Transcript: A social care worker: As a health or social care worker, you are given responsibilities to take reasonable care of yourself and others in the workplace. Whilst at work you need to follow the policies and procedures of your employer and not act in a way which will cause an accident or ill health to yourself or others. You will work with a number of individuals who all have different needs and who require different types of care and support. Any task you do whilst at work, must not put them at risk. An example of how you can take reasonable care of those within your workplace would be to report anything that could cause someone to trip or fall, like a frayed carpet or a wet floor, and take any action that you are asked to do. Every person within a health and social care environment has to be risk assessed for everything they do, this is how they are protected. For example, if someone has needs and they need to be supported using equipment, the person and the equipment will be risk assessed to make sure that it is safe to use, all risks are minimized and the equipment is in working order Key legislation Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (amended 2002) Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002 Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981 Health and safety presentation A Comparison of the differences in responsibilities of each of the following: How H&S polices and procedures protect people using social care
Transcript: The right lighting reduces eyes strains and headaches. A proper desk will let you find the perfect working position. SEO Posture RSI Symptoms Work Safely SOCIAL Thankyou for watching my presentation. Adjust your chair Adjust the seat height so that your feet are flat on the floor and your knees equal to, or slightly lower than, your hips. RSI Muscle and joint pains can be caused by poor workstation (desk) design. Muscles and tendons can become painful with repetitive movements and awkward positions. Injuries of the hand or arm Focusing your eyes at the same distance point for a long period of time causes eye fatigue. CMS Position it so it's directly in front of your body.Make sure that you have it centred with your body. Adjust the monitor so the top of your eyes are level with the top of the computer screen. Safety Issues Andre De Faria Safety Issues Keep your feet flat on the floor and your knees slightly lower than your thighs. When you type, hold your fingers in a straight line from your keyboard. Posture related injuries Social aching pains in arms wrists even after rest weakness swelling tenderness numbness pins and needles or burning sensation Andre De Faria Sit close to your keyboard Repetitive strain injury (RSI) is damage to the fingers, wrists and other parts of the body due to repeated movements over a long period of time Ensure that you work safely Health and Safety Eyestrain from computer use PLATFORMS Position your monitor correctly Posture
Transcript: Health and Safety at work Presented by Andrew Abbott What is bacteriaology? Section A Bacteriology "Branch of microbiology dealing with the study of bacteria" (Britannica, 2010) Biological contamination is "when bacteria or toxins contaminate food and is a common cause of food poisoning and food spoilage" (Institute of Food Safety, 2017). Bacteria utilise many objects for transporting. they include: Dust Raw meat Pets and pests The air Food handler's clothing Bacterial Contamination Bacterial Contamination PICTURE Physical Contamination Physical Contamination Physical Contamination occurs when 'foreign agents' or visIble objects that potentially contaminates food products, such as: Human fragments (hair, skin, etc.) Plastic or metal remains Excess vegetable matter Animals / Insects / Humans PICTURE Chemical Contamination Chemical Contamination Chemical contamination would stem from consuming produce that contains Indigestable / poisonous chemicals. i.e. PestIsides / Lubricants, Kitchen cleaning agents, Equipment maintenance products, or chemicals being exposed to wildlife / sea life. PICTURE Types of bacteria Section B Types of Bacteria Red indicates: Foodborne Infections Yellow indicates: Food Poisoning Information had been gathered from (Fellows, 2016) book, 'Food Safety Made Easy'. Common Sources: Raw chicken / Raw meats Untreated milk Animals and Birds Contaminated Water Campylobacter Jejuni (Campy-lob-acter Je-juni) Campylobacter Jejuni (Campy-lob-acter Je-juni) Symptoms: Diarrhoea Abdominal Pains Nausea Onset times vary between 2-5 days Picture Sources include: Raw meat / Poultry Eggs and untreated milk Guts of animals People / Pests / Roadents Sewage Salmonella Salmonella Symptoms include: Abdominal Pains Vomiting Fever Diarrhoea Onset Times range from 12-36 hours Picture Sources include: Vegetables Raw meats Animals and Human waste Dust & Soil Insects Staphylococcus Aureus (Staphy-loco-ccus Aureus) Staphylococcus Aureus (Staphy-loco-ccus Aureus) Symptoms include: Abdominal pains Diarrhoea Vomiting Onset Time varies between 1-7 hours upon initial consumption Picture Common sources include: Raw & undercooked meats and poultry (especially minced beef) Untreated Dairy products Contact with farm animals E-Coli (0157) E-Coli (0157) Symptoms include: Diarrhoea (can potentially contain blood) Can lead to kidney failure (long-term affects) Abdominal pains Onset times range from 3-4 days upon consumption Picture Section C Differences between Foodborne Infections and Food poisoning Foodborne Illness Differences between Foodborne Illness and Food poisoning Food Poisoning Chain Food Poisoning Chain Prevention methods Section D Prevention Methods Prevent cross contamination (Food Safety Act, 1990) Preventing all forms of contamination across the workplace Preventing all forms of contamination across the workplace Wear correct uniform (PPE, 2002) Exercise 'Due Diligence' at all times By law (HASAW, 1974), all food handlers / producers must Official trained by EHP (Environmental Health Practitioners) from FSA (Food Standards Agency, created in April 2000). Or a certified external trainer for various levels required. Health and Safety courses Health and Safety courses
Transcript: All information you recieve from a client, must stay confidential at all times . Failure to comply with this act could result in loss of clients , disciplinary or even job loss prosecution. Disposing different types of waste if you have any cotton pads or any waste containing bodily liquid you have to put that in the yellow bin otherwise waste goes in the normal bin The Data Protection Act is an act to make provision of the regulation, of processing of information , relating to individuals including the obtaining, holding use or disclosure of such information. Working in the salon, we keep data on clients when we record information on client record cards and the computer appointment system. The trade description Act is an act of the parliment, of the united kingdom, which prevents manufactures, retailers or service industry, prevents from misleading, consumers as to what they are spending money on. This law empowers the judicary to punish companies or individuals who make false claims. Each product you are selling in a salon , should be sold as described. Conclusion Personal protective equipment This equipment provents you from getting things on you that will hurt you Plastic gloves tunic coverd shoes aprons pants wearing the correct uniform This is put in place for any job in industry that works with hazadorous chemicals . Health and Safety Presentation Outcome 2 Tidying up after your treatments setting it up correctly before hand making everything id stored away correctly washing hands regularly wearing the correct PPE Sale and Supply of Goods As Hairdressers and therapist we need to know the different legislation acts the first act is , The Health and Safety Act The Health and safety act is the unmberella act for other health and safety legislation covering a variety of safe working practicies within the working enviroment The Act includes guidlines such as managment of safety at work safe equipment and systems at work protective equipment handaling chemicals and substances electricity first aid Handaling and moving objects fire precautions The importance of reporting and recording accidents and responsibilites under riddor It is a legal requirement to record accidents.The therapist knows how to set things up and treat the client before hand. For example if the client had a broken hand. She would not be able to bend it so the therapist would have to set up the bed with extra pillows to make the client comfertable. She would need a rest for the clients arm. She would need to record this injury as part of the salon rules and regulations. Manual Handling Manual Handling Operations regulations 1992 If you are lifting off a high shelf , or lifting heavy equipment , you have to be careful, this is the part of the regulation to keep yourself safe in the salon/workplace. By Sophie Louise Maddocks The Sale of Goods Act 1979 (c 54) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which regulates English contract law and UK commercial law in respect of goods that are sold and bought. The Act consolidates the original Sale of Goods Act 1893 and subsequent legislation, which in turn had codified and consolidated the law. Since 1979, there have been numerous minor statutory amendments and additions to the 1979 Act. The Act applies to contracts where property in 'goods' is transferred or agreed to be transferred for a monetary consideration, in other words: where property (ownership) in personal chattels is sold. Disposing of Different Types of waste If you come across a hazrad you should find the manager of the salon and they will put you in touch with someone who could take it further Different legislation Acts Legislation and regulations are run by the goverment and this means there are laws and policies to follow in your salon or if you are in the industry , or mobile therapist ect. The beauty and Hairdressing code of practice is H.A.B.I.A. The Act was passed to make sure people will take reasonable care of themselves. Under this act you as an employee have the responsibility of health and safety The work places policy employers responsibilty for safety of there own staff,/ employeees, clients in brief, hold current valid insurance. we can keep our tools and equipments clean by using things such as barbicide for tweezers and wax cleaner etc COSHH- Controle of substances Hazadorous to Health Regulations 2003 All hazadorous chemicals have to be stored , handaled used and disposed of according to salon regulations, manufacturers instructions and local by laws Chemicals can be used by anyone in the salon and when you have used them you simply just put them in the bin Hazadorous chemicals should ... be kept in the coshh cupboard under the sink in other locked cupboards Some hazards in Salons are wax on the floor wires hanging wet hands Blocking the fire exit Leaving heated tools on Chairs in the way clothes equipment on the floor Avoid lifting heavy equipment Wet Floors Oil on the floor PPE Health and Safety
Transcript: Save on the Home Drive (Z:) Exposure- Press the button half way down and the lights will flash for Focus. Risk Assessment how much light it takes in 1/2 of the budget goes on printing so only print of necessary work and NONE from other departments! Auto - Focus on the foreground Manual - Focus on the background. Media Suite Health and Safety Presentation remember that you're representing TRC! Blue Screen- to manipulate the background More light - narrow Lighting- Diffuser: (like and umbrella light to evenly spread the light) Think of the public's health and safety. (distractions for drivers?) Professionalism The community for us is the Media Community (Media Department). We must all get along as adults. Quicker - more light allowed through (Lots of detail) Slower-takes in the light but slower (blurs light to create effects) Aperture Make sure the lense cap is on when not in use. Focus: Manual - can turn the lense Automatic - can't turn the lense Street Crime Conduct Studio Can be booked out between 8:45am - 4:30pm Less light - wide Risks Outside Check equipment before you leave (Professionalism) Risks in the Studio They have a disposable lense which you can change. Good screen that isn't LCD. Electrocution Hot bulbs Cables Low Roof No fire exit No Smoking Take a phone (have credit and charge!) No food and drink in the media suite of near the technology. Be careful of Street Crime, watch your equipment! Community BACK UP WORK ON A USB STICK SLRs Phone the police and report the thieves straight away. Then phone college and tell Steve so he can replace the equipment. Giving you vital skills for a Professional Workplace. Mainly about how you conduct and present yourself. Leave the room as you find it Shutter Speed You have a responsibility for you and others (your models) Low film stream- portraits (more clearer) High film stream- for dimly lit areas Be professional No alcohol No swearing No homophobia Don't offend disabled people or the elderly Act as an adult Health and Safety Tell somebody where you're going and when you'll be back Equipment how much light is absorbed If someone threatens you then give them the equipment, don't risk your life! Single Lense Reflect Look at the risk of injury If there's any broken equipment Theft of equipment (report immediately if so)
Transcript: H&S Induction Health and Safety at work Order (NI) 1978 Health and safety at work Employers duties A safe system of work A safe place of work Safe equipment, plant and machinery Safe and competent people working alongside you, because employers are also liable for the actions of their staff and managers Informing workers fully about all potential hazards associated with any work process, chemical substance or activity, including providing instruction, training and supervision Appointing a competent person responsible for health and safety ,competent persons, such as a head of health and safety, oversee day-to-day safety management, oversee safety inspections, and liaise with staff safety reps Consulting with workplace safety representatives and attending a workplace safety committee if two or more safety reps request one Providing adequate facilities for staff welfare at work other duties Duties on you (The Employee) take reasonable care of the health and safety of themselves and of others who may be affected by what they do or do not do cooperate with the employer on health and safety matters not misuse any equipment that is provided for safety purposes (eg fire extinguishers or safety goggles) follow instructions from the employer on health and safety matters and attend relevant health and safety training report hazards and defects observed in the workplace. Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) COSHH COSHH covers substances that are hazardous to health. Substances can take many forms and include: chemicals products containing chemicals fumes dusts vapors mists nanotechnology gases and asphyxiating gases and biological agents (germs). If the packaging has any of the hazard symbols then it is classed as a hazardous substance. germs that cause diseases such as leptospirosis or legionnaires disease and germs used in laboratories. COSHH does not cover lead,asbestos or radioactive substances because these have their own specific regulations symbols and what they mean Safety Data Sheets Safety data sheets provide information on chemical products that help users of those chemicals to make a risk assessment. They describe the hazards the chemical presents, and give information on handling, storage and emergency measures in case of accident. By law suppliers of chemicals must provide an up to date safety data sheet if a substance is dangerous for supply. COSHH assessments COSHH Assessments Coshh assessments are risk assessments drawn up based on hazardous material You should Gather information about the hazardous properties of the substances, the work, and the working practices (or find out what the problems are) and a copy of the Safety data sheet How chemicals enter your body? In order for a chemical to harm a person's health, it must first come into contact or enter the body, and it must have some biological effect on the body. There are four major routes by which a chemical may enter the body: Inhalation (breathing) Skin (or eye) contact Swallowing (ingestion or eating) Injection How they enter the body and what precautions you can take Precautions Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2000 Risk assessments Also known as the 'Management Regs', these came into effect in 1993. Main employer duties under the Regulations include: making 'assessments of risk' to the health and safety of its workforce, and to act upon risks they identify, so as to reduce them (Regulation 3); appointing competent persons to oversee workplace health and safety; providing workers with information and training on occupational health and safety; and operating a written health and safety policy. Examples Risk assessment The Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981 First Aid and Accidents reporting Employers are legally required to arrange for the immediate care of any staff who have an accident or become ill while they are at work. Employers must: assess your first aid needs based on the hazards and risks involved in your workplace provide appropriate equipment and enough trained first aiders to help injured or ill staff. Accidents Accidents All accidents, near misses and dangerous occurrences that involve, or may be attributed, to an Whale employee, contractor, must be reported and accident reports completed for site. Accidents must be recorded in the Accident Book provided. Ensure you know: Who the First Aiders are Where the First Aid boxes are Where the Accident Book is kept Certain accidents and dangerous occurrences have to be reported to the Health & Safety Executive under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR). Fire Each employer shall ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the safety of his employees in respect of harm caused by fire in the workplace. A reasonable person will be nominated in each business and as the responsible person they must carry out and regularly review a fire risk assessment of the premises. This
Transcript: Ergonomics Back Strain Solutions: Health and Safety Repetitive Strain Injury Provide tiltable screens Provide anti-glare screen filters Provide adjustable chairs Provide foot supports Make sure lighting is suitable Make sure workstations are not cramped Plan work at a computer so that there are frequent breaks Pay for appropriate eye and eyesight tests by an optician Solutions Symptoms include: Eye Strain In ICT Use monitors which don't flicker Have blinds at the windows so that the sun doesn't shine directly on the screen Use suitable lights that disperse light evenly and don't shine on the screen Use a screen filter Keep your eyes at least 18 inches from the screen Regularly look away from the screen and focus on something in the distance Take regularly breaks - at least 5 minutes break every hour Have regular eye tests and wear glasses if prescribed Complete the Health and Safety Game URL: http://interactdev1.co.uk/oldham/unit2/Health&Safety/flash/comp_room.htm Working Environment Solutions List the issues associated with Health & Safety in ICT Identify the solutions associated with the issues of Health and Safety Make sure your posture is correct Have a five-minute break from typing every hour. Ensure workstation and chair is the correct height Support wrists by using wrist rests Keep elbows close to your sides The science concerned with designing safe and comfortable working environments for humans. This includes furniture design and the design of parts of the computer like the keyboard and mouse. Objectives The law states that an employer must: Some of the things that people can do to help avoid back pain are: •Use a fully adjustable chair. The height of the chair and the seat position should be easy to change. •Use footrests so that the legs are kept at a more natural angle •Use a monitor which is adjustable. Position it so that the neck doesn't have to bend •Take regular breaks and walk about. •Sit with the back straight and the head up, don't slouch There should be no trailing wires Food and drink should not be placed near a machine Electrical sockets must not be overloaded There must be adequate space around the machine Heating and ventilation must be suitable Lighting must be suitable with no glare or reflections Benches must be strong enough to support the computers Burning or itching eyes Blurring or double vision Headache Nausea Fatigue (RSI) is damage to the fingers, wrists and other parts of the body due to repeated movements over a long period of time.
Transcript: Causes Incapacitation means that the worker is absent or is unable to do work that they would reasonably be expected to do as part of their normal work. However, under EU law, employers and others with responsibilities under RIDDOR must still keep a record of all over three day injuries – if the employer keeps an accident book, then this record will be enough. The deadline by which the over-seven-day injury must be reported has also increased to fifteen days from the day of the accident. you can report accidents online at ; http://www.hse.gov.uk/riddor/report.htm#onlineReport of a case of disease. https://extranet.hse.gov.uk/lfserver/external/F2508AEReporting accidents and incidents at work http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg453.htm formulating legislation -Scaffolding planks to be secured -1st aid training to all staff -working at heights regulation -heavy lifting -load bearing lifting equiptment -balancing loads -record accidents -formulate trends to see what -accidents are more likely to occur -create action plan of what needs to be done Accident Reporting -Fallen masonry -incorrect storage methods -inexperienced personal (ie.trainees) -unsecured scaffolding -overload on pallets -poor supervision -no senior management on sites There are certain procedures employers can do to try to prevent re-occuring incidents. Self-checksThose exposed to hazards who have been properly trained in how to look for easily recognisable signs and symptoms of disease. •They should know who to go to if they find anything that causes them concern (eg where employees notice sore, red and itching skin and work with substances that cause skin damage). •Note that self-checks on their own are not enough to comply with the regulations and can only be done as part of an overall health surveillance programme, eg where they complement checks by a responsible person. A responsible person making basic checks for signs of diseaseAnyone trained to identify straightforward signs and symptoms caused by working with certain substances or processes (eg skin inspections where people work with wet cement, or self-reported symptoms of using vibrating tools. •Managers, supervisors or first aiders could carry out these checks. •An occupational health doctor or nurse should train these people to recognise signs or symptoms that need further assessment and to know when and how to refer employees. •A responsible person must not be expected to diagnose the possible cause of symptoms. Enquiries about symptoms, inspection and examination by a qualified personUsually an occupational health nurse (eg for signs of asthma) or someone with technical knowledge (eg an audiologist carrying out hearing tests or someone trained to do lung function tests). Clinical examinationsShould be carried out by or be supervised by a doctor. •In some cases this is a legal duty (eg for employees exposed to lead); in others the nature of the tests will need the expertise of a doctor to interpret the results and advise on their significance. •Examination by a doctor is also likely to be necessary where health surveillance by a responsible person or an occupational health nurse has identified possible work-related ill health issue that needs further investigation, diagnosis and treatment. Biological monitoring and biological effect monitoringIn general, these should be carried out by or supervised by a doctor. Examples are tests for lead and mercury in blood, and cadmium in urine. However, in some circumstances, the actual taking of samples can be straightforward and be carried out by a suitably trained person. by Luke Conroy As of 6 April 2012, RIDDOR’s over-three-day injury reporting requirement has changed. The trigger point has increased from over three days’ to over seven days’ incapacitation (not counting the day on which the accident happened). Reporting no penalty system in place only site diary, no incident book no training provided not reported to HSE . incident caused over 8 day absence
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