Transcript: Initial Steps to prevent fires: What is Fire Prevention? Established to commemorate the Great Chicago Fire Killed 250 people Left 100,000+ Homeless "Don't Wait, check the Date!" Secondary steps to Prevent Fires: Ensure security and safety for your family, friends, coworkers and [most importantly] yourself Spread recognition of precautionary steps with community Useful skills to better train for fighting large-scale fires (e.g. structure) Keep Wires neatly placed or stacked Turn off all electric appliances when exiting the room or not using Put away flammable substances in safe, cool locations within the house Turn off portable space heaters or other heating equipment when leaving room or sleeping Major Function of Fire Departments Measure(s) to reduce Emergencies and any harm caused by them Fire Prevention October 8- October 14 Install Smoke Alarms + Extinguishers One working alarm on each floor Replace batteries at least once a year Replace entire smoke alarm every 10 years Store extinguisher in cool, dry place Plan and practice home/work fire drill (similar to those on campus) Remember or keep local Emergency contact numbers Importance of Fire Prevention Fire Prevention Week
Transcript: Critical Cont. Background Impact of budget cuts Little recognition of the value of fire prevention Lack of support to develop more technological advances lack of recorded data for studies Lack of federal incentives for fire safety programs No national criteria for fire prevention activities Public and private organizations reluctant to accept fire prevention standards Re-evaluate and reorganize the current national data collection system The task force should identify total funding requirements and possible funding sources The task force should not be open ended and stick to assigned goals The USFA should publicize its data collection and findings Suggested reporting agencies for standardized reporting systems such as the fire service, hospital, doctors offices. Fire Prevention The National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control state that communities only focusing on fire suppression are more at risk than those that include fire suppression. There are two branches to fire protection. Suppression-the act of putting out the fire. Prevention- includes many activities such as fire codes, inspections, and public education. Introduction Background Critical Issues Task Force Recommendations Number 2 Need to regulate fire behavior of internal finish in elder and child care facilities There needs to be better information sharing between state, local, and federal organizations Public unwilling to be more responsible for fire safety Labor contracts place limits on fire department personnel activities Task Force Recommendations Lack of public fire safety education Lack of fire safety education credentialing lack of fire safety education personnel Federal Government did not recognize fire as a national priority Lack of home fire safety programs Critical Cont. Critical Issues The National Commission on Fire Prevention stated that fire prevention is often assigned a lower priority than other fire activities. The views on fire prevention changed after it was realized that by preventing fires in the first place save lives and property. Lack of funds and personnel to conduct fire prevention activities Ineffective use of time by fire personnel for prevention activities Lack of fire safety education in schools No public understanding of fire hazards and costs Lack of funds for research More than 25 programs developed, out of those the top 5 were Mass media campaign to educate the public Join and support the congressional fire support caucus to educate legislators Require fire prevention education standards for fire personnel Develop specific information specialty populations such as the elderly and disabled Nationally promote residential sprinkler systems Introduction Number One Lack of knowledge of the fire problem and the value of fire prevention Lack of standardized reporting system Critical Cont.
Transcript: 2 ways out of every room Fire Prevention 3 C's for minor burns Stop where you are Drop to the floor Roll over and over to put out the flames -home fire escape plan - how to get out SAFELY - crawl under the smoke starts with you! Fire Prevention One on every floor tested 2 times a year Stay CALM COOL the burn CALL the doctor 3 Actions to Remember Smoke Alarms
Transcript: 50 percent of home fires start in the kitchen and unattended cooking is the primary cause Home Fires occur every 85 seconds 7 people die 36 people are injured $18 million dollars worth of damage Seniors and Children under 5 are twice as likely to die in a home fire 98 firefighters died in the line of duty in 2013 (LODD) Types of Fires > Cooking - 429 Fires Daily > Heating - 165 Fires Daily > Intentional - 79 Fires Daily > Electrical - 81 Fires Daily > Smoking - 49 Fires Daily > Washers/Dryers- 42 Fires Daily > Exposure - 37 Fires Daily > Candles - 29 Fires Daily > Playing - 19 Fires Daily How can we prepare for fires? Morris, Cassius. "The Cassius Morris Show." The Cassius Morris Show. Word Press, n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2016. <http://cassiusmorris.com/?attachment_id=665>. Randles, Jonathan. "Public Safety - Fire." Public Safety 1/2. Public Safety Academy, Faifield. 2014. Lecture. Richardson, Jeff. The Paradigm Challenge. Project Paradigm, 2009. Web. 23 Mar. 2016. <http://www.projectparadigm.org/>. Sneed, Jason. "Simple Warning." Proverbial Thought. Word Press, 29 Aug. 2014. Web. 27 Mar. 2016. <http://proverbialthought.com/2014/08/29/simple-warning/>. Taylor, Gabrielle. "How to Safely Put Out a Grease Fire (And Prevent Them Altogether)." Wonder How To. WonderHowTo, 2015. Web. 26 Mar. 2016. <http://food-hacks.wonderhowto.com/how-to/safely-put-out-grease-fire-and-prevent-them-altogether-0152942/>. Tobius. "Top 10 Eco-Innovations That Could Change the World." Vineyard Energy. Word Press, 14 Jan. 2015. Web. 27 Mar. 2016. <http://www.vineyardenergyproject.org/>. Tzatzeva, Petia. "AntiFog Tech Data Matrix." AntiFog Tech Data Matrix. Hydromer Incorporated, n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2016. <http://www.hydromer.com/Industrial/tech_data.htm>. Venice, Sierra. "Properties and Such: 5 A-Must Security Practices in Your Homes." Properties and Such. Blog Spot, 5 June 2015. Web. 27 Mar. 2016. <http://propertiesandsuchph.blogspot.com/2015/06/5-must-security-practices-in-your-ho mes.html>. Zennie, Michael. "Hell on Earth: California Wildfire TRIPLES in Size by Sunday Night with 22,4000 Acres Now Ablaze as Thousands Flee Their Homes." Daily Mail. Daily Mail Company UK, 2 June. 2013. Web. 23 Mar. 2016. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2334604/Powerhouse-Fire-Three-wildfires-sweep-Los-Angeles-New-Mexico-burning-tens-thousands-acres.html>. Background Song: "Lecture" by PentagramsWheel Ideas What is Project Paradigm? Created by: Sarah, Imelly, Brenda, and Wil Smoke and toxic gases produced by fires can be deadly Carbon monoxide poisoning is the major cause of death following smoke inhalation; smoke often affects the vision and decreases the chances of the victim to escape Consequences of Fire Recap and Suggestive Ideas There are many types of Fire Extinguishers for different types of fires, but the common type used in homes is the Multipurpose Dry Chemical Extinguisher (Cooking) How dangerous are fires? Annual Challenge C.andles A.ppliances K.itchen E.lectronics Influences or inspires the young generation of America to think of ways to prevent America's top disaster threat.... Home Fires "It won't be sweet if your house burns down." (Electrical Outlets) Emotional Stress - Death of a loved one - Stress can trigger further doubt and fear Financial Liabilities - Insurance problems - Property damage Must replace destroyed materials Statistics How can you prevent fires? Fire Prevention Citations Putting smoke detectors in your home. Have a fire extinguisher and learn how to use it. Turn off appliances which are not in use. Do not overload wall extension cords. Use nonflammable materials. Turn off a space heater when you leave the room. Fire Extinguishers (Non-Flammable Material) Acronym Baskas, Harriet. "Power up at Newark-Liberty International Airport (EWR) | Stuck at the Airport." Stuck at the Airport. Harriet Baskas, 25 Aug. 2008. Web. 27 Mar. 2016. <http://stuckattheairport.com/2008/08/25/power-up-at-newark-liberty-international-airport-ewr/>. Bower, Nathan. "Fire Safety - Fire Extinguishers." Forsyth Fire Department. Black Dog Media, n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2016. <http://forsythfirerescue.org/fire-safety/fire-extinguishers/>. Guillemets, Terri. "Firefighter Quotes, Firefighting Sayings, Fireman, Firemen." The Quote Garden. Terri Guillemets, 18 Mar. 1998. Web. 27 Mar. 2016. <http://www.quotegarden.com/firefighters.html>. Hoare, Tony. "Westbury-on-Trym School Non Smoking Policy." Westbury-on-Trym. C of E Academy, 2016. Web. 27 Mar. 2016. <http://www.westbury-on-trym.bristol.sch.uk/parents/school-non-smoking-policy>. (Smoking) (Electrical Equipment in Bathroom)
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: Wildfire Prevention photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Facts about the Forest Only you can prevent wildfires Always be careful with fire Never play with matches or lighters Always watch your campfire Make sure your campfire is completely out before leaving it Cody Krusick Smokey's Fire Rules of Wildfire Prevention: What did you learn? Forest cover almost 1/3 of the earths land Over 700 million acres of USA is forest Average forest is 70 -100 years old Some forest are 4,000-5,000 years old One large tree can provide a day's oxygen for 4 people 78,792 wildland fires in America in 2009 5,921,786 acres burned 1418 wildland fires in 2012 in Wisconsin 2263.236 acres burned Forest Fires Statistics Campfires Never put anything but wood into the fire Keep a bucket of water and a shovel near by Don't leave the fire unattended Clear 10 feet around campfire pit down to the soil and remove anything that could catch fire.
Transcript: As you can see this house has caught on fire Does anyone agree with me What to do if your house gets struck by lighting If a fire ever occurred in your home GET OUT,STAY OUT,and CALL for help. By:Mya Sharon You are to evacuate and call 911. By:Mya Sharon The beginning of something terrible. Photos Install smoke alarms on every level of your home,inside bedrooms,and outside sleeping areas.Test them every month and replace the batteries at least once every year. Hopefully this never happens to you like comment share Picture of Firefighters that have helped with fire prevention Its pretty obvious of what you should do now EVACUATE. Talk with all household members about a fire escape plan and practice a plan twice a year. Fire Prevention like comment share 3Tips on how to be ready if a fire ever occurred Some after effects of what your house may look like after it has been struck by lighting
Transcript: Class C - These are electrically energized fuel. Examples: Flat Iron, Electric Fan, etc. Class D - Metallic fire Examples: Potassium, Magnesium, and other combustible metals. *Heat comes from the fuel itself which is called spontaneous combustion. This contains hydrocarbon (CH2) which comes from plants and animals. Vapor is considered hydrocarbon which ignites when mixed with oxygen in air. No fuel will burn unless it is in vapor state. General Categories of Energy (Heat) 1. Chemical Energy - It is the heat which results from chemical reaction. - Heat of decomposition - Heat of solution 2. Electrical Energy - It is the heat from electricity. - Resistance heating - Arching - Short circuiting - Electric heating 3. Mechanical Energy - It is the heat resulting from - Friction - Compression 4. Solar Energy - It is the energy derived from the sun. It confines the distribution of radiated even rays from the sun in one area. 5. Nuclear Energy - It is the heat resulting from breaking or combining atom. - Heat of Fission - separating or breaking of atom - Heat of Fusion - combining atom together Stages of Fire 1. Incipient Stage - There is no visible smoke or flame. 2. Smoldering Stage - There is smoke but no flame. 3. Flame Stage - There is an actual fire and heat builds up in the air. 4. Heat Stage - There is uncontrolled spread of super heated air. Most Common Sources Of Fire 1. Arson 2. Lightning 3. Kitchen grease 4. Flammable chemicals 5. Electrical short circuits 6. Debris burning in forest and neglected camp 7. Overheated electrical appliance How To Eliminate Industrial Fires 1. Rigidly enforce smoking restriction. 2. Oxygen should not be stored in the same area as flammable gases or near any readily combustible materials. Storage area should be made up of concrete or non-combustible building materials. It is important to understand the basic characteristics of fire for self protection. Poisonous gases produced by fire make a victim disoriented and drowsy. Heat and smoke from fire are more dangerous than the flames itself. Inhaling the super-heat air can sear the lungs and the victim may fall into a slumber sleep instead of being awakened by a fire. The leading cause of deaths due to fire, according to surveys is through asphyxiation exceeding burns by a ratio of three-to-one. ~INTRODUCTION~ CHAPTER 8 Nature of Fire General Classifications of Fuel: Class A - There are the ordinary combustible materials which are mostly solid. Examples: Wood, paper, cloth, trash, etc. Fuel is an essential substance that burned on any matter capable of burning. Heat is a form of energy capable of raising temperature. Hence, the fuel must be heated to its kindling temperature. There should be the presence of sufficient oxygen which comes from the surrounding air. Class B – These are the kinds of fuel which are in liquid or gas state. Examples: Gas, oil, grease, acetone, and other petroleum products. Fire is a good friend of man if and when properly utilized but it will turn into a man-made hazard when neglected. Fire is a rapid oxidation of matter accompanied by heat or flame. Many people injured and die because of fires, which there are some instances that it could be prevented. There are also losses of property because there is no time to neither gather valuables nor make a phone call, since fire spreads in seconds and a residence can be engulfed in flames in just five minutes. Consequences in fire bring strong impacts to the victims. (Before, During and After) FIRE PREVENTION Fire may be produced if three conditions or elements are present, namely: Elements of Fire Heat (Kindling temperature) Fuel Oxygen ~INTRODUCTION~
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