Transcript: THAT MEANS . . . WHY IS THERE A SHORTAGE OF FOOD? Globally, 1/3 of all food is wasted every year that is about 1.3 billion tons of food each year Food waste includes uneaten food and food preparation scraps from homes, restaurants, grocery stores, etc There are approximately one billion people in the world who do not get enough food to eat That’s 1 in 7 people who don’t know where their next meal is coming from As global population growth is intensifying the need for food security and responsible consumption photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli WE CAN HELP BY: Buying food that is in season and local can also lower the energy footprint of one’s diet to lower the amount of packing and shipping needed for food eating diets containing less meat and fish so that there can be more food for everyone in the world so . . . Jordan Suggs Myers Park High School Time: livestock cultivation accounts for nearly 1/5 of total worldwide greenhouse gases.5 Climate change can then alter growing seasons and severely influence crop yield by causing flooding, droughts, and early thaws. Could you imagine not having access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to maintain a healthy, active life style? When you don't have these thing you do not have food security. Overuse of current croplands is depleting soil of nutrients essential to agricultural production. Globally, 1.3 billion people live on unhealthy soil with limited possibility of increased agricultural output. Agriculture accounts for 70-80 percent of global freshwater consumption,4 but a growing population also creates demand for water needed for residential and industrial uses. Pesticides and fertilizers are then used to increase production but they pollute local water sources so that even less can be used by humans. Are you hungry? With a global population of 7 billion and counting, demand for food is continually increasing
Transcript: Food Security FOOD SAFETY fake beef how to extent shelf-life? in India Around 350 millions. 2010 "Clean Your Plate" solutions Breastfeeding 15 tonnes of fresh organic carrots that had been consigned to the garbage heap. From baby to children: shelf life Around 700 millions. China food safety In India “Free Lunch Program" 1.help 120 million students get rid of hunger 2.more children go to school By Kelly Joe Laura Pole Around 310 millions. some food safety issues in China 1/3 to 1/2 is wasted lean meat powder 4,000,000,000 tons food 2005 to The Problem of Food Security lettuce 2007 1. Hunger between babies and children. 2. Food waste around the world. 3. Shelf life and food safety issues in China. 4. The solutions to the problems of food security. Facing the hunger now Around 900 millions. FOOD WASTE eggs 2006 sudan red duck eggs free lunch program Around 550 millions. canned goods 40 percent of food WASTED B: Roof type paper carton packing A: a half month pasta bread 2008 2009 milk powder containing melamine Introductions Which one do you prefer according to the outer packing? Numbers Of Children Who Go To Bed Hungry B: a month Stop wasting. It's time to move. Around 440 millions. 1.which one do you prefer according shelf life? China illegal oil *When's the best time to start weaning? *What's the best way to begin weaning? *Are there certain times when it wouldn't be smart to start weaning? *How long does weaning take? *Should mothers refuse feedings during the weaning process? *What about nutrition after weaning? milk A: bottled beef 680pounds(7100RMB) The head of the country's biggest milk powder company, Sanlu it cannot be EATEN low temperature pasteurization secondary sterilization 66% sudan red duck eggs milk powder containing melamine fake beef lean meat powder illegal oil
Transcript: Pathways to Food Security what are the hunger myths? Task we can focus on... small, localized solutions. Food security happens when all people at all times have access to enough food that... • is affordable, safe and healthy • is culturally acceptable • meets specific dietary needs • is obtained in a dignified manner • is produced in ways that are environmentally sound and socially just What is food security? remember... solutions must be BOTH What are the root causes? Small-scale farmers can feed the world! POLITICAL Ca$h Crop$ The Hunger Games TECHNICAL Case-study: Guatemala
Transcript: 76% Mineral Scarcity Climate Change Minimal, materials usually available locally Drying (ii) losses would be enough to feed about 70-100 million people, i.e. about 1/3rd of India’s poor. Tarpaulins Platform Dryers Low-cost Solar Dryers Can be constructed of locally available materials by farmers 4% Increase the efficiency of the food system at every level of production, distribution, and consumption. Can low-cost technologies reduce losses? Can be made air and water tight Stimulate off-farm employment Sub-Saharan Africa: Lack of reliable data Difficult to determine the stage of production at which losses occurs Context specific (crop, season, climate, production method, etc.) Rice Losses: Southeast Asia: 10-37% Ghana: 11-18% Maize Losses: Swaziland: 16% lost during wet season Zimbabwe: 14-16% 10% of total poduction Storage Meeting Demand for Food Storage-Related PHL The Global Context: Mud Silos Metal Silos Triple-Bag Technique Hermetic "Super Bags" Decrease the amount of waste produced by the food system at every level of production, distribution, and consumption. 10% Textile Producers in Developing Countries 5% 200 kg silo - $50 1000 kg silo - $150 Lifetime: 10+ years Drying-Related PHL A social enterprise that sells fashionable reuseable bags. For every bag that is sold, we give away a second hermetic "Super Bag" to a farmer somewhere in the developing world for bags: "One for one" Consumer bags are printed with designs by up and coming artists All consumer bag production is responsibly sourced to developing countries, reducing costs and creating off-farm employment opportunities Costs: 2ndSac production: $4/bag Hermetic bag purchases: $2/bag Total costs: $6 SecondSack retail: $8-10/bag Profit: $2-4/bag Hermetic bags are distributed through extension programmes being run by NGO partners like the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation The Quadruple Bottom Line: Off-farm employment Reduced crop loss Environmentally friendly Profitable The Triple Crisis $1.80 for 50 kg bag, Lifetime: 3-4 years Post-Harvest Grain Loss: $9.99 at Ecobags.com (ii) equates to the annual value of cereal imports of SSA, which had an annual range of between US$3–7 billion over the 2000–07 period. Not Lost (iii) enough to feed the entire population of the states of Bihar and Haryana together for about one year. 2% $4 Billion a year Less than $20 PHL is a urgent issue that needs to be address, especially in the context of increasing mineral resource scarcity, climate change, and population growth Small reductions in the percentage of overall losses could save enough food to feed millions of people Effective, low-cost solutions that can reduce losses already exist More resources must be dedicated to proliferating these technologies Ensuring farmer uptake of technology requires time: extension programs must be designed as medium-long term projects Social entrepreneurship may be capable of engaging with PHL to raise awareness and resources The Problem: Low-Cost Technologies That Improve Drying Can eliminate losses Safely stores grain with 35% MC 10-1000kg capacities Post-Harvest Rice Losses in Southeast Asia $1-2 Lifetime: 6+ seasons Threshing Can be air and water tight, can be used in combination with other storage techniques Transport Improve drying during unfavorable climatic conditions Conclusion 3% Harvesting $15+ 2ndSac Post-Harvest Loss (PHL) (i) equivalent to the total food grains produced in Australia annually Customers Drying (i) exceeds the value of total food aid SSA received over the last decade. Low-Cost Technologies That Improve Storage Fewer mineral inputs. Greater climatic variability. More people to feed. If crops are not dried sufficiently, they may sprout or rot during storage (<12.5% MC) If climatic conditions are not favorable during the drying period, insufficient drying can increase PHL during storage High-yielding varieties often require long drying times, and have led to the introduction of additional cropping seasons, which often necessitate drying during unfavorably wet condition Climate change threatens to alter conditions during the drying period. This could increase humidity and rain, exacerbating drying-related PHL Sun drying crops on the bare ground can lead to pest, dirt, and fungal contamination 2ndSac Handling Harvesting by Jesse Bisignano SecondSack is a social enterprise that sells fashionable reusable bags. For every bag that we sell, we give a hermetic bag to a farmer somewhere in the developing world for bags All reusable bags are designed by up and coming designers All reusable bag production is responsibly sourced to developing countries, creating off-farm employment opportunities Costs: Produce reusable bags for $1 Purchase hermetic bag for $2 Total costs: $3 Sell reusable bags for $5 Profit: $2 per bag Hermetic bags are distributed through partnerships with existing NGO extension programs (Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation) Reduce dirt, pest, and fungal contamination during sun drying Post-Harvest
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: Food security it is one of the major backbones of any nation. It ensures that a country's population receives the nutrition they need without having to spend all their resources. This in turn benefits the economy of the country and can lead to improvements in education and health care further enhancing economic well-being. Countries that have and don't have food security $1.25 Monday, February 17, 2014 No food Security: Niger Haiti Guinea Food Security: Why is food security important? FAO: "Nutrition sensitive growth" Investments in rural infrastructure Resource 2. By: Josette Sheran , she is the head of the UN . She states foo is one issue that cannot be solved person by person. We have to stand together Resource 1. By: Fahad Bin Mohammed Al-Attiya “This is situation in Qatar: … We only have two days of water reserve, we import 90 percent of our food, and we only cultivate less than one percent of our land.” Stop wasting food and throwing it away and give to countries that need . In the countries that are facing food security start up an Agriculture program. Collaboration between different countries Vol XCIII, No. 311 Death Illnesses Malnutrition Starvation Famine WFP: Food Aid The promotion of self-sustainability France Denmark England The United States Approaches to achieving food security Countries Achieving food security Consequences of not having food security Food insecurity is an increasingly complex issue that will require great amounts of innovation and major intervention to solve. It will require communication and cooperation between governments, local agricultural communities and the scientific community to create a sustainable and adaptable food system to ensure food security. Case study on Qatar: Qatar imports percent of their food. They also face Water InSecurity NFSP was established in 2008. Aims to reduce Qatar's reliance on food imports through the realization of the principle of self sufficiency. Join regional organizations to keep Qatar on track. what is food security ? Food security is achieved when all people have both physical and economic access to safe, nutritious food that meets dietary needs and personal preferences Ways to ensure food security? The UN: Several approaches Food availability and why it's so difficult The challenges: Climate change Land degradation Gender inequality Confusing land deals Global water crisis FOOD SECURITY
Transcript: 1. Food Availability 2. Food Accessibility 3. Food Usage Let's check out! Food security is existing when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe,nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life How about food security in HK? Food availability Food Usage (Source: USAID, 2013) In July 2013, 700000 at risk of food security A nutritious diet Southern Africa Food Accessibility Total: 10.4 million at risk of food insecurity (By July, 2013) Appropriate use of food Based on knowledge of basic nutrition and care Adequate water and sanitation In 2012, 53300 children under 5 years old suffer from severe malnutrition Food Security in Modern World Food are available with sufficient quantities On a consistent basis How about another side of the world? Sufficient resources to obtain appropriate food For more information, please LIKE our Facebook page! GIF Globalization Impact on Food security Hi! I'm Mr Food, Listen to me if you wanna know more about Food Security in the globe To have better understanding of the topic, you may pay attention to its three pillars: Jeff Wylie Loria Example: Angola, Southern Africa (Source: Feeding Hong Kong)
Transcript: Food Security Biomes and Food Security Food Security Food Insecurity Definitions Food Security Food Security is being able to have access to a great amount of affordable nutritious food. Food Insecurity Food insecurity is not being able to access or afford a good amount of nutritious food. Accessibility Availability Factors with food security Utilization Accessibility In order to have food security, food must be accessible which means that there must be positive economic and physical factors. An example of positive economic impacts would be rain every week or so. In order for availability in food security it means that the food supply must be available for trade and consumption. Availability Utilization The utilization for food security is the proper biological use of the produce. this includes a diet of sufficient energy and essential nutrients, portable water, and adequate sanitation. The issues with food insecurity are that it decreases the ability for countries to develop agricultural markets and economies, there is a low quality and quantity of nutritious food, and a low level of secure food. Issues with Food Insecurity Food insecurity Map of countries with food insecurity Statistics Statistics Forces Impacts for food insecurity Some forces for food insecurity include lack of resources, lack of access to essential foods, and price increases. Water Scarcity Climate Changes Three Factors Natural Disasters Water is the key for growing crops and if the water supply is scarce then there won't be much water for growing crops and if people can't grow crops then they don't get any food that's essential and nutritious, which then leads to under-nutrition and undernourishment, and eventually to starvation and death. Water Scarcity If the temperature rises due to climate change then the rates of evaporation grow which means that the produce would need to be watered more. Climate Changes Natural Disasters Natural disasters such as cyclones, hurricanes, tornadoes, tsunamis, earthquakes, and a few others cause extreme damage to farms and other food producing places.
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