Transcript: FUNGI Fungi live everywhere in the air, water, and soil Mycologists belive there are millions of species of fungi Fungi are heterotrophos obtaining their nutrients by absorbtion A heterotroph is an organism that requires organic substrates to get its carbon for growth and development. Fungi cell walls are mostly made of chitin It is the main component of the cell walls of fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods such as crustaceans and insects, the radulas of mollusks, and the beaks of cephalopods, including squid and octopuses. Other fungi are parasitic and get nutrients from their hosts The fungi kingdom is more closley related to the animal kingdom than the plant kingdom Fungi reproduce sexually and asexually THE END!
Transcript: Are fungi living things? What do they need to stay alive? How are fungi different from plants? Fungi do not have flowers They reproduce through spores like ferns They do not make food like plants They do not have basic plant parts like roots, stem, flower, leaf and fruit If fungi are not plants, can they be classified as animals? Can they be eaten? On your whiteboard, write at least one fungi that can be eaten And another one that is poisonous How do they reproduce? Draw a simple mushroom and label the parts Fungi
Transcript: Living things are organized for study into large, basic groups called kingdoms. Fungi were listed in the Plant Kingdom for many years. Then scientists learned that fungi show a closer relation to animals, but are unique and separate life forms. Fungi are now placed in their own Kingdom fungi, Bibliography Fungi v fungi Fungi and fungi mean different things. The lower case 'fungi' is a general word that refers to organisms that all look and act the same, but are not all related. This group is artificial and includes moulds, yeasts, mushrooms, slime moulds, and water moulds. On the other hand, 'Fungi', with a capital 'F', refers to the evolutionary group Which includes most of the best known 'fungi': moulds, yeasts, and mushrooms, but not slime moulds or water moulds. Because all of these organisms superficially resemble each other and all do similar things, they were They were placed in the same kingdom within the lower plants, including mosses, liverworts, and ferns, for a very long time. Fungi can be found in just about any habitat, from sea water to freshwater, in soil, on plants and animals, on human skin and they can even growing on the bread you eat! Kingdom Fungi are Not Plants Not closely related to plants. Unicellular or multicellular Absorb food: secrete enzymes to digest complex molecules Propagate by spores Asexual or sexual reproduction Haploid Can be multinucleated http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/fungi/fungi.html http://herbarium.usu.edu/fungi/funfacts/kingfact.htm http://www.kew.org/science-conservation/plants-fungi/fungi/about http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/life/Fungus http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/article-225968/fungus http://www.answers.com/Q/Do_fungus_have_skeleton www.countrysideinfo.co.uk/fungi/habitats.htm http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/wong/Bot201/Myxomycota/Introduction.htm http://www.wou.edu/~guralnl/101Fungi.pdf Special Features Achlorophyllous: Fungi cannot make their own food like plants. They are heterotrophs which means they have to rely on other organisms for their carbon source. Fungi can be found in just about any habitat, from sea water to freshwater, in soil, on plants and animals, on human skin and they can even growing on the bread you eat! Amber & Angel The Kingdom Fungi are decomposers they break down dead organisms, and they continue the cycle of nutrients through ecosystems. They also gain nutrients from living and dead organisms that they grow on. They suck up simple dissolved nutrients, for examples sugars, through their cell walls. Fungi are a diverse kingdom, with members from the familiar mushrooms you eat to brewer's yeasts, the mould that grows on rotting fruit and the infection that causes athlete's foot. Fungi are found in every habitat, although they play a bigger role in land ecosystems than in water ones. Habitat How it Gains Energy Fungi
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Transcript: Uses Nutrients Fungi are nature's recyclers and help decompose dead materials. They are used as food and antibiotics. Cell Wall They are dying because of a loss in habitat. Some species depend on a single tree to live off of and if that tree were to die then it will kill the species. If a plant were to become rare or threatened then so does the fungi. They feed off of a mycelium, usually is hidden in the soil, in wood, or another food source. Once this food source dies so does the organism. Concerns So What How Some decompose dead organic materials and some cause disease because they live on living organisms. Two common fungal disease that live on humans are athlete's foot and ringworm. Food Source There are only three species that are on the 2012 Red List of Threatened Species, but most scientist believe that is because not a lot of people study fungi. Fungi has cell walls made out of chitin. This is the same material that is used in hard outer shells of insects and other arthropods. Plants don't make chitin. Fungi absorb nutrients from organic material, but don't have stomachs. The hyphae takes out acids and enzymes so the fungi can absorb what is left. Fungi were considered part of the Plant Kingdom until scienctist learned that it was closer related to an animal. Fungi can be found in all different places. The obvious one is mushrooms that people eat. Yeast is also a type of fungi. Drugs that are made from fungi help to cure diseases and stop the rejection of transplants. They are also used in flavoring for food, vitamins and help to remove stains. Decomposers Kingdom
Transcript: Fungi play an important role in recycling organic material Fungi have cells with a cell wall in addition with their cell membrane Fungi are heterotrophic decomposers Plankton that are large enough to get trapped in the nets are called net plankton Marine fungi are found in the intertidal zone, shallow water, sa;t marshes, and mangrove swamps Plankton samples are taken with a nylon plankton net Many species of phytoplankton are too small to be captured by the nets. They must be removed from samples of seawater using special filters Fungi Some marine fungi act as parasites, infecting diatoms, algae, and a variety of higher plants and invertebrate animals Marine Fungi Features When they reproduce asexually they form special cells called spores Plankton Sampling
Transcript: Food has fungi?!?!? Rescource Suprise! You may have never knew that, but you have been eating it almost every single day! Some fungi can be deadly, but don't worry! They don't sell deadly fungi. "It's always wise to be sure that it's not a posionous look alike." www.countrysideinfo.com www.countrysideinfo.com Foods that have fungi are All types of fungi can recycle the nutrients to the soil Fungi keeps the world clean Without it, we would be a world of trash Mushrooms, Bread, Cheese, Pizza, and more! One of the most known medicines using fungi is Penicillin, which comes from the fungus Penicillium. "Certain chemical compounds isolated from fungus may prove to be treatments for certain types of cancer." Much more fungi in this world also makes medicine like substances. Fungus are RECYCLING! Medicine has fungi too? Fungi---Fungi---Fungi---Fungi
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