Transcript: FREE HIGHER EDUCATION Our Greatest Legacy to Youth million youths of youth aged 16-21 are not in school Senate of the Philippines Privilege Speech September 2016 | Session Hall Article 14 of the 1987 Constitution Section 1 “The State shall protect and promote the right of ALL CITIZENS to quality education at ALL LEVELS and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all. 6.3 54%
Transcript: Personally For Example, BSU is approx $16,442 /yr. With financial aid of a family making under $30,000/yr it can be $6,000/yr. That's 1/5 of the salary income. Get a Trade.. Construction BUT . . . everything that's free is better, right? Graph 1 Show where revenue comes from. (CNN Money) is important College isn't for everyone. Responsibilty The University Graph 2 shows how revenues is spent. Auto Mechanics Plumbing Conclusion Economy Cons of Free Higher Education Whether college should be free i don't know about ... but CHEAPER, yes! Degree vs Diploma
Transcript: Most of these countries are able to afford free higher educaton by raising taxes, but it is also due to a smaller amount of college students. How do They Afford It? How Can We Accomplish This? How Can We Accomplish This? cont'd Is Free Tuition Possible For the U.S.? Free Higher Education What Countries Have Free Tuition? The federal government would pay $2 in matching funds for every dollar states spend on making tuition free at public colleges and universities. Also, it would cut student loan interest rates to about 2% for undergraduates, and allow those with student debt to refinance at low rates. The pricetag: up to $750 billion over 10 years. Denmark, Germany, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Mexico, and Brazil are all able to pride themselves on free higher education. Australia and New Zealand have a system tuition and fees, backed with student loan repayment that is entirely based off of the money you earn after graduating. To pay for it, Sanders would impose a 0.5% fee on stock trades, 0.1% fee on bonds and a 0.005% fee on derivatives. This would raise up to $300 billion a year, according to Warren Gunnels, his policy director, citing a 2012 University of Massachusetts Amherst report. YES!!! Free higher education is definitely possible for the United States. Senator Bernie Sanders, a presidential candidate for the upcoming election has provided a plan to make tuition free for students. There are many colleges and universities that will even pay their students stipends so that they don't have to work part time while in school. All of these amazing benefits in other countries leads us to wonder why the United States hasn't followed their lead.
Transcript: Fabrice & Philippe Free higher education What is free higher eduction? What is Free Higher Education? Right to Education Economy $$ Good or Bad? - 83% of Americans Say They Can’t Afford College -Only 17% believe they can...(US) - 23% went to University (QC) 22 years old (Lowest fees & lowest frequentation) - 38% went to University (CA) Did You Know? Statistics Fees University of Sherbrooke University of Montréal In Québec - Free Education - Governement's $$ - Germany, Findland, Sweden, Norway, Slovenia and Brazil In Other Countries https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P3KU_gB922o Should College Be Free? Video - The World Is Yours - More Opened Doors - Low Fees = Less people (QC) Why Should We? Verdict
Transcript: It will just simply be too expensive Free Education... - late 1980's Australia moved further away from free higher education Gough Whitlam Gough Whitlam Hawke Government - described as 'regressive' by John Dawkins (higher education minister) - We only have one government funding more than 100. Germany 16 Lander funding more than 100 "We believe that a student's merit, rather than a parent's wealth, should decide who should benefit from the community's vast financial commitment to tertiary education'' - Gough Whitlam, 1972 - After the 2014 budget, students went from paying 41% of the cost of their education to paying 52% Why should we have to consider what they can afford, rather than what our capabilities are? - Fee reversal could happen in Australia HECS Free Higher Education GERMANY - 'Participation is still unequal for many groups of Australians, such as for Indigenous, regional and disabled students' ... the reality is, for so many people, university is unaffordable Why do Indigenous students still only make up 1 per cent of higher education enrolments in Australia? The Private Health Insurance rebate: $2.5 billion annually Recent rounds of tax cuts: $6.25 billion annually Politics $$$ Australia vs. Germany '... education should be free' - Gough Whitlam Example: Completing a Law Degree - The deregulation of student fees means the cost of education will soar Abolishing student fees: $1.5 billion Increasing student support: $500 million Addressing all areas? $3 billion annually - Abolished higher education fees in 2014 'If this funding and mass amounts of money was redirected to public services, including higher education, our country would be in for a chance of removing fees and other barriers to participation, and be on the road to free higher education yet again. - In Australia, university costs have risen as a response to lower levels of public support - Germany have always viewed higher education as more important - Germany agree to pay higher taxes Before 2014: $49,000 and take 19 years to pay off After 2014: $182, 292 and take 40 years to pay off "Whitlam's higher education agenda and Dawkin's had one thing in common: to take away any need for people to find money to enrol in university" - Bruce Chapman Although, the government is willing to spend big money in other ways... 'Your future is Australia's future'
Transcript: “If an education is available only to those who can afford it, if an education is a commodity to be purchased in the marketplace — in what sense can it really be called public?”(Bady). Agreement #2 Neither Yglesias nor Bady would have a problem with this because it is making college more affordable and is not taking away any money from faculty at universities. Agreement #1 Bady Collaboration Will Free Higher Education Make More People Go to College? Need an education to make a fair living. Statistics: 86.5% correlation between education level and yearly income 1937 15% high school students went on to higher education 1970, 26% middle-class workers had any kind of education beyond high school Today, nearly 60 percent of all jobs in the U.S. economy require higher education Yglesias Tuition Ceiling Aaron Bady & Matthew Yglesisa agree a college education was branded as commodity Free Higher Education Bady: YES! The reason people aren't going to college is because they cannot afford it. It is very important in today’s world to have higher education in order to be successful. While Yglesias sees many problem with this, Bady believes higher education should be free. Because they had some areas of agreement we were able to find a compromise that will please both parties to some degree. As mentioned above the compromise includes the creation of a lowered tuition ceiling, and increasing high school students’ knowledge of scholarships. This satisfies Bady’s concern of government intervention, and Yglesias’ want of student self-help. “A logical place to raise the money would be—tuition. After all, a college degree is a valuable commodity. And the kids in college are mostly from families with above-average incomes.” (Yglesias) Scholarships Lowered tuition ceiling would help to make pricing correlate to the consumer price index. Is a college degree really considered a commodity? Conclusion Is college really "public"? Disagreement #2 Works Cited ”Some toll roads are owned and operated by state governments and some by the private sector. But does the driver care who owns the road? I doubt it; the important thing is whether the road is free and open to all or whether it can be used only by those who can afford to drive on it. The same is true of public and private universities: A university is public only if those who need to use it can do so” (Bady). Yglesias: NO! While money may be a contributing factor, it is low test scores that are keeping low-income people from going to college. How Should the Government be Involved? Both Bady and yglesias agree higher education is being state controlled. Bady, Aaron. "Public Universities Should Be Free." Aljazeera. N.p., 19Nov. 2013. Web. 1 Apr. 2014. Davis, Aaron. "D.C. Council, mayor spar over $100,000 scholarships for public school students." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 13 Nov. 2013. Web. 16 Apr. 2014. hanord, emily. "The Value of a College Degree." The Value of a College Degree. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2014. Hewitt, doug . "Millions of dollars in scholarships go unclaimed." Examiner.com. examiner, 24 May 2009. Web. 16 Apr. 2014. jaschik, scott. "Ceiling for Tuition Hikes | Inside Higher Ed." Ceiling for Tuition Hikes | Inside Higher Ed. N.p., 16 Feb. 2010. Web. 16 Apr. 2014. Korry, Elaine. "Making the College Scholarship System Work." NPR. NPR, 24 May 2005. Web. 16 Apr. 2014. Pearson. "The Relation Between Educational Level and Income on StatCrunch." The Relation Between Educational Level and Income on StatCrunch. N.p., 9 Mar. 2010. Web. 16 Apr. 2014. Yglesias, Matthew. "Three Problems With Making College Free." Moneybox. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2014. Initial Thoughts Pros- More people could go to college It would make college less stressful Cons- Degrees would become less valuable Could be seen as wasteful if people did not complete their degrees Opposing Arguments Aaron Baady For free higher education Post-doctoral at the University of Texas and teaches African Literature Matthew Yglesias Against free higher education American Economist, political blogger, and Harvard graduate Introduction Yglesias: Higher education should not be the government's first priority. Education should be addressed in the following way: preschool, community colleges, high-poverty elementary schools, high-poverty high schools, four-year college Disagree because it would cut down faculty and staffs’ pay. “I agree with Bady that there's an important sense in which the best-known public institutions of higher education aren't public. But it isn't that they aren't free. But schools that only let you in if you have high SAT scores—whoever owns them and whatever they charge—aren't public in this sense.” (Yglesias) Disagreement #1 Agree because it allows help from the government for the students Statistics: $100 million annually goes unawarded The U.S department of education conducted study says average scholarship award was found to be $2,815” Bady: The government should provide free higher
Transcript: GO!!!!! "FY 2015 Department of Education Justifications of Appropriation Estimates to the Congress." FY 2015 Department of Education Justifications of Appropriation Estimates to the Congress. Department of Education, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014. "Government Spending Piechart." Government Spending Details: Federal State Local for 2014. Government Spending.com, n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2014. "Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Student Debt (HBO)." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2014. all federal grants/scholarships/financial aid will be taken away if extra funds are needed for the future free education candidates; money will be reallocated from the D.O.D to the D.O.E. raise education standards in public schools (common CORE) teacher training would also be raised limited to a certain GPA and test scores. (SAT/ACT) Open for Questions China outperforms average income accounted Ranked 9th 'Universitas 21 Ranking NHES UK rises to 8th U.S. #1 overall The feds can reallocate money as they chose if one department needs it in the middle of the year. How this will change the current status: free higher education in public schools Overall change: Alex Universitas 21 Main Ranking Helped men transition Rural farms > urban occupations preparing ministries community leaders Elite colleges: Harvard, Oxford, Cambridge Not everyone can have this More incentive to go Specialized referendums can be passed to reallocate money planing to be cut in one year to the DOE. Especial processable with major cuts in the DOD as we see now. Citations skylar better job prospects government subsidies competition in education Government grants are given out for education and research. All money that would go to grants can be reallocated to the DOE. "Education make a people easy to lead, but difficult to drive: easy to govern, but impossible to enslave." Peter Brougham Education rankings world wide Wesley Higher percentage of getting a job soon after graduating. Early colleges established Harvard, Oxford, Cambridge Trained men: Ministry Mid 1600's Puritan gov't Referendums What we learned: Skylar How are we going to do this? more educated nation better functioning D.O.E. higher world rank for education If more people go, the education level will heighten. "No one should be in debt for wanting to go to college." skylar continued... Relocation Less fortunate young men and woman get the same chances to exceed. skylar 1984-#1 in the world High school/College 1984-85: $4,563 All institutions tuition, room, board 2012-#17th in the world 2013-14: $15,434 Many Stafford Student Loans given to students who will use them on private schools. Think of how many colleges there are in Arizona that aren't the big three. putting money from scholarships etc. -> general tuition = open opportunity & better options later degree v. no degree in job market? what you do with the degree matters more than where you get it Danielle History of higher education History of Higher education continued... GRANTS Reduce our Losses 1. United States 2. Sweden 3. Canada 4. Denmark 5. Finland 6. Switzerland 7. Netherlands 8. United Kingdom 9. Australia 10. Singapore Why is higher education so expensive?
Transcript: Necessary Evil Right to be educated Growth Development Scientific Research Innovation Inventions and Discoveries Results? What about the skill gap? Minimizing Economic Stress Free Education Rafay Adeel Underprivileged get a chance to break the vicious poverty cycle Increased Employment Better Candidates for all job types Rational Citizens Withholding knowledge is ethically wrong What if our ancestors had never taught us to produce fire? Nature is not privately owned, thus everyone has the right to know about it. Imagine a world where scientific research was kept secret. Increased Productivity More responsible Sensitive to real world problems Rational decision making Not so fast..
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