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Graphic Design Timeline

Transcript: The Netherlands-based De Stijl movement embraced an abstract, pared-down aesthetic centered in basic visual elements such as geometric forms and primary colors. Partly a reaction against the decorative excesses of Art Deco, the reduced quality of De Stijl art was envisioned by its creators as a universal visual language appropriate to the modern era, a time of a new, spiritualized world order 1800 Steven Paul "Steve" Jobs February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American information technology entrepreneur and inventor. He was the co-founder, chairman, and chief executive officer (CEO) of Apple Inc.; CEO and majority shareholder of Pixar Animation Studios a member of The Walt Disney Company's board of directors following its acquisition of Pixar; and founder, chairman, and CEO of NeXT Inc. 1890 1276 1796 Though a number of its characteristic events can be traced to earlier innovations in manufacturing, such as the establishment of a machine tool industry, the development of methods for manufacturing interchangeable parts and the invention of the Bessemer Process, the Second Industrial Revolution is generally dated between 1870 and 1914 up to the start of World War I. Dada or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century. Dada in Zürich, Switzerland, began in 1916 at Cabaret Voltaire, spreading to Berlin shortly thereafter, but the height of New York Dada was the year before, in 1915. The term anti-art, a precursor to Dada, was coined by Marcel Duchamp around 1913 when he created his first readymades. Dada, in addition to being anti-war, had political affinities with the radical left and was also anti-bourgeois. Distinctive design, mark, or symbol that uniquely identifies a firm. A corporate logo is a powerful corporate identity tool and, as the symbol by which public recognizes a firm, is in some cases more valuable than the physical assets of the firm. 1917 The World Wide Web was invented by English scientist Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. He wrote the first web browser in 1990 while employed at CERN in Switzerland. During the reign of Chingli [慶曆, 1041–1048], Bi Sheng, a man of unofficial position, made movable type. His method was as follows: he took sticky clay and cut in it characters as thin as the edge of a coin. Each character formed, as it were, a single type. 1997 105 AD 1979 Graphic Design Timeline 1980 1880 1450 1970 1950 The logo that was used from 1956 to 1972. The letters "IBM" took on a more solid, grounded and balanced appearance. Even though Gutenberg did not invent most of the devices for which he is commonly given credit, his achievements are monumental. They are rooted in his ability to scientifically synthesize various mechanical elements into an economical, practical product. Gutenberg built on the work of others, starting with their existing tools and devices, which he modified, refined and perfected to suit his purpose. The Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the Technological Revolution,[1] was a phase of rapid industrialization in the final third of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th. 1901 1960 This process began in Britain in the 18th century and from there spread to other parts of the world. Although used earlier by French writers, the term Industrial Revolution was first popularized by the English economic historian Arnold Toynbee (1852–83) to describe Britain's economic development from 1760 to 1840. The techniques of printing were developed in Europe by craftsmen ignorant of these advances in the Far East. As in China, the earliest printing took the form of illustrated sheets printed from carved wooden blocks These illustrations were largely religious in nature, simple in design, and meant to be coloured by hand, and were made by largely anonymous craftsmen, and very few examples have survived. 1919 The New York School was an informal group of American poets, painters, dancers, and musicians active in the 1950s and 1960s in New York City. Paul Rand was an American art director and graphic designer, best known for his corporate logo designs, including the logos for IBM, UPS, Enron, Morningstar, Inc., Westinghouse, ABC, and NeXT. 1950 Halftone process, in printing, a technique of breaking up an image into a series of dots so as to reproduce the full tone range of a photograph or tone art work. Breaking up is usually done by a screen inserted over the plate being exposed. Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect, interior designer, writer, and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures, 532 of which were completed. 1045 AD From the 1880s until the First World War, western Europe and the United States witnessed the development of Art Nouveau (“New Art”). Taking inspiration from the unruly aspects of the natural world, Art Nouveau influenced art and architecture especially in the applied arts, graphic work, and illustration. Sinuous lines and “whiplash” curves were derived, in part, from botanical studies and

Graphic design timeline

Transcript: 1984 1940 Egyptians wrote on papyrus and have been dated back as far as 2600 B.C.1 1920's Paper came into light thanks to Ts’ai lun in China Wassily Kandinsky (1866–1944) liberrated artistHe was not only a pioneer, whose followers today are legion; of all the forms of abstract painting there is scarcely one that he himself did not initiate and experiment with. He also was a big part of the bauhas as he wrote a text, "Point and Line To Plain." Apple releases first Macintosh computer, featuring bitmap graphic(Meggs). Godefroy Engelmann is largely credited with bringing lithography to France, and later, commercializing Chromolithography. In 1837 he was granted an English patent for a process of chromolithography that provided consistently high quality results MOSUE? James Montgomery Flagg designs famous “I Want YOU for the U.S. Army” poster. The poster, a self-portrait, was actually an American version of a British poster by Alfred Leete.(meggs) movement begins and changes design, making its way into all types of commercial design and utilizing all types of arts 2007 Apple Iphone is released(Meggs). 2009 Barack Obama inaugurated president of the United States (Meggs) 2010 Apple Ipad, at touch screen tablet is released(Meggs). John Heartfield, “Der Sinn des Hitlergrusses” (The Meaning of the Hitler Salute), Meggs, Philip B.; Purvis, Alston W. (2011-11-02). Meggs' History of Graphic Design (Kindle Location 6701). Wiley. Kindle Edition. 1963 Bauhaus 1910 Works cited 1st edition 1880 Industrial beginings! 1200’s James Montgomery Flagg, poster for military recruiting, 1917. 5 million were printed making the the most printed poster. Stanley Morison oversees design of Times New Roman font, commissioned by the Times of London. Paul Rand(1914-1996) Paper! Photography The German school, is founded, eventually providing the framework for modern design. page 114 v. Book of Judges. Gutenberg Bible. Biblia Latina. Johannes Gutenberg. Mainz, Germany, 1454-55.(Meggs) 1990 Photoshop version one released, and physicist Tim Berners-Lee develops the world wide web, along with HTML and the concept of website addresses.(Meggs) 1990 Macintosh II color computer; Adobe, multiple master typefaces; Bernes-Lee, HTML programming language.(Meggs) 1994 Birth of the first commercial web browser developed, “netscape.(Meggs) Printing A game any one? Cave art 1439 Art Nouveau..... 1917 2000+ Water marks Design New font Italian paper makers began to use water marks to ID their products. Apple changes design forever Posters de Italiano Jacksok Pollock 2600 B.C.1 1400 Abstract Exspressionism Dada movement, claiming to be an anti-art that was destructive. those of the moment rebelled against the war. Haltones anyone? 1956 Writing An American female graphic designer pioneer and a avant-garde intagrater to american typography.(Heller) Personal Computer 30,000–28,000 BCE Paul Rand designs IBM logo using City Medium typeface. 105 A.D A movment inWorld War one 1814 First issue of Print Magazine printed Aldus, formed by Paul Brainerd, develops PageMaker softwar(Meggs). computers and software The first mouse is invented by scientist Douglas c. Engelbart, a future tool of graphic designers Fortunato Depero, New Futurist Theater Company poster, 1924. Flat planes of vibrant color, diagonal composition, and angular repetitive forms produce kinetic energy. Meggs, Philip B.; Purvis, Alston W. (2011-11-02). Meggs' History of Graphic Design (Kindle Locations 6649-6650). Wiley. Kindle Edition. 1985 Sending a message to men of the U.S. 1) Purst, Z.A Graphic Communications: The Printed Image, September 1, 2009, The Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc. 2) Roberts, Lucienne. Drip-Dry Shirts : The Evolution Of The Graphic Designer. Crans-près-Céligny: AVA, 2005. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 28 June 2013. 3) Meggs, Philip B.; Purvis, Alston W. (2011-11-02). Meggs' History of Graphic Design, Wiley. Kindle Edition 4)Cothren, Marilyn Stokstad and Michael. Art: A Brief History for Full Sail University, 4th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions. <vbk:9780558994167#outline(10.2)>. Johannes Gutenberg invent movable type Printing press(meggs) Louis Jacques Daguerre (1799–1851),Preserved and perfected his freind Niépce technique, taking the first photograph.(Meggs) 1839 Lithography was invented by Bavarian author Aloys Senefelder (1771–1834).3 American graphic design slowly started to become a national profession. Images/ART works cited Wall painting with horses, aurochs (ancient oxen), and rhinoceroses(Cothren 27) Cothren, Marilyn Stokstad and Michael. Art: A Brief History for Full Sail University, 4th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions. <vbk:9780558994167#outline(10.2 1-32. Vignette from the Papyrus of Ani, c. 1420 BCE. Ani, a royal scribe, temple accountant, and granary manager from Thebes, and his wife, Thuthu, arrive for his final judgment. Meggs, Philip B.; Purvis, Alston W. (2011-11-02). Meggs' History of Graphic Design (Kindle Locations 673-674). Wiley. Kindle Edition.

Graphic Design Timeline

Transcript: Frank Lloyd Wright Art Nouveau movement Founded by a Dutch artist that drew objcts with lines inside of them. Introduced on January. 24, 1984 by steve jobs. This mini- sized computer had a fundemental formula based around the apple facility having hardware that helps create it's own operating system which it to operate with other apple products like the mac for example. Development of halftone screen 105 AD Tsiai Lun Specialized and well know for architect, writing, educator and etc. The invention of Lithography Invention of World Wide Web Bauhaus Movement Dada movement Pop art movement Arts and crafts movement First printing press 1760 Industrial Revolution Alois Senefelder first discovered lithography printing when he wanted to make songs and comic playwrights usng a cheap and effective materials of limestone and correction fluids. Invention originating in China by Pi Sheng, created by clay and glue this (alhough offered a way to put alphebetical inscriptions on the move) did not advance China at that time. Early printing in Europe by craftsmen who saw, studied and took intrest in China's use of how they used their paper. School in New York that is completely dedicated to current and the new generation of artists. Amari Wilkins/ 1A/ 9/12/2016 International movement that took place in the 1880's - 1910 in multiple places like Britian and North America. Started in the 1950's by famous pop artists from across the world as many of them came out of the wood work and expanded their art out to the world. French starting films that started in the 1950's. 15,000-10,000 BC During the end of the 19th century after all that had happened in the world by this time (where it had started in) England it would change pretty much everything from (factories, to railroads and even textile inventions). Artistic movement that led the influence to other art based wars back in 1916 but ended in 1924. 1045 AD movable type In France and Spain there were old caves that would provide shelter for Paleolithic humans, but while in that cave created mobiliary art in their caves which still exist to this day. So although the purpose was to serve as shelter they are admired for the famous artistice style of te art inside. Invented by an English scientist Tim-Berners developing the first browsers and how to use documents. Founder and CEO of the famous company's Apple computer and other products, but passed due to his bad health issues. Graphic Design Timeline A printing technique used in photograph and tone art (like newspapers). Steve jobs Art school in Germany specializing in arts and crafts from 1919 to 1933. Paul Rand 1450 Gutenburg creditied De Stiji movement The New York School Corporate logos Johann Gutenburg was born (1400-1468) and is credited for inventing a mechanical machine that would enhance the speed of paper to contact other people at a much better rate. IBM logo 1276 Printing arrives in Europe Modern industrial design movement Founded by the Europeans that took place in early to mid 1440's and 1450's, their writing nspired by the Chinese religion. New wave movement Logos are made to establish ownership of a companies product and tell the public who it belongs to. Invention of the first macintosh Computer Tsiai Lun was a Han Dynasty member in China who though of the idea of transmitting art over to paper as a way to expand and transmit info in a better way. He used "iteams" such as fish nets, old rags and bark from trees". Starting in the 20th century to appeal to the mass audience of many different types of visual stunning art products. Famous American art director creating IMB logos, design covers and more. Movement that wanted to establish a traditional art-type style that is now a well known religion then and now. Logo used to establish a reconizable company's brand.

Graphic Design Timeline

Transcript: Priester Advertisement 1917 Paper Walter Gropius Bauhaus Movement (Weimar, Germany) A design school unique in its approach to subjects such as architecture, industrial design, graphic design, fine art, photography and new media. Focus was the mastery of the modernisation process through means of design, as well as the utility of art. Printing Press 1796 Blau Monument Louis Daguerre Industrial Revolution (France) After experimenting with light effects, Daguerre revolutionized photography by developing a more convenient and effective method of developing images. "I Want You" Uncle Sam James Montgomery Flagg Manhattan, New York Created for the purpose of American recruitment into World War I, Uncle Sam became one of the most iconic designs in American folklore. Semitic Workers Egypt Rosetta Stone of Egypt is said to be the predecessor to ancient Phoenician and Greek alphabet. 1919 2000 B.C.E. Lithograph 105 A.D. Ts'ai Lun China The papermaking technique accredited to Ts'ai Lun revolutionized the development of Chinese civilization. Lucian Bernhard Plakastil Movement (Germany) Watershed moment which set the standard for poster art and advertisement design in the twentieth century. Johann Gensfleisch zum Gutenburg Industrial Revolution (Germany) Gutenburg's incarnation of the printing press revolutionized the system of printing types. Design Timeline 1: Prehistory -1950 1839 Cro-Magnon Dordogne Region, France Pictograms and symbols are the first traces of visual communication. 1450 Lascaux Caves Aloys Senefelder Industrial Revolution (Germany) Senefelder accidentally discovered his scripts could be replicated by writing them in crayon on slabs of limestone and printing with ink. This provided the foundation for modern printers. Alphabet Bauhaus School 15000-10000 B.C.E. 3600 B.C.E. Mesopotamian Uruk (Modern-day Iraq) Oldest artifact found that contained a combination of pictures and words. Daguerreotype camera 1909

Graphic Design Timeline

Transcript: 105 AD- Tsiai Lun credited for inventing paper The Invention of movable type was created by Bi, Sheng of China. Bi, Sheng sawed wood into small peices then lettered the wood to resemble chinese characters (alphabet). He later on arranged the letters needed on an iron board. Later on, he made enough of 3000 characters to use (which didn't take much time to do). William Fox Talbot is credited with the idea of halftone printing. In the early 1830s, he suggested using "photographic screens or veils" in connection with a photographic intaglio process. a style of decorative art, architecture, and design prominent in western Europe and the US from about 1890 until World War I and characterized by intricate linear designs and flowing curves based on natural forms. 1916-Dada Movement 1450- Gutenburg Being credited for printing typefaces in books Industrial design is a process of design applied to products that are to be manufactured through techniques of mass production. Its key characteristic is that design is separated from manufacture: the creative act of determining and defining a product's form and features takes place in advance of the physical act of making a product, which consists purely of repeated, often automated, replication. This distinguishes industrial design from craft-based design, where the form of the product is determined by the product's creator at the time of its creation. The Arts and Crafts movement was an international movement in the decorative and fine arts that began in Britain and flourished in Europe and North America between 1880 and 1910, emerging in Japan in the 1920s. 1800- First Printing Press 1045- AD Invention of Movable type Marcel Duchamp, Tristan Tzara, Francis Picabia, Hugo Ball, Jean arp and many others were inolved in this movement. Frank Lloyd Wright was an architect, an interior designer, a writer, and a teacher. He designed over 1,000 structures but only 532 were completed. Energy was highly consumed in the process of the machine, until James Watts perfected the steam engine. The machine used animal, and human energy. Without Jame's assistance printing back then would've been the same. When printing arrived in Europe, power of religion decreased and went to the people. The paper mill that was created and had a mass production of paper. Lithography was invented by Alois Senefelder in 1796. He created it as a cheaper way to write his plays. Lithography was the first planographic type of print. 1890- Art Nouveau Movement Beginning around 40,000 B.C , Humans were rare in paleolthic art. Most of the paintings depict animals found in the surrounding landscape, such as horses, bison, mammoths, ibex, aurochs, deer, lions, bears, and wolves. These paintings were found on walls of caves and were the earliest forms of art. The Netherlands-based De Stijl movement embraced an abstract, pared down aesthetic centered in basic visual elements such as geometric forms and primary colors. Partly a reaction against the decorative excesses of Art Deco, the reduced quality of De Stijl art was envisioned by its creators as a universal visual language. 1276- Printing arrives in Europe The printing press was invented in the Holy Roman Empire by the German Johannes Gutenberg around 1440, based on existing screw presses. Gutenberg, a goldsmith by profession, developed a complete printing system, which perfected the printing process through all of its stages by adapting existing technologies to the printing purposes, as well as making groundbreaking inventions of his own. His newly devised hand mould made for the first time possible the precise and rapid creation of metal movable type in large quantities, a key element in the profitability of the whole printing enterprise. The printing press spread within several decades to over two hundred cities in a dozen European countries.[3] By 1500, printing presses in operation throughout Western Europe had already produced more than twenty million volumes.[3] In the 16th century, with presses spreading further afield, their output rose tenfold to an estimated 150 to 200 million copies 1917-The De stijl Movement Cai Lun was credited for creating paper in the han dynasty golden era. He used bamboo or strips of silk at first, but he later transitioned to the barks of tree to write his intimes, writings, and inscriptions. He was credited by chinese scholar Fan Ye for this invention. Graphic Design Timeline 15,00-10,000 BC-Visual Communication in the Lascuax Cavex 1796- The Invention Of Lithography 1760- Industrial Revolution begins, setting advances for graphic designers Johannes Gutenburg was a blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to europe. His introduction started something big. His introduction played a key role in the development of the renaissance, Reformation, the Age of Enlightment, and the Scientific Revolution. 1890- Arts and Craft Movement 1880- Halftone Screen An artistic and literary movement that began in Zurch,

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