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Coal/ Coal Mining

Transcript: Tech and Science Assignment Coal was formed about 300 million years ago and it is made up of remains from plants and animals. It is a non-renewable source and it is the third major resource for energy. To get it from underground, you need to use drills and machines to dig it up. Coal is used for heat and for electricity. Uses for long time/Burns Slowly/Very Useful Found almost everywhere (Convenient) Cheapest Source for Energy Provides job for people (Shipping, Mining) Gives off pollution when burned and when transfered into atmosphere (CO2, Greenhouse Gases) Largest contributor to Global Warming When mining for Coal, could cause death because dangerous Harmful emission of chemicals Pollutants cause acid rain In mines, pollutants can escape and contaminate water, air The problem about coal mining is that when you are mining for it, it releases some bad pollutants (methane, coal dust) into the air which starts to build up on pollution. Basically even BEFORE you burn coal as electricity, you are still causing pollution into the air, by mining for it and burning it. Also with these pollutants, it make thousands of people sick every year so it affects the world as pollution and the health of many people. Since they use the same amount resources, why can't we use Solar Power more rather than Coal for energy use? By Tiffany 7-3 Positive Impacts about Coal/Coal Mining Problem about Coal Mining Sources Since most of our electricity and heat is run by coal, what we can do is conserve the power by using less electrical items in our homes. Turn off any unnecessary sources that are not being used Eg. When no one at home is watching TV, you can turn it off to save some power. With us using less electricity in our homes, we are causing less pollutions going into the air by coal being generated in factories to conduct the electricity. Sand used to build panels Coal Coal used in Factories for Electricity and power Solution #2 Solar Power Coal/Coal Mining Facts about Coal and Coal Mining and solutions on how we can stop or improve on this... Panels used for Solar Power and is Renewable Factories give off CO2 and pollution Use of Coal Negative Impacts about Coal/Coal Mining Solution #1 What is Coal? We can use reusable sources such as Water power, Solar Power, Wind Power and Biomass instead of a non-reusable source that when used, produces pollutants and pollution into the world. Even though to use reusable sources may be expensive to build (Eg. Wind Mill, Solar Panels) it is a better alternative. This here also helps make the air cleaner so there are less sicknesses of people from the pollutants.

Coal Mining

Transcript: What do we use coal for? Environmental Impact 60% of our coal comes from surface mines. Kentucky, West Virginia, Pennsylvania produce almost half the coal production in the United States. Coal Mining 43 Total Reserves % of Total U.S 37 29 Where can we find coal? Local Coal Mines How much coal is being produced? 5 The first industrial use of coal was in 1788. They heated the coal and drawling out the iron used to make nails. How can we get it? 63 The first coal company was the Leghigh Mining Company in 1820. All the coal that we use today was formed millions of years ago. Coal is sometimes called Burned Sunshine. It is made up of plants that originally got their life from the sun. We get coal through mining. Surface Mining: Coal is at the top of the surface of the earth, usually 200 feet or less. There is no need to dig a shaft. 49 155 Ashley Ruggles Block 1 Mr. Moyer 71 24 Surface Illinois Michigan and Illinois coal are persevered in large basins. 120 Whats it like being a coal miner? All Others What is the history of coal? The united states produces 1 billion ton of coal every year but we use .9 billion and export the rest. Gas masks filters out harmful gas, ankle straps hold the miner's pant legs so they don't get caught in machinery, safety glasses, steel-toed shoes, and a hard hat. Large fans move fresh air through the mine. Miners check the air every 20 minutes to make sure fresh air is moving through the mine to take away harmful chemicals and gases. Underground Mining: Deeply barred coal underground that needs a coal shaft to extract the coal. 54 474 Whats it like being a coal miner? 1.) To make a profit Why do we mine? Electricity: Coal runs the electricity through your house. Electric stove uses about have a ton of coal a year. An electric heater uses two tons a year. Coal isn't the only thing used to make electricity,;oil, natural gas, nuclear power, and hydraulic power are other ways coal is used. Heat: Coal provides heat and power to make paper, glass, and the process the food we eat. Appalachian Fields: from Pennsylvania to Alabama 1914 employment reaches over 180,000 workers. Montana Underground 15 86 Process of Turning Coal into Electricity Coal miners have died a lot in the past from collapses roof of the underground mines. Steel: The iron and steel industries use a special kind of coal in the steel-making process, "metallurgical" coal is made into coke, the main fuel in a blast furnace. The furnace makes pig iron, that, along with scrap metal, in the steel making process. Exports: Exported to other countries like Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Canada. It is formed right out of where plants grow. 1.) Coal is mined and taken to a power plant. By burning coal the ash and sulfur get into the air and pollute the air. High contents of coal being burned is usually where you would find highly acid drainage and the local water table is lower. West Virginia 2.) Coal is burned in a broiler which causes the water in the broiler pipes to become steam. Kentucky Physical Geology Book coal pamphlet power from coal packet class notes 1969, the Coal Mine Health and Safety Act passed by Congress. What is coal? What are the Risk Factors of Being a Coal Miner? Total U.S How do we get it? 2.) Inexpensive and efficient way to generate energy 32 1900 total fatality of coal mining is 13,000 men, woman, and children. 27 Wyoming Far western fields: extend from New Mexico northward through the rocky mountains to Montana and the Great Plains of North Dakota. The Far Western Fields contain up to 100 ft in thickness with large basins, generally low rank, being either lignite or subituminous coal. The coal here is in very high demand because it has less sulfur than Eastern coal. 319 Works Cited 25.3 16.5 14.6 7.8 6.1 29.7 100.0 What is the history of coal? What is the history of coal? Miners usually work 8 hour shifts, sometimes at night. When underground, miners take serious precaution. The miners take training classes so they can work safely in the mines. They wear several items to protect him/her self. Miners wear a self-rescuer, strapped to a miner's belt. What do we use coal for? 69 3.) Most abundant Back in the Carboniferous Age, or coal forming period, there giant ferns and when they died, water and mud washed over them. layers and layers of dead plants were buried under prehistoric forest and seas, the weight of the water and mud compressed these plants, leaving a rich layer of carbon. Miners don't think about the roof collapsing but the long term effect. Coal Worker's Pneumoconiois also know as "black Lung". Black Lung is when the dust from the coal gets into their lungs when they breath it in and can cause cancer. This does not happen right away but can develop over time. There are local mines in Stark County

Coal Mining

Transcript: West Virginia ranks 3rd in USA for coal production and 4th in proven reserves mines are gaseous and dangerous many explosions hundreds of miners killed from explosions ~65 tons of rock come down when mines cave in no job more dangerious than coal mining 1300 miners were killed in 1913 •world war to united people •coal miners refused to work •the government was abusing coal miners •john l was trying to help coal miners •coal miners were losing much of their wages •coal miners came back to work o June 7Th •Roosevelt said if they didn't come back they would be replaced there were new machines •the new machine could get 10 tons of coal in 1-2 minutes •a man could get 15 tons of l in 1 whole day •went from 25 to 7 man crew with new machines •increased black lung chances due to more dust •caused serious health problems had large families mining was in medieval times life was rough made a very little money could not afford much food lived in closed camps they were not payed for their work they were not teated fairly with the law payed other from the miners worklived in closed coal mining hurts the land and the families of the miners received a company wage, lived in company towns, and shopped at company stores - had very few choices Battle of Blair Mountain, August 1, 1921 10,000 miners gathered along Canard River, southeren West Virginia, Charleston to avenge Sid Hatfield's, who was killed by pro-management thugs 9 days of violence: miners vs management Thanks for Watching Hollow Victory For Coal Miners And Advancements In Coal Industry Thanks for Watching “Coal.” PlasmaArc Technology. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. <>. Coal Mining: Industrial Feudalism. Classroom Video on Demand. Films Media Group, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2014. <>. “Coal mining scenes.” Coal Mining Scenes. Coal Mining Scenes, n.d. Web. 1 May 2014. <>. “Coal Train.” Alaska Conservation Voters. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. <>. Empires of Industry: The Legacy of King Coal.“ Classroom Video On Demand. Films Media Group, 1997. Web. 25 Apr. 2014. <> “Example of coal mining in Greene County.” Mines Along The Monon. | Bygone Monon Main, n.d. Web. 1 May 2014. <>. “Old Time Coal Mine.” N.p., n.d. Web. 1 May 2014. <>. “Out of the Depths: The Miner’s Story.” Classroom Video On Demand. Films Media Group, 1984. Web. 25 Apr. 2014. <>. Hollow Victory For Coal Miners And Advancements In Coal Industry Coal Mining Works Cited October Sky Background Project Coal Mining: Industrial Feudalism & Working Conditions Coal Mining Dangers West Virginia Coal Mining

Coal Mining

Transcript: Coal Basics ~Coal reserves in Canada rank fifth largest in the world. At around 10 billion tonnes, 4% of the world total, ~This is more energy than all of the oil and gas in the country combined ~ Most of the coal mining in Canada occurs in the West. ANTHRACITE ~This mining is the method used for taking the coal that spreads out in blanket-like seams across the Prairies and in New Brunswick. ~Large drag lines remove the rock and soil, called overburden, to expose the coal so it can be removed. ~ This process is known as strip mining because the coal is mined in rows/strips. -British Columbia operates 10 of the mines. -Alberta: 9 -Saskatchewan: 3 -New Brunswick: 1 Nova Scotia: they operate several small mines. ~This coal is a step down from the previous listed coal. ~It also has a high carbon content, this coal is low in moisture and has small measures of Hydrogen and Oxygen. ~This makes Bituminous coal ideal for both metallurgical and thermal uses. ~Bituminous coal accounted for around 48% of Canada's total coal production in 2001. ~84% of that was mined for metallurgical use. ~There are Bituminous coal deposits in British Columbia, Alberta, Atlantic Canada and smaller amounts in Yukon, North West Territories and Nunavut. Different types of coal ~This coal is the lowest ranked among all the coal. ~In comparison to other coals, Lignite is very soft. ~Its colour can vary from very black to light brown. ~ This is found in Southern Saskatchewan and South-Eastern Alberta, Lignite generates 65% of Saskatchewan's electric power. ~Because of its concentration of industry and people, Ontario and Alberta are the biggest consumers of all the coal in Canada. ~Every year Alberta uses around 25 million tonnes of coal; that's over 40% of all the coal consumed in Canada. ~Ontario uses 19 million tonnes; over 30% of Canada's coal use. ~ Alberta and Saskatchewan use coal to generate a large amount of their electricity. ~ Ontario, Manitoba, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick use coal to generate some of their electric power. ~Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia also use coal to make steel and cement. Production & Consumption Largest Consumers? Environmental Aspect Coals Depths By:Brooke Bechtel LIGNITE Canadian Coal ~ANTHRACITE ~BITUMINOUS ~SUB-BITUMINOUS ~LIGNITE 2. Strip Mining ~Most of Canada's coal is at depths of 300 meters or more. ~ Around 90% of Canada's coal comes from surface mines. ~When getting deeper in a surface mine the amount of overburden ( the amount of glacial debris or rock) that has yet to be removed to expose the coal increases. ~That amount of coal that must be removed one tonne of coal (strip-ratio) is very important in deciding the depth it is used to continue working. ~Local geological factors and equipment are also taken into consideration. -This coal is the top-ranked coal because it has the highest carbon content meaning it has the most heat value. ~This coal is also the hardest of all the coals. ~This coal is not being mined in Canada, Anthracite deposits have been found in North-Western British Columbia. ~This coal is lower ranked and softer than just Bituminous coal and has high moisture content. ~It is suited for use in thermal electric power generated plants. ~This coal is mined in Alberta, Sub- Bituminous coal accounted for 35% of Canada's production in 2001. Where are these mines located? 3. Underground Mining 1. Open Pit Mining Sub-Bituminous ~The largest consumers in Canada are Alberta and Ontario. ~ Alberta produced 47% of Canada's consumption at 26.2 million tonnes in 1997. ~ As for Ontario they produced 25% at 13.8 million tonnes. ~ The remaining provinces use coal to generate electricity as well. 1. Open Pit Mining 2. Strip Mining 3. Underground Mining BITUMINOUS -Canada produced 67.3 million tonnes of coal and consumed 60 million tonnes! - from this 56 million tonnes were used for electricity generation. -The remaining coal was used for steel, concrete and other industries. -Coal is the worlds highest supply of fossil fuels. -It is a mineral formed from the remains of plants buried millions of years ago. ~Coal is adaptable to high levels of heat and pressure. ~ This mining is preformed in the foothills and mountains in Alberta and British Columbia. ~These open-pit mines provide access to the coal that lies in the seams. ~ As mining continues, the pits are widened and deepened to follow the seams of coal. ~In an average open pit mining operation, a number of pits will be developed. ~Underground mining methods are used where coal deposits are very deep. ~ But because of the high costs of operating underground mines, little of this mining occurs in Canada today. ~ The only underground coal mining operation in Canada is located on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Canadian Coal Mining Different types of Mining some ways they reduce/eliminate the impact that it causes: ~Mining trucks have gotten much larger reducing the amount of trips to deliver the coal. ~Railways cars made of Aluminum

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