Transcript: High Heels Amber Dorney A walk through the history of the iconic shoe High Heels Spatial Distribution Where did heels come from? In the 14th century, more elaborate shoe design became popular for men in Europe, particularly areas such as Italy and Spain, as their clothing became more form- fitted. This style was adapted throughout the century in these western European countries, and such designs were worn strictly as a symbol of social or economic class. Where did they go? In the 1600s, heeled shoes gained popularity throughout England and North America, as King Louis XIV introduced high heels as a fashion statement, with elaborate designs depicting the scenes of a battlefield or from nature. In the 17th century, heeled shoes designed specifically for females were relesed, expanding the distribution of sales greatly throughout Europe and North America. Where are they now? High heels are now worn all over the world by people of all economic status, escpecially in MEDCs, where women choose to wear heels to work or just day-to-day. They are now worn primarily as a fashion choice/statement. Advancements in Telecommunications The introdution of the internet allowed for a new age of advertising, and shoe trends were able to travel across the world through word of mouth, physically and online. Globally known designer brands were able to get their names to countries all over the world. Role of TNCs TNCs have expanded the market for high heels, making them cheaper to produce and more easily accessible. The growing popularity of heels in the modern day however, is greatly a result of globally renowned shoe designers. eg. Louboutin, Steve Madden They transformed the identity of the shoe into a desirable statement piece that anyone can wear. Technological Advancements New technology has allowed the pain that comes from wearing heels to be minimised. Companies are designing new styles that take away the pressure from the ball of the foot, where 70% of theweight is carried in heels. How have the people embraced, adapted or resisted high heels today? What was once a shoe worn only by men and royalty is now found in almost every woman's wardrobe. Some women believe heels bring empowerment, while others see it as another expectation set by the patriarchy. Many women see wearing heels as an expression of empowerment and authority. Many women see it as an oppurtunity to express their femininity in male dominated businesses. It has now become more culturally accepted for men to wear heels as well, as femininity has become something to be proud of, not a sign of inferiority. FOR In the everlasting fight for equality between men and women, some women see heels as a tool to inferiorise females, in order to make them weaker Throughout the 19th century, as women began to work in male dominated offices, it was a requirement for them to wear heels. This no longer exists in most work places, and some women choose to wear more 'masculine' clothing, in order to portray their equal ability. Heels reshape the wearer's posture, and many see this as unnatural or unhealthy AGAINST How has media shaped peoples perception of Heels? Heels are seen as a symbol of femininity in the modern day, but also one of power and success, with almost all well known female celelbrities donning heels for public events. Beauty has become assosciated with empowerment and individuality. Throughout their existence, heels have always been a symbol of wealth and class. With the ability to produce them so cheaply and quickly in the modern day, with assitance from TNCs, the 'classy' look is something many women can afford. Recently, wearing brand names has become a symbol of wealth eg. Louboutin 'Red Bottoms', mentioned in Cardi B's 'Bodak Yellow', are a highly desired wardrobe piece for many women in MEDCs, as the signature red soles are a subtle, classy way of showing-off how much money you spent on your shoes. Thankyou for listening! Pinterest. (2018). Manifesto. [online] Available at: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/408772103652006104/ [Accessed 8 Sep. 2018]. Shoeshistoryfacts.com. (2018). Timeline of High-heeled Shoes. [online] Available at: http://www.shoeshistoryfacts.com/history-of-footwear/high-heeled-shoes-timeline/ [Accessed 1 Sep. 2018]. Shoeshistoryfacts.com. (2018). Timeline of High-heeled Shoes. [online] Available at: http://www.shoeshistoryfacts.com/history-of-footwear/high-heeled-shoes-timeline/ [Accessed 5 Sep. 2018]. Walford, J. (n.d.). The seductive shoe. YouTube. (2018). Christian Louboutin Spring/Summer 2016. [online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G4MRCavp6x4 [Accessed 7 Sep. 2018]. YouTube. (2018). Steve Madden Pre-Fall 2017 Campaign Choose Your Platform Featuring Caroline Vreeland. [online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cuagae3f1oM [Accessed 8 Sep. 2018]. YouTube. (2018). Steve Madden Commercial. [online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P9jbaApwFWc [Accessed 5 Sep. 2018]. Bibliography - Image
Transcript: By: Paula Fuentes 9c The history of high heels can actually be traced back to Egypt, 3500BC, where murals on walls show upper class citizens wearing heels for ceremonial purposes, as well as Egyptian butchers wearing them to help them walk through the blood of dead animals. However, it wasn't until the 16th century when it is claimed that high heels were properly invented. It was in 1533, when Catherine de Medici decided to wear heels on her wedding day to Henry II, a Duke and the future King of France. She was 14 and quite short, so asked a cobbler to make her shoes that would make her appear much taller on her wedding day. You can wear them with......... Skirts And dresses and shorts...... Jeans And pants and jumpsuits......... But most importantly, we have to learn....... How to Walk in High Heels Consecuences of high heels What you shouldn't do in high heels Sources Christian Louboutin Sandals How to Wear Them http://image83.webshots.com/72/2/82/50/2644282500026871232rcgogd_ph.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_UZImdYAiry8/TLPX-yUw6AI/AAAAAAAAUxY/NEqIb5YCBao/s1600/Jimmy_Choo.jpg Sandals are an open type of footwear, consisting of a sole held to the foot by straps passing over the instep and, sometimes around the ankle. Pumps are very similar to stilettos. The only difference is the the heel is thicker. A stiletto heel is a long, thin, high heel found on some boots and shoes, usually for women. Jimmy Choo is a Malaysian fashion designer based in London, United Kingdom. He is best known for founding Jimmy Choo Ltd that became known for its handmade women's shoes. http://www.famouslogos.us/images/gucci-logo.jpg Types of High Heels www.net-a-porter.com Famous Shoes Designers Pumps High Heels Jimmy Choo Manolo Blahnik High heels can make any outfit look chic ad effortless. http://fashion.lovelyish.com/725119983/the-history-of-high-heels/ Manuel "Manolo" Blahnik is a Spanish fashion designer and founder of the self-named, high-end shoe brand. Christian Louboutin is a French footwear designer who launched his line of high-end women's shoes in France in 1991. Since 1992, his designs have incorporated shiny, red-lacquered soles that have become his signature. Stilettos
Transcript: High Heels Interesting Facts Nowadays... Pros and cons Reasons for wearing high heels They change the wearer's posture, requiring a more upright carriage and altering the gait into a more seductive way of walking. They make the wearer seem to be taller. They make the legs seem to be longer. They make the foot look smaller. They make the toes look shorter. They make the arches of the feet higher and better defined. They can improve the muscle tone of women´s belly, thus possibly reducing female incontinence. Practical benefits for people of short stature in terms of selfesteem. Story of High Heels It is thought that high heels were invented back in the fifteenth century. Some illustrations from ancient Egyptian have been found, in which men and women are represented on elevated shoes. It is said that high heels helped to have a better control in horse back riding High Heels Reasons against wearing high heels They can cause pain in the feet and tendons. They increase the risk of getting sprains and fractures. They can create foot deformities They can cause an unsteady gait. They can shorten the wearer's stride. They can unable wearer´s ability to run. They can cause pain in the back. Since World War II, high heels have been fashionable, most notably in the late 1990s when lower heels predominated Today, high heels are typically worn. Court shoes are conservative styles and often used for work and formal occasions, while more adventurous styles are common for evening wear and dancing. High heels have been seen significantly controversy in the medical field lately, with many orthopedists seeing patients whose severe foot problems have been caused almost exclusively by the use of high-heel. There are many styles, varieties and many couture designers that promote the use of very high heels, being indispensable to some actresses or singers. Some celebrities that never fail to wear high heels are Lady Gaga, Beyonce, Jennifer Lopez, Victoria Beckham and Alicia Keys. The high heel can increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis, takes you to bend your knees and arch your back. Currently the Guinness record heel height is 42cm but a Spanish company of extreme high heels and high heels designers Paul Beneit made shoes with heels up to a meter high. This type of footwear is also used in beauty contests, mainly styling walking on the runway. High-heels are a kind of footwear that raise the heel significantly higher than the toes. When both the heel and the toes are on the same height, it is not considered to be a high heel; however, there are also high-heeled platform shoes. High heels tend to give the aesthetic illusion of longer, more slender legs. They come in a wide variety of styles, and the heels are found in many different shapes
Transcript: High Heels Júlia Haversen Who invented high heels? Used in Ancient Egypt (butchers) Catherine de Medici (16th century) -came from most influential family in power -came up with the design of a high heel Marry Dauphin of France, wanted to become the head of the country. Her husband had an affair with a taller woman. Contacted a Florentine shoemaker, she made the design. Her story: platform at the back, stability at the front 150cm What was the invention? origin of high heels 15th Century Persia: soldiers, stirrups. Persian migrants brought to Europe, male aristocrats: taller + formidable. male soldiers, aristocrats and royals (imply upper-class status) -someone who didn’t work could afford, both financially and practically. -men thick heels, -women skinny heels. A 17th Century Persian riding boot Chopines: From the late 15th century to the early 17th century Pedastal-like chopine: upper-class European woman towering figure In Venice, shoes were 54cm high (maids) -uncomfortable -couldn't walk on their own Hidden under skirts -higher footwear, more cloth required -indication of status Use: protect their dresses from waste and mud of streets + prostitution. Red soled high heels: In 1673, King Louis XIV introduced shoes -red heels -red soles Restricted the wearing to his circle of nobles. later taken up by royalty across Europe, became highly fashionable. Colour identified superiority + privilege (quickly copied) Introduced to the French Court Chinese foot-binding: A practice for women in China -died out in the 20th century Was similar to the gait that you do while wearing heels Painful deformities, body adjusted over time -10cm length -considered status symbol + beauty Dorothy's shoes Techniclolor: Introduced in 1916 A famous production using thsi colour processwas the Wizard of Oz in 1939 -shoes were siver -colour process: red Inspired designers to make shoes with different: -colours -patterns / stamps Oldest Shoe story: Virtuous girl whose shoes elevates her to: -higher social status Tale of the "slipper test" can be tracked to teh 1st century in Egypt -protagonist's slippers are slpendid -respresent: importance, power + magic of shoes For soldiers For dresses For looks + fashion Insecurities What problems did the invention solve? 1 2 3 4 For Soldiers: In 16th century: -they were created for soldier Secure: -feet -balance in the stirrups For dresses: In Venice Dresses and coats secure Wore really high chopines For looks and fashion: Used to captivate men -too look at women -looked more attractive Makes legs longer and skinnier Elegant, pretty, sexy, towering,... Insecurities: Really short people: -okay with their height? Maybe they are insecure: -wear them to be like the rest of the society Society influences... What has been the impact of the invention? There are different impacts: Fashion + Opinions: Important role on outfit Shoes first (judge) -reflects: styles, culture and social status Socialized to believe is "sexier" Society " " Observation: When a 19-year-old woman approached men between the ages of 25 and 50 years old wearing high heels, 83% of the men spent 3-4 mins answering her questions. When she was wearing flats, only 47% stopped to talk. Health: Bad for: -posture -back -balance Misaligns the whole skeleton There are no wide toed heels: -bad -deform feet Health Spine Health Institute: -72% women wear heels -women wear less high heels -switching for sneakers -painful + uncomfortable Big Companies: Economy Top 5 most famous brands: 1). Louis Vuitton 2). Christian Louboutin 3). Manolo Blahnik 4). Yves Saint Laurent 5). Jimmy Choo Fact World's most expensive shoes: Price value: $17 million Created: -U.A.E brand Jada Dubai + Passion Jewelers -October 2018 9 months to make them -real gold -encrusted with thousands of diamonds Displayed in Burj Al Arab, seven star hotel
Transcript: Those sky high, narrow-toed shoes are putting your ankles, knees and toes in awkward positions, so naturally you’re going to get hurt eventually. Here are some of the most common injuries you’ll experience by wearing high heels. There are injury's like corns, bunions, and ingrown toenail. More than 1/3 of women in America have bunions because of their shoes kitty http://delraybeachpodiatry.com/blog/the-negative-effects-of-high-heels/ The Inventor stiletto wedge cone: a round heel that is broad where it meets the sole of the shoe and noticeably narrower at the point of contact with the ground kitten: a short, slim heel with maximum height under 2 inches and diameter of no more than 0.4 inch at the point of contact with the ground prism: three flat sides that form a triangle at the point of contact with the ground puppy: thick square block heel approximately 2 inches in diameter and height spool or louis: broad where it meets the sole and at the point of contact with the ground; noticeably narrower at the midpoint between the two stiletto: a tall, slim heel with minimum height of 2 inches and diameter of no more than 0.4 inch at the point of contact with the ground wedge: occupies the entire space under the arch and heel portions of the foot high heels http://www.google.com/ negative impacts Thank You For Watching!!!! high heel types http://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi spool puppy there are positive impacts by wearing high heels. They make you look taller they make your legs look good and can make you look formal. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High-heeled_footwear cone created by: Victoria Chinners & Ravyn Driggers ENJOY!!! pictures pictures the inventor of the high heel shoe was Leonardo Da Vinci Leonardo was born April 15 1452 he died May 2 1519 he was 67 when died the italian leonardo worked in the fields of math and science he is the one who made the Mona Lisa Citations positive impacts prism
Transcript: The first person to ever where high heels was Louis XIV This was another pair of old high heels = Well, this is what it looks like. This shoe was created in the 17th century. Some say you have to break your foot to get into it. back then Then and now Another crazy thing going on about high heels is that baby's wear them! High Heels I don't know who invented high heels, but all women owe him a lot. This is what used to be trendy, this is the so called new fashion. Any thing and most everything you need to know is right here. What do the High heel shoes look like? Baby's! 2015 High Heels Who were the first to wear high heels?
Transcript: 16oo's I HOPE YOU ENJOYED IT!!!!!!!!!!! ABOUT 1800'S high heels! the :) PERSIAN TODAY I'M GOING TO BE SHOWING YOU THE SWITCH FROM GUYS WEARING HIGH HEELS TO GIRLS WEARING THEM. kitten heel 1950's a short slender usually an inch and a half. with a slight curve setting the heel from the edge of the shoe. the *spool heel in the 1600's one of the first high heels were made. this shoes were made for men in the war to walk on there killed victims body. this shoes are made of horsehide and mustard seeds. the the origin of IN THE 1800'S ONLY RICH PEOPLE COULD OWN OR WEAR HIGH HEELS. THEY WERE BANNED TO SHOW EQUALITY. 1860'S HEELS MAKE A COME BACK. *THE WEDGE this is my genius hour! BY:HAILEY HAWKINS other POPULAR shoes of the 1900's --------------------------------------- *THE PLATFORM HEEL hailey hawkins THIS WAS MY GENIUS HOUR!! 1760-1765 this is the year women ''adopted'' high heels the artist is unknown but he/she called them ''louis heels.'' these heels are made of silk satin, leather, and linen. THE *stiletto heel
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