Transcript: Greece Trade of unique goods to and from the areas of Greece and Rome led to the expansion of their realm, with increased population, power, and diverse ideas. Unlike Mesopotamia and Egypt, Greece was not in a river valley, and the land wasn’t very fertile. It was fertile enough that Greece managed to have a small surplus of food, but without trade it wouldn’t have been enough to grow a large population. Greece was situated right next to the Mediterranean Sea which made it a very good central location for trade. As trade increased, so did the surplus of food and the number of people who came through Greece, increasing the population hugely, especially in the region of Attica. Although Greece didn’t have a huge surplus of agriculture, they did have a huge production of olive oil and wine (pleasure products that they didn’t really need) that they could trade for grain and other items. Cities in Greece began to rely more on trade and commerce than on agriculture, which created the idea of a city not centered entirely on agriculture or getting its main profit from agriculture, which at the time hadn’t been heard of often. Because the trade caused this huge population growth for Greece, especially in Attica (where Athens lies), a lot of political strain grew from overpopulation. Athens tried to fix this by governing with democratic principles, but because of the great trade, Athens was becoming very rich and the majority of people who were receiving that money were already-rich land owners. Also, many of the luxury products that were being imported to Greece were all being given to the rich landowners. This further increased tension between the classes. Trade also increased the nationalism of Greece, because now the more than 400 colonies could connect with each other, and all realized the significance that the Greek nation had to the rest of the world because trade had caused such a massive population and spread of goods and ideas. In order to be able to trade easily with each other, everyone in Greece had a unified religion – they believed in the polytheistic set of Olympian gods led by Zeus - and language and currency, which didn’t always happen often in ancient times. With the rise in material trade came the rise in Slave Trade. In Athens, the slaves numbered 1/3 of the total population, and everyone but the extremely poor owned at least one slave. In Sparta slaves outnumbered the citizens at 10:1. Overall in Greece, although it is hard for historians to determine the exact number of Slaves there must’ve been, the amount of slaves outnumbered Greek citizens. Agriculture and other household chores were taken care of because of the slaves, which left Greek’s to be able to focus on more cultural things such as writing, art, and education. In turn, people with these talents were able to spread their work around the world using the trade that was so important for creating slaves in the first place. During Alexander the Greats rule of Greece called the Hellenistic Era, trade had a huge factor on the three states of Greece (Antigonid, Ptolemaic, and the Seleucid) In the Antigonid area, trade was huge and Athens flourished, causing extreme overpopulation and causing many of the citizens to move to the Seleucid region. The Ptolemaic empire was the wealthiest empire because of trade, and first started to come up with the definition of a monopoly in trade – they had monopolized salt, beer, and textiles. The Seleucid empire was very populated because of trade and the overpopulation that it caused for the Antigonid. Many Greek and Macedonian colonists flocked to this area, further populating it and bringing in more diverse ideas. Greek culture traditions were formed through the trade system. Not only did the huge trade system in Ancient Greece create surplus of food and goods, it created a surplus of ideas. Greek cultural traditions started to take inspiration from many of the people they traded with such as Mesopotamia and Egypt. Because of this Greek citizens were polytheistic and believed in the Greek Gods – such as Poseidon, Zeus, and Hades; although as time went on and trade increased, ideas of a one true eternal God began to filter in through the trade routes from other places such as Rome or Egypt. This was the first time that one true God had ever been thought of before in Greece, and it laid down the pathway for Christianity to eventually be accepted. Rome Trade increased the difference between rich and poor in Rome because, just as in Greece, the rich people were those who got all of the expensive luxuries. This really angered the lower classes greatly and eventually they went through the “Struggle of the Orders” which led to the lower classes gaining more rights. Overall trade led to more rights for the poor. The increased material trade in Rome also led to increased slave trade. Although this may not seem morally better, it was definitely better financially and socially for Rome. The trade also shaped Rome’s
Transcript: Free Read PowerPoint Project Judith Rumelt, better known by her pen name Cassandra Clare, is an American author of young adult fiction. Main Characters Summary Prominent literary item Will Herondale-Will has dark hair and ocean blue eyes. Will is rude and cruel because he believes everyone that loves him will die. He believes this because a demon put a 'curse' on him. Tessa Gray- Tessa has blonde hair and grey eyes. She is very witty and enjoys literature. Recommendation of book Setting Jem Carstairs-Jem has silver hair and eyes, due to the drug he was tortured with before his family was killed. He plays the violin and is very kind, caring, and lovable. The most unique thing in Clockwork Angel is that there are supernatural occurrences such as demons, shape shifters, witches, vampires, and werewolves, etc. I definitely recommend Clockwork Angel by Cassandra Clare. I recommend this book because it uses great figurative language, such as "The machine walked like a man." Also, "There was a boy standing in front of her. He couldn´t have been much older than she was-seventeen or possibly eighteen. He was dressed in what looked like workman´s clothes-a frayed black jacket, trousers, and tough-looking boots. He wore no waistcoat, and thick leather straps crisscrossed his waist and chest. Attached to the straps were weapons-daggers and folding knives and things that looked like blades of ice. In His left hand-slim and long fingered-was bleeding where she had gashed the back of it with her pitcher. But that wasn´t what made her stare. He had the most beautiful face she had ever seen. Tangled black hair and eyes like blue glass. Elegant cheekbones,and long, thick lashes. He looked like every fictional hero she´d ever conjured up in her head. Tessa Gray goes to London to live with her brother. When she arrives Tessa is captured by twin sisters dubbed 'the Dark Sisters'. She was tortured and forced to use her gift of shape shifting for evil until Will Herondale rescues her. He then takes her to the institute, a place for shadowhunters to be cared for. Tessa meets the residents of the institute, Charlotte Branwell, the head of the institute, Henry Branwell, Charlotte's husband and inventor of a many great inventions, Jessamine Lovelace, girly and against all things shadowhunter, Jem Carstairs, a kind but very ill shadowhunter. Presentation Themes Clockwork Angel by Cassandra Clare Most unique thing in the book Presentation by Canaan Hall Clockwork Angel takes place in the institute, and the Dark Sister's home. The institute is an old church with very many rooms for passing visitors. The Dark Sister's house is large but sparsly furnished, in Tessa's room there is a bed with restraints, a mirror, and a nightstand with a few books. The themes for Clockwork angel are; you always need friends that you can trust, don't judge someone by their looks you don't know what they are going through, and even someone you wouldn't expect could be the hero. Cassandra Clare One prominent literary item in the book is personification. Personification is used throughout Clockwork Angel, such as "The machine walked like a man." Another example is, "The door creaked with a noise that sounded like a scream."
Transcript: Artifact: The Hunger Games created in 2012 Setting: The Hunger Games takes place in Panem (North America). In Panem, there are 12 districts, each providing resources for the capitol and the people of Panem. The actual hunger game is taking place in an arena just inside the capitol. Circumstances: Suzanne collins was watching Reality TV and a war channel and she then blended them together, including young people in her plot, the hunger games was created. Artifact: The song "revolution radio" by Green Day Released: October 7, 2016 Circumstances/Setting: the whole album is meant to reflect the current state of violence in the United States. Historical: also meant to show the affect of shootings around the United States. Theme: People can rebel in many different ways 1984: Every generation after World War II, because it has lots of allusions and relations to World War II and the Nazis, and it helps to spread lght on the dnagers of that time. The Hunger Games:Young adults/teens, because it targets violence and drama, but it is not for adults or for little kids. Revolution Radio: Teenagers/adolescents who listen to punk rock, adults who listened to Green Day growing up. These were targeted because Green Day appeals to the younger generations sense of anarchy and chaos, while they kept most of their same sound to appeal to the older generation that listened to them growing up. Occasion: Audience Purpose Occasion The theme means that people can rebel in many different ways including physical rebellion, but also things including thoughts or beliefs against the people or thing in charge. 1984: 1984 was written by George Orwell to inform others. He informs them of totalitarianism, and he informs them of his stance against it, because he has experienced it first hand. The Hunger Games: No purpose, just late night television inspiration. revolution Radio: The song was written to reflect the mass shootings in America and the narcissistic media coverage. 1984 Theme Triangle Occasion: Example: Winston not only rebels physically by having sex with Julia, he also commits thought crime against the party by writing in his journal. === Artifact: 1984 created in 1949 Setting: the fictional country of Oceania some time in the future. Orwell, having written the book in 1948 project this future as the year 1984. Oceania is one of three world powers; the other two are Eurasia and Eastasia. War with one or the other world power is constant. Circumstances: The events of World War 2 led to the creation of 1984 Era/Historical Context: This book was written during World War 2, so it takes some direct concepts out of the time period.
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Transcript: All About WESTERN EUROPE By: Sarah Bloxham The People What is the Population? 197,508,913 According to worldmeters.info as of Wednesday, September 7, 2022. This information was based upon the latest United Nations estimates. Gender Distribution Gender Distribution The gender distribution is pretty equal is Western Europe. Life Expantancy Life Expantancy Languages What are the Languages in Western Europe? Some of the most commonly spoken languages in Western Europe are English, French, German, Dutch, Welsh, etc. Some examples are: Ireland - English, Irish (Gaeilge) etc. United Kingdom - English, Irish, Scots, Germans, Welsh, etc. Netherlands - Dutch, French, English, German, Frisian France - French, Occitan, German, English, etc. Religion Popular Religions in Western Europe The most popular religion in Western Europe is Christianity. Secularization is widespread in Western Europe, but most people in the region still identify as Christian. Even though most people identify as Christian in the region, few regularly attend church. In every country except Italy, non-practicing Christians (those who barely attend chuch during the year) outnumber church-attending Christians (those who attend church weekly or monthly). In the UK, for example, there are three times as many non-practicing Christians (55%) as practicing Christians (18%). Non-practicing Christians also outnumber religiously unaffiliated adults in most countries surveyed. Christian identity in Western Europe is associated with higher levels of nationalism and negative sentiment toward immigrants and religious minorities Although most Christians overall say they would be willing to accept Jews in their families, Christians are somewhat more likely than religiously unaffiliated adults to express negative sentiments toward Jews. Ethnic Groups Popular Ethnic Groups In Belgium, the two main ethnic groups are Fleming (Dutch speakers) and Walloon (French speakers), who make up about three quarters of the population. In France, the main ethnic groups are Bretons, Flemish, Germans, Caucasions, Asians, African Americans, Romani people, etc. In the Netherlands, the main ethnic groups are Dutch, other European, Indo, Turks, Moroccans, etc. Ethnic Groups in England and Wales Physical Features What Countries are in Western Europe? Ireland United Kingdom France Netherlands Belgium Switzerland Luxembourg Germany Austria Denmark Physical Features What physical characteristics are most prevalent in this region? How do they impact the way people live? Do they create any barriers? Western Europe includes the mountains of the Alps, Pyrenees, Apennines, Dinaric Alps, Balkans, and Carpathians. High elevations, rugged plateaus, and steeply sloping land are also part of this region. Major seas are included in this region as well. Two mountain ranges separate Western Europe from Southern Europe. They divide the cooler climates of the north from the warm, dry climate of the Mediterranean region to the south. These physical features allowed for early communication, travel, and agricultural development. Lots of these physical features bring millions of tourists to Western Europe each year. Swiss Alps in Switzerland Gov. and Economic Data What Types of Government Exist in Western Europe? Ireland - Parliamentary Democracy and has a representative democratic republic United Kingdom - constitutional monarchy in which the reigning monarch does not make any open political decisions. France - unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic Netherlands - parliamentary representative democracy, a constitutional monarchy, and a decentralised unitary state. Belgium - federal, representative democratic, constitutional monarchy. Switzerland - Direct democracy Luxembourg - parliamentary democracy in the form of a constitutional monarchy Germany - Federal republic Austria - federal parliamentary republic, with a President Denmark - parliamentary representative democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a decentralised unitary state Economic Characteristics What Economic Characteristics exist in Western Europe? Since the Middle Ages, Western Europe has been rich in agricultural, and in the 1800s, it was one of the first regions to industrialize. Western Europe’s economy remains strong due to their amont of agriculture and manufacturing as well as their high-tech and service industries. Dairy farming and livestock provide most of the agricultural income in Belgium, France, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. These countries produce and export dairy products. Western Europe was a leader in developing industry because it was rich in coal and iron ore. Today, the region has three of Europe's top manufacturing nations: France, Germany, and the Netherlands Tourism is also a big part of the economy of Western Europe, due to it’s beautiful scenery, mild clmiate, and historical sites. What is the Gross Domestic Product? What is the Gross Domestic Product? The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Western
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Transcript: Native Americans were forced west in the Trail of Tears Lewis and Clark struggled over the mountains. Insert image here Lousiana Purchase Significance Native American Removal Trail of Tears Paragraph Put Your Title Here Facts https://docs.google.com/presentation/pub?id=1x7iCKUASJaOU_QDFOHx_Ps79HEfwsFmJNmrDBKPau34&start=false&loop=false&delayms=3000
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