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Graphic Design Timeline

Transcript: 1450- Gutenburg credited for printing typefaces in books 1045 AD- the invention of movable type 1276 Printing arrives in Europe with a paper mill in Fabriano , Italy . was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century. Dada in Zürich, Switzerland, began in 1916 at Cabaret Voltaire, spreading to Berlin shortly thereafter, but the height of New York Dada was the year before, in 1915. 1980- Invention of the first Macintosh Computer 1950- The New York school 105 AD- Tsiai Lun credited for inventing paper. 1901- Frank Lloyd Wright The World Wide Web (WWW) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by URLs, interlinked by hypertext links, and can be accessed via the Internet. 1276- printing arrives in Europe in 1796 Senefelder started a publishing firm using lithography. ... return to Munich , to go directly to Mr. Falter, a publisher of music, to offer him my invention in printing, a technique of breaking up an image into a series of dots so as to reproduce the full tone range of a photograph or tone art work. Breaking up is usually done by a screen inserted over the plate being exposed. The screens are made with a varying number of lines per inch, depending on the application; for newspapers, the range is 50 to 85, and for magazines, 100 to 120. The highest quality reproduction requires 120 to 150 lines per inch. was an American information technology entrepreneur and inventor. He was the co-founder, chairman, and chief executive officer (CEO) of Apple Inc.; CEO and majority shareholder of Pixar Animation Studios; a member of The Walt Disney Company's board of directors following its acquisition of Pixar; and founder, chairman, and CEO of NeXT Inc. Jobs is widely recognized as a pioneer of the microcomputer revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, along with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak. Shortly after his death, Jobs's official biographer, Walter Isaacson, described him as a "creative entrepreneur whose passion for perfection and ferocious drive revolutionized six industries: personal computers, animated movies, music, phones, tablet computing, and digital publishing." 1960- Pop Art movement 1860- arts and crafts movement 1917- De Stiji movement also known as neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917 in Amsterdam. The Arts and Crafts movement was an international movement in the decorative and fine arts that began in Britain and flourished in Europe and North America between 1880 and 1910, emerging in Japan in the 1920s. It stood for traditional craftsmanship using simple forms, and often used medieval, romantic, or folk styles of decoration. It advocated economic and social reform and was essentially anti-industrial. It had a strong influence on the arts in Europe until it was displaced by Modernism in the 1930s,and its influence continued among craft makers, designers, and town planners long afterwards. is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the factors that shaped modernism were the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed then by the horror of World War I. Modernism also rejected the certainty of Enlightenment thinking, and many modernists rejected religious belief. 1970- Corporate logos an American architect, interior designer, writer, and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures, 532 of which were completed. Wright believed in designing structures that were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture. 1890-Art Nouveau movement A virtual revolution occurred in the creation of art during the period of the Upper Paleolithic in Europe. Beginning around 40,000 B.C., the archaeological record shows that anatomically modern humans effectively replaced Neanderthals and remained the sole hominid inhabitants across continental Europe. At about the same time, and directly linked to this development, the earliest art was created. These initial creative achievements fall into one of two broad categories. Paintings and engravings found in caves along walls and ceilings are referred to as “parietal” art. The caves where paintings have been found are not likely to have served as shelter, but rather were visited for ceremonial purposes. The second category, “mobiliary” art, includes small portable sculpted objects which are typically found buried at habitation sites. 1956- IMB logo Between 1041 and 1048 the Chinese alchemist Bi ShengOffsite Link invented movable type made of an amalgam of clay and glue hardened by baking, similar to Chinese porcelain. He composed texts by placing the types side by side on an iron plate coated with a mixture of resin, wax, and paper ash. Because the Chinese alphabet is primarily pictographicOffsite Link and ideographicOffsite Link rather than alphabeticOffsite

GRaphic design timeline

Transcript: First printing press Arts and crafts movement The Arts and Crafts movement initially developed in England during the latter half of the 19th century. Subsequently this style was taken up by American designers, with somewhat different results. In the United States, the Arts and Crafts style was also known as Mission style. Frank Lloyd Wright & Modern Industrial Design movement Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect, interior designer, writer, and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures, 532 of which were completed. 1919 1860 The New York school & Paul Rand Printing arrives in Europe. Gutenberg credited for printing typefaces in books. 1760 Tsiai Lun credited for inventing paper 1950 1916 15,000 - 10,000 BC 1979 1800 Invention of the World Wide Web was invented by English scientist Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. He wrote the first web browser in 1990 while employed at CERN in Switzerland. 1045 AD Industrial Revolution begins, setting advances for graphic designers 1276 New Wave Movement New Wave design was influenced by Punk and postmodern language theory. But there is a debate as to whether New Wave is a break or a natural progression of the Swiss Style 1880 1995 1917 development of halftone screen 1956 Corporate logo 1796 GRaphic design timeline IMB logo 1970 Art Nouveau movemnents Pop art movement This movement was marked by a fascination with popular culture reflecting the affluence in post-war society. It was most prominent in American art but soon spread to Britain. In celebrating everyday objects such as soup cans, washing powder, comic strips and soda pop bottles, the movement turned the commonplace into icons. 1990 1997 1450 Steve Jobs 1990 1901 1960 De Stiji movement Invention of the first Macintosh Computer First known visuals communication in the Lascaux Caves in southern France The invention of movable type 1890 Bauhaus Movement commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was an art school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicised and taught. 105 Ad 1980 The invention of lithography Dada movement Dada was a cultural movement that was concentrated on anti-war politics which then made its way to the art world through art theory, art manifestoes, literature, poetry and eventually graphic design and the visual arts.

Graphic Design Timeline

Transcript: Alois Senefelder, who accidentally discovered that he could duplicate his scripts by writing them in greasy crayon on slabs of limestone and then printing them with rolled-on ink, which is known as lithography. De Stiji Movement- Piet Mondrian was an modern artist who used grid lines, perpendicular lines, and three primary colors in what he deemed Neo Platicism. 1950 105 AD Bauhaus movement- It began in 1919 when Walter Gropius founded a group of artists who combined a group of artists who combined arts, and crafts. Pop Art movement- This movement was marked by a popular culture reflecting the affluence in popular war society. 1901 1960 1917 1890 1980 Corporate logos- A logo is a graphic mark or symbol that has its on meaning or however you think of it. The new york school- It was an informal group of abstract painters, and other artists in NYC. 1760 The movable type was invented by Bi Sheng. Bi Sheng lived in the capital of China , Bianliang He invented it on the basis of reforming graving type. At first he sawed wood into small pieces, then he lettered every small piece of wood to make movable characters. The skills of printing were originated from Europe. Originally printing came from carved wooden blocks. Images are printed by the simple method of laying a piece of paper on a carved and ink block and then rubbing its back to transfer the ink. Graphics Design Time line Arts and Crafts movement represented a new movement too appreciation of the decorative arts throughout europe. Frank Lloyd Wright was an american architecht, interior designer, writer, and educator who designed more than 1,000 structures. 1916 This was the Art Nouveau movement. It was inspired by natural forms and instructions, not only in flowers and plants, but also in curved lines. Charles Stanhope, builds the first press which has an iron frame instead of a wooden one. It can print around 200 impressions per hour. 15,000-10,000 BC 1990 This was the beginning of the industrial revolution. Also where cotton was introduced and it became the most popular agricultural product. 1956 1045 AD In addition to the painted images, Lascaux is rich with engravings of animals as well as abstract designs. 1901 This was the Modern Industrial Movement, it was a process of design applied to products that are to be manufacutred through techniques of mass production. 1450 1860 Halftone process,in printing a technique of breaking up an image into a series of dots so as to reproduce the full tone range of a photograph, or tone at work. Paul Rand- Was an american art director and graphics designer, best known for his corporate logo designs. Some of his logos were for IBM,UPS, and ABC. DaDa movement- It was the first art movement where the focus of the artist was not crafting aesthetically pleasing objects but on making work that upended art. 1970 Invention of world wide web- The world wide web was invented by english scientist Tim Berners- Lee in 1989. He wrote the first web browser in 1990 while employed at CERN in switzerland. 1800 The earliest dated printed book is known as the "Diamond Sutra", printed in china in 866 CE. In 1041 movable clay was invented. 1880 1276 1796 1979 This was the invention of paper,Tsai Lun broke a piece of Mulberry tree bark into in fibres and pounded them into sheets. 1950 IMB Logo-Down through the years, IBM (and its predecessor companies) has used a series of logos on signs, stationery, vehicles, products — and even flags — to make a distinctive statement and foster immediate recognition all over the world. Invention of the first macintosh computer-Steve Jobs revealed the first Apple Macintosh computer, with its nine-inch screen and $2,500 price tag, on Jan. 24, 1984 New wave movement- Wolfgang weinhart introduced the New wave movement which spread through his teachings. His designs were non imagery but then changed to physchedellic designs. 1919

Graphic Design Timeline

Transcript: Graphic Design Timeline Thanks for watching! 1969 Major contribution that sparked a change in the graphic design industry. In 1917 a designer names James Montgomery Flagg takes the work of british artist Alfred leete and creates and americanized version of it to rally americans to join the U.S ARMY, which become extremely iconic and memorable throughout design history. 1760 Douglas Engelbart develops the first computer mouse giving graphic design a tool that would revolutionized how artist created their work. Created By Salina Lebron 1861 Salina Lebron Major Artistic and technological Developments 1969-1990 1917 Adobe Releases The first version of Photoshop. This software becomes the most essential tool in the graphic design industry giving designers the ability to manipulate images or create beautiful images with amazing tools with a click of a button. 1985 The industrial revolution begins!. Paving the way for graphic design to make bold new advances in production. William Morris creates his own decorating firm, he is very influential in the design world for creating beautiful wall papers and textiles in the second part of the 19th century. Apple releases the first Macintosh computer with bitmap graphics Bitmap Graphics are images that are made up of tiny squares that have been placed in a pattern to create an image, each square or pixel has its own color and when placed together in a proper patter it creates and image. Paul Brainerd founder of "Aldus" develops "Page Maker software". He also coins the phrase "Desktop Publishing". This is a great new stride for the graphic design industry. Also in 1990 1984 1990 Tim Berners-lee develops the world wide web, along with HTML and the idea of web address. This gives graphic design a whole new world of innovations and creations to explore. A quick glance at Bitmap Graphics..

Graphic Design Timeline

Transcript: Paula Scher. (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://www.designersandbooks.com/designer/bio/paula-scher 1920 THE FIRST LAPTOP Manny Fernandez created the Gavilan which is considered by many historians as the first fully functional laptop computer. About 38,785 B.C. 1929 STEFAN SAGMEISTER IS BORN MILTON GLASER DESIGNED THE "I LOVE NEW YORK" LOGO A teacher, a surfer, a graphic designer! Known best for his work with magazines. One of the most internationally renowned and highly influential figures in graphic design. Milton Glaser. (2015, January 1). Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://www.aiga.org/medalist-miltonglaser/ 1948 NAZIS USE ANTI-JEWISH PROPOGANDA TO PERSUADE THE PUBLIC 1962 Bellis, M. (2014, March 5). History of Laptop Computers. Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bllaptop.htm Story Photograpy: History of Photoshop. (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://www.storyphoto.com/multimedia/multimedia_photoshop.html A 20th-century American graphic designer, who created the memorable logos for numerous American companies. Saul Bass was a 1950s Hollywood designer and the founder of conceptual cover design. He created the motion picture title sequences and posters for many films. BCD | Graphic Design specializing in Logo Design, Corporate Identity Design & Branding. (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://breezycreativedesign.com/ 1954 1983 An Austrian graphic designer, known for acting outside of the box, through design, typography, environmental art, and conceptual exhibitions. J. HOWARD MILLER OF WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY DESIGNS A POSTER TO ENCOURAGE WOMEN TO TAKE WARTIME JOBS. 1988 All about designer Paul Rand. (2008, February 18). Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://www.logodesignlove.com/all-about-paul-rand George, J. (n.d.). Why You Should Be Using a Drawing Tablet. Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://www.sitepoint.com/why-you-should-be-using-a-drawing-tablet/ 2013 "We Can Do It!" (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/object/nmah_538122 A modern approach to the drawing tablet allowing for increased comfort and precision in a graphic designer's work. PAUL RAND WAS BORN SAUL BASS WAS BORN The Knoll brothers presented a demo of Photoshop to Adobe's internal creative team. A license agreement was reached and Photoshop 1.0 was shipped after 10 months of development. A Brief History of the. (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://www.logoworks.com/blog/a-brief-history-of-the-i-love-new-york-logo/ 1914 Saul Bass. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15th, 2015, from http://biography.yourdictionary.com/saul-bass PHOTOSHOP WAS CREATED PAULA SCHER'S NAPKIN DESIGN FOR CITI LOGO PAULA SCHER IS BORN Graphic Design Timeline Paul-Rand.com. (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://www.paul-rand.com/foundation/biography/#.VOFShsbsfrh THE WACOMB CINTIQ 22HD Arnon, B. (n.d.). How the Obama "Hope" Poster Reached a Tipping Point and Became a Cultural Phenomenon: An Interview With the Artist Shepard Fairey. Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ben-arnon/how-the-obama-hope-poster_b_133874.html MILTON GLASER IS BORN 1942 REFERENCES Pix For German Propaganda Posters Ww2 Against Jews. (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://pixgood.com/german-propaganda-posters-ww2-against-jews.html THE OBAMA PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN EMPLOYED THEIR "HOPE" DESIGN A well-known American graphic designer, best known for his corporate logo designs. David Carson. (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://www.aiga.org/medalist-david-carson/ 1998 PAUL RAND DESIGNED THE ABC LOGO FIRST KNOWN CAVE PAINTINGS Found on Spanish cave walls, prehistoric dots and crimson hand stencils are the world's oldest known cave art. Born in Washington, D.C. this American graphic designer started her career working with two of the world's biggest record labels producing album covers. 1977 DAVID CARSON IS BORN Stefan Sagmeister. (n.d.). Retrieved February 16, 2015, from http://www.aiga.org/medalist-stefan-sagmeister/ 2008

Graphic Design Timeline

Transcript: Arts and Crafts Movement Lithography Movable Type 15,000- 10,000 BC: Area of complex caves in southwestern France, famous for the Paleolithic cave paintings it has. They are best known to be about 17,300 years old from our time. Most common paintings are of animals during that time. 1800: Charles Stanhope builds the first press which has an iron frame replacing the wooden one. Printed 200 impressions per hour. Could print on larger sheets. 1796: The process of printing from a flat surface treated to repel the ink except where it is required for printing. Discovered by Alois Senefelder of Munich, who used a porous Bavarian limestone for his plate 1901: Was a modern architect who developed a distinct American style. This was known as the Praire Lascaux Caves, France 1860; A rebellion against the fashion for innovative sham and over-elaborate design also as an attempt to stop the growing dehumanization of work in society. 1st time women took a leading role in major art movements as designers, makers and consumers. Tsai Lun 1450: He is best known for his invention of movable mechanized type. Major publication of the Bible in 1455. Was instrumental in spreading its use across Europe and the World. 1890: An international style of art and architecture. According to the philosophy of the style, art should be a way of life. Installations of modern furniture, tapestries and objets d'art. Frank Lloyd Wright Printing Press Printing Arrival 1276: Printing arrived in Europe with the paper mill in Fabriano, Italy. The paper mill was a machine that made paper in massive quantities. Gave ,ore power to the people then religion. 1760: New steam engine improved methods of printing. Increased production drastically. Though it was faster and cheaper many people lost jobs because they were not needed anymore. 1880: Reprographic technique that simulates continuous tone imagery through the use of dots, varying either in size or in spacing, making a gradient-like effect. William Fox Talbot is credited with the idea but 1st successful commercial method was patented by Frederic Ives of Philadelphia in 1881. Art Nouveau Halftone screen 1045 AD: Was invented by Bi, Sheng in China. Was meant for the basis of reforming engraving type. He sawed wood into small pieces, then he lettered every small piece of wood to make movable Chinese characters. AD 48– 121: Credited to be the inventor of paper. Had idea of forming sheets of paper from the macerated bark of trees, hemp waste, old rags, and fishnets. This method replaced the expensive pure silk used to write on. Graphic Design Timeline Gutenburg Industrial Revolution

graphic design timeline

Transcript: 1045 AD 15,000-10,000 1276 In the fifth century, the Chinese scholar Fan Ye credited Cai Lun with the discovery of paper in his official history of the Han Dynasty, a golden era in Chinese History. He wrote “Intimes, writings and inscriptions were generally traced upon pieces of bamboo, or upon strips of silk… silk being costly and bamboo heavy these two materials could not be used conveniently. It was Cai Lun who conceived of the idea of making paper from the bark of trees, hemp waste, old rags and fish nets.” Many people think of Johann Gutenberg (c. 1398–1468) as the “father of printing.” And, in a certain sense, he is. However, he is not the inventor of the printing press, or of printing ink, or even of moveable type. Gutenberg’s Bible was neither the first book printed using moveable type, nor the first book he printed using moveable type. And it certainly is not his most important contribution to graphic communication. printing arrives in Europe A virtual revolution occurred in the creation of art during the period of the Upper Paleolithic in Europe. Beginning around 40,000 B.C., the archaeological record shows that anatomically modern humans effectively replaced Neanderthals and remained the sole hominid inhabitants across continental Europe. At about the same time, and directly linked to this development, the earliest art was created. These initial creative achievements fall into one of two broad categories. Paintings and engravings found in caves along walls and ceilings are referred to as “parietal” art. The caves where paintings have been found are not likely to have served as shelter, but rather were visited for ceremonial purposes. The second category, “mobiliary” art, includes small portable sculpted objects which are typically found buried at habitation sites. Lithography was invented around 1796 in Germany by an otherwise unknown Bavarian playwright, Alois Senefelder, who accidentally discovered that he could duplicate his scripts by writing them in greasy crayon on slabs of limestone and then printing them with rolled-on ink. Because the local limestone retained so relentlessly any crayon marks applied to its surface, even after repeated inking and printing, lithographs (so called from the Latin for stone, litho, and mark, graph) could be printed in almost unlimited quantities. 1860- arts and crafts movement 1450 first printing press the invention of movable top Tsiai Lun Printing in Europe The techniques of printing were developed in Europe by craftsmen ignorant of these advances in the Far East. As in China, the earliest printing took the form of illustrated sheets printed from carved wooden blocks (known as woodblock printing). These illustrations were largely religious in nature, simple in design, and meant to be colored by hand, and were made by largely anonymous craftsmen, and very few examples have survived. The development of printing took a dramatic step forward thanks to the technological advances made by Johan Gutenberg, a Goldsmith working in , Germany, in the middle of the 15th century. His revolutionary idea was to use metal to cast each letter individually as a piece of ‘type’, so that a number of individual pieces (or letters) would be fitted together to make up a word, sentence, paragraph, and eventually an entire text or book. Once the printing had been finished, the type could be broken up from its settings, and re-used to print another book. This invention of ‘moveable’ (and re-useable) type enabled printing to become a viable economic alternative to making books by hand (known as manuscripts). Gutenberg’s invention produced what is regarded as a landmark in the history of printing, and of western civilisation: an edition of the Bible in Latin, known as the Gutenberg Bible (or sometimes as the 42-line Bible, as each page is made up of 42 lines of type). It was made at his workshop in Mainz between 1453 and 1455, and was certainly complete by 1456. It consists of over 1,300 large pages, in two volumes, and although we do not know exactly how many copies were originally produced, we do know that 180 were offered for sale, and that forty-eight copies survive today, about twenty of them complete. The book was printed with two-colours, black and red, and was produced to an exceptionally high standard, even more so considering the experimental processes which must have been required to achieve any kind of result. 105 AD Industrial Revolution begins, setting advances for graphic designers At about 1045~1058, the moveable type was invented by Bi, Sheng in China. Bi, Sheng lived in the capital of China, Bianliang during the Former Song Dynasty (960-1127). aaaaHe invented it on the basis of reforming engraving type. At first he sawed wood into small pieces, then he lettered every small piece of wood to make movable Chinese characters. According to what charceters an article needed, he arranged the needed characters on an iron board. After printing, all these characters could be

Graphic Design Timeline

Transcript: Johann Gensfleisch zum Gutenburg credited with perfecting the system for printing type in books. The machine is incredibly big , made completely out of wood and metal. This machine is the machine that revolutionized modern day human communications. 1916 Dada Movement. George Grosz, Hannah Hoch, Kurt Schitters , Marx , Ernest, Marcel Duchamp, Andra Brenton , Hans Arp. Various artist created a different type of style for their generation leading to a more modern style of art. 1450 1960 15,000 - 10,000 BC 1917 Arts and Crafts Movement - John Ruskin , William Morris , Gustav Stickley. This Movement influenced modern day graphic designes as we know it today. 1970 Between 1041 and 1048 the Chinese alchemist Bi Sheng invented movale type made of an amalgam of clay and glue hardened by bakig , similar to Chinese porcelain. He composed placing the type side by side on an iron plate coated with amixture of resin, wax , and paper ash.But because Chinese alphabet is primarily pictographic and ideographic rather than alphabetic movable type did not advance in China at this time. The art movement called De Stijl, Dutch for ' The Style' was on the rise. This art consisted of many lines and very simple designs with some color added into it. 1919 Industrial Revoulution begins , setting the stage for advances in graphic design production. More things were being developed during this tme, which led to an increase need for printed goods. Frank Lloyd Wright " The arts and crafts of the machine" ; Basic principals of modern industrial design; future designers create prototypes for machine products. 1950 1880 The World Wide Web was invented by English scientist Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. He wrote the first web browser in 1990 while employed at CERN in Switzerland. It has become known simply as the Web. Author Aloys Senefelder develop lithography. The machine looks the size of a printer , maybe a little bit bigger. It took the printing press , and made it possible for t to be done on a flat surface. 105 AD 1045 A.D Printing arrived in Europe with the paper mill in Frabriano , Italy. When Printing arrived to Eurpe , it led to a decrease of power of religion and more to the people. The paper mill was a machine that made paper in mass production , leading to printing on them. Corporate lOGOS: Fedex , SUBWAY , KOOL-AID ,Chase , Mobil & ETC... 1860 Lord Stanhope invents first printing press made of all cast-iron parts, requiring 1/10 the manuak labor and doubling the pssible paper size. Most lkel the same size as the Gutenberh printing press, but heavier because of the amount of iron that was used for it. New Wave : April Greiman, Kenneth Hiebert, Paula Scher. Very big in the 80's with many bright color schemes 1901 1980 1796 In 1997 Steve Jobs returned to Apple Inc. and he led Apple Inc. on a run of success unprecedented history in corporate history. Development of the halftone screen allows forfirst phot printed with a full range of tones. They used screen with tiny dots on them which allowed for more precise color placement on a picture that would be printed. 1997 The New York School: Paul Rand , Alexey Brodovich, Henry Wolf , Herb Lubalin , George Lois. Very famous graphic designers. Very modern style looking designs. 1276 1979 1800 Paul Rand designs IBM logo using City Medium typeface. Very famous graphic design , responsible for many logos and pictures. 1956 1890 The Macintosh branded as Mac in 1998 is a series of personal computers designed, developed, and marketed by Apple INc. Steve Jos introduced the original Macintosh computer on January 10, 1984 1760 Graphic Design Timeline Art Nouveau Movement begins and changed design , making its way into all types of commercial design and utilizing all types of arts. He used intricate shapes and beautiful design to create his amazing painting. in A.D 105 , Cai invented the composition for paper along with the papermaking process ,Tools and machinery of papermaking in modern times may be more complex , but they still employ the ancient technique of felted sheets of fiber suspended in water , draining of the water , and then drying into thin matted sheet. The servant boy Ts'ai Lun was a servant of the chines imperial court and is credited with the inventin of paper. But not with the original invention. Pop art; Pentagram Design: Colin Forbes, Theo Crosby; Scandinavian Designer: Alvar Aalto. Very Andy Warhol looking art in my opinion. Also usd in photo taken even today. 1990 The Bauhaus movement , a German school, is founded, eventually providing the framework for modern design. The picture looks very modern with strange placements of words and picture. The first anatomical element to be created during the construction of an image of a horse is the mane , and possibly also traces of the neck, created with an initial field of black pigment. The second phase onsists of painting the hide and the neck. The artist then proceeds to structure the fields of colour through drawing the lines of the

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