Transcript: Precautions / When to Call 911 ABC's & 2010 AHA Guidelines Hands only CPR Burns, Bleeding, Broken Bones New Year's Eve Safety Firework Safety When approaching a scene of an accident or incident make sure you have appropriate BSI. (Body Substance Isolation) This includes gloves, glasses ect Anytime you are handling a patient and blood or other bodily functions are involved, WEAR GLOVES. (STDs = No Bueno) (See STD presentation if you don't believe me) Stroke Heart Attack Anaphylaxis (Non Medical People = Allergic Reaction) Drug Overdose Alcohol Poisoning Confusion/Dizziness/Unresponsive Looking like Evan Taylor at his Initiation Party ..... Just to name a few Burns - Wash affected area under running water, then place cool damp cloth over the burn. Take person to emergency room for further treatment. Bleeding - Can look serious and scary but most times it is not. Extremities and head bleed more 4 steps to dealing with bleeding: 1. Direct Pressure 2. Elevate above the Heart 3. Use Pressure points 4. Use tourniquet as last resort. Be aware for signs of shock Broken Bones - Stop any bleeding present. Immobilize the area using splints or any other rigid object (wood, newspapers). Apply ice packs to reduce swelling. Look for signs of shock Firework Safety Fireworks can be fun to look at and use but deadly Never allow children to handle fireworks If a misfire occurs do not approach - wait... Photos of Injuries. Some are pretty GRAPHIC. (At least I'm better than Taylor and actually warned you). Designate a DD before hand Never Drink and Drive Plan your events ahead of time Don't be a GDI and be an idiot Precautions / When To Call 911 First Aid Hands Only CPR Topics Call 911 for any of the following Symptoms: New Year's Eve Safety ABC's & 2010 Revised AHA Guidelines Most people are familiar with Airway Breathing Circulation AHA revised in 2010 after long study to: Circulation Airway Breathing Burns, Bleeding & Broken Bones A Frat Star's Guide to Helping Your Brother (or a GDI) In Need
Transcript: Promoting recovery KEY SKiLL CARLO BANDONG AND CRISFEL BERNARDEE TUNGBABAN History RED CROSS FIRST AID NSTP GROUP 1 PRESENTATION In order to stay alive, all persons need to have an open airway—a clear passage where air can move in through the mouth or nose through the pharynx and down in to the lungs, without obstruction. Conscious people will maintain their own airway automatically, but those who are unconscious (with a GCS of less than 8) may be unable to maintain a patent airway, as the part of the brain which automatically controls breathing in normal situations may not be functioning. If the patient was breathing, a first aider would normally then place them in the recovery position, with the patient leant over on their side, which also has the effect of clearing the tongue from the pharynx. It also avoids a common cause of death in unconscious patients, which is choking on regurgitated stomach contents. The airway can also become blocked through a foreign object becoming lodged in the pharynx or larynx, commonly called choking. The first aider will be taught to deal with this through a combination of ‘back slaps’ and ‘abdominal thrusts’. Once the airway has been opened, the first aider would assess to see if the patient is breathing. If there is no breathing, or the patient is not breathing normally, such as agonal breathing, the first aider would undertake what is probably the most recognized first aid procedure—cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR, which involves breathing for the patient, and manually massaging the heart to promote blood flow around the body. Although commonly associated with first aid, the symbol of a red cross is an official protective symbol of the Red Cross. According to the Geneva Conventions and other international laws, the use of this and similar symbols is reserved for official agencies of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent, and as a protective emblem for medical personnel and facilities in combat situations. Use by any other person or organization is illegal, and may lead to prosecution. The internationally accepted symbol for first aid is the white cross on a green background shown below. Some organizations may make use of the Star of Life, although this is usually reserved for use by ambulance services, or may use symbols such as the Maltese Cross, like the Order of Malta Ambulance Corps and St John Ambulance. Other symbols may also be used. PHILIPPINES FIRST AID BADGE THANK YOU FOR WATCHING photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli The first aider is also likely to be trained in dealing with injuries such as cuts, grazes or bone fracture. They may be able to deal with the situation in its entirety (a small adhesive bandage on a paper cut), or may be required to maintain the condition of something like a broken bone, until the next stage of definitive care (usually an ambulance) arrives. AIM NSTP FIRST AID REPORT STAR OF LIFE The instances of recorded first aid were provided by religious knights, such as the Knights Hospitaller, formed in the 11th century, providing care to pilgrims and knights, and training other knights in how to treat common battlefield injuries. The practice of first aid fell largely in to disuse during the High Middle Ages, and organized societies were not seen again until in 1859 Jean-Henri Dunant organized local villagers to help victims of the Battle of Solferino, including the provision of first aid. Four years later, four nations met in Geneva and formed the organization which has grown into the Red Cross, with a key stated aim of "aid to sick and wounded soldiers in the field". This was followed by the formation of St. John Ambulance in 1877, based on the principles of the Knights Hospitaller, to teach first aid, and numerous other organization joined them with the term first aid first coined in 1878 as civilian ambulance services spread as a combination of "first treatment" and "national aid" in large railway centres and mining districts as well as with police forces. In 1878 Surgeon-Major Peter Shepherd, together with Colonel Francis Duncan established the concept of teaching first aid skills to civilians. Shepherd, together with a Dr Coleman, conducted the first class in the hall of the Presbyterian school in Woolwich using a comprehensive first aid curriculum that he had developed. It was Shepherd who first used the English term "first aid for the injured"First aid training began to spread through the empire through organisations such as St. John, often starting, as in the UK, with high risk activities such as ports and railways. Preserving life What is First AID?. MALTESE SYMBOLS PREPAIRED BY: TRAINING First aid is the provision of initial care for an illness or injury. It is usually performed by non-expert, but trained personnel to a sick or injured person until definitive medical treatment can be accessed. Certain self-limiting illnesses or minor injuries may not require further medical care
Transcript: First-Aid What is First-Aid? The answer to this question is not as easy as it seems. "First aid" is a catch-all phrase that refers to two distinctly different medical needs. The two types of First-Aid are Emergency First-Aid and Non-Emergency First-Aid Emergency first aid is exactly that - the first response to a life-threatening (or limb-threatening) medical emergency, either an illness or an injury. More advanced medical care will happen after first aid in this case. This type of first aid includes CPR, clearing an airway obstruction, responding to anaphylactic shock, splinting a broken bone, and severe bleeding control. Non-emergency first aid is the treatment we initiate ourselves for minor medical needs. We may or may not seek more advanced medical care after the initial response. This includes taking over-the-counter medications for minor pain or allergies, cleaning and bandaging cuts or abrasions, and minor bleeding control. Training for each is unique. Emergency first aid classes are taught by organizations like the American Red Cross, National Safety Council, and American Heart Association. While at the same time there are very few classes for non-emergency first aid. It's the kind of thing we learn from our moms when we are young. How do you stay safe you ask? Well it is very simple. I can't say this enough, the more prepared you are the less scary emergency situations are! One of the most important things to keep around just in case of an emergency is a first-aid kit. Inside of the kit the main thing to keep is a cell phone in case the emergency is so dire that you need to call emergency services Cell phones need enough battery to turn on but they don't need a contract with a service provider to call 9-1-1 Federal law mandates that cell phones must be able to reach 9-1-1 anytime the number is called, regardless of the service agreement. The items that your first-aid kit should contain are: but isn't limited to * acetaminophen and/or ibuprofen * tweezers * alcohol wipes * antiseptic hand cleaner * medical adhesive tape * sterile gauze (four inch squares are best) * elastic bandages * several sizes of adhesive bandages * insect bite swabs * triple-antibiotic ointment * hydrogen peroxide * bandage scissors * triangular bandages * instant cold packs * exam gloves * barrier device for CPR Don't forget that any medical information [such as medical illnesses and allergies] that you add in the first-aid kit will help. What do i do during an emergency first-aid situation? There are many different options of what to do depending on the emergency and also depending on who you are trying to help. In order to answer that question i believe that the best way is to explain all of the most common emergencies and to elaborate on what to do during them. The first emergency that i will describe is a heart attack. Someone having a heart attack may experience any or all of the following: * Uncomfortable pressure, fullness or squeezing pain in the center of the chest * Prolonged pain in the upper abdomen * Discomfort or pain spreading beyond the chest to the shoulders, neck, jaw, teeth, or one or both arms * Shortness of breath * Lightheadedness, dizziness, fainting * Sweating * Nausea Why does a heart attack happen? It happens because an artery supplying your heart with blood and oxygen becomes partially or completely blocked. This loss of blood flow injures or destroys part of your heart muscle. A heart attack generally causes chest pain for more than 15 minutes, but it can also have no symptoms at all. What do i do if someone is having a heart attack? The second emergency is choking Choking occurs when a foreign object becomes lodged in the throat or windpipe, blocking the flow of air. In adults, a piece of food often is the culprit. Young children often swallow small objects. Since choking cuts off oxygen to the brain, you would want to administer first aid as quickly as possible. The symptoms of choking are as follows: * Inability to talk * Difficulty breathing or noisy breathing * Inability to cough forcefully * Skin, lips and nails turning blue or dusky * Loss of consciousness What you have to do when this moment emerges is follow these few steps: If someone else is choking: Stand behind the person. Wrap your arms around the waist. Tip the person forward slightly. Make a fist with one hand. Position it slightly above the person's navel. Grasp the fist with the other hand. Press hard into the abdomen with a quick, upward thrust — as if trying to lift the person up. Perform a total of 5 abdominal thrusts, if needed. If you are choking: Place a fist slightly above your navel. Grasp your fist with the other hand and bend over a hard surface — a countertop or chair will do. Shove your fist inward and upward. If a pregnant woman/ obese person is choking: Position your hands a little bit higher than with a normal Heimlich maneuver, at the base of the breastbone, just above the joining of the lowest ribs. Proceed as
Transcript: Skin Health Ashleigh Yelvington Brandon Smith Gaby Gonzalez Alriris Dickens Your skin is the outer layer of your body that protects your internal organs. It is the largest organ of your body and has three main layers. Epidermis The epidermis is the outer layer of skin and is thickest on the soles and palms and thinnest on the eyelids. The epidermis has 5 layers: - stratum basale - stratum spinosum - stratum granulosum - stratum licidum - stratum corneum The top layer of the epidermis, the stratum corneum, sheds every two weeks The dermis is made of three types of tissue called collagen, elastic tissue and reticular fiber. The dermis is separated into two more layers: - the upper papillary layer - the lower reticular layer Papillary Dermis The papillary upper layer is made up of collagen fibers. Reticular dermis The lower reticular layer is made up of thick collagen fibers arranged parallel to the surface of the skin, making it thicker. skin /skn/ [skin] –noun the external covering or integument of an animal body, esp. when soft and flexible.
Transcript: Wounds Closed wounds a.k.a Bruise/ Contusions Open Wounds Avulsion: When a part of skin or issues partailly are torn off Puncture : Cause by a pointed object ; Doesnt bleed much Laceration: Cut in the skin and is commnly casued by sharp object ; Cut Abrasion: most Common type of open wound ; Scrap Steps to controling bleeding Splinting Only if you can do without casuing any further harm Burns Common sources of burns : 1. Thermal 2. Chemicals 3. Electricity 4. Radiation Posioning: Injection : Enter the body through the bites or stings Inhalation : Breathing in toxic fumes Absorpation : Can be absorebed through the skin Ingestion : Can be sallowed General care : R - rest I- immolvitation C- cold E- Evelation First Aid Splint in the postion you find it in Muscles, Bones, Joints Types of splints Treatment : Cool and cover Splint only if the person must be moved or transported 1. Anatomic 2. Soft 3. Rigid Check circulation 1. Cover 2. Direct pressure 3. Wrap wound Splint above and belwo the injured area
Transcript: What is it? Asystole Patients must be: 1) Not breathing with a clear airway 2) Over the age of 1 Ventricular Fibrillation Worksafe BC Only valid for 1 year Require quarterly training Medical Director - Dr. Huckell Automated External Defibrillator Pulseless Electrical Activity Using the AED Ventricular Tachycardia Shockable and Non-Shockable Rhythms Legal Stuff Normal Sinus Rhythm Mechanical Heart Machine that resets your heartbeat Electrical Heart
Transcript: By: Landon Allen First Aid provision of initial care for an illness or injury Prevention Preventing emergencies is the best way to keep your family healthy and safe Cpr emergency procedure which is performed in an effort to return life to a person in cardiac arrest 1. CALL Check the victim for unresponsiveness. If the person is not responsive and not breathing or not breathing normally. Call 911 and return to the victim. In most locations the emergency dispatcher can assist you with CPR instructions. 2. PUMP If the victim is still not breathing normally, coughing or moving, begin chest compressions. Push down in the center of the chest 2 inches 30 times. Pump hard and fast at the rate of at least 100/minute, faster than once per second 3. BLOW Tilt the head back and lift the chin. Pinch nose and cover the mouth with yours and blow until you see the chest rise. Give 2 breaths. Each breath should take 1 second ABC's A. airway- make sure the victims airway isn't blocked. Tilt the victims head back to clear the tongue from obstructing the way. Check the victim for breathing and any objects in their windpipe. B. breathing- when the victim is unresponsive and isn't breathing, then pinch the victim's nose and create a tight seal with the person's mouth and your own. Watch the victim's chest so you don't overinflate. Between each breath allow the victim to exhale. C. circulation/compression- place two fingers between the person's windpipe and the neck muscles and apply pressure. Feel for a pulse. Place two fingers on the sternum located where the lower ribs meet, then put the heel of your hand next to your fingers. Place your other hand on your hand and interlace fingers. Lock your elbows and using your body weight, perform compressions. The depth should be about two inches. Remember "Two Hands" "Two Inches". If you hear ribs cracking or feel it, then you should lessen your compressions. Children Infants Those are the basic for CPR Now let's move on to first aid Basics 1. You should always carry a first aid kit with you. 2. Always be prepared for the worst. First aid kit: Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes, Sterile gauze pads in assorted sizes, Hypoallergenic adhesive tape, Scissors, Tweezers, Needle, Ace bandage, Moistened towelettes, Antiseptic, Thermometer, Tongue blades, Splints in assorted sizes, Petroleum jelly, Assorted sizes of safety pins, Anti-bacterial soap, Antibiotic ointment, Latex gloves and face mask Sunscreen, Aspirin and/or ibuprofen, Ice Pack Bites If you are bitten you may need an immediate shot in case of rabies. Bruises Remember that elders and infants bruise more easily than adults and most children. If the bruise is on the head they may have suffered head trauma. To reduce it: elevate the injured area and apply a commercial ice pack or ice cubes wrapped in a towel for 30 to 45 minutes. Burns 1st degree- have some redness and swelling, cool the burned area with water or Aloe Vera 2nd degree- deeper redness and some blistering, cool the area the same way but take extra care. If blister bursts gently clean it out 3rd degree- Victim may not feel anything, but skin will appear charred and will start to blister and peel instantly. Put out any fires, dial 911 immediately, and don't take off their clothing or it will expose their wounds to the elements. Choking It is usually caused by an object stuck in their windpipe, first ask the victim if they are choking, if they don't respond perform the heimlich maneuver. Cuts and Scrapes Thoroughly clean the wound. Then either bandage it, or if the wound is serious enough you should see a doctor. Electric Shock Most important of all is "DO NOT RUSH TO A VICTIM UNLESS YOU ARE CERTAIN THEY NO LONGER ARE CONDUCTING ELECTRICITY" IF POSSIBLE TURN OFF ELECTRICITY. Call 911, treat all burns, perform CPR if you need. Fractures Typical symptoms are: Immediate and excessive swelling, injured area appears deformed, the farthest point of the injured limb turns blue or is numb to the touch, even slight movement or contact to the injured area causes excessive pain. Dial 911 immediately and immobilize the area with a splint. You can create a splint out of almost anything and just tape it on the damaged area. You should also ICE it. I- ice, C- compression, E- elevate Head injury If the victim experiences excessive bleeding, loss of consciousness, labored breathing, or memory loss call 911 Lay the victim down, stop any bleeding, if needed perform CPR, and don't leave the victim unattended. Nose bleed Although nose bleeds usually aren't usually a dangerous injury they should still be stopped so that no excess blood will be lost. You should apply pressure to the nostrils and keep them pinched shut until the bleeding stops. The victim shouldn't strain themselves for a few hours. Puncture wounds Puncture wounds usually don't have profound bleeding like cuts do and may appear harmless almost, but they carry a greater chance of infection. If you receive a puncture wound
Transcript: First -Aid What is it?? Immediate, direct treatment of an injured person. First-aid can be used during emergencies such as: Absence of breathing Poisoning Choking Heatstroke Cuts and grazes Fractures Dislocations Burns Absence of breath Causes: Heart attacks, drowning, electric shocks, poisoning, suffocation, etc... Signs: No rise and fall chest movement. The Face becomes bluish-grey. What can you do? 1) Check the scene for danger for yourself, bystanders, and the victim. 2) Speak loud and clear to the victim asking questions like, "Can you hear me?" or "Open your eyes." 3) Gently shake the victim's shoulders. 4) Do not move the victim 5) Call for help if necessary Poisoning Administering poison to a person, either deliberately or accidentally. Signs: Rapid, weak pulse Headache Blurred vision Drowsiness Breathing difficulties Vomiting What can you do? Reassure consciousness. Dial 911. Allow victim small sips of cold water or milk if mouth is burnt. Do NOT induce vomiting. Choking: To have severe difficulty in breathing because of a constricted or obstructed throat or a lack of air. Signs: Face becomes red-then blue. Pointing/graspring at throat. Problems speaking and breathing. What can you do? 1) Have the victim bend over with the head lower than the chest. 2) Tell them to cough. 3)Slap them between the shoulder blades 4-5 times
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