Transcript: what is heart disease? loovens francoeur 3b 4-27-12 A structural or functional abnormality of the heart, or of the blood vessels supplying the heart, that impairs its normal functioning.High blood pressure Physical inactivity Obesity and overweight Diabetes mellitus Increasing age Male sex Heredity Tobacco smoke High blood cholesterol IT INCREASES YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE WHICH CAUSES YOUR HEART TO WORK FASTER AND THEN IT STOPS CAUSE IT USED UP ALL ITS ENERGY TO BREATH AND YOU STOP BREATHING AND HAVE A HEART ATTACK More than six decades of empirical research have shown that psychosocial risk factors like low socio-economic status, lack of social support, stress at work and family life, depression, anxiety, and hostility contribute both to the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) and the worsening of clinical course and prognosis in patients with CHD. These factors may act as barriers to treatment adherence and efforts to improve life-style in patients and populations. In addition, distinct psychobiological mechanisms have been identified, which are directly involved into the pathogenesis of CHD. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the end stage of many diseases of the heart and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The incidence of CHF is increasing steadily as treatment for its coronary antecedents, such as myocardial infarction, advances. Treatment of CHF generally relies on a battery of pharmacological interventions, alongside exercise and diet regimens. It is only in recent years that the psychological impact of heart failure has been explored, which is reflected by the absence of standardized psychological assessment for patients with CHF. In this article, we review studies that have addressed the effects of depression, anxiety, coping style, and level of social support in CHF. 2. Exercise for 30 minutes on most days of the week Getting some regular, daily exercise can reduce your risk of fatal heart disease. And when you combine physical activity with other lifestyle measures, such as maintaining a healthy weight, the payoff is even greater. Physical activity helps you control your weight and can reduce your chances of developing other conditions that may put a strain on your heart, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. It also reduces stress, which may be a factor in heart disease. Obesity Obesity — Comprehensive overview covers causes, treatment and prevention of this serious health risk. Metabolic syndrome Metabolic syndrome — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment of conditions related to insulin resistance. Heart disease in women: Understand symptoms and risk factors All women face the threat of heart disease. Discover how to protect your heart. Heart disease risk calculator Heart disease risk: Use this tool to calculate your risk of having a heart attack. Stress symptoms: Effects on your body, feelings and behavior Stress symptoms — Learn how stress can affect your health so that you can take action. Symptoms Tachycardia Tachycardia — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of a rapid heartbeat. Bradycardia Bradycardia — Comprehensive overview of symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of a slow heartbeat. Edema Edema — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment and self-care of tissue swelling. Heart attack symptoms: Know what's a medical emergency Watch for these heart attack symptoms. Daily aspirin therapy: Understand the benefits and risks Daily aspirin therapy can be lifesaving or life-threatening. Discover if you're a good candidate. Cardioversion Cardioversion — Overview covers what to expect during this procedure to reset your heart's rhythm. Drug-eluting stents: Do they increase heart attack risk? Drug-eluting stents are generally safe if used with proper medications. Find out more. Angina treatment: Stents, drugs, lifestyle changes — What's best? Choosing angina treatment — angioplasty, stents or lifestyle changes — can be confusing. Find out more. Gene therapy Gene therapy — Overview covers definition, risk, results of this experimental procedure. Lifestyle and home remedies Menus for heart-healthy eating: Cut the fat and salt Use these menus to jump-start your heart-healthy diet. Nuts and your heart: Eating nuts for heart health Discover how walnuts, almonds and other nuts help lower cholesterol and im-prove heart health. Heart-healthy diet: 8 steps to prevent heart disease Ready to start your heart-healthy diet? Here are eight tips to get you started. Trans fat is double trouble for your heart health Trans fat raises "bad" (LDL) cholesterol and lowers "good" (HDL) cholesterol. Omega-3 in fish: How eating fish helps your heart Omega-3 fatty acids in fish are good for your heart. Find out more. Alternative medicine Chelation therapy for heart disease Chelation therapy for heart disease — Overview covers the definition and risks of this procedure. Herbal supplements may not mix with heart medicines Some herbal
Transcript: How to reduce the chances of having heart diseases How does smoking effect your heart? The image shows how smoking can affect arteries in the heart and legs. Figure A shows the location of coronary heart disease and peripheral arterial disease. Figure B shows a detailed view of a leg artery with atherosclerosis—plaque buildup that's partially blocking blood flow. Figure C shows a detailed view of a coronary (heart) artery with atherosclerosis. According to... Thank you for your attention Smoking injures blood vessel walls Number one killer in the USA occurs if the flow of blood to a section of heart muscle becomes blocked. If blood flow isn't restored quickly, the section of heart muscle begins to die. Quit smoking What is heart disease? include diseases of your blood vessels, such as coronary artery disease, heart rhythm problems, heart infections and heart defects you're born with. reduce Uncomfortable pressure on chest upper body discomfort in one or both arms, back, neck, jaw, or upper part of stomach Shortness of breath vomiting light-headedness dizziness breaking out in a cold sweat. Links Eat healthy food Heart Disease By: Ainsley Pendarvis Exercise Diet http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/heartattack/ http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/heart-disease/DS01120/DSECTION=prevention Random Facts http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/smo/ Have a balanced diet risk Lowers cholesterol and lowers blood pressure Symtoms Most common is coronary artery disease 1,000 people die every day from sudden cardiac death or cardiac arrest Being active for 30-60 minutes a day can Avoid fast food resturants Reduce chances of having a heart attack or stroke. reduce your risk Regular exercise can
Transcript: Heart Disease Zuhur Jama Heart Disease is a major problem in the United States. For one thing Heart Disease leads to the most deaths in the United States. There are many ways to prevent heart disease like if you get healthy food that are good for your heart. You can also prevent heart diease by exercising if you exercise there's a less of a chance of you getting heart disease. Some good exercises that can you prevent heart are to strengenth your heart and cardiovascular system, improve your circilation and help your body, use oxygen better and increase ndurance. Exercises like aerobic exercises which include jogging, jump roping, and walking. Some food that can help prevent heart disease are fruits, vegetables, and whole grian.These food help your heart stay healthy and repair the damage that already has been done to the heart. There are many types of heart disease atrial fibrillation, heart attack, enlarged and many more. Heart disease means a structural or functional abnormality of the heart,or the blood vessels supplying the heart that impairs normal functioning. Heart Disease is transmitted by generations of families. If anyone has heart disease in your family theres a chance you might get heart disease. Some risk factors for Heart Disease you can control and some you cannot.Coronary artery disaese causes roughly 1.2 million heart attacks each year, and more than forty percent of those suffering from a heart attack will die. Some controllable risk factors are smoking, your obesity, and your sress and anger. Also some uncontollable risk factors are your familys histroy of heart disease, age and your race. There are many treatments to Heart Disease like: Lifestyle changes.Change the way you live your live and choose something thats good for you and your heart Take medication.Yor doctor may prescribe medications to contorll your heart disesae Lastly you may need medical procedure or surgery.
Transcript: 1. Shortness of breath 2. Faster heart beat 3. Weakness or dizzyness 4. Nausea 5. Sweating How to Prevent Heart Disease... By: Megan, Lexie, Logan, and Ricky Heart Disease Symptoms Heart Attack Things that are bad for your heart What is heart Disease? Cancer-Related Heart Disease Diabetic Heart Disease Familial Heart Disease Heart Disease Diabetic Heart Disease Cancer- related heart disease Helthy Heart Occurs when blood flow to a part of your heart is blocked for a long time A heart disease is also called a cardiovascular disease, it mainly affects older people and means that there are problems with the heart and blood vessles. Familial Heart Disease Diabetic Heart Disease Love your heart! Types of Heart Disease Heart Heart Disease! (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr 1. Don't smoke or use tobacco 2. Excersize 30 minutes a day 3. Eat a health diet 4. Maintain a healthy diet
Transcript: if too much of the Dvl protein reaches the PCP pathway than the outcome of cardiac bifidia phenotypes nearly always causes ventricular defects It affects nearly 1% (40,000) births per year in the U.S. The number of babies born with some CHD's, especially mild types, compared to those without is increasing Approximately 25% of babies with this disease have critical CHD; they usually need surgery or similar procedures within the first year of their life Researchers estimate that in 2010, about 1 million U.S. children and 1.4 million U.S. adults were living with this condition Infant deaths due to this condition usually occur in the first 28 days of life 4.2% of all infantile deaths are due to CHDs Nearly half of of the deaths due to CHDs occurred during infancy About 95% of babies born with non-critical CHD are expected to live for 18 years The population of people with CHDs is increasing because medical care for them is increasing. Diseased pathway Normal pathway Thank You! https://www.qiagen.com/no/shop/genes-and-pathways/pathway-details/?pwid=187 The coordination of wide scale planar polarity that provides each individual layer to work cohesively with each other. http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/heartdefects/data.html http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/congenital-heart-disease/basics/definition/con-20034800 Target each stage of heart development in terms of the emergence of polarized structures dependent on cell type. Lp homozygote mutations result in ventricle defects due to the extension of the cell's membrane without the movement of the other major organelles Congenital Heart Disease is an abnormality in the heart's structure at the time of birth. It is often considered a childhood condition since the advances in surgical treatment allows the affected to live long, healthy lives. Planar Cell Polarity (PCP) is a modulate pathway, where multiple steps of cell signaling can occur consecutively, that determine critical changes that occur during heart development. PCP is responsible for ensuring correct cardiac specifications. Treatments Graphics Heart Disease-Congenital Heart Disease and Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy symptoms https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2011/589414/ http://rgd.mcw.edu/rgdweb/pathway/pathwayRecord.html?acc_id=PW:0000200 https://www.qiagen.com/no/shop/genes-and-pathways/pathway-details/?pwid=187 https://pharmaceuticalintelligence.com/2015/06/09/cancer-signaling-pathways-and-tumor-progression-images-of-biological-processes-in-the-voice-of-a-pathologist-cancer-expert/ http://mct.aacrjournals.org/content/8/8/2103 Frizzled (Fz) Disheveled (Dvl) Prikled (Pk) Vangl/Srabismus (Vangl) Celsr/Flamingo (Celsr) Diego (Dgo) *where often Pk and Vangl antagonize Fz and Dvl REsearch 3 Main Molecular Categories The CDC is working with numerous elite universities such as Emory and Duke to track individuals with CHDs across the lifespan. They are trying to understand the health issues and needs of these people to work to improve their lives. The primary research goal of this disease is to find the exact cause and risk factors for this disease. The CDC wants to expand their population statistics by tracking the CHDs among adolescents and adults, instead of just newborns and youngsters. Causes Researchers are not certain of what causes heart defects, but they believe some medical conditions, medications and genetics may play a role in it. Risk factors may include: German measles (if the mother had rubella while pregnant) Diabetes (if the mother had type 1 or 2 diabetes) Medications (if the mother took certain medications while pregnant) Heredity Bibliography http://rgd.mcw.edu/rgdweb/pathway/pathwayRecord.html?acc_id=PW:0000200 https://pharmaceuticalintelligence.com/2015/06/09/cancer-signaling-pathways-and-tumor-progression-images-of-biological-processes-in-the-voice-of-a-pathologist-cancer-expert/ Graphics Tissue Specific Factors Core Polarity Genes Symptoms and Prognosis Hayley Mahnke Anita Yegappan http://mct.aacrjournals.org/content/8/8/2103 *symptoms may not appear until later on in life Abnormal heart rhythms (heartbeat can be too slow, fast or irregular; may cause death) Heart infection (endocarditis- bacteria from other parts of the body enters the bloodstream and lodges in the heart. This can damage and destroy the heart valves and cause strokes) Stroke, heart failure Pulmonary hypertension (more blood flow to the lungs, increasing pressure, causing heart's lower right chamber to work harder and eventually weaken) Heart valve problems (valves may be abnormal depending on the case) Death Prognosis Symptoms as an adult may include; abnormal heart rhythms a bluish tint to the skin shortness of breath tiring quickly upon exertion dizziness or fainting swelling of body tissue or organs when both Dvl and Fz do not synergize the pathway is halted and remains uncompleted often resulting in cardiopalmonary malformations Disease description The diseased PCP pathway can be effected in 6 different ways
Transcript: The rate of heart disease increased sharply between the 1940 and 1967 because technology started to advance around that period of time. The risk factors of heart disease are -Cigarette smoking -Obesity -Physical inactivity -Diabetes -Renal ( kidney) disease -Genetics Heart disease is a group of problems that occur when the heart and blood vessels aren't working the way they should. is important What is the History of Heart Disease? is important too What are the treatments of Heart Disease? Heart Disease is a non- communicable disease. Which means Heart Disease is not contagious. • - Angioplasty & Stents • - Bypass Surgery • - Cardiac Rehabilitation • - Cardio version • - Defibrillator • - Exercise • - Medications • - Nutrition • - Pacemaker • - Valve Surgery is important Heart Disease The signs and symptoms of Heart Disease are discomfort, heaviness, pressure, aching, burning, fullness, squeezing, or painful feeling in your chest. What are the signs and symptoms of Heart Disease? is here • What are the causes of Heart Disease? What type of disease is Heart Disease?
Transcript: Heart Disease Heart disease is also known as cardiovascular disease. Heart disease is a disorder that refers to the disease of anything doing with the circulatory system. There are more than 50 different types, the most common being coronary artery disease. This is the ribbon for heart disease Heart disease does not travel person to person through contact. You can develop this by lifestyle or heredity . Age is a big risk factor in getting heart disease. It is estimated that 87 percent of people who die of heart disease are 60 and older and the risk of heart disease doubles every 10 years after age 55. Aging is also associated with changes in the structural properties of the arteries wall, which leads to the loss of elasticity. Among middle-aged people, heart disease is 2 to 5 times more common in men than in women.Women will start to catch up at about the age 55-60. Between men and women, there are differences in body weight, height, body fat distribution, heart rate, which may be huge risk factors for heart disease. Hardening of the arteries has been found in Egyptian mummies, some as old as 3,500 years, showing that heart Disease is not a new Problem. Effects of Heart Disease Short Term Effects Long Term Effects Heart Disease is the number one killer in the United States. Heart Disease can be found anywhere. And anyone can develop it. Although there is no known cure, some preventative measures can be taken. You can prevent heart disease by Not smoking Exercising Eat low fat foods have regular doctor checkups lower intake of alcohol and caffeine Symptoms: chest pain discomfort heaviness weakness dizziness sweating etc. There is treatment by getting surgery Double click to crop it if necessary doodles Breathlessness persistent cough and wheezing swollen confused tired (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr notes Scarring of heart tissue Put on medicatiom maybe fatal body deteriorating weak heart muscle photo frame Place your own picture behind this frame! details map Signs
Transcript: Symptoms Heart disease has many symptoms including: Chest pain or discomfort (angina) is the most common symptom. Shortness of breath. A faster heartbeat. Weakness or dizziness. Nausea Sweating Palpitations Sources Are certain groups more at risk? A variety of things can cause heart disease. Some things include: Smoking High cholesterol Inflammation of the blood vessel High blood pressure High level of sugar in the blood Is it preventable? http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cad http://www.diseaseproof.com/archives/cardiovascular-disease-is-heart-disease-totally-preventable.html http://www.medicinenet.com/heart_disease_coronary_artery_disease/page6.htm https://www.cardiosmart.org/Heart-Basics/CVD-Stats http://www.nursingceu.com/courses/398/index_nceu.html People who die and at risk of CAD are mostly 65 years and older. 9.1% of men have the disease. 7.0% of women have the disease. African-Americans has higher death rate Causes Is It Treatable? Heart disease cannot not be cured but it can be treated with: Calcium Channel Blockers, it is prescribed to treat angina (chest pain). It disrupt the movement of calcium through calcium channels. Nitrates (nitroglycerin), it relaxes blood vessels and stops chest pain. Digitalis, it slows down the heart beat rhythm and it also makes the heart contract harder when the pumping function has been weakened. Maintain a healthy and balance diet. Stop smoking Take the prescribed medication regularly until the doctor has instructed the patient to stop. Statistics Heart Disease (Coronary Heart Disease) Heart disease can be preventable by: Quitting smoking Lowering cholesterol Controlling high blood pressure Maintaining a healthy weight Exercising Prognosis 64% African-American 60% Hispanic 53% Asian/ Highlander 58% Caucasian Coronary Heart Disease By: Nathan Nguyen, Betina Garcia & Jeco Ocay
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