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Forged By Fire Background

Transcript: I recommend this book because it is a very detailed book, it gets you hooked and it's very interesting. Who wouldn't want to know the life of a side character from Tears of a Tiger? Forged By Fire is a very interesting book, it has a lot of conflict and drama that happens. Gerald's past life was horrible and possibly horrific, but in the end, he's pretty happy with himself because he has grown from the experience. Forged By Fire There are many types of characters in Forged By Fire. Gerald was the protagonist. You may be wondering why, well Gerald has been trying to live with his new family since he lost his Aunt. He realized that his step father was abusing his new little sister Angel. He finally worked up the courage to tell someone about it and he sent his step father to jail. The antagonist was Jordan Sparks, Gerald's step father. He would go out to a bar regularly and come home drunk, always hitting Angel for absolutely no reason. Types of Characters Forged By Fire Background Why should you consider buying Forged By Fire? Well, Forged By Fire is a book about a boy named Gerald. His life started out rough when he was 3, but it seemed to get a little bit better. His life turned upside down when he lost someone special and now he has to live his life with a man he doesn't trust. Maybe you should get the book to see what happens... Connections My Opinion on the book I can connect Forged By Fire to Tears of a Tiger. Both books are somewhat similar if you ask me. Both books have deaths in them, in both books, the main character has to suffer with something such as depression or abuse. The main idea of Forged by Fire is to show how Gerald had to live. In Tears of a Tiger, Gerald was just another guy on the basketball team but really, his life isn't what you thought it was. Gerald had suffered the lost of a loved one and abuse. His life seems fine now, but his past life wasn't. There was a lot, of conflict in Forged By Fire. There was mostly Man vs. Man between Gerald, and his step father. Main Idea Types of Conflict

Fire presentation

Transcript: 10s and 18s in Wildfire Behavior USGS "Wildfires are a growing natural hazard . . . posing a threat to life and property. . ." America's history of "[f]ire suppression [will] lead to more severe fires due to the buildup of vegetation, which creates more fuel." USGS Culdesac region Pic 5 Night 22. http://www.gehotshots.org/indian_fire/indian_fires.html Pic 3 10. http://gatley.blogspot.com/2008/01/night-photography.html Pic 6 Pic 10 Begin Fireline At Anchor Point Mount Wilson northeast of Los Angeles on Tuesday, Sept. 01, 2009. Pic 13 9. http://www.inciweb.org/incident/pictures/large/1910/15/ Pic 22 Fireline Constructed Near Chute or Box Canyon Station Fire in the Acton, California area north of Los Angeles, August 30, 2009. (REUTERS/Gene Blevins) Pic 11 Pic 17 Pic 16 Images 1-4. http://www.survival-spot.com/survival-blog/southern-california-wildfires-pictures/ Smoke in my eyes Great balls of Fire! Weather Spot Fires And escape 10 Standing Firefighter orders 17. http://www.survival-spot.com/survival-blog/southern-california-wildfires-pictures/ Overview Station Fire August 30, 2009 in Acton, California. (Justin Sullivan/Getty Images) Instructions and Communication Pic 21 Local resources are key to successful wildfire control in San Diego and SoCal area. Pic 2 Pic 1 Building Fireline Downhill Pic 14 Pic 18 2. http://www.usgs.gov/hazards/wildfires/ Scene and Size up Wildlfires > 250 acres last 20 years Fire 165 No help from south Pic 20 Pic 11 1. Keep informed on fire weather conditions and forecasts. 2. Know what your fire is doing at all times. 3. Base all actions on current and expected behavior of the fire. 4. Identify escape routes and safety zones and make them known. 5. Post lookouts when there is possible danger. 6. Be alert. Keep calm. Think clearly. Act decisively. 7. Maintain prompt communications with your forces, your supervisor, and adjoining forces. 8. Give clear instructions and insure they are understood. 9. Maintain control of your forces at all times. 10. Fight fire aggressively, having provided for safety first. In addition, the secondary effects of wildfires, including erosion, landslides, introduction of invasive species, and changes in water quality, are often more disastrous than the fire itself. 7. http://cio.gsfc.nasa.gov/centers/ames/multimedia/images/2008/wildfires.html 19. http://www.scpr.org/blogs/fire-updates/2009/09/03/todays-station-fire-map/ Station Fire in the Acton, California area north of Los Angeles, August 30, 2009. (REUTERS/Gene Blevins) 21. http://ocw.usu.edu/Forest__Range__and_Wildlife_Sciences/Wildland_Fire_Management_and_Planning/Unit_9__Extreme_Fire_Behavior_7.html No help from west 15 + 16. http://www.coloradofirecamp.com/suppression-tactics/fireline-location.html Date: 10/28/09 Little bit of movement 11. http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/fires/multimedia.html# Station fire 20. http://www-laep.ced.berkeley.edu/~itr/literature/farsite/ 6. http://learnline.cdu.edu.au/units/sbi263/fundamentals/topography.html Revisit Weather and Hazards in a few Pic 15 A backfire burns near homes during the Station Fire in La Crescenta, California, Tuesday, Sept. 1, 2009. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong) Where? 18. http://www.coloradofirecamp.com/suppression-tactics/fireline-location.html 2003 at Espola Rd and Twin Peaks Pic 9 La Crescenta section of Glendale, California, Tuesday, Sept. 1, 2009. (AP Photo/LM Otero) 12. http://inciweb.org/incident/pictures/large/1856/1/ Pic 3 Station fire 2009: Remains of Vetter Mountain Lookout Tower USGS Pic 19 Understanding wildfire behavior drives successful operations Firefighters take a break during the Station Fire in La Crescenta, California, Tuesday, Sept. 1, 2009. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong) 1. Fire not scouted and sized up. 2. In country not seen in daylight. 3. Safety zones and escape routes not identified. 4. Unfamiliar with weather and local factors influencing fire behavior. 5. Uninformed on strategy, tactics, and hazards. 6. Instructions and assignments not clear. 7. No communication link with crewmembers/supervisors. 8. Constructing line without safe anchor point. 9. Building fireline downhill with fire below. 10. Attempting frontal assault on fire. 11. Unburned fuel between you and the fire. 12. Cannot see main fire, not in contact with anyone who can. 13. On a hillside where rolling material can ignite fuel below. 14. Weather is getting hotter and drier. 15. Wind increases and/or changes direction. 16. Getting frequent spot fires across line. 17. Terrain and fuels make escape to safety zones difficult. 18. Taking a nap near the fire line. Hills, Assault and Fuels Blake Scott Zzz. Firefighters start a controlled burn during the Station Fire in the Angeles National Forest beside the suburb of Glendale on the outskirts of Los Angeles city on September 1, 2009. `(MARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images) # 8. http://www.inciweb.org/incident/pictures/large/1900/1/ 18 Situations that shout Watch Out 13 + 14.

Background Presentation

Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. http://lifehacker.com/5401954/programmer-101-teach-yourself-how-to-code 2. http://www.bluecloudsolutions.com/blog/cost-develop-app/ 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

Background Presentation

Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" http://www.stoprapenow.org/uploads/advocacyresources/1282164625.pdf Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/the-need-for-numbers-on-rape-in-warand-why-theyre-nearly-impossible-to-get Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity

Fire Flow no background

Transcript: Liability Provides more constrict head on the system Can be achieved by several different options Can be in the middle of the distribution system Requires lower pumping capacity Pressure Tank Definitions Pros Typical range of Fire flows/ minimum pressures /durations Sprinkler system-flow & pressure (provided by fire line) Capacities of 100-500 gpm @ 50 psi are typical Fire hydrant- Minimum residual pressure of 20 psi, TCEQ requires 250 gpm Residential ~1,000 gpm for normal sized homes Higher flows for larger homes Much higher flows for commercial/industrial buildings-depending on size/ structure construction materials Who pays for cost of additional line sizes required to provide fire flow Who pays for the water usage Low cost to build Low cost to maintain Can have multiple High head doesn't cost more Pressure on the system can be easily modified Fire Sprinklers Metering usage from fire hydrant can be estimated for water loss reporting but typically is not metered for billing. Fire lines for schools, homes, buildings are usually not metered but can be - meter will not count toward overall meter count per TCEQ requirements. International Fire Code Effect on either in Distribution System Cons Definitions Normally pressure head ranges by 10-20 psi Only comes in a few options Has to be at the pump station-all distribution lines feed from the pressure tank Might require more pump stations to cover same area Requires additional pumping capacity Requires a generator > 250 connections Operation of Fire Engine Luckily thanks to TRWA the utility is exempt from liability or providing fire flows although most WSCs say they don't provide it, and cities say they provide fire flows but don't guarantee it. Meter Metering Fire Flow International Fire Code Metering Fire Flow How to Measure Pros C900 Pipe PVC vs. Iron Pipe OD PVC TCEQ Requirements for municipalities with certain density of 250 gpm for 2 hours @ a minimum residual pressure of 20 psi per 290.46 (x)+(y) WSCs don't have any TCEQ Requirements normally Sometimes city ETJ will require Fire flows Sometimes county will require Fire flows for residential or commercial /Industrial projects Insurance Requirements for commercial building or residential homes Elevated Tank Old School Calculation Capacities of Fire Hydrants + Post Hydrants The choices of pressure storage for any water system is a pressure tank or elevated storage. Capacities of Fire Hydrants + Post Hydrants Pitot Gauge 1 Definitions 2 Requirements 3 Fire Hydrant & Post Hydrant Capacities 4 How to Measure Fire Flows 5 Backflow/ Water Quality Issues 6 Metering Fire Flow 7 Cost of Fire Flows 8 Liability 9 Pressure Storage Options 10 Fire Hydrant and Fire Engine 11 PVC Pipe 12 Conclusion Metering allows for more accurate record keeping Even if metered, you don't have to bill for usage (TCEQ may require billing) If meter is set will be choice of the utility to bill for the equivalent meter size in capital improvement fee + monthly billing. Fire Hydrant Installation Light Blue-capacity greater than 1,500 gpm Green- capacity between 1,000 to 1,500 gpm Orange- capacity between 500 to 1,000 gpm Red- capacity less than 500 gpm White- fill only Black- out of service Pressure Tank Operation of Fire Hydrant High cost to build High cost to maintain Gets very expensive over 140-150' tall (~60-65 psi) Larger lines required to generate fire flows are inversely proportional to water quality. Additional flushing required to maintain the water quality. Must maintain additional storage for fire fighting events. Need to have double checks of RPZs on fire lines Cost of Fire flows Cons Examples of CI Bill + Monthly billing FIRE FLOW FIRE FLOWS Table of Contents Tyler Hendrickson TRWA Annual Convention March 27, 2019 Fire Hydrant Colors Effect on either in Distribution System Examples of Fire service to homes or businesses Requirements Elevated Storage Fire System Pump Stations Water Distribution capacity in excess of domestic requirements, supported by storage, supply, pressure pumping capacities- can be discharge of hydrant or interior building sprinkler system Backflow / Water Quality Issues Pressure Storage Options

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