Transcript: The feud all started when rapper Tim Dog (from the East) decided to take vocal shots at NWA (from the West). The feud escalated when Tupac accussed Biggie Smalls of robbery and a shooting. After this, Tupac released a song called "Hit Em Up", and it addressed a shooting that Tupac was involved with. Tupac then started appearing on numerous songs and he took shots at Biggie. DJing Early rap figures: Dj Kool Herc Grand Master Flash Melle Mel Rick "freeway" Ross Oscar Danilo Blandon Norwin Meneses Central Intelligence Agency Nicaraguan Contras Sources Spoken word poetry Performed over a beat or acapella 1970's Harlem New York Many movies of of the 1980's and 90's have a large impact on Hip Hop culture. While some movies have had more of an impact than others (which we will discuss in a moment) there are easily recognizable influences from movies like: The King of New York The Warriors Scarface American Gangster Carlito's Way New Jack City Lee Quinones References to Crack can be found in almost all rap demographics, from California to Tennesse, Florida to New York Our Test Audience was a group of friends, they were privledged to hear a more in depth take on the crack cocaine influence in hip hop, as well they were privy to listen to an additional 20 minutes of songs. They responded to our project with a survey where they answered a series of questions in regard to our project, thus giving us feedback Fab 5 Freddy Graffiti Test Audience Media Influence Cash Money Records Lil Wayne's Tha Carter I-IV albums Scarface chronicles the rise and fall of Cuban-American immigrant turned drug kingpin Tony Montana 1990's (Golden Age) Hip Hop valued lyricism and musical talent as much as an artist’s swagger or image East vs West Feud Modern Hip-Hop started on the streets of New York in the 1970's Most of the music wasn't recorded because many of the people who were making the music were experimenting with what they thought would work Cocaine Hip-Hop New Jack City (1991) Groups and Artist like Grand Master Flash & The Furious Five, Ice T and public enemy were some of the leaders in shaping Hip-Hop into what it looks like in the modern era ScarFace The first known recorded Hip-Hop song was made in 1979 by a group called the Sugar Hill Gang called "Rappers Delight" Early forms of Hip-Hop was not just viewed as only a form of music, but as a culture that drew a heavy population of the youth defined by elements of gang banging and drug dealing culture. Graffiti dates back to 1st century bc Root word "graffiato" means to scratch in Italian Major Players: Defining characteristics of Gangsta Rappers include Shepard Fairy "Biggie and Tupac." Cracked.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014. Bruno, Anthony. "Gangstas." Hip-Hop Homicide — — Crime Library. Turner Entertainment Networks, n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014. :earner, Benjamin. "The Influence of New Jack City and Scarface on Hip-hop Culture, and the Implications of the Glorification of Violence in Hip-hop." N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2014. "East Coast–West Coast Hip Hop Rivalry." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 July 2014. Web. 07 Dec. 2014. . Webb, Gary. "Dark Alliance: The Story Behind the Crack Explosion." Dark Alliance: The Story Behind the Crack Explosion. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014. Skipping Stones. Nov/Dec2002, Vol. 14 Issue 5, p26. 2p. Document Type:Article Subject Terms: HIP-hop, DANCE Hip Hop Culture Around the Globe: Implications for Teaching. Authors: Jackson, Brenda ,Anderson, Sharon Source: Black History Bulletin. Winter/Spring2009, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p22-32. 11p. Document Type: Article Subject Terms: AFRICAN Americans -- Study & teaching, RAP music, HIP-hop. Bronx Origins of Hip Hop. Authors: Grinage, Theron Source: Social Science Docket. Winter/Spring2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p72-72. 1p. Document Type: Article Subject Terms: HIP-hop, RAP music, POPULAR music -- United States POPULAR culture -- United States, AFRICAN Americans -- Music ORAL tradition Rapping During the 1980's the CIA under direction of Ronald Reagan began smuggling cocaine into the Los Angeles area with the aid of Ross, Blandon, and Meneses with the goal of funding the Contras in their American backed effort to overthrow the Socialist government in Nicaragua. With cocaine over saturating the drug market the invention of Crack Cocaine (inventor unknown) caused the demand for the drug to sky rocket, simultaneously destroying the, predominately, black and latino communities that were introduced to the drug. Origins of Hip-Hop Tony Montana Tupac vs Biggie Moniker for Scarface from Geto Boys Gangsta Rap Chief Keef The Notorious B.I.G. Tupac Mixing recorded music Spray paint? Origins of Hip-Hop Crack New Jack City Soul Funk Disco R&B The influence of Tony Montana as a character and Scarface as a movie has had a direct impact on Hip Hop culture: The 1980's lead to massive amounts of growth in the Hip-Hop community Early Hip-Hop groups According to Benjamin Lerner, "Whether it be the materialistically narcissistic Drake’s
Transcript: By: Alona Turner He killin it!!! DJ Kool Herc References : http://www.oldschoolhiphop.com/artists/deejays/kooldjherc.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DJ_Kool_Herc
Transcript: One thing that is a common misconception is that rap music and hip-hop music are the same. Rap music use to have very prominent elements to it, the actual rapping, and freestyle but most elements are not as recognized today which is why there is much confusion between the two styles. Rap music is more based on rhyming and lyrics, the lyrics tend to be more serious, about serious topics. While hip-hop, can be more swinging or slow, or fast, hip-hop is a more wide spread genre than rap. But never the less rap and hip hop are without a doubt very similar, even with their differences, so much so that almost 3 genres are made, rap, hip-hop, and a rap hip hop mix which nowadays is most common Hip hop music would be played a lot of the times at block parties. Which were like regular parties only the people attending were mainly from the same neighborhood. Dj's would play soul music or funk music, but would "remix" them. Twisting them around mixing them up, and due to positive reception, that's where hip-hop got its start. This was going on mainly in the African and Hispanic communities in the Bronx. A man who's stage name was DJ Kool Herc is credited for giving hip-hop a name in music, after playing his first block party, he got instantly hired at a club Modern rap, is not as pure as it was. Nowadays you cant hear a rap or hip hop song on the radio without some pop singer in the chorus, producers make them that way whether the artists like it or not because it does sell. examples of songs like these are: The Monster *Eminem ft Rihanna Timber *Pitbull ft Ke$ha* No Faith in Brooklyn *Hoodie Allen ft Jhameel* Hip-Hop Music By Nina Smith
Transcript: Hip-Hop Music Jeff, Lisa, Jordan, Linda, Kim, Ryan, Victor, Josh, Dylan, Jordan Kitwana, Bakari. Why White Kids Love Hip-hop: Wankstas, Wiggers, Wannabes, and the New Reality of Race in America. New York: Basic Civitas, 2005. Print. Quinn, Eithne. Nuthin' but a "G" Thang. New York: Columbia UP, 2005. Print. The Culture and Commerse of Gangsta Rap. Listening Links -Not as angry as the older songs. -Lyrics are about how good life is. -Music video was a parody of Evel Knievel's jump over the Grand Canyon. What is Hip-Hop? Why is Hip-Hop Superior? Quetions/Comments/Concerns Characteristics of Hip-Hop Hip-hop culture began to the mid 1970s and has its roots among young blacks in the urban communities throughout northeastern United States. Afrika Bambaataa (hip-hop pioneer) said hiphop emerged from five elements: graffiti art, break dancing, rapping, deejaying and "doing the knowledge" (Kitwana) N.W.A.- Fuck Tha Police -Has one of the most known phrases in rap history -They talk about issues in society -One of the first to express this much anger in their songs -They paved the way for the rap music of today "A culture and form of ground breaking music and self expression with elements that consisted of the elements of graffiti art, DJing, MCing, and breaking. Today Hip-Hop is considered to be dead in the mainstream because so-called mainstream Hip-Hop doesn't have the elements of hip-hop and have no meaning." -Urban Dictionary "It's Like That" RUN DMC Cepeda, Raquel, and Nelson George. "And It Don't Stop" New York: Faber and Faber, 2004. Print. The Best American Hip-Hop Journalism of the Last 25 Years. Hip-Hop in the 1980's Influential Artists: Eminem, Jay-Z, Nelly, 50 Cent Hip-Hop Hitting the Mainstream Hip-Hop was moving away from the west-coast sound of Snoop Dogg, becoming catchier and more accepted by the average person. Lyrics shifted towards more impersonal themes. Arrival of Crunk Music Derived from Southern Hip-Hop Lil Jon Ying Yang Twins Global Influences cultural translations cross borders Analysis of Song #1 Kanye West - Touch the Sky "Juicy" BIGGIE SMALLS Rappers slandered one another with increasing viciousness and frequency. An East Coast-West Coast feud developed, pitting Death Row Records, which is based in southern California, against New York’s Bad Boy Entertainment. The feud eventually escalated from a battle of words to a bloody war. Its two most prominent casualties were the rival rappers Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G. Gang enmity between the Bloods and the Crips appears to have played a part in both murders. Rap Continues Its Evolution Backpacker rap vs gangsta rap Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg establish g-funk East Coast vs West Coast Mainstream 'clean' rappers like The Fresh Prince Large amounts of sampling begin Rap-metal towards end of 90s Rap's Image in the Mainstream Media 2Pac and Biggie's deaths make rap look violent This combines with gangsta rap lyrics Influential Artists: 2Pac, Biggie, Nas, Snoop Dogg, Jay-Z, A Tribe Called Quest, Bone-Thugz-N-Harmony, Twista "All Eyez On Me" TUPAC SHAKUR "Young, Wild, and Free" WIZ KHALIFA "Push It" SALT N PEPA History of Rap Part 2 "an urban youth culture associated with rap music and the fashions of African-American residents of the inner city." -Web Encyclopedia Shapes our society Reasons you Should Love Hip-Hop Personal Emotional Rap Rhymes BeatBox Hip Hop Today Hip-Hop in the 1990's Roots of Hip Hop Culture of Hip Hop began in the 1970's in New York City/the Bronx African American tradition, Jazz poetry, R&B, Soul, Funk Development of breaking, DJ's, breakdancing, rapping, scratching, graffiti Became a way of life for youth Sugarhill Gang (released one of the first singles in this genre, Rapper's Delight), Grandmaster Flash, Afrika Bambaataa, Run DMC "Hip Hop means the whole culture of the movement.. when you talk about rap..Rap is part of the hip hop culture..The emceeing..The djaying is part of the hip hop culture. The dressing the languages are all part of the hip hop culture.The break dancing the b-boys, b-girls ..how you act, walk, look, talk are all part of hip hop culture.. and the music is colorless.. Hip Hop music is made from Black, brown, yellow, red, white.. whatever music that gives you the grunt.. that funk.. that groove or that beat.. It's all part of hip hop...." -Afrika Bambaataa Number 1 rap/hip-hop song on itunes as of March 8, 2012. Wiz Khalifa is one of the most popular American Rappers today. Age 25. Analysis of Song #2 Hip-Hop in the 2000's This song is known as "The burden of representation" or in other words a sense of self-importance. It was an accurate statement of Affairs in 1996. Tupac's laid the foundation of the rap culture's controversy: "Representing vs. Fronting." A New York Time's Article states that Tupac is single handedly responsibly for hip-hop's rivalry between the east and west coast. (Price) Our generation made hip-hop. But hip-hop also made us. Why are suburban kids referring to their subdivision as
Transcript: Characteristics of Hip-Hop Music Who:The Black and Latino ghetto people of South Bronx were influenced by Clive Campbell of Jamaica to create Hip-Hop music. Why: Because Soul, Funk and Disco records were generally short and getting boring over time. Style:Ice Ice Baby by: Vanilla is a hip hop song of the East Coast Style. “Ice Ice Baby" was the first hip hop single to top the Billboard charts in the 90’s. Instruments Used: There are few instruments used in this song, but they were important in the creation of the song. They were drums, keyboard, guitar and maracas and synthesizers. Melody:The melody of this song is quite low and high at certain areas but it is quite an interesting melody to experience. Dynamics:The dynamics of this song is soft in the chorus of the song and in the rest of the song the dynamics is actually quite loud and exciting to hear. Tempo:The tempo of this music and or overall speed of the piece are actually really fast as he is rapping the words to the relatively fast beat of the song. Articulation:The articulation is the notes that are being played by the instruments are loud to emphasize the word that Vanilla Ice is rapping and the background people that are singing the chorus of Ice Ice Baby; While Vanilla Ice is rapping the rest of the words. Mood:The mood of this song is really energetic and also exciting while being cheerful and happy because when we listen to this song it gets in our grove and it makes us want to dance to the beat of the song. Origins Analysis of Pieces of Hip-Hop Music: Song#2 MC Hammer: Can't Touch This What? Why? Analysis of Two Sample Pieces of Hip-Hop Music: Thank You For Listening To Our Presentation On Hip Hop Music What: The roots of hip hop are found in African-American music and ultimately African music. The grits of West Africa are a group of traveling singers and poets who are part of an oral tradition dating back hundreds of years. Their vocal style is similar to that of rappers of the Hip-Hop culture. Bibliography Where? Hip-Hop Music • Turntables • DJ’s • Loud Beats • Meaningful Words and Messages • Good M.C or now known as a “Rapper” • Also known as Rapping or Emceeing • Stylized rhythmic music • Commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted • It is part of the Hip-Hop culture • A subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching, break dancing, and graffiti writing. as well as a special element in some forms of Hip-Hop called beat boxing Where: In South Bronx, New York City, USA. (United States of America) 1) http://www.biography.com/people/jay-z-507696#awesm=~oBwLd3uBgSoI0S 2) http://www.biography.com/people/50-cent21330489#awesm=~oBwLrljYFCJvk 3) http://www.biography.com/people/eminem9542093#awesm=~oBwLymQfB7Rs7 4) http://www.biography.com/people/kanyewest362922#awesm=~oBwLEnOAytkMLZ 5) http://www.biography.com/people/drake-596834#awesm=~oBwLV0ZBh7Tevn 6) 6) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hip_hop_music 7) http://hiphophistory.indiegroup.com/ 8) http://www.acesandeighths.com/hip_hop.html Hip-Hop Music How: DJ Kool Herc who is generally considered the father of Hip-Hop and other DJ’s began using two turntables to extend the beats of already created music, then later on they added words to create Hip-Hop music. LIST OF MUSICIANS THAT /COMPOSE /PREFORM HIP-HOP When? Analysis of Two Sample Pieces of Hip-Hop Music: Song#1 Vanilla Ice : Ice IceBaby Who? How? By: Dylan.L, Rick.G, Nabil.P, Nitusan.N and Aharan.N ~Jay-Z ~50 Cent ~Drake ~Dr.Dre ~Rick Ross ~Tupac Shakur ~Kendrick Lamar ~Wiz Khalifa ~French Montana ~Tyga When: During the early to mid-60’s of the 20th century, about 1960-1967. Style: Can’t Touch This by: M.C Hammer is also a hip hop song but more specifically from the popular hip-hop genre of Hip-Hop West Coast. This music was released in 1990 with his album, “Please Hammer, Don’t Hurt Them”. Instruments Used:There were only two instruments used in this music and they are drums and a keyboard and also synthesizers, which are used in many modern hip-hop music pieces. Melody: The melody of this song is high during the duration of the song. The melody of the song is quite exciting and heart pumping, that is why I believe this is M.C Hammer’s most popular song. Dynamics:The dynamics of this song is pretty consistent throughout and it is loud, the dynamics create the hype and excitement that hip-hop songs are known for. Tempo: The tempo of this song is really fast because with his energy he sings fast thus making the total tempo of the song fast. This usually happens after the chorus of “You Can’t Touch This” when the tempo slows down. Articulation:The articulation of the notes of the song that are being played on the limited instruments are soft because they didn’t emphasize the instruments, but more on the rapping that M.C Hammer was articulating. Mood: The mood of this music is really energetic and exciting because when we listen to the song we want to dance and this song would be
Transcript: music hip hop third video Hip hop is a broad conglomerate of artistic forms that originated within a marginalized subculture in the South Bronx and Harlem in New York City among black and Latino youth during the 1970s. It is characterized by four distinct elements, all of which represent the different manifestations of the culture: rap music (oral), turntablism or "DJing" (aural), breaking (physical) and graffiti art (visual). Despite their contrasting methods of execution, they find unity in their common association to the poverty and violence underlying the historical context that birthed the culture. It was as a means of providing a reactionary outlet from such urban hardship that "hip hop" initially functioned, a form of self-expression that could reflect upon, proclaim an alternative to, try to challenge or merely evoke the mood of the circumstances of such an environment. Even while it continues in contemporary history to develop globally in a flourishing myriad of diverse styles, these foundational elements provide stability and coherence to the culture. The term is frequently used mistakenly to refer in a confining fashion to the mere practice of rap music. music picture fourth fun facts about hip hop. another video video
Transcript: The History of Hip Hop Where it Began The South Bronx 1970's White Flight Urban Decay Poverty Local Government Corruption White Flight Synopsis Simultaneous with the “white flight,” social and economic disruptions abounded. Construction on the Cross Bronx Expressway, which began in the postwar period and continued into the early 1970s, decimated several of the minority neighborhoods in its path. City infrastructure was allowed to crumble in the wake of budget cuts, hitting the less privileged parts of the city most directly. Strikes organized by disaffected blue-collar workers crippled the entire metropolitan area. As a largely white, middle-class population left urban areas for the suburbs in the 1950's and 1960's—a phenomenon known as “white flight”—the demographics of communities such as the Bronx shifted rapidly. The Bronx, one of New York City’s five “boroughs,” became populated mainly by Blacks and Hispanics, including large immigrant populations from Caribbean nations including Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad, and Tobago, and others. Groups Turning Point Turning Point Music Culture Dance Music Music Latin and Caribbean traditions met and mingled with the sounds of sixties and seventies Soul, Disco, and Funk. Limited access to instruments and music education, music makers made music with what they could find. DJs assembled their own sound systems and built extensive record collections by searching secondhand stores for old Soul, Funk, and Rock and Roll albums; they used their collections to provide entertainment within their communities. Sounds taken from these records—from James Brown’s drum breaks to Parliament Funkadelic’s funky bass lines—provided the raw materials for creative work: beats to be mixed and modified. B-Boy and B-Girl Break Dance Dance Breakdancing is thought to be inspired by the performances of James Brown. DJs would take the breaks of dance records and string them together to give dancers a chance to show off their moves. Breakers would choose elements from sports and other dances, including gymnastics, the Lindy Hop, capoeira, and disco. Timeline Timeline 1974 1970 1976 1975 Other DJ's start playing in similar styles. DJ Pleaser Lovebug Starski first refers to this movement as “hip-hop.” Hip Hop First Appears in the Bronx DJ Afrika Bambaataa battles Disco King Mario in the first DJ battle. 1973 1978 DJ Grand Wizard Theodore invents the record scratch. DJ Kool Herc deejays his first block party in the Bronx The music industry first uses the term “rap music,” which shifts the focus in hip hop from the deejays to the emcees. Lesson Activity Lesson Plan Open up Schoology and reply to the discussion question labeled: Discussion: ABC News Clip You must reply to this question and respond to at least one classmates post.
Transcript: http://youtu.be/vbM_20JAimo Double click to crop it if necessary (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr Jamaica(South Bronx New York) (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr hip-hop originated from South Bronx New york in 1970!!! HIP-HOP Research Info!! Place your own picture behind this frame! (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Our Project Important Details (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr Brainstorm
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