Transcript: Kings Life Styles and culture Some of the greatest art came from this time period. The black death swept across Europe killing approximately 1/3 of its population. archery By: Danny Galli Jobs/skills Apothecary Major events Chess Honorable class of soldier in the ranks of midieval military. Usually heavily armored and skilled. Swore to the code of chivalry. In other words, defend the weak, be loyal to their king, and serve God at all times. They were part of the upper class. Supreme ruler of a kingdom. Had highest authority. A kingdom is passed on from king to son upon the kings' death. Checkers Blacksmith Knights The middle ages Most middle age cuisine consisted of the basics like bread, potatos and other home grown products. For the rich, they had more exquisite food like roast pork and elaborate desserts. Most people drank ale, mead and cider, but the rich drank many different wines. Peasants Cuisine Lots of gambling Considered the most painful form of medieval torture, the rack stretches its victims to extremes as it slowly pulls on the victims upper and lower body. Art competitions Law and order >An important occupation in a medieval society. The blacksmith makes the weapons and armor for military use. >The apothecary also played an important role in a kingdom. They helped cure the sick with natural herbs and remedies. Punishments for crimes were extreme in medieval times. They would use torture to intimidate and strike fear into the people of the kingdom. Recreation The life of a peasant in the middle ages was a harsh and enduring one. They worked most of the day and contracted many illnesses due to poor living conditions. The average life expectancy was approximately 35 years.
Transcript: Duties and Responsibilities: The code of chivalry, states that a knight must fight bravely in defense of three masters. Which were his feudal lord, his heavenly Lord, and his chosen lady. A knights main characteristics were to be loyal, brave, and courteous. The chivalrous knight also protected the weak and the poor. Knights also part take in mock battles called Tournaments. They were gruesome and bloody competitions that helped knights train for future battles.In which two armies of knights charged each other, and one side is declared victorious. The competitions are good for the winners, for they can demand large ransoms from the defeated knights. Leather saddles and stirrups changed the way warfare was conducted in Europe during the 700s. Both had been developed in Asia around 200 B.C. The saddle kept a warrior firmly seated on a moving horse. Stirrups enabled him to ride and handle heavier weapons. Without stirrups to brace him, a charging warrior was likely to topple off his own horse. Frankish knights, galloping full tilt, could knock over enemy foot soldiers and riders on horseback. Gradually, mounted knights became the most important part of an army. Their warhorses played a key military role. Help Wanted: Medieval Knight By Breece McCarthy and Carly McDermott Code of Chivalry: Tournaments: Weapons, Armor, Horses, Etc. At a young age, sons of nobles begin training for knighthood. At age seven, a boy would be sent off to the castle of another lord. At around age 14, the page reached the rank of squire. A squire acted as a servant to a knight. At around age 21, a squire officially became a knight. Knights were responsible for protect the lords land. Also, a knight’s main obligation was to serve in battle. From his knights, a lord typically demanded about 40 days of combat a year. A knights pas-times also often revolved around training for war. Wrestling and hunting helped them gain strength and practice the skills they would need on the battlefield. Training:
Transcript: Knight Armor Swords: symbol of knighthood Slashing swords -wide, flat, two edged iron blades Thrusting swords-used after 1350. Had sharp narrow blades. Difficult to use than slashing swords. Long swords-popular in 1300s. Longer and larger than slashing swords. Needed to use two hands. Mace, poleaxes, crossbow, spear, long bow, shield, and swords important during battles made of mail Wore aketon, steel plates, helmets, palindrome, breastplate, couters, and gauntlets to protect upper body Wore cuisses, poleyns, greaves, and sabators to protect lower body hard to move Knights dressed in full armor all looked the same. Medieval Knight Coat of Arms from Narnia Weapons "Coats of Arms" Sewn to cover knights' armor Carried into battles, buildings and tombs. Decorate shields and banners Made up of geometric shapes, plants and animals. Main colors:Blue, Red, Black, Green, and Purple Metal: Silver and Gold. Help recognize one another in battle Prevent killing one another Page, Page, Squire, Knight Charlemagne started it in AD 800 mounted warriors 7 years old-page 14 years old-squire 21 years old-knight bravery and honor protection and respect Heraldry
Transcript: Work Cited Interesting fact Chaucer described the monk as a person who goes against his religion. He does everything that a normal monk does not do. "Hunting was his sport"(Chaucer) ." A maly man , to be Abbott able;" (chaucer) Work Cited Knight Templars, C .G Addison A defense of the order is C. G. Addison, The history of the nights Templars (rev. ed. 1912) There are 3 kinds of friars, the friar minor, friar minor cupichin, friar minor conventual. Believed in education and were a leader in medieval university life. They come from the Catholic church By: Aaron Aguilar, Joe Kirkwood Darnell Kelley The picture he was in the poor class but because of his side buisness he made more than he said he did Work cited Friar * Facts about the friar The friar was a with the church who lied about being able to hear confessions to make a little side profit and he lied about him having a licesense from the pope The young squire was said to be a bit girly and not completely built to be a knight What social Class "The knights were a product of the middle ages coming about and started around the 500 A.D"..." A full armour of a knight could equal up to 60 lbs"( A knights Armour) 4 Facts about the knights The knights were of high social class and recieved gifts of estates and money, and the soon became one of the most powerful in Europe. "For he was qualified to hear confessions,or so he said"(chaucer). "He had a special license from the pope"(chaucer) The squire was of a small social class because he is just starting to go up in the ranks of the knights Columbia electronic enclyclopedia, 6th edi,19/11/14 Copyright of Phoebe Grant's Fascinating Stories of World Cultures & Customs is the property of Allosaurus Publishers The squires serve the knights. They ready the knights to go into tournaments and battles with other knights. The knight and the squire travel together. The squire gets to fight in battle when he is needed(Knight) " A true and gental knight"( chaucer) "Short was his gown, the sleeves were long and wide" (chaucer) Social class Squire Facts and citation Knight,Rouke Publishing,2003,p4,19/11/14 Social class " He was a true and gentle Knight"... "He wore a fustian tunic stained and dark with smudges"... "And in his bearing modest as a maid." Monk Chaucer Critisism Chaucer did not have any satire towards the knight. This was one of the few people that he actually liked Chaucer Desciption , Facts about the monk "When jerusalem fell to the muslims (1187), The templars operated from acre"... " The Templars , who wore the redd cross on a white ground, were greater warriors"..." By the time of of 1291 the Templars had ceased to be promarily a fighting org. The monks are of a poor social class they dont have much but what they have for prayer and religous purposes Corrick, James A. Life of a Medieval knight/ by James A Corrick Copyright 2001 Copyright, © 2005 by The North Carolina Institute For Fitness & Education, Inc. Medieval monks translated early christiona texts from greek and latin. They tried to predict the end of the world . Irish monks embellished early christian material. They worked on hell and 'end times' alot and was the main work of irish monks. Medieval monks had dramatic Impact,29/6/10, Irish Times, The friar Medieval knight
Transcript: Recreation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nDIedN0Tq_E Knight's food Family (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr doodles Their expensive manor house could also be palatial. They looked almost identical to a castle Food-They ate alot of meat like, beef and mutton. Mutton is a type of sheep. Some more popular meats were, vension or deer meat,paultry,game,and wild birds. Only on lent people of the middle ages people would eat fish. Clothing In the year of 1095 AD, the Pope Urban II told knights that they should go and fight for the Holy Land.(That is the land where Jesus lived.) Then in the name of crusades, which ment, "war of the cross." The Pope thought the Christians should have the Holy Land, not the Muslims Their clothing was armor. Armor was mad of small metal rings called chain mail. They also wore linen shirts and a pair of pants with heavy woolen pads underneath their metal-ringed tunic. A single suit of chain mail could have over 200,000 rings. However, it was very uncofortable and difficult to move in. When a son is around the age of 7 or 8 he will train to become a knight in training. Then around the age of 12 he would become a squire. The daughter would marry early around the age of 12 so her family could gain land and power though marriage contact. Religious Beliefs Medieval Knight Footsoilder (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr Around the age of 7, the son,a nobleman would be sent to oy retreive the boy to be sent in a lord's castle as a page. From there, he would learn, swordmanship, horsemanship, and archery. Then somewhere boy around the age of 14, that boy would become a squire. Then at the age of 21, that boy would finally become a knight. Over time, the armor covered their, chest,back,arms,and legs with metal plates. A bullet-proof helmet helped cover the head Archer Knights had to be prepared anytime to give support to their liege lords Housing outlook Work and Duties Vegetables were also very popular. Back then, the veggies they liked were, onions, garlic, and herbs. Knights had manor estates or castles. Knights mainly lived in manor houses. Their manor houses were simple and large and on an estate. photo frame details (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Knights would eat alot of fruits and vegetables because it would help their health and strength. More Info Knight Knight Wealth If a war or some uncivil time came along, the knights had to prepare the army and had to operate as heavy cavalry Living Conditions 1) Jousting 2)Archery
Transcript: a knights home A knight would get to the feast by a horse. He would take his horse where ever he went. He won't take all of his gear to the feast. A knight will wear different clothes to the feast. The knights' family will come to the feast too. A knight might ride in a carriage. knights' transportation a regular day in a knight's life A knights' job would be to keep peace. They would protect the king too. Knights would attack villages to get things. Knights would protect there lords. They would protect the kings stuff. Knights would try to take over other castles. They would protect there village and keep people safe. Knights would protect the castle and country. knight's role in society A knight was a warrior. A knight's job would be to protect the kingdom. They would protect people. Sometimes knights would go to war. Knight's had to keep things safe. They would help people when there was trouble. Knight's would sometimes fight other knight's. They would protect the king and other important people. Knights would pillage things. They would keep people from stealing things. knights' clothing On a regular day, a knight would train to get better. Sometimes knights would go to battle. Knights would serve the king. They could learn more about knights. Knights would spend time with there families. Sometimes they could go into town to get things. They could ride on their horses. knights would have to guard important things. Knights would get the castle ready for a battle. They could go into town to do things. medieval knight Knights had a linen under shirt and pants. They had woolen stockings that covered their legs. Knights had an arming coat stuffed with linen and worn on top. They had a robe with a belt on top of the armor. There hair was cut short. Knights would have chain mail and iron plate to protect themselves. They had covered shoes and an iron helmet. Knights carried a sword and shield. Their shoes plates where made of metal. A knight lived in a stone house. Sometimes the houses were in the castle. Knights were rich. Their houses had more than five rooms. The house would have been big. The knights house was made of stone and wood. The knights' family lived with the knight. The house had lots of windows. It would be a strong house. The house would look nice on the inside because they were rich. knight's job
Transcript: The equipment of a knight Every kinght had: - An armor - Weapons - An horse How to become a knight The knight needed to be fair, right and faithful. The frist duty for a knight is to maintained promises or he was covered of shame. The horse usually had protection around the head and the body. The armor Knights were the second sons of a nobleman therefore they hadn't right to the inherit of their father. Child are sent at the castle of an important nobleman where they learn to fight. When they became adults they left the castle and they lived without a purpose. At 14 years old the aspirant knight became the equerry of a old knight. When he had 21 years he became a knight after the invesiture. The armor was made of chain mail. After the 1300 will introduced the complete metal armor. The virtues of a knight The Knights and the Church Who were the knights... Sword was the most important weapons for a knight but they hadn't also spears and bludgeon. The weapons Medieval Knight The Horse The cristian churc ask for help the knights to the service of an important ideal. Birth of the cavalry.
Transcript: Facts Richard Bigge Facts Every morning I wake up, get dressed and then I go to morning mass and after that I have breakfast. After breakfast I do whatever the lord needs me to do. I then have lunch and after lunch I spend my time practicing horse riding and i sometimes go hunting with my lord. I then have evening prayers and dinner. After dinner there might be some entertainment e.g dancing or jesters. After that it is time for bedtime prayers and bedtime. A knight might also be awarded the Guardianship of a castle on his lord's behalf, where he had hunting rights and other benefits. The average life expectancy of a Knight was around 35. Bibliography Sometimes knights had to compete in jousting tournaments for their lord. Some knights were bound to their lord as a life long commitment while others were on a temporary commitment. A knight was not payed for his services but he received goods and favours in return. life at home was not too different from warfare, a knight served in the retinue of his lord, accompanying him on pilgrimage or when he was required by the king to appear at ceremonial occasions. Local Histories 2010, Myths about the Middle Ages, accessed 23 August 2016, <http://www.localhistories.org/middlemyths.html>. Lords and Ladies 2009, Daily Life of a Knight in the Middle Ages, accessed 23 August 2016, <http://www.lordsandladies.org/daily-life-knight-middle-ages.htm>. Reference 2011, What was the Job of a Medieval Knight, accessed 23 August 2016, <https://www.reference.com/history/job-medieval-knight-2597da0d6888e236>. What did Medieval Knights do 2016, What was the Job of a Medieval Knight, accessed 23 August 2016, <https://www.reference.com/history/did-medieval-knights-a2dd111c59725e17#>. Knights and Armor 2014, Knights and Armor, accessed 23 August 2016, <http://www.knightsandarmor.com/life.htm>. Elgin, K 2006, Knights and Chivalry, Franklin Watts Books, London. FONTS Life of a Knight Daily Activities I was loyal to my Lord and if i remained loyal to him he would continue to provide me with food, water, a place to live and everything else that i need to live. If i did everything right and excelled in my duties I could also become a lord. The quality of my life was pretty good compared to others in my town, I have everything I need, my home is great, my clothing is good and I am a happy man. I started training to become a Knight at the age 7. I went to the home of my Uncle (who was a knight) where i began my apprenticeship. I served first as a page and then as a valet to my lord. I learned horsemanship and how to fight with a sword, shield and lance. I also learned how to look after armor and i was taught a bit about military strategy. When I was 15 I became a squire, a personal attendant to a particular knight. I learnt civility and good manners as well as learning to read and write. At the age of 21 after I had mastered all of these skills I went into the knighting ceremony Richard Bigge
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