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chemical engineering

Transcript: CHEE 2404:Industrial Chemistry CHEE 2404:Industrial Chemistry 10.6 A new profession “Chemical Engineering” CHEE 2404:Industrial Chemistry Pre-paradigm - engineers with no formal education 1. The first paradigm - Unit Operations, 1923 2. The second paradigm - Transport Phenomena, 1960 3. The third paradigm - ? In transforming matter from inexpensive raw materials to highly desired products, chemical engineers became very familiar with the physical and chemical operations necessary in this metamorphosis. Examples of this include: filtration drying distillation crystallization grinding sedimentation combustion catalysis heat exchange coating, and so on. Where do Chemical Engineers work? Initial placement of 2001/1999 graduates (USA) Where do Chemical Engineers work? Physical Chemical operations Mathematics Soda Ash and the Solvay Process From its beginning chemical engineering was tailored to fulfill the needs of the chemical industry which, in the USA, was mostly based on petroleum derived feedstocks. Competition between manufacturers was brutal, and all strove to be the "low cost producer." However, to stay ahead of the pack chemical plants had to be optimized. This necessitated things such as; continuously operating reactors (as opposed to batch operation), recycling and recovery of unreacted reactants, and cost effective purification of products. These advances in-turn required plumbing systems (for which traditional chemists where unprepared) and detailed physical chemistry knowledge (unbeknownst to mechanical engineers). The new chemical engineers were capable of designing and operating the increasingly complex chemical operations which were rapidly emerging. Pulp & paper The first paradigm: early success CHEE 2404:Industrial Chemistry CHEE 2404:Industrial Chemistry 15.9 What do Chemical Engineers do? 23.3 CHEE 2404:Industrial Chemistry 26.7 Became core of chemical engineering curriculum, unit operations, stoichiometry, thermodynamics principle to organize useful knowledge inspiration for research to fill in the gaps in knowledge Effective in problem solving graduates have a toolbox to solve processing problems in oil distillation, petrochemical, new polymers What is an Industrial Chemist? CHEE 2404:Industrial Chemistry Pre-paradigm Fuels CHEE 2404:Industrial Chemistry Air Skills required Dow Chemical Exxon BASF Gulf Oil B.F. Goodrich Chemical Engineering accomplishments Industrial Chemists are Applied Scientists. Typically, they undertake optimization of complex processes, but unlike engineers, they examine and change the chemistry of the process itself. Industrial Chemists are capable of fulfilling a multiplicity of roles - as research scientists, development chemists, technical representatives and as plant/company managers. The Engineering Science movement became dominant in the US, and was taught at all the leading universities. AIChE accreditation requires differential equations, transport phenomena. Research funding agencies and journals turn their backs on empirical and qualitative research as “old fashioned”. a) An Engineer who manufactures chemicals b) A Chemist who works in a factory c) A glorified Plumber? 3.9 2.4 English industrialists spent a lot of time, money, and effort in attempts to improve their processes for making bulk chemicals because a slight savings in production led to large profits because of the vast quantities of sulfuric acid consumed by industry. The term "chemical engineer" had been floating around technical circles throughout the 1880's, but there was no formal education for such a person. The "chemical engineer" of these years was either a mechanical engineer who had gained some knowledge of chemical process equipment, a chemical plant foreman with a lifetime of experience but little education, or an applied chemist with knowledge of large scale industrial chemical reactions. What do Chemical Engineers do? Thus, they are involved in a wide range of activities such as: design, development and operation of process plants research and development of novel products and processes management of technical operations and sales 1700’s the demand for soap increased due to washing of clothes, requiring Na2CO3 The Alkali compounds, Soda ash (Na 2CO3) and potash (K2CO3), were used in making glass, soap, and textiles and were therefore in great demand. This alkali was imported to France from Spanish and Irish peasants who burned seaweed and New England settlers who burned brush, both to recover the ash At the end of the 1700's, English trees became scarce and the only native source of soda ash in the British Isles was kelp (seaweed). Alkali imported from America in the form of wood ashes (potash), Spain in the form of barilla (a plant containing 25% alkali), or from soda mined in Egypt, were all very expensive due to high shipping costs. Many Chemical Engineers also work in supplier, consulting and governmental agencies related to the CPI by engaging in equipment manufacture, plant

Chemical Engineering

Transcript: Pros & Cons Pros • Excellent job prospects • Competitive starting salaries – typically in the region of £24,000 (Source: IChemE Salary Survey 2006) • High earning potential throughout you career • Opportunities to travel • Plenty of variety, exciting challenges and real responsibility The potential to help in creating a sustainable planet Cons hard work required if you have a family the traveling becomes a down side. dedication to your work. You can become Chemical Engineers must make decisions concerning: •Which reaction pathway should be used to make the product? •How to purify the desired product? •How to control the process and ensure it is safe? •How to make the process cost effective? •What should be done with any by-products formed? •How to reduce the amounts of unwanted by-products formed? •What to do with unreacted raw materials? •How to recycle energy within the process? Project engineers organise and run projects for engineering companies, this can be anything from managing a small modification to an existing pharmaceutical facility to building a multi-billion dollar petrochemicals complex. Design Engineer- The design engineer is responsible for determining how the process is to work. For example which pieces of equipment will be needed and how big they will be. Operations Engineer - Operations engineers work "on site". This means that they spend their time ensuring that the plant is producing the right amount of product to the correct specification. Research and Development Engineer (R&D) - The R&D engineer is innovative and creative. They develop the ideas for future plants, improving efficiency, environmental performance and even developing new products. Bibliography Pictures Sites: Juan Mauricio Vanegas, Second Year Chemical Engineer Student At M.I.T. Mariana Rodriguez Second Year Chemical Engineer Student At Worcester University. Chemical Engineers are employed across a huge variety of sectors including: •Chemical and allied products •Pharmaceuticals •Energy •Water •Food & Drink •Materials •Oil & Gas •Process Plants & Equipment •Biotechnology •Business and Management •Consultancy By: Andrea Moseres Susana Saldarriaga How to become a chemical Engineer? What is Chemical Engineering? CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Chemical Engineers are the best paid group of engineers and have the potential to earn more than doctors, lawyers and accountants. The average salary is £49,500 rising to £60,000 for Chartered Chemical Engineers who are regarded as professional ‘high-fliers’. The average graduate starting salary is £24,000. (Source: IChemE Salary Survey 2006) Salaries What would you do? The career lasts 4 years, however it is recommended to continue studies with a PHD or masters degrees. Such as the Master of Science in Chemical Engineering Practice. The career covers from physics to mathematics and economics, and well obviously chemistry. Your whole studies would last about 5 to 6 years depending on your postgraduate studies. The MIT masters and or PHD take up to one year to complete it. Chemical engineering occupies a unique position at the interface between molecular sciences and engineering. Intimately linked with the fundamental subjects of chemistry, biology, mathematics, and physics and in close collaboration with fellow engineering disciplines like materials science, computer science, and mechanical, electrical, and civil engineering chemical engineering offers unparalleled opportunities to do great things. Traditionally linked to fuel combustion and energy systems, today's chemical engineers are spearheading new developments in medicine, biotechnology, microelectronics, advanced materials, energy, consumer products, manufacturing, and environmental solutions. A new generation of chemical engineering-trained entrepreneurs are forming innovative new businesses, no doubt influenced by the fact that chemical engineers have served as CEOs of such leading global businesses as 3M, DuPont, Intel, General Electric, Union Carbide, Dow Chemical, Exxon, BASF, Gulf, and Texaco Is the engineering that deals with the use of physical science in other words chemistry, physics, biology microbiology biochemistry mathematics and economics. Chemical engineers convert raw materials or chemicals into useful things. Such as fuel cells and nanotechnology. This career also involves a lot of design and improvement of manufacture. Chemical engineers ensure that manufacturing process are operated safely and efficiently.

Chemical Engineering PowerPoint

Transcript: Chemical Engineering What Chemcial engineers do? Chemical engineers develop and design chemical manufacturing processes. Chemical engineers apply the principles of chemistry, biology, physics, and mathematics to solve problems that involve the production or use of chemicals, fuel, drugs, food, and many other products. What Chemcial engineers do? More info on what they do What do chemical engineers do? Within these industries, chemical engineers rely on their knowledge of mathematics and science—particularly chemistry— to overcome technical problems safely and economically. And, of course, they draw upon and apply their engineering knowledge to solve any technical challenges they encounter. Specifically, chemical engineers improve food processing techniques, and methods of producing fertilizers, to increase the quantity and quality of available food. They also construct the synthetic fibers that make our clothes more comfortable and water resistant; they develop methods to mass-produce drugs, making them more affordable; and they create safer, more efficient methods of refining petroleum products, making energy and chemical sources more productive and cost effective. Chemical engineers also develop solutions to environmental problems, such as pollution control and remediation. They process chemicals, which are used to make or improve just about everything you see around you. Pictures How to be come one? Step 1: Research Career Duties and Education Step 2: Earn a Bachelor's Degree in Chemical Engineering Step 3: Complete an Internship or Cooperative Education Experience Step 4: Join a Professional Organization Step 5: Consider Earning a Master's Degree in Chemical Engineering How to become a chemical engineer Specific Major Requirements-Any student in the chemical and biomolecular engineering program whose grade point average in required chemical and biomolecular engineering courses is less than 2.4 will be admitted to the required courses of the following year only with the special permission of the department. Total Credit Hours Required 131-132. As noted, chemical engineering jobs require a minimum of a bachelor's degree. Non-engineering requirements include extensive chemistry courses and labs, such as analytical, organic and physical chemistry. Other non-engineering requirements include sequences in calculus and physics. The engineering portion includes coursework and labs in chemical processes, transport, and reactions. Students might prefer programs accredited by ABET, Inc., which has accredited more than 100 chemical engineering programs. Accreditation by ABET demonstrates the school adheres to a set of academic principles and teaches its students a core set of industry-required skills. Accreditation is required by many graduate schools and licensing boards. Schooling Schooling Degree Overviews Bachelor's Degree: A baccalaureate degree in chemical engineering can prepare you for a career in the field. The degree focuses on understanding the properties of substances and methods of synthesizing those substances for medical, electronic, mechanical, and other commercial purposes. Despite its name, a chemical engineering education includes not just chemistry, but also biology, physics, and mathematics. The fundamentals of a chemical engineering degree are covered in core courses on chemical kinetics, thermodynamics, and transport processes. After those courses, students can specialize their studies in a specific area of chemical engineering. Master's Degree: A master's degree in chemical engineering is designed either for chemical engineers who want to do more advanced work or for students interested in a career as a chemical engineer, but who hold a bachelor's degree in a different field. Like the bachelor's degree, a master's program covers the core areas of thermodynamics, kinetics, and transport processes. A master's degree program will typically include research or field study in areas such as energy, biotechnology, or product development. Ph.D.: A Ph.D. program, the most advanced option for study in chemical engineering, requires you to have taken the core courses of bachelor's and master's programs. Curricula typically includes further study in general engineering and more focused chemical engineering courses. Most programs require original research and written and oral exams. Further coursework in chemical engineering for a Ph.D. may cover numerical methods in chemical engineering, chemical engineering thermodynamics, analysis of transport phenomena, and chemical reactor engineering. Degrees Degrees Average Chemical Engineer Hourly Wage in the United States Chemical Engineers earn a median hourly wage of $46.81. Hourly wages typically start from $28.59 and go up to $75.56. Average Chemical Engineer Yearly Salary in the United States Chemical Engineers earn a median salary of $97,360 per year. Salaries typically start from $59,470 and go up to $157,160. Salary Whats their salary? 1.Massachusetts

Chemical Engineering

Transcript: Engineering is the application of science and math to solve a problem. Engineering can either be designing an entire new product to solve a problem or to provide for a need or engineering can be improving a current design in order for it to meet new needs. Material engineering is the study of the properties of existing materials and finding new ways to use these materials. Material engineering is also the development of entirely new materials. Some materials that material engineers work with would be ceramics, chemicals, composites, glass, metal, industrial minerals, plastics, polymers, rubber and textiles. The average salary of a material engineer is about 80,000 dollars a year but can range anywhere from 55,000 to 89,000 dollars a year. The average income for a material engineer is about 15% higher than the average salary for all jobs nationwide. Material engineering is one of the highest paying jobs at entry level. Materials engineers usually need a bachelors degree in order to obtain entry level jobs, and a masters degree if they want to be eligible for an advanced position in materials development. Some schools that have good material engineering programs are The Massachusetts institute of technology, Stanford University, and Cornell University. The cost of these schools is as low as 29,000 dollars a year and can climb up to 42,000 dollars a year Material engineers usually work in offices and use computer aided design (CAD) software. Other material engineers work in supervising roles either in factories or in research and development laboratories. Most material engineers also work full time. Chemical Engineering Salary By: Josh Zilinek Education Materials Engineering Material Engineering Work Environment What is engineering? Chemical engineering is the study of how atoms and molecules interact and react. Chemical engineers help development of polymers, paper, dyes, drugs, plastics, fertilizers, foods, textiles and chemicals.

PowerPoint Game Templates

Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.

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