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process flow diagram

Transcript: PROCESS DESCRIPTION EXTRACTION PROCESS 5000 kg seeds per day is extracted MANUFACTURING PROCESS remove solid impurities present in the oil titration to determine water and fatty acid content higher titration result means more water content removal of water ESTERIFICATION Task ALCOHOL REMOVAL OR RECOVERY PRODUCT QUALITY AND REGISTRATION TRANSESTERI-FICATION TRANSESTERIFICATION excess alcohol is removed by flash evaporation or distillation recovered alcohol is sent back to the alcohol storage tank (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr PURIFICATION the remaining fatty acids from esterification are converted to soaps a base is added slowly requires about 1% of KOH amount of alcohol used should be 20% of the volume of pretreated oil the system is totally closed to the atmosphere reaction time varies from 1 to 8 hrs, under normal conditions condenser is used to prevent alcohol evaporation biodiesel is distilled to remove small amounts of color bodies to produce colorless biodiesel EXTRACTION FILTRATION,DETERMINATION OF WATER AND FREE FATTY ACIDS CONTENT PRETREATMENT WATER WASHING AND SEPARATION biodiesel is analyzed to ensure it meets ASTM specifications Important aspects of biodiesel production complete reaction removal of glycerin removal of catalyst removal of alcohol absence of FFA ALCOHOL REMOVAL NEUTRALIZATION add acid to split the soaps into free fatty acids and salt methanol in the glycerol is removed by vacuum flash process 85% purity of glycerol refining process takes the purity up to 99.5 to 99.7% using vacuum distillation or ion exchange processes SEPARATION GLYCEROL NEUTRALIZATION remove any remaining catalyst, soap, salts, methanol, or free glycerol uses warm water (50 to 60 deg. Celsius) glycerol and biodiesel are produced products are separated by a settler PRODUCT QUALITY AND REGISTRATION pretreatment to convert FFAs to methyl ethers and reduce FFa level glycerol is not produced fresh metrhanol is added WASHING BIODIESEL PURIFICATION

Process Flow Diagram

Transcript: Mud Modeling Artwork Casting Wax Preparation Wax Designing More than 50% of the process time (for the activities) could be reduced Instead of Basic Trainings (171K * 30) Per year, Split the costs for Advance Training - Painting & Colouring / Making the product more presentable. Technological Advancement of Furnace Equipments Time to dry takes a huge chunk of time (95.25 hrs) Reducing this will have a great effect We suggest a drying room Glass room so that with out must investment solar power could be used This will bring down the process time of drying by atleast 50 % Process Time Gate Cutting - 8hrs Cooling - 2hrs - Wax Designing Gate Building - 2hrs - Cleaning - 1days River fine mud - 2.5hrs 3hrs Brushing - 1days Bastar Art Sieving - 0.5hrs - Govt also needs to Invest more & promote a Successful '' Artisan '' Personality. International / National / State Award Winners. Brand Building activities Fine Mud Finishing - 2hrs 2days Casting - 10mins - This machine is a 200kg Copper, Brass, Bronze Induction Melting Furnace (China Make) but is priced near Rs. 1, 00,000. Process time: - for 50 kg it takes 30 mins Pay-Back period:- 18 months Designing - 3days PROCESS IMPROVEMENTS - SUPPORT Green leaves coating - 1hrs 15min Non - Value adding Elements in the process DRYING TIME FURNACE SETUP & TIME NO MEASURE TO TEMPERATURE CHECK 10% WASTAGE BEAUTIFYING FINISH GOODS Drying/Heating time TRAINING RECOMMENDATIONS Shining - 1days Settling - 0.5hrs - Wax Model Need of hour to redesign Govt inititated Training Programs (approx 25 - 30 Trainings across state @ Rs.171000 Per Training Program) Mud Model KEY MUDA's IDENTIFIED Thread Formation - 0.5hrs - Filing - 1days Wax Thread PROCESS IMPROVEMENTS Drying/Heating time Heating Brass & Artwork - 6hrs - in furnace Adapting to Technological advancement without diluting the ''HAND MADE'' acronym & to minimise MUDA's & thereby to increase the hours of PRODUCTIVITY & to deliver more FINISH GOODS. DRYER EQUIPMENTS FURNACE EQUIPMENTS with digital measure of TEMPERATURE. This is a Non-Contact Digital LCD IR Infrared Thermometer Laser Point High Temperature Tester Pyrometer Range -50~1600 degree centigrade. Pay-Back period:- 4 months COST BREAK UP: Master Trainer - INR 27,000 (3 months) 20 Trainees - INR 90,000 ( @ 4500 for 3 months) Raw material - INR 27,000 Advertisements and other arrangements - INR 27,000 River coarse mud - 3hrs 2days Next portion of the Training cost shall be invested in Technology (Heating Brass) While Bastar Art is famous for Handmade Art, technology equipments can support in Furnace activities where the last improvement happened 25 years ago. Minimize Drying time. Reduce current 10% Wastage due to Manual operations. Finishing of Artwork Breaking the cast - 0.5hrs - Artwork Preparation Process Time Process Time Govt should think of investing a part of the above training cost to design & provide ADVANCE TRAINING about Application of Colours. Old Art fit to Modern world. Improving quality of Finished goods. RECOMMENDATIONS FUNCTIONAL IMPROVEMENTS USE OF TECHNOLOGY Process Flow Diagram Drying/Heating time Finishing - 1hrs - Mud Coating (3) - 4hrs 5hrs Existing Time Vs Recommended Time Process Time Tar mixture - 0.5hrs -

Process Flow Diagram

Transcript: Linda Jean's Restaurant Equipment QA/QC 1.7.a Front of House 1.12.c Order delivered 2.11 Menus presented and drink order taken 2.3 Electricity Metal Cans Major Aspects of Business Solid Waste Light Used Computer Equipment Order picked up from kitchen window 2.9 Food / supplies delivered 1.2 Drinks delivered and food order taken 2.7 Heat QA/QC 1.14.b Used Dishes QA/QC 1.7.c Customer eats 2.12 Soap Equipment Propane Employee Engagement Electricity Water Cardboard Heat Propane Labor Used Napkins Used Printer Glasses Recyclables 1. Heat 2. Solid Waste Disposal 3. Cleaners 4. Electricity Usage 5. Aging Equipment 6. Labor 7. Food Waste 8. Noise Labor Lock up 3.18 Our order of importance Toxic Cleaner residue/fumes(change SOP around cleaners) Heat generated by electricity use(change equipment to more efficient) Spent Labor(engage employees, maybe offer employees a bonus/gift certificate, etc. if they reduce the most waste) Non-Recyclable waste(eliminate straws, non-essential items generating waste) Emissions generated by electricity use Recyclable Waste Food Waste Waste water Labor Restaurant closing Labor Labor Used Paper Labor Bulk items prepared to order 1.13.a Labor Garbage bins Paper Smell Customer uses restroom 2.16 Ice Dishes reset, continually 3.11 QA / QC 2.10 Light Order processed to kitchen 2.8 Recyclables on Table Spent labor Table prep. Put out: Syrup, Jelly, Etc. 3.5 Paper Cover Residues Food / supplies retrieved and brought upstairs 1.9 Electricity Labor Containers Dry storage 1.6.a Outputs to Reduce: Toxic cleaner residue/fumes Emissions generated by electricity use Heat generated by equipment Food waste Non-recyclable waste Recyclable waste Spent Labor Waste water Prep / Cook Area 1.12.a Straws Used fryer oil Light General items for front house use 1.13.c Cardboard Paper Products To Go Packets Light Customer leaves 2.17 Prepare coffee 3.6 Food / Supplies rotated 1.8.c Electricity QA / QC 2.13 Light Close down: Shut off all equipment and lights 3.17 Used Silverware Electricity Breakfast to lunch / dinner Staff change for front of house and the kitchen 3.12 Food / Supplies rotated 1.8.a Order prepared from POS system 1.13.b Paper QA/QC 1.14.c Electricity IEAGE Parking lot 1.1 Sponges Used equipment Cardboard boxes Used POS Equipment POS System Equipment Bean Waste Rain Fumes Labor End Food / Supplies rotated 1.8.b Labor Plastic Straws Dish Soap Open doors 3.7 Waste separated and moved to outdoor bins for collection 3.9 Electricity Heat QA / QC 2.2 Metal Cans Electricity Storm water runoff Plastic Bags Electricity Order returned to kitchen 2.13.a Equipment Heat Glass Bottles Solid Waste Food Waste Paper Order Ticket Electricity Water Food / supplies placed in storage 1.5 BUBBLE UP / BUBBLE DOWN Water Start Used Equipment Food IEAGE Electricity IEAGE QA/QC 1.7.b Solid Waste QA / QC 2.6 Dishes Electricity Labor Cleaning Products & Materials Check is prepared and delivered 2.14 Light Brushes Food Labor Food Food / supplies moved downstairs via conveyor belt 1.3 Heat Residues Main Line 1.12.b Lights and equipment turned on in kitchen 3.2 Labor To-go Utensils Labor Electricity Labor Chemical Cleaner Plastic Containers QA / QC 1.4 Water Full kitchen cleaning 3.14 Spent labor Customer pays 2.15 Packaged Goods Used fryer oil Light Paper Filters Check refrigeration 3.16 Used Sponges Preparation 1.11 IEAGE Labor IEAGE Litter Glass Bottles Front of House Labor Labor Cleaner Spent labor Electricity Plastic IEAGE Clean Dishes Dirty Dishes Prepared Food Used Brushes Bus-person station cleaned continually 3.8 Spent labor CO2 Used Silverware Electricity Hours of operation: 5:00 AM - 10:00 PM Front of house lights and equipment turned on 3.4 Lemon Propane To-go packets Heat Customer arrives and is seated 2.1 IEAGE Water Clean Silverware Drinks made 2.5 Plastic Containers Electricity Trucks Left-over Food Electricity Spent labor QA / QC 1.10 Equipment Electricity IEAGE Equipment Check opened in POS system 2.4 Order delivered to pickup window 1.15 QA/QC 1.14.a Spent labor Water Coffee Beans Refrigeration 1.6.b Plastic Heat Equipment Administration 3.13 Electricity Freezer 1.6.c Heat Table cleared and prepared for next guest 2.18 Used Ink Cartridge Fryer oil Dishes Water Used equipment Waste Water Suggested Action Plan Meeting Facilitation Experience Electricity Labor Process Flow Diagram Full front of house cleaning 3.15 Labor Electricity Equipment Labor Electricity Dishes washed, continually 3.10 Restaurant opened / Daily Cleaning & Prep. 3.1 Used Dishes Paper Order marked complete in POS system 1.16 Dishes Breakfast prep / utensil & tool setup 3.3 Electricity Labor Heat Light IEAGE Spent labor Electricity Labor Food Waste Clean Dishes Heat Light IEAGE Used POS Equipment Electricity Paper Notepad Spent labor Electricity Labor Spent labor Electricity Electricity Labor Plastic Utensils Heat Light IEAGE Heat Light IEAGE Compost Electricity Labor Heat Light IEAGE Spent labor Paper Napkins Spent labor Gas-burning fumes Heat

Flow Diagram - Process

Transcript: 1 MANAGER RESEARCH Collect Data Process: 1. Get list from FSB + Managers 2. Filter List 3. E-Mail Capability Templates 4. Receive Templates 5. Upload into DB Refine & Coallate Data Process: Maintain Database (Quant & Qual) Collect Screen Data Process: Source Data Upload Data Maintain Data Note: Quant Driven Run Screens Process: Execute Screening Scripts Compile Reports/List (automated) Types: Equity Bonds Absolute Negative (process of elimination) Review Screen Reports FA 1 Process: Basic research - Returns Based (Quants) Organisation, People, Process, Philosophy (Qual) Online & Manager Contact FA 2 Process: Detailed Qual & Quant (Predominantly Holdings) Meet face to face Send out RFI Discuss & Review RFI Perform DD Note: Active engagement with key individuals to understand Org, People, Process, Philosophy Generate Research Reports Discuss Pass/Fail List Present & Discuss Reports Confirm Buylist MARKET RESEARCH Responsibility: All Frequency: Ongoing Discuss Idea Assign to Process Prototype Discuss & Review Implement & Document Buy/Watch/Sell List Native Beta Alpha/Skill SAA Input: Buy list & Benchmark Output: Manager Weights Respondsibility = Investment Analyst TAA Investment Process Input: Collected Screen Data = Return/Performance Data BUT, Requires a defined PROCESS EXECUTION REVIEW Responsibility = Investment Analyst Frequency = Monthly Frequency = Bi-Annual "Decision versus Luck" Output: Log of Ideas Status Quant Tools: BETA Sharpe RBSA Cluster Analysis Risk (holdings - ex-ante) - trend and point-in-time Portfolio Turnover, F.I (Duration, Curve, Credit) Peer Analysis, PODs Factor Analysis Kalmann Filter SKILL CUSUM Performance Attribution Turnover/Trade Analysis Peer Analysis PODs RISK ATTRIBUTION RELATIVE (Short Term) ABSOLUTE (Short Term) 3. Perform Fundamental Analysis RESEARCH Manager Selection Technique = Monte Carlo New Ideas??? Output: Model Portfolios Investment Strategy Report PIMPCO 1 pager Input: Client Mandate & Peer Group Output: Composite Benchmark 2 Frequency = Quarterly Output: BUYLIST (skill and/or unique Beta) DD Report Responsibility = Investment Team Input: Client Mandate & Peer Group Output: Strategy Benchmark Input: MIR Managers FSB/3rd party Vendor Systems RELATIVE (Long Term) Frequency = Bi-Annually (FA2) 1. Define Manager Universe Output: Strategy Weights Input: Naked Beta Views on Market factors NEW IDEAS??? Input: Pass List Return/Performance Data What is the minimum requirement in terms of analysis/info?? DEVILS ADVOCATE Select highest conviction Manager and argue the opposite Challenge Biases Input: New Ideas OUTPUT = 2. Screen Manager Universe Frequency = Quarterly/Monthly Output: Research Agenda Constructive Critiscm Ongoing with priority/focus (minutes) BUYLIST Views of Market Factors in different Scenarios attribution OBJECTIVE = maximise return for a given level of risk Input: FA Pass List FA Reports OUTPUT = Respondsibility = Investment Analyst Manager Selection Output: Asset Class Weight Input: collect data views - covariance, E(R), risk-free, mkt risk premium, prior run BL model debate/review Frequency = Annual (FA1) Responsibility = Investment Analyst Manager Selection TSA Input: Buy list & Benchmark Output: Manager Weights Portfolio Review PERFORMANCE ATTRIBUTION Define Risk = risk of capital loss or Maximum Drawdown Output: FA Pass/Fail List FA Reports PORTFOLIO CONSTRUCTION Decision Matrix Scoring Decisions Investment/Research Analyst DECISION REVIEW 3 Input: All Pass/Fail Lists All Research Reports 4. Perfomance Due Diligence ABSOLUTE (Long Term) Feedback Output: Manager Weights per Asset Class Input: Naked Beta Views on Market factors NEW IDEAS??? PORTFOLIO REVIEW Output: Audit Trail Attribution Reports Action List Discussion Points Output: Opportunity Set Return Data NEW IDEAS SSA Output: Pass/Fail List QuickTake Quant Report Screen Report Portfolio Construction Frequency = Weekly 6. Debate & Review Frequency = Annual

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