDA has approved more than 25 antiretroviral drugs to treat HIV infection. They can help in these ways. Lower your viral load. Fight infections. Improve your quality of life. Medication Remember Standard Precaution! I- Immuno - Your body's immune system include all the organs and cells that work to fight off infection or disease. What is AIDS? In its annual update on HIV,which it said now infected around 35.3 million people worldwide, UNAIDS said deaths from AIDS and HIV infection rates were falling, while the number of people getting treatment is going up. AIDS-realted deaths in 2012 fell to 1.6 million down, from 1.7 million in 2011. More than 1.1 million people in the US are living with HIV infection, and almost 1 in 6 (15.8%) are unaware of their infection. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM),particularly young Afrcan American MSM, are most serious affected by HIV. By race,White and African Americas face the most severe burden of HIV. By; Paola Barrios & Leslie Ortiz HIV can be transmitted through... Even with these HIV medication are effective, however, you can still transmit HIV to others. They are not a cure for HIV.

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