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Transcript:  Hazard Classification  Safety Data Sheets  Labels  Training -authorized persons like chemical manufacturers, importers or employers must disclose the withheld specific chemical identity to health professionals providing occupational health services. - A person engaged in a business where chemicals are either used, distributed, or are produced for use or distribution, including a contractor or subcontractor. Hazard Communication -a worker who may be exposed to hazardous chemicals under normal operating conditions, or in foreseeable emergencies. Definition of Terms: 2. Written Program/Plan  When Will HazCom 2012 Affects? PURPOSE  To assess the hazards of the chemicals to which employees will be exposed.  To conduct or assess sampling of the workplace atmosphere to determine employee exposure levels.  To conduct pre-assignment or periodic medical surveillance of exposed employees.  To provide medical treatment to exposed employees.  To select or assess appropriate personal protective equipment for exposed employees.  To design or assess engineering controls or other protective measures for exposed employees.  To conduct studies to determine the health effects of exposure. - simply through which employers inform their employees about hazards in the workplace. NFPA HAZARD IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Employer Employee -formally known as Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) is a detailed information bulletin prepared by the manufacturer or importer of a chemical that describes the physical and chemical properties, physical and health hazards, routes of exposure, precautions for safe handling and use, emergency and first aid procedures, and control measures. - a comprehensive set of basic rules and procedures for the safe use of hazardous chemicals - an electronic or paper copy of a chemical inventory of each hazard chemical normally used or stored in the workplace. - the inventory must include both containerized and non-containerized hazardous substances 1. Chemical Inventory Safety Data Sheet (SDS)  In a Non-Medical Emergency? 3. Labels Prevention Mitigation Resolution HazCom refers to OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 OSHA adopted HazCom in 1984 for general manufacturing, and then expanded it to all industries in 1987. HazCom was last revised in 1994. The hazard identification signal is a color-coded array of four numbers or letters arranged in a diamond shape. A Good Hazard Safety Program – any substance that is capable of causing an acute or chronic health condition in humans or adversely impacting the environment. The chemical manufacturer, importer, or employer must immediately disclose the specific chemical identity of a hazardous chemical to a treating physician or nurse when the information is needed for proper emergency or first-aid treatment. What is a Hazard Communication? BENEFITS The basic goal of a Hazard Communication Program is to be sure that employers and employees know about work hazards and how to protect themselves; this should help to reduce the incidence of chemical source illness and injuries. Preparation and Delivery of Communication Plan in Case of Accident - each person who handles or uses hazardous chemicals shall be trained before they work with, use, or handle hazardous chemicals upon initial employment and when new hazardous chemicals are introduced. Hazardous Substance -to ensure that the hazards of chemicals used in the workplace are evaluated, and those hazards are communicated to both employers and employees. Components of HAZCOM  What's Different About HazCom 2012? How a Sample Company Do HazCom HAZARD COMMUNICATION - previously called a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), is a document that provides information on the properties of hazardous chemicals and how they affect health and safety in the workplace. • Identify and control hazardous subs- tances present in workplaces. • Develop efficient strategies for the use, handling, and disposal of these substances. • Promote safe and effective work practices. • Reduce workers’ compensation losses. • Comply with the law. • Reduce exposure to hazardous substances. • Follow safer work practices. • Protect themselves, thereby preventing work-related injuries and illnesses. a. Product Identifier: name or number used on the label and the SDS. b. Signal Word: used to alert the user to a potential hazard and is determined by the hazard class and category of the chemical. There are two signal words used: Danger and Hazard c. Hazard Statements: standardized phrases assigned to a specific hazard class and categoty. Ex: “causes serious eye damage” and “fatal if swallowed”. d. Precautionary Statements: There are four types of precautionary statements, covering prevention, response in case of accidental spills and exposure, storage and disposal. Ex: “wear protective gloves/protective clothing” and “store locked up”. e. Supplier Information: refers to the name, address and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other

Hazard Communication

Transcript: Hazard Communication Christopher Gomez, ASP Intro Introduction Hazcom Standards New Hazcom Standards Estimated lives and cost savings 43 lives saved per year, 585 injuries avoided $475.2 million increased productivity, $32.2 million in cost savings GHS GHS MSDS Handout Before Handout 1 - Find fire fighting measures Handout 2 - Find fire fighting measures Are they in the same location? SDS After Handout 1 - Find fire fighting measures Handout 2 - Find fire fighting measures Are they in the same location? Top 10 The 9 Pictograms Pictograms What They Mean Explosives - fireworks and ammunition Flammable - methanol and gasoline Oxidizer - chlorine and fluorine Compressed Gas - nitrogen and oxygen tanks Corrosive - sulfuric and hydrochloric acids Environmental - aquatic toxicity Health Hazard - respiratory and carcinogens Toxic - hydrogen peroxide and sodium cyanide Harmful - skin and eye irritation Hazcom Program Hazcom Programs Must consist of: A written program SDS for every chemical - and retain for 30 years Evaluation/approval procedure before introducing new chemicals GHS labeling Employee/contractor training GHS Labeling GHS Labeling: Before & After Training Training Training shall include; Information about operations in the work area where hazards chemicals are present. The location and availability of the written Hazard Communication Program. Location and availability of SDS’s.* Information that can be found on an SDS. Methods and observations that can be used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical. Potential health hazards of the chemicals used in the workplace. Measures that employees can take to avoid exposure to hazardous chemicals (PPE, special procedures, emergency procedures, appropriate work practices, etc.) Explanation of the GHS labeling system. KHA Online *New SDS Site

Hazard Communication

Transcript: bomb/explosion Discuss how Global Harmonization has recently impacted the standard Women who work at home have a 54% higher death rate from caner than those who work away from home. This 15 year study concluded it was a direct result of the much higher exposure rate to toxic chemicals in common household products. (Toronto Indoor Air Conference, 1990) Timeline 12/1/2013 – Employee Training 6/1/2015 – Complete Program Compliance 12/1/2015 – All shipments must contain an SDS bottle/cylinder Pictograms Physical Hazards (4) Key SDS Components flame-O Product Name/Identifier Manufacturer Contact Information Hazard Statement(s) Precautionary Statement(s) Pictogram(s) Signal Word Silhouette with Star skull & crossbones Many common household products are considered ( or contain) hazardous chemicals - such as paints, solvents, detergents, polishes, health, beauty and automotive products. fish/tree/water Hazardous Chemicals Exclamation Point Identify key SDS and label components GHS – provides structure, consistency, guidelines Adopted principles of 67 nations Reduce confusion and increase understanding Help address literacy problems Pictograms Physical and/or Health Agenda Environmental The average American uses about 25 gallons of toxic hazardous chemicals each year - in their home. The major proportion of these is from household cleaning products. (Hirschorn/Oldenburg, 1991) Labels Originating from the paint industry, OSHA made the regulation effective in 1983. Provided guidance to chemical manufacturers on conveying hazards to purchasers. Furthermore, it required employers to train employees on how to recognize the chemical hazards within their work environment. Many holes existed in the regulation, but with the adoption of Global Harmonization in 2013 many standardizations have become part of the communication process. Alarming Facts.... ....and how does it apply to me??? Hazard Communication Identify how the Hazard Communication standard applies to your position in the city A hazardous chemical is one that poses any of the following: Physical and/or Health Hazard Asphyxiant Combustible Dust Pyrophoric Gas Pictograms Health Hazards (3) What is Hazard Communication? The average American home has accumulated around 100 pounds of hazardous chemicals within storage areas, garages and sheds. (EPA, 2011) Globally Harmonized System test tube/hand&metal flames

Hazard communication

Transcript: Hazard Communication 04/17/2018 Container Labeling Hazard Communication Standard Pictogram The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) requires pictograms on labels to alert users of the chemical hazards to which they may be exposed. Each pictogram consists of a symbol on a white background framed within a red border and represents a distinct hazard(s). The pictogram on the label is determined by the chemical hazard classification. Pictogram NFPA Rating Secondary Containers Acetone Hydrochloric acid Safety Data Sheets (SDS) Safety Data Sheets Before placing an order for hazardous chemicals, - Check the inventory on - Obtain SDS in print and update the information on Place an order Once received the item, update the info on and Read entire SDS prior to use the chemicals. Record Keeping Record Keeping maintain its hazardous chemicals inventory for chemicals used at or shipped from the Facility for at least 30 years. Such list will be maintained in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1020 “Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records”. Records will also be kept of employee safety orientations and hazardous chemical training. Any retraining will also be recorded.

Hazard Communication

Transcript: >> Since May 23, 1998, OSHA has had guidelines to inform us on hazardous workplace substances. >> The 1910.1200 standard covers general industry, shipyards and marine terminals, longshoremen, construction, chemical manufacturers, importers and any and all other employers and employees exposed to chemical hazards. >> Most of the standard covers chemical manufacturers, but non-producers have to establish a workplace program and communicate that information to the workers. Appendix E of 1200 provides guidelines for this. >> Agents which act on the blood or hematopoietic system: deprive body tissue of oxygen >> Agents which damage the lungs >> Hepatotoxins: liver damage >> Nephrotoxins: kidney damage >> Neurotoxins: nervous system effects >> Reproductive toxins, including teratogens (damage fetuses) and mutagens (damage DNA) >> Cutaneous hazards: skin damage >> Eye hazards >> Inhalation, injection, ingestion and absorption are exposure methods >> Ensure that SDS's are readily accessible to workers. >> Keep SDS binder on-site or store electronically for workers to access. >> Designate person(s) responsible for obtaining and maintaining the SDS's. Consider ALL hazards: Definitions To Know Acute: rapid effects, as a result of short-term exposures, of short duration. Chronic: effects as a result of long-term exposure, of long duration. Corrosive: visible destruction or irreversible damage to body tissue, including acids and caustics (bases) Employers must inform employees of: >> Training requirements of this section. >> Operations in their work area where hazardous chemicals are present. >> The location and availability of the written "Hazardous Communication Program". Section 1: Identification >> Product identifier on label >> Responsible parties/manufacturer name, address & phone number >> Recommended use of the chemical and any restrictions for it GHS Standard - Safety Data Sheets (SDS) 16 Section Format >> Identity of the chemical >> Appropriate hazard warnings, including: - Message, picture, or symbol - Hazards of the chemical - Which organs are affected - Must be in English, may be in other languages >> Name and address of responsible party >> In 2012, OSHA revised its Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) to align with the United Nations' Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). >> New standard classifies chemicals according to their health and physical hazards. >> New label elements & SDS requirements will improve worker understanding of hazards associated with chemicals in the workplace. >> Phase in dates for compliance are from 12/01/2012 to 06/01/2016. The rule does not require employers to maintain records of employee training, but many employers do so to help you to monitor your program to ensure that all employees are properly trained. GHS Standard - Safety Data Sheets (SDS) 16 Section Format You may want to discuss each chemical if there are only a few chemicals in the workplace. >> Based on the hazard categories (e.g. - flammable liquids, corrosive materials, carcinogens) >> If there are a large numbers on chemicals >> If the chemicals change frequently SDS Sheets? Classifications >> It makes sure that all employers receive the information they need. >> Inform and train their employees. >> Ensures all employees are provided with the necessary hazard information. Section 3: Composition/Information on Ingredients >> Chemical substances and mixtures (chemical name, CAS number) >> Trade secrets All employees who may be exposed to hazardous chemicals MUST: >> says: "The HCS provides workers the right-to-know concerning the hazards and the identities of the chemicals they are, or may have the potential to be, exposed to in the workplace. GHS Standard - Safety Data Sheets (SDS) 16 Section Format Who is covered by 1910.1200? Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties How Do We Do This? About SDS Sheets GHS Standard - Safety Data Sheets (SDS) 16 Section Format Labels >> Employees need to know the hazards and the chemicals they are exposed to at work, as well as what protective measures are available. Class 3: Liquids Employee Responsibility Class 1: Explosives Levels 1.1 to 1.6 Class 2: Gases Class 5: Oxidizers and Organic Compounds Class 6: Toxic Materials and Infectious Substances Class 7: Radioactive Material Class 8: Corrosive Materials Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection >> OSHA's Permissible Exposure Levels (PEL's) >> Threshold Limit Values (TLV's) >> Engineering Controls >> PPE >> Have an explanation of the HazCom program, including labels, SDS, how to obtain and use the available information. >> Explain physical/health hazards of chemicals. >> Provide protective measures, such as PPE, work practices, & engineering controls. >> Explain how to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical ( monitoring devices, observation or smell). Section 2: Hazard(s) Identification >> Pictograms >> Signal Words >> Classification of Hazardous

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