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Hip Hop

Transcript: What we'll talk about: Hip Hop Dance is a sport, and dancers must take their sport seriously to prevent injuries. Hip hop involves extreme movements, so it's important to warm up and stretch the spine, the legs, thighs, calves, ankles, feet, arms, shoulders, neck and wrists--hip hop involves the entire body, so do a thorough warm up. If it's cold outside or in the studio, warm up becomes even more important. If the muscles are cold and tense, there's a greater risk of injury while dancing. Dance studios are typically warm for this reason and use fans to circulate the air. Learn hip hop dance movements correctly. The way a dancer connects from one movement to another must be done technically correct so as not to twist the body incorrectly, damaging a knee, pulling a muscle or spraining something. Prevent dance injuries by video taping your dancing, to see and correct bad dance technique before it becomes a habit. Dancing, done incorrectly, after a time will lead to injuries and may end your ability to dance. Where you do hip hop dancing is a major factor in preventing a dance injury. Dance floors are designed to absorb some of the impact for a dancer's body and joints. Your risk of injury goes way up when you are doing hip hop on the street or tile floor. If you are planning a street performance, go prepared with dance mats that can be rolled out for the hip hop dancers to perform on. Vogue or voguing is a highly stylized, modern house dance that evolved out of the Harlem ballroom scene in the 1960s. It gained mainstream exposure when it was featured in Madonna's song and video "Vogue" (1990) and when showcased in the 1990 documentary Paris is Burning (which went on to win the Grand Jury Prize at the 1991 Sundance Film Festival). After the new millennium, Vogue returned to mainstream attention when the dance group Vogue Evolution competed on the fourth season of America's Best Dance Crew. B-boying, often called "breakdancing", is a popular style of street dance that was created and developed as part of hip-hop culture among African Americans and Latino youths in New York City. The dance consists of four primary elements: toprock, downrock, power moves and freezes. It is danced to both hip-hop and other genres of music that are often remixed to prolong the musical breaks. The musical selection for b-boying is not restricted to hip-hop music as long as the tempo and beat pattern conditions are met. A practitioner of this dance is called a b-boy, b-girl, or breaker. These dancers often participate in battles, formal or informal dance competitions between two individuals or two crews. Although the term "breakdance" is frequently used, "b-boying" and "breaking" are the original terms used to refer to the dance. These terms are preferred by the majority of the art form’s pioneers and most notable practitioners. In hip hop and electronica, a short break is also known as a "cut", and the reintroduction of the full bass line and drums is known as a "drop", which is sometimes accented by cutting off everything, even the percussion. Improper Warm-Up Breakdancing The Waacking style of street dance traces its roots back to gay and nightclub cultures. In the United States, at gay nightclubs, male performers dressed as women and performed to female songs on stage. Waacking evolved prior to house music's popularity and is considered a house dance since it was popular amongst nightclubs (also known as houses). “Waacking” is mostly done to Disco Music. The Waacking/Punk style of street/club dance, can trace its roots back to the nightclub culture of the late 60's in New York City. Disco Music was the perfect vehicle for Waacking, with its driving rhythms and hard beats. In the early 1970s in Los Angeles, dancer Lamont Peterson was one of the first to start using his arms and body to the music. Dancers such as Mickey Lord, Tyrone Proctor and Blinky fine tuned the arms movements, by making the arms and hands go fast to the driving disco beat. At the time Waacking was primarily a Black and Latino dance. Many people mistakenly believe that “Waacking” came from “Locking” because some of the movements are very similar. Although waacking and Locking do have some similarities, they are different dances. Waacking/Punking is the original name of the dance, and also pre dates the east coast vogue. Popping is a street dance and one of the original funk styles that came from California during the 1960s-70s. It is based on the technique of quickly contracting and relaxing muscles to cause a jerk in the dancer's body, referred to as a pop or a hit. This is done continuously to the rhythm of a song in combination with various movements and poses. difference between popping and locking. popping Locking is when they hold the position for a second or two (a small freeze) before moving. popping is a flexing and the accent on the release Injuries 5 Ways to Prevent Common Hip Hop Injuries Wear and Tear Overload Waacking Attention to Time Frame

Hip Hop Template

Transcript: The History of Hip Hop Where it Began The South Bronx 1970's White Flight Urban Decay Poverty Local Government Corruption White Flight Synopsis Simultaneous with the “white flight,” social and economic disruptions abounded. Construction on the Cross Bronx Expressway, which began in the postwar period and continued into the early 1970s, decimated several of the minority neighborhoods in its path. City infrastructure was allowed to crumble in the wake of budget cuts, hitting the less privileged parts of the city most directly. Strikes organized by disaffected blue-collar workers crippled the entire metropolitan area. As a largely white, middle-class population left urban areas for the suburbs in the 1950's and 1960's—a phenomenon known as “white flight”—the demographics of communities such as the Bronx shifted rapidly. The Bronx, one of New York City’s five “boroughs,” became populated mainly by Blacks and Hispanics, including large immigrant populations from Caribbean nations including Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad, and Tobago, and others. Groups Turning Point Turning Point Music Culture Dance Music Music Latin and Caribbean traditions met and mingled with the sounds of sixties and seventies Soul, Disco, and Funk. Limited access to instruments and music education, music makers made music with what they could find. DJs assembled their own sound systems and built extensive record collections by searching secondhand stores for old Soul, Funk, and Rock and Roll albums; they used their collections to provide entertainment within their communities. Sounds taken from these records—from James Brown’s drum breaks to Parliament Funkadelic’s funky bass lines—provided the raw materials for creative work: beats to be mixed and modified. B-Boy and B-Girl Break Dance Dance Breakdancing is thought to be inspired by the performances of James Brown. DJs would take the breaks of dance records and string them together to give dancers a chance to show off their moves. Breakers would choose elements from sports and other dances, including gymnastics, the Lindy Hop, capoeira, and disco. Timeline Timeline 1974 1970 1976 1975 Other DJ's start playing in similar styles. DJ Pleaser Lovebug Starski first refers to this movement as “hip-hop.” Hip Hop First Appears in the Bronx DJ Afrika Bambaataa battles Disco King Mario in the first DJ battle. 1973 1978 DJ Grand Wizard Theodore invents the record scratch. DJ Kool Herc deejays his first block party in the Bronx The music industry first uses the term “rap music,” which shifts the focus in hip hop from the deejays to the emcees. Lesson Activity Lesson Plan Open up Schoology and reply to the discussion question labeled: Discussion: ABC News Clip You must reply to this question and respond to at least one classmates post.

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