Transcript: The Thin Blue Line WHO Who Is Involved? 1) The Canadian Government 2) RCMP Board of Directors 3) Canadian citizens and inhabitants WHy Long-running issues in RCMP policies, budget cuts and cuts to employee benefits including dentistry, optometry and personal protection equipment like bullet proof vests. Why Where This is happening internationally, with slight differences to each nation. I am focussing on Canada, and Moncton, NB. Where? When Budget cuts have been happening since 1940, though ones taking away from employee health, and their salary have been having a bigger affect in the recent years. It's hard to say exactly when it started being political news, though you could say the budget cuts have been more publicized since 2017, when Moncton police started to tape over their traditional reflection stripes on their pants. When How The government introduced a new RCMP budget last year, offering 69 million dollars over the course of five years starting this earlier this year. This leaves the RCMP roughly 20 million a year to give for mental health, taking out of the RCMP's budget of 15.1 billion-12.4 of that being used to pay salaries and paid-leaves. The other 3.5 of the budget is used for personal protection equipment, training and benefits for our 30 300 officers. How WHY In 2017, the government backed up their 14% compensation difference from RCMP members to public servants by saying '"The government simply cannot compare the salaries of an RCMP member and a public servant. Police officers obviously have completely different jobs, and take significantly more risks, comparable to public servants, and the only fair wage for an RCMP member is one that is in-line with another police officer, doing the same job," Creasser said.' At the time, an RCMP members salary was 20 000 less than an Officer of Calgary's. Why Shooting of Moncton The RCMP went to trial in April 2017 after three patrol officers were shot dead in Moncton, 2014. The Federal Labor Department is charging the RCMP with four counts of failing to provide sufficient skills, equipment or weaponry to defend against the gunman. In and interview, Sgt. Backus said "When it comes to equipment, when it comes to pay, the RCMP is the dollar store of policing." Sgt. Backus continued to say "If I get disciplined, or if I get fired for this, it will be the proudest moment of my RCMP career." Moncton, NB Issues ~Over all, budget cuts indirectly cause dysfunctional actions and suicide rates in the RCMP. ~Physical health declines as RCMP aren't allowing smaller paid leaves due to injuries off field due to budget cuts. ~RCMP officers are being overworked due to under employment. ~Superiors are only acknowledging national and public problems, not those of smaller jurisdictions or towns. Swept Under the Rug Questions? QUestions?
Transcript: THIN BLUE LINE What is the thin blue line? The Thin blue line is a symbol for police, around the world. What is the thin blue line? Why the thin blue line? The thin blue line is called thin because of all the fallen officers around the world, its called blue because, Its a color police have used for many generations around the world. Why the thin blue line? The thin blue line started in Englind But since then moved around the world to every police station. Where was it created? Where was it created? Why do police use it? Why do police use it? Police use it as a symbol of respect and hpe and to remeber the fallen How long has it been used. Its been around for nearly a hundred years and police will use if for a long time to come. How long has it been used. People say there is no meaning for it because its a waste but if you ask any law enforcement officer they will say otherwise. Do people like it? Do people like it? There is not just the thin blue line firemen use it as the thin red line and also There is Thin Yellow, Green, White, Orange and silver.
Transcript: This movie was made as a documentary by Errol Morris who decided to believe that Randell Adams was innocent and that Errol Morris will find the truth about him and to sent Randell free. Morris became more eager to understand on the event that occurred of the death of the officer Robert Woods who people believe that it was Randell who shot the officer. But Errol Morris finds that hard to believe so Morris decided to investigate more interviews and to try to solve the puzzle. Soon Errol investigates on David who he believes it was him who did the shooting on the officer. Soon Randell was innocent but Harris was responsible sense he confess on what happened. David Harris David Harris Randell Adams try's to tell the story on his view on what actually happen on the death of the officer Robert Woods leading officers to rely on witnesses including David Harris. "Adams’ ordeal began on November 27, 1976, when he ran out of gas and hitched a ride with sixteen-year-old David Harris. Harris dropped Adams off around ten o’clock that night, and Adams figured he had seen the last of the strange kid who had liked showing off his .22-caliber pistol. Less than three hours later, Dallas police officer Robert Wood was dead". Randell says he had gone home and he went to sleep on his bed. Errol Morris $ 3.45 His view in the crime Monday, February 17, 2014 Randell Adams David Harris was with Randell Adams on the night when officer Robert Woods was shot by David. David blamed Randell that he shot the officer on that night leading Randell 18 years in prison making Randell take all the blame while David lives without any punishment. Not only that but David has commented many crimes before and after the event. David said they both met in the street when he saw Randell caring gasoline while David picks him up and they both travel the night watching movies and eating. Soon David and Randell both get stopped by Robert Woods officer then a split second David Harris shoots Robert Woods. Later David says that Randell was in the drivers were he says he shot him while David was in the passenger seat. Errol Morris has finally convince the people on what actually happen by reviling the truth that David has told him and that Randell was innocent saying that Randell was telling the truth on what the event has happen.Errol Morris movie leading to real people who told many things on the case leads Randell telling the truth and David saying that Randell was saying the truth during the interview.At the end of the movie David is recorded on what he has said saying about Randell's innocence while David is soon to be executed leading the people to believe on what David say. Soon after the movie Randell is free by Errol Morris while David soon became executed by the police.After that the people now understand on how all this happen and how it ended with this crime ending. All because of Errol Morris. His way of the crime. Background Information Vol XCIII, No. 311 THE THIN BLUE LINE Errol Morris convincing the people
Transcript: The third and final part of this documentary reveals the recorded confession of David Harris. Morris just shows a simple image of a cassette player, playing the voice of Harris. While being interviewed, he cues in on the fact that he was in fact there and because of that if Adams claims he's innocent, then he is. The camera changes angles of the cassette player, focusing not only on the voices but the visual. Although Morris did lose the footage of the actual interview, the showing of just the cassette player creates an eerie and dramatic effect along with the subtitles, signifying the convict's words. As the middle of the documentary nears, the audience starts to envision more of the story with the multiple reenactments involved. For example, the reenactment of the shooting gives an input on how the night potentially went. Other significant visuals that appeared were close-ups of the pack of cigarettes and the swinging watch. The cigarettes symbolized the time era; most men of that time smoked so it represented the common-ness of smoking. Someone as normal as everyone else could have killed someone. Along with that period of time, Morris included footage of drive-in theaters and films relinquishing the time period. He set the setting correctly. As for the swinging watch, that represents the time passing. When it swung fast, time went by faster and vice versa. Another key visual was the milkshake being dropped. This was significantly shown in the documentary because later, it challenges the officer's story landing in a different position than where he said it did. He also included various interviews, all with different backgrounds and stories showing variation including those of the false witnesses and uses painted pictures from the courtroom conveying the image of the trial while also explaining it via interviews. Last, for a great chunk of time, the music stops signifying that the voices and what they saying was more vital than the dramatic effect. The audience is who the speaker is trying to reach out to, basically people of authority that find Randall Adams guilty. He's trying to persuade to the audience that things aren't always what they seem. Look beyond what is presented to you. Morris portrays a sense of ethics when he puts in the interviews of the convicts because he uses their actual words and stories. By using their words, the viewers are able to see for themselves the convicts' perspectives of how things really went down that night. Also, Morris displays clippings of newspaper headlines from that night displaying credibility from new sources. These facts convey a sense of logos. The music also creates the mood, serving as a pathos effect by connecting to the viewers' emotions. It provokes a suspenseful and fearful emotion from the viewers because they have yet to figure out what's next. "That's the man! I saw that man!" Thin Blue Line is a documentary created in 1988 about the investigation of a police officer murdered in Dallas, Texas in 1976. Errol Morris, the creator of this documentary, shed light on the question of whether or not the culprit Randall Adams was fully guilty or not. 16-year-old David Harris was with Adams that night and over the course of the documentary, evidence starts to unfold slowly clearing Adams' name and paving the way for his guilt. The subject is what the speaker is talking about and that would be the case. The whole documentary is based off of what happened the night that police officer was killed and the outcome of that. Background Information This final part of the documentary shares a pathos aspect right before the cassette player reveals the confession. Adams explains the whole idea of death row and how he's instantly treated like a criminal when he's done nothing wrong. They give him no hope, and that just connects to how the audience views his situation. As for logos, the audience is revealed to the actual events of that day by Harris, so now they are able to have solid facts as to what happened. An ethos affect would be the fact that now these are Harris' words. His words are credible since he was there and finally hinting to what actually happened. Rhetorical Triangle The Revelation The speaker is Errol Morris. He's trying to convince the audience that there is more to the case then perceived. "I wanted to make a film about how truth was difficult to know, not impossible to know." He focuses on revealing the quizzical aspects of this case. Morris shows a glimpse of ethos when presenting the witnesses of Adams' trial. He sort of solves the case on his own time, deeming true credibility. He then shows that those witnesses were in fact, not liable due to the mere point that they were paid $20,000 to frame Adams. This also contributes to the logos aspect, because he discovers the actual facts of the crime. Another logos effect is each of the interviews he records. They are words of the people that were actually there, so they are credible. The pathos effect of
Transcript: Adams, a hitch-hiker, was offered a ride by Harris who was driving around in a stolen car. The two smoked, drank, and went to the moveis before Adams was dropped off at his motel in Dallas. Adams wasn't dropped off at the hotel. By Harris' testimony, Adams was still in his stolen car when they were pulled over by police officer Robert Wood. Prove Adams' innocence beyond a reasonable doubt. Show the corruption in the justice system. Assertions The justice system is more concerned with finding any culprit than finding the right culprit. The dectectives involved in the case wanted the trial to end with a death sentence. All stories have multiple sides, each of which need to be evaluated. -somber, resigned tone -allows the evidence to speak for itself Cinematic Techniques Red accents VS. -shadows, outlines, & back angles -silent gunshots The documentary as a whole primarily uses the strengthening and weakening of ethos in it's rhetorical argumentation. Morris does this by completely destroying the proscecution's case. Lack of name and credentials -showing character's faces -audible gunshots Purpose New interview style What did happen Appeal to Ethos Viewpoint -viewer can't form an opinion of the speaker until they've heard their side of the story November 27, 1976 What should've happened According to Harris, -interviewee looking directly at the camera -set a new trend for interviewing Pictures of authentic artifacts
Transcript: Walking the 'thin blue line' Introduction www.your-website.com March 2017 Insert some text here Methodology Third Headline Here Insert your own text here. Talk about something related to your third topic or just put some placeholder text here. Third Headline Here 1. Scholarly research Methodology Insert your own text here. Talk about something related to your second topic or just put some placeholder text here. Insert your own text here. Talk about something related to your second topic or just put some placeholder text here. 2. Ethnography Interviews “ to civilians, everything looks like excessive use of force. But use of force is a tool. There is a scale. I could punch someone in the face and restrain him, or I could shoot him. But all civilians see is me punching him in the face, not his aggression towards officers trying to make an arrest” Sergeant Richard Ehrlich 19 years in the force Army Ranger 24 years in the force created FIT Detective John Hendrick "I'll never condone police brutality but I know where it comes from" Click to edit text One year in the force- wanted to be a police officer since she was 5 years old Officer Bronstein "The most challenging part is knowing you did everything you could but it's still not enough." "I don't have emotion" “the increasing reach and power of this vast law enforcement network represents the single biggest threat to freedom, liberty, law, and order in America today” - Steinberg Literature Review Literature Review Insert your own text here. Talk about something related to your first topic or just put some placeholder text here. Subtopic 1 The Heroic Cop Narrative Robin Steinberg : Subtopic 2 Subtopic 1 Fourth Headline Here Insert your own text here. Talk about something related to your fourth topic or just put some placeholder text here. Insert your own text here. Talk about something related to your fourth topic or just put some placeholder text here.
Transcript: Errol Morris The first step Morris takes towards clearing Randall Adams’ name is in introducing Adams to audiences in a radically different way than the prosecution did. Morris begins the film by splicing together interviews with Adams and the other suspect, David Harris, in which the two detail the events that led up to the murder. What Happened That Night? Corruption David Harris discovers Randall Adams out of gas on the side of the road The two spend the day drinking, smoking, and going to the movies Adams claims he went back to the motel, Harris says the two went driving and were stopped by the police late at night Sometime in the night, Officer Robert Wood is fatally shot Adams is arrested, and eventually convicted After Mackenzie T, Anna J, and Hope G. Background Discussion Karma/Fate An evidentiary hearing was held because of the evidence revealed by the film Harris recanted his earlier testimony Emily Miller committed perjury Adams was released in March of 1989 and received no money from the state of Texas Adams sued Morris for the rights of the film's content Adams lived quietly and died in 2010 at 61 of a brain tumor Harris was executed in 2004 for an unrelated murder. In some ways, Morris shows the manipulation of prosecutions based on his own manipulated narrative The prosecution frames a certain narrative of Harris to the courtroom, while Morris frames a narrative of the trial to the viewer Hes keenly aware of the ways information can be presented in order to manipulate the reaction Narration Each person telling the story the way they remember it-unreliable narrator Plants disbelief in each interview, so audience doesn't know who to believe The disorientation between re-enactments and interviews, changes in little details Film Technique Uncertainty Karma/Fate Corruption Covers the investigation of the murder of a Dallas police officer, Robert Wood and the wrongful conviction of Randall Adams Utilizes interviews along with dramatic re-enactments Develops character's back stories Clips Themes Overview began working as a NY private detective after his first two films to fund projects uses techniques not traditionally seen in documentaries originally was in Dallas working on a film about a criminal psychiatrist known as "Doctor Death" when he met Randall Adams Spent 2-1/2 years tracking down people involved in the Adams case to appear in the film Other films: The Fog of War and Fast, Cheap, & Out of Control Thin Blue Line uses actors and dramatic techniques to illuminate truths documentary is edited for narrative clarity in order to build a credible case However, Morris mixes genres as the dramatized murder scenes are juxtaposed with interviews this style offers the filmmaker an alternative way to direct the narration of the events and thus allows Morris to emphasize his own beliefs that Adams was tried unfairly "Police are the thin blue line separating society from anarchy." Do the police ever feel as if they were wrong? Circumstantial evidence and unreliable witnesses Released in 1988 Written and directed by Errol Morris Produced by Mark Lipson Score by Philip Glass 12 wins and 5 nominations American Cinema Editors, USA Edgar Allen Poe Awards Disqualified from the Oscars for Best Documentary because of its scripted content Among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die" Thin Blue Line Uncertainty Harris being the one who stops to help Adams "Guess you could say he went to jail because he didn't have no place for someone who helped him out to stay." continued Morris rejects the idea of that truth and objectivity are necessarily linked He abandons Cinema Verité and instead presents docu-drama reenactments that inspire a sense of self-reflexivity for the viewer His murky and distorted reenactments are high conscious of the unreliability of the various accounts used in trial for Morris, this style of film shows "the nature of competing and conflicting evidence"
Transcript: The overall film was an intriguing reconstruction and investigation of a senseless murder. It uses highly informal devices in order to pull together interviews from witnesses to gain audience's trust. Morris has truly created an excellent work of fiction around the crime. Portraying the real truth of the miscarried justice system. A. Errol Morris' purpose is to make people recognize that the truth is something difficult to be sure of, but people just can't blindly accept everything that is presented as the 'truth' to them. This revealing the corrupt justice system in Dallas County Texas. B. Morris' argument is simply to convince the audience the better truth about Adam's case, that people are just as willing to believe that Adam's is innocent, as Morris portrays and believes he is, as jurors are just as willing to believe that Adam's is guilty. C. The rhetorical strategies used are logos (interviews, pictures,re-enactments of the crime, pictures, etc.) and flashbacks that weave through the past and present hinting towards what will occur in the future. Morris also uses the emotions of the suspects creating pathos affecting the audience and giving them a different perspective of Adam's. Not only this, but Errol Morris creates an ethical appeal by introducing witnesses, investigators, lawyers, and cops in order to create credibility that the material presented is in fact real. "'The Thin Blue Line,' of police that separated the public from the anarchy," is a metaphor defining the thin line between good and bad, the blue representing police officers considering their uniforms. There isn't much to stop humanity from collapsing into chaos. D. In this case the consequences and details should have been more looked into because a man was convicted of something he did not do because someone else lied and it was not looked into and just accepted. Inspections of this overall case should not have been as overlooked and based off of simply witnesses, there needed to be more evidence in order to justifiably convict someone of such a horrendous crime. E. Morris' overall viewpoint is that people tend to believe what is presented to them instead of wanting to discover or look deeper into things. What's there is there and you shouldn't question it is what society seems to believe is right but this perspective of life leads to many false accusations and in the end does not benefit anyone. F. Subjects speaking directly to the camera and audience convincing the audience that the material presented to them is real, factual, and objective. The suspenseful music and gloomy colors also gave the documentary a very murky and nefarious feeling, persuading the audience to want to believe Adam's is innocent. G. This film is organized to where Morris introduces Adam's in a different manner compared to how the prosecution did. He inserts interviews with Adam's and the other suspect, David Harris, in where they both describe events that eventually lead up to the murder. He then creates a reenactment of the crime making the audience realize that Adam's was convicted of the crime. From there on he portrays Adam's differently and in a more favorable manner. Director Errol Mark Morris is an American film director. His documentaries helped revive non-fiction film's in the 1980s and he gained much success. In 2003, The Guardian put him seventh in its list of the world's 40 best active directors. Summary and Background of The Film The Thin Blue Line By: Victoria Butler, Soha Mumtaz, and Stephanie Gaia Rhetorical Analysis Errol Morris explores the 1976 murder case of of the police officer of Robert Wood and the man convicted for the murder, Randall Dale Adams. Morris chose to create this film after he was convinced that Adams was innocent. He creates this movie in order to prove and convince that Randall Dale Adams is in fact an innocent man. Morris proves his case and Adams is released from prison a year after the movie was released, serving a 12 year sentence in prison. Director
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