Transcript: Hanukkah: The Festival of Lights A Great Miracle Happened There How Judah Macabee and his brothers took down their persecutors The Story The Food Latkes (Potato Pancakes) Sufganyot (Jelly Donuts) Gelt (Chocolate Coins) Activities Light Candles and Give Gifts (One Each Night) Play Dreidel For 8 Nights
Transcript: Book of Maccabees Dreidels Hanukkah...AGAIN "The Festival of Lights" History Hannah & her 7 sons She and her sons were loyal to HaShem and ignored the king who pushed idolatry Soldiers took her and her sons to the temple to honor Zeus and ordered them to bow and worship They refused and the soldiers killed the oldest son Hannah and her 6 sons refused as well and declared their faith to HaShem The soldiers then killed them all Jewish children play with this toy, very similar to a spinning top 4 sides and features the Hebrew letters nun, gimel, hay, and shi Stand for Nes Gadol Hyah Sham "A great miracle happened there." Game is played with candy, whoever gets all the candy wins Background: Judah the Maccabbee led his followers loyal to HaShem, againist the Syrians & one even though outnumbered and less weapons Holiday celebrating the great victory of the Jews in 165 BCE over the Syrian-Greeks, evicting them from Israel and restoring the Temple After restoration when they went to light the Temple menorah, they only had enough oil for one day, but it lasted for 8 Important because the menorah was lit every day with only the purest oil and took one week to make, so the flame never went out Hanukkah Comes from Hebrew word "Khanu" meaning "and they rested" Also from Hebrew date Kaf Hey, which equals 25, thus the beginning of Hanukkah is celebrated on the 25th of the month of Kislev
Transcript: Hanukkah Origin of Hanukkah The eight-day Jewish celebration known as Hanukkah or Chanukah commemorates the rededication during the second century B.C. of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, where according to legend Jews had risen against their Greek-Syrian oppressors in the Maccabean Revolt. Terms Hanukkah- Means dedication Latke.-a Jewish cookery pancake made with potatoes. Menorah- a candelabrum with nine branches. Dreidel- a 4-sided top that is used by children to play games during Hanukkah Terms of Hanukkah The menorah is a unique candle holder. Eight of these holders shows each one of the days. The ninth holder, also known as the Shamash, is used to light the other candles. The menorah is described in the Bible as the seven-lamp (six branches) ancient Hebrew lampstand made of pure gold and used in the portable sanctuary set up by Moses in the wilderness and later in the Temple in Jerusalem. . The Menorah Food Some of the most common foods are potato pancakes, Jelly Doughnuts, Challah Bread. The traditions of Hanukkah are simple. Such as lighting the menorah, playing the Dreidel game, cooking and baking delicious food, and enjoying the fun of the Hanukkah gifts. Traditions
Transcript: Hanukkah by: Dani Adduono, Madison Wojciechowski, Courtney Rizzuto, Madison Taylor, & Kevin Marier Music Music "Ma'oz Tzur" also a widely known English version as "Rock of Ages", is a Jewish liturgical poem. It is written in Hebrew, and is usually sung on the holiday of Hanukkah, after lighting the festival lights. Its six stanzas correspond to five events of Jewish history and a hope for the future. Of its six stanzas, often only the first stanza is sung, as this is what directly pertains to Hanukkah. "Ma'oz Tzur" was written sometime in the 13th century. Oh Chanukah is an English version of the Yiddish Oy Chanukah. The English words, while not a translation, are roughly based on the Yiddish. The English version, along with I Have a Little Dreidel, is one of the most recognized English Hanukkah songs. Both of these songs are playful songs with upbeat tempo and are sung by children. The lyrics are about dancing the Horah(A type of circle dance), eating latkes, playing dreidel, lighting the candles and singing happy songs. History The holiday originated when Judah the Maccabee and his followers reclaimed the temple in the village of Modi'in from the Syrian King. The temple was cleansed and prepared for rededication. The Hebrew word Hanukkah means "dedication." When the sacred temple Menorah was relit, there was only enough sacred oil to burn for one day. Yet, according to tradition, the oil miraculously lasted eight days until more purified oil could be found. In remembrance, a candle is lit each of the eight days of Hanukkah. Children receive gifts of gelt (in remembrance of the coins minted by the new independent Maccabee state) or money and play games of dreidel (a spinning four-sided top.) The tradition of receiving a gift on each of the eight days of Hanukkah is fairly recent. Since Christians exchange gifts at Christmas, Jews have come to exchange gifts other than coins at Hanukkah, which comes at the same time of the year. Hanukkah, is not to be confused with Christianity and their Christmas. Although it is fairly close in time, both festivities have complete different meanings for their celebration. Hanukkah= how the Jewish people conquered the Greek, and also the oil that burned for eight days. Christmas= the birth of Jesus Christ Costumes Tallit Tefillin Decorations In modern times, the Star of David has become a premier Jewish symbol. This six-pointed star (hexagram), made of two interlocking triangles, can be found on mezuzahs, menorahs, tallis bags and kipot. Ambulances in Israel bear the sign of the "Red Star of David," and the flag of Israel has a blue Star of David planted squarely in the center. The Jews found only enough ritually pure olive oil to light the menorah for one day, but the supply lasted eight days until a new supply could be obtained. In celebration of this miracle, the Hanukkah menorah has eight branches for eight candles or oil lamps. Food In Hanukkah, fried foods are a custom. The miracle of Hanukkah is centered around the oil that lasted eight days, hence the fried foods. Such as Latkes (a.k.a Potato Pancakes), Jelly Doughnuts and other fried fritters. The Latkes are usually served with a side of applesauce or sour cream. Milk is also used because dairy is a significant part, just can not be eaten with meat. This is one of the Kosher laws. Rituals Rituals Rock of the Ages (Ma’Oz Tzur) Rock of Ages let our song Praise (your) saving power; Thou amidst the raging foes; (You were) our sheltering tower (Our sheltering tower). Rock of Ages let our song Praise Thy saving power; Thou amidst the raging foes; You were) our sheltering tower (Our sheltering tower.) Furious they assailed us, But thine arm availed us, And Thy word broke their sword, When our own strength failed us. And (your) word broke their sword, When our own strength failed us. Children of the (Wanderers) Whether free or fettered Wake the echoes of the songs Where ye may be scattered Yours the message cheering That the time is nearing Which will see all men free And tyrants disappearing (Hope will see all men free, And tyrants disappearing Background Judaism all started with the Patriarch Abraham. God had promised Abraham that if he had followed God and do as he says, Abraham and all his people would receive their Promised Land, and their Messiah. Abraham had a son Isaac, who followed in his fathers footsteps, and Isaac had a son Jacob (Also known as Israel) who did the same thing. Jacob (Israel) had 12 sons, and they all lived in the land of Canaan. But a drought landed in Canaan, and all who lived there had to go to Egypt. As centuries passed, the descendents of Jacob (Israel) became slaves to the Egyptians, and this is where they got their name Hebrew. The Hebrews were finally lead away from Egypt to a place called Mount Sinai, lead by G-d through Moses. This was their promised land they have waited so long for. On Mount Sinai, Moses was given the Ten Commandments, on stone, by G-d. All those Canaanites who were
Transcript: Jerusalem, Israel Latkes (Potato pancakes), Sufganiyot (jam-filled donuts covered in powdered sugar) are particularly popular in many Jewish households. Other Hanukkah customs include playing with four-sided spinning tops called dreidels and exchanging gifts. What is Hanukkah? ISRAEL Pilkington, C. M., Gorsky, J., & Edwards, S. A. (2005). Iddewiaeth. Caerdydd: Gwasg UWIC. What Is Hanukkah? - Info you need about Chanukah. (n.d.). Retrieved January 08, 2018, from http://www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/article_cdo/aid/102911/jewish/What-Is-Hanukkah.htm Madeleine Martinho and Mauwa Komasa Hanukkah The Hora, also known as the Horo or the oro, is a type of circle dance originating from ancient Greece, but adapted by the jews. everyone stands in a circle and holds hands whiles alternating feet traveling to the right. Throughout the eight days of Chanukah candles are lit in a Chanukiah, a candelabrum with eight branches in a row and an extra candle holder, called the shamash, from which the other candles are lit. yarmulke Judaism is a monotheistic faith-believes in one god The jewish faith begins with the covenant between Abraham and God. Most doctrines and principle spring from that agreement and from the early books of the bible in the old testament THe jewish faith believes in the books the prophets have written including the story of Moses who is believed to be the greatest of the prophets. They also practice that jesus was also a prophet and that the messiah is yet to come. The sacred writings of judaism are found in the Torah-similar to the christian bible Traditional Hanukkah Foods Hanukkah does not have a fixed date The Hanukkah Miracle- back in 116 BCE the jewish Hasmonean family was in power of Judea. they overpowered and were victorious over the greeks. to celebrate they wanted to light the Chanukiah/ menorah. They had a long search for oil to light the candle. miraculously,the found enough for one day but this oil lasted the candles to be lit for eight days. every year after, Hanukkah lasted eight days In Israel, Hanukkah is a festive holiday celebrated with much joy and creativity. About 6 million people in Canada celebrate Hanukkah Hanukkah rituals and traditions have a lot of influence from greek culture Many people visit Jerusalem and the Modiin area, where the story of Hanukkah took place. A popular destination is the religious Jerusalem neighborhood Mea Sharim, to view the Hanukkah menorahs on display, and the Maccabean graves near Modiin. History of Hanukkah GREECE Foods including: It is a wintertime “festival of lights,” celebrated with a nightly menorah lighting, special prayers and fried foods. Since the Hanukkah miracle involved oil, it is customary to eat foods fried in oil. the ninth candle, called the shamash (“helper”), is used to light the others. Jews typically recite blessings during this ritual and display the menorah prominently in a window as a reminder to others of the miracle that inspired the holiday. sweet cream-cheese rugelach; fried apple fritters; cheese-filled doughnuts fried in oil and dipped in honey; cheese blintzes; etc. The game is usually played for a pot of coins, nuts, or other stuff, which is won or lost based on which letter the dreidel lands when it is spun. Doctrines and beliefs of Judaism For weeks before the holiday, young kids prepare different crafts related to Hanukkah, learn songs and stories, and during the holiday have Hanukkah parties at school and performances in after-school activities. On each night of Chanukah an additional candle is lit, starting with one on the first night, two on the second, etc Hanukkah, (also known as Chanukah) is a jewish holiday celebrated over the course of eight days. here is a custom to light the Chanukiah with olive oil, although most people today use colorful wax candles. A short blessing is recited over the lighting of the candles, a ceremony in which children are included, and which is followed by the singing of Chanukah songs. Hoffer, K. (2018, January 3). Meaning behind Hanukkah [Personal interview]. Hanukkah During the time of Maccabees, the dreidel saved the lives of many jews. According to an old legend, it was forbidden to study the torah. In order for jewish people to remain practicing their religion, they would secretly gather in a small group and studied the torah. In Order to not get caught by the soldiers, they would began to play with the dreidel whereas the enemy will see just jewish people playing an innocent game. Hanukkah is a Jewish based religion mostly celebrated in Israel. DIY DREIDELS References ISRAEL Dancing of the Hora First Day of Hanukkah in Canada. (n.d.). Retrieved January 08, 2018, from https://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/canada/chanukah Epstein, M., & Lobel, A. I. (1970). All about Jewish holidays and customs. Ktav Pub. House. Traditional Games Hanukkah is a historical and nationalist holiday. it celebrates the successful rebellion in the second century BCE of the jewish freedom fighters
Transcript: The Canada-Israel Relationship 70 Years of Diplomatic Relations 1949 Describe the events that happened Was This a Good Year? Add more pages into a date Create Subtopics Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet. 1991 August 6 1953 Closer to the Present List some important events 1961 Closer to the Present List some important events 1978 The Future Is it here yet? 1989 January 20 Barack Obama, inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America, he becomes the United States' first African-American president 2012 Closer to the Present List some important events 2014 Closer to the Present List some important events 2016 Closer to the Present List some important events 2018 Closer to the Present List some important events
Transcript: At the beginning of each round, every player puts one piece into the center "pot." They then take turns spinning the dreidel, with the following meanings assigned to each of the Hebrew letters: Nun means "nichts," which means "nothing" in Yiddish. If the dreidel lands with a nun facing up the spinner does nothing. Gimmel means "ganz," which is Yiddish for "everything." If the dreidel lands with the gimmel facing up the spinner gets everything in the pot. Hey means "halb," which means "half" in Yiddish. If the dreidel lands with a hey facing up the spinner gets half of the pot. Shin means "shtel," which is Yiddish for "put in." Pey means "pay." If the dreidel lands with either a shin or a pey facing up the player adds a game piece to the pot. If a player runs out of game pieces they are "out." The family of Mattathias became known as the Maccabees(literally means “hammer”) Hasmoneans & Maccbees Hannukah literally means "dedication" " Traditions (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Hanukkah always falls on the same date in the Hebrew calendar the 25th of Kislev. Celebration 1. Mattathias led the revolt against Antiochus in 167 BC The family of the Mattathias was known as the Hasmoneans A group of Jews, led by Judah Maccabee, defeated the strong and powerful Greek army and expelled them from Jerusalem and the holy temple. Festival of Lights (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr Menorah Chanukah means dedication" and "induction" (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr The Dreidel 1. Lighting The Hannukah Menorah 2. Candle Lighting Blessings 3. Preparing an Elaborative Meal 4. Playing The Game of Dreidel Hanukkah Spark (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr WHY ITS CELEBRATED After the death of Alexander the Great his empire was divided by generals One of them was his friend Seleucus who took over the Easter Provinces Antiochus III( The Seleucid King of Syria) took over the empire in 222BC His son Antiochus IV Epiphanes outlawed Jewish Religion and ordered Jews to Worship Greek Gods Seleucid Empire (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
Transcript: How it all started banned by Jews Jewish resistance Hanukkah Reference List http://judaism.about.com/od/holidays/a/hanukkah.htm - Google (image) True or False Killing them all Forbidden acts the god Zeus The resistance Jewish people are forbidden to worship other idols and eat sheep skin Hanukkah starts on December 23 Jewish people were forced to worship the Greek goddess Athena this story began in 168 B.C.E. Being a Jew was punishable by death Jews were never scared of the Greek Mattathias and his family went into hiding in the forests Jews light candles for eight days because thats how long the war lasted They burned the oil in the temple to purify it The Russians took over the temple The Hanukkah story offense punishable by death seized by Syrian-Greek soldiers
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