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Smart City

Transcript: Thank you for your attention! information- and communications technologies (ICT) -> infrastructure and new types of governance Education & Science Companies Health & Social Constructing & Living Status Quo 2010 increased energy demand climate change demographically developments reducing carbon emissions 70% of europeans live in cities 80% of global greenhouse gas emissions Who builds it? 1970 The Role of Citizens city administrators researchers companies citizens design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi Characteristics Singapore SeniorPad Copenhagen Smart City Planning Definition Masdar City Car Free Living HOW DOES A CITY BECOME SMART? nearly every European city 2012: 81 million Euro 2013: 365 million Euro global market: €330 billion/year by 2020 Smart City Vienna !!! solutions in a smart city are technologically complex !!! involvement active participation education Why now? Awards: “innovative city": 5th place “regional green city”: 4th place “digital governance”: 8th place smart cities award 2010 Mercer survey: 1st place retrofitting greenfield development Marxbox von Viktoria Pelousek Examples of Smart Cities Projects 2% of the land surface constituted by urban areas 75% of the Earth resources used by urban inhabitants consume disproportionately environmental impacts globally “Vienna was the only city that ranked in the top ten in every category”, wrote the US climate strategist Boyd Cohen in his article “The Top 10 Smart Cities on The Planet” in January 2012. -> public-private partnership physical infrastructure more efficiently able to learn, adapt and innovate responds more effectively and promptly importance of high-tech for long-term growth consideration of social inequality engaging local people in local governance Smart City

City Template

Transcript: Next, Porter revealed that the cluster-based economy capable of encouraging competitiveness in three ways, namely: 1. By increasing the productivity of the industry in the area. 2. By encouraging the creation of new innovations. 3. By encouraging the strengthening of the cluster itself. (Porter, Michael E., Clusters and the New Economics of Competition, Harvard Business Review, 1998). Most references to the origin of industrial districts go back to the economist Alfred Marshall. Marshall expressed his view that when the industry is in a particular geographic region, the handling of the machines and materials will be much easier to do. Marshall also said the positive impact (positive externalities) of industries are concentrated in one area, among others: 1. The existence of knowledge spillover between the existing industries. 2. Input unspecialized of supporting industries. 3. The labor competitiveness (competitive). (Marshall, A, Principles of Economics, 8th ed., 1920). It could be said that the concept introduced by Marshall is closer to the concept of industrial zones or industrial district. Industry cluster consists of: Alfred Marshal The development of the cluster definition starting from a study of the success stories in Northern Italy in the 1980s encouraged the use of terminology industrial district given by Marshall (1920). The definition of cluster is simply a collection of companies sectoral and spatially dominated by one sector. design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi In principle, there are three pillars that are the foundation for cluster-based economy, namely: 1. The geographic area (geographical area). This is a specific area that became the center of activity. 2. Creation of value (value creation). In a cluster composed of various business sectors and industries, each of which create value in the production of goods and / or services they offer. 3. Business environment (business environment). The business environment has a significant influence in shaping the relationship between industry, labor and local government institutions. The existence of the cluster will give more strength to the creation of a competitive business environment. Perspective Michael E. Porter. According to Porter, a cluster-based economy is a concentrated area where there are companies and institutions are interlinked in a particular field. Porter confirms that the keywords in the development of the cluster is the competition (competition). Competition, he said is very dependent on productivity; while productivity lies in the ability of the industry to create products and / or services. Humphrey and Schmitz (1995) The Success of Northern Italy In 1995 the definition of cluster started distinguished from the industrial district, as seen at the time of Humphrey and Schmitz (1995) clarifying the concept of collective efficiency. Cluster is defined as a gathering of the company and sectoral goegrafis. By association, the cluster will benefit from external economies. While the industrial district will arise if the cluster develops more than specialization and division of labor between companies with the advent of the collaboration between the agents of the local economy in the region, and increasing local production capacity and sometimes the innovation capacity also increased (Rabellotti, 1995), as well as the emergence of a strong sectoral associations. Based on the success of the phenomenon of Northern Italy, defined the key characteristics of clusters or industrial districts (Schmitz and Musyck, 1993) as follows: (1) Dominated by small businesses who move in the same sector (specialization in sectors) or sector related; (2) Collaboration between businesses adjacent to the sharing of equipment, information, skilled labor, and so forth; (3) These companies are competing to be based on the quality of the product rather than lowering the cost of production, including wages; (4) Employers and workers have a long history on the site. This facilitates mutual trust in the good relations between small enterprises, between workers and skilled labor; (5) Employers are well organized and actively participate in self-organization; (6) There are local and regional governments are actively supporting the development of local or regional industry cluster. 1. Industrial core 2. Industry Suppliers 3.Buyer / Consumer 4. Supporting Industries 5.Related Industries 6. Organization / Institutional Support The concept of industrial district (cluster)

Smart City

Transcript: Environmental Benefits walking or using small motor vehicles becomes easier than driving standard cars Shopping schools and sports fields are in housing area any water used is filtered thoroughly before returning to source Clean Air Clean Water Located between the city and residential area cannot spread into other areas rooftop gardens city parks collection of rainwater Housing serious fines; closely watched closest to the largest areas of waste production far enough away from the residential area to not disturb aesthetics of housing Environmental Quality decreased traveling decreased air pollution less energy use covered with dirt daily and sorted through for recyclables. Homes Smartopia only certified motor boats are allowed (restricted number) City Center areas with endangered species should be left alone or built around only destroy land when absolutely necessary farmlands will be away from cities and major waterways All shopping needs will be in one area and located next to housing communities direct routes from housing to shopping areas Keeping it Clean companies must filter all polluted air use renewable resources first, then coal and oil as back up wind turbines are located away from residential areas; power the city high speed subway rails to each part of the city between city center and shopping area won't have to drive far to get to work/needs everything is local Location Conservation The Product Resources energy efficient use renewable resource energy have trees and green life in each community restricted water use Shopping and Resources Landfill companies cannot dump waste into waters

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