Transcript: Presented by Jennifer Willimus and Hayden Calkins Twitter What is a Tweet? What is a Tweet? A tweet is a posting on the social media site Twitter. Each post is 280 characters or less. How are the "Top Tweets" pushed to the top? How are the "Top Tweets" pushed to the top? Twitters algorithm looks at the amount of interaction a post gets. Ie; Likes, replies and retweets. Then rates every tweet in order of the amount of interaction they received, the tweets with the most interaction become the top tweets. What is a "Twitter bot"? What is a "Twitter bot"? A Twitter bot is a program designed to automatically retweet, like and follow others on Twitter. In the past they were used to make someone seem more popular, now they are being used to purposefully spread fake news. Why do people inadvertently spread fake news on twitter? Why do people inadvertently spread fake news on twitter? People often don't often read the news they are presented with, instead they spread news based on how the headline sounds/ if it agrees with their political leaning. What steps can you take to examine a tweet to see if its credible? What steps can you take to examine a tweet to see if its credible? Do they have any biases? A specific political leaning? Do they belong to a group that might have specific goals? This may not totally disprove the tweet, but it is still important to check the agendas of the person posting it. Examine the profile Examine the profile Is there even a link to an article? If so is it real? Does it match the headline or the tweet? If they are not the same they may have been taken out of context on purpose (with an assumption that many people will retweet without reading the full article) Click on the link to the actual article Click on the link to the actual article If someone claims to have been at an important event, for example, does the time validate that claim? Check time of the tweet Check time of the tweet Do they cite a specific study or source? Can you view this study? Can you verify the study or source in other places by googling it? If you can find the article in many other legitimate news sources , it can most likely be trusted. If it is too an actual peer reviewed independant study you can also most likely trust it. If the article uses vague language like "studies show" or refers to information without citing it, it is porbably not credible. Check on studies or sources of the tweet Check on studies or sources of the tweet What is the goal of the group? Is their political leaning very apperant in their tweets? Everyone has some political leaning, even the most objective news sources do. They could still be telling the truth in their tweet, but it is still good to take what they say with a grain of salt. Look into the person/group putting out the tweet Look into the person/group putting out the tweet
Transcript: Fake Identies Identidades falsas en Twitter TWITTER Twitter What is it? Is an American online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets". Tweets Tweets Tweets were originally restricted to 140 characters but on November 7, 2017, this limit was doubled for all languages. The service rapidly gained worldwide popularity. In 2012, more than 100 million users posted 340 million tweets a day, and the service handled an average of 1.6 billion search queries per day. In 2013, it was one of the ten most-visited websites and has been described as "the SMS of the Internet" Trend & Hashtags Trend Whats is fake News on Twitter? Fake Information? Fake accounts? People who want to harm others People whose purpose is to make fun of others #wikileaks and #occupywallstreet are very common to find, also #USApresidentialelections in these moments we can be victims of false news. The Issue Fake Identities How can the compamy determine which accounts are fake and which are not? Does the reporter agree? Y/N Do you agree? Y/N Why? Fake or not What Fake means? Fake news, Fake message, Fake individuals Fake Message People who delivers the wrong informarion Fake Individuals Identity problem Fake news Unreal or unaccurate news What happened to fake accounts? Twitter cracked down fake and suspicious accounts. 70.000 account users were blocked by twitter How to know if fake accounts are real or not? How to identify them? Co. D Twitteraudit.com - tells the number of fake account ones can have. Analitics.twitter.com - tells where ones followers come from What might happen? If twitter... starts blocking accounts, people might turn into different social media platforms. Which other Social Media platforms do you know? The First Amendment USA People have the right to free speech, the right to free expression. But free expression doesn't mean much if people don't feel safe. Do you think that twitter expresses this right? Yes/No - why? Videos Videos 1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YV1cWAp4rc 2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3cE_-EYRnbc
Transcript: A study in 2017 showed that the average person spends 2hrs and 51mins a day on their phone. Which is 80+ hours a month. Time spent on smartphone The National Safety Council reported that cell phone use while driving leads to 1.6 million crashes per year. About 390,000 injuries are reported each year due to texting & driving. Total of 263 teens deaths from texting & driving accidents in 2016. Texting & Driving Simulator Time spent while driving Texting & Driving "Texting and Driving Accident Statistics" EdgarSynder.com Edgar Synder & Associates. Copyright 2002-2018. "Turns Out, A Horrifying Number of People Use Their Phones While Driving." Aarian Marshall WIRED.com. April 17,2017. When texting & driving you're 23x more likely to get into an accident. You're 6x as likely to get into an accident texting than drinking & driving. 1-4 car accidents in the U.S. are caused by texting. Estimated about 660,000 drivers use their phones while behind the wheel per day. Texting + Driving = Accidents Work Cited A driving analytic study found that drivers are using their phones for about 88% of their travel. About 3 1/2 minutes for every hour of driving. Answering a text takes about five seconds, while traveling at 55 mph, that's enough time to travel the length of a football field Fatalities Ways to stop Shut your phone off before entering a vehicle. Put your phone on airplane mode. Place your phone on the passenger side floor to avoid distractions. Buy a phone holder for your car.
Transcript: FAKE FAKE FAKE NEWS Canada Legalizes Euthanasia YOURNEWSWIRE.COM On the 22nd of November 2017, YourNewsWire.com allegedly published an article that euthanasia for kids is passed as a law in Canada. http://yournewswire.com/canada-euthanasia-parents-disabled-kids/ Who made this? The article was published on several sites including "yournewswire.com." It was made by a journalist named Sean Adl-Tabatai and is categorized in site as a world news. The main article where it is derived from is Wesley Smiths, "Canada Child Euthanasia: A Matter of Time? The target audience of the article are parents, children, and also the doctors, especially the pediatricians that specializes children. Who is the target audience? YourNewsWire benefited The said website and the author of the article benefited from the fake news. Children with disabilities are to be affected if the fake news about euthanasia for children is spreaded out. Also, there will be less people that would trust doctors and hospital about their child. Citations Citations and everything in between. Works Cited Fact check done https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/did-canada-legalize-euthanasia-children-disabilities/ Thinking Icon https://www.google.ca/search?rlz=1C1GCEA_enCA758CA758&biw=1707&bih=781&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=K5OhWppW55X9Brm_hagD&q=thinking+icon&oq=thinking+icon&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0l10.4445.8167.0.85188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.602.9.9.0....0...1c.1.64.psy-ab..0.13.643...0i67k1j0i10k1.0.97slUiXVqtg#imgrc=i8Y5lCsQRpTe1M: World Icon https://www.google.ca/search?q=world+icon&rlz=1C1GCEA_enCA758CA758&tbm=isch&source=iu&ictx=1&fir=D0J91U-SOccFwM%253A%252CXbnJAkSTcqOjiM%252C_&usg=__9zlB4rdizV6HTAvI7N756LEgPIM%3D&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiyidnXhN_ZAhWB7VMKHYTKBqoQ9QEILDAC#imgrc=UArXuUo878gjRM: YourNewsWire image, baby image, and article http://yournewswire.com/canada-euthanasia-parents-disabled-kids/ Is the newswire a credible source of news? Will you still trust YourNewsWire.com? A fact check was done by Snopes.com People know Snopes.com of checking the credibility of news's we see in the internet. After people have reacted to the article of YourNewsWire, a thorough understanding of the news was done by snopes. https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/did-canada-legalize-euthanasia-children-disabilities/
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Transcript: -2,752 russian linked accounts -36,000 bots 1.4 million tweets Sources Blake Hunter How they get started What is a Fake Account? How to spot a fake account -Someone posing as another person -purposeful -Often political Lets get political -https://www.teenvogue.com/story/donald-trump-retweeted-a-reportedly-fake-twitter-account -https://www.buzzfeed.com/tanyachen/basic-white-girl-accounts?utm_term=.gfogL972v#.vhvKYyOAL =http://www.philly.com/philly/news/politics/presidential/russia-fake-twitter-facebook-posts-accounts-trump-election-jenna-abrams-20171103.html https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/01/us/politics/russia-technology-facebook.html?_r=0 Quick Facts Twitter and Fake Accounts
Transcript: Common misconception #1 1. Fake "chemistry" is everywhere Lack of Scientific Knowledge may lead to waste of substantial money ↓ Share your scientific knowledge with others! B. Fake Diet Product Stay healthy CONCLUSION: Enzymes are proteins! Yumi Sano WITH A BIT OF TRUTH Eating enzymes make us thinner & healthier Some diet products inhibit digestion enzymes fat Unreliable Diet Products http://namaaojiru.com/lp02/ (photo of vegetable juice) http://xn--wtqv80eikjlw2a.net/category1/entry1.html (graph of enzyme) https://www.pinterest.jp/pin/500884789796215825/?lp=true (enzyme illustration) https://biochemanics.wordpress.com/2013/04/06/what-affects-enzyme-velocity/ (graph of enzyme activity with temperature change) https://kuzunohana-diet.com/ (picture of all Kuzu flower products) http://www.kenko-ojisan.com/entry/%E8%91%9B%E3%81%AE%E8%8A%B1%E3%82%A4%E3%82%BD%E3%83%95%E3%83%A9%E3%83%9C%E3%83%B3%E3%81%AE%E8%84%82%E8%82%AA%E6%B8%9B%E5%B0%91%E5%8A%B9%E6%9E%9C (kuzu flower picture) http://josei-bigaku.jp/otyabiyou18465/ (picture of green tea) living Some enzymes digest More food digestion = more food getting in our bodies CONTRADICTION ...are recommended take vegetables January 2018 1. Enzymes should maintain its shape = stay undigested = endure pH 1-2 in stomach Many enzymes' effective pH: 4-9 Recommended for people who wants to # of enzymes decrease as we get older. To keep us young, we need to take in enzyme Fake Enzyme "theories" & drink alcohol stay well without making much effort Based on this misconception... improve constipation A. Enzymes "Logic" behind theory ←A very typical graph used in enzyme product ads. How could BOTH inhibition & activation of enzyme lead to diet ???? English version 16 companies sold "diet products" Without evidence or FAKE data Which enzyme? Humans have 75,000 enzymes NOT LIMITED TO DIGESTIVE ENZYME Different organs, different roles Actually... Fake Food Chemistry in Japan Kudzu Flower Incident Even if it did work, it will NOT lead to weight loss living Ministry of Consumer Affair's Warning Nov. 2017 For the enzymes to work... References: Thank you for listening! including FAKE, FAKE, FAKE! Enzymes are living creature - Raw vegetable/fruit based diet - Enzymes supplements/smoothies Common misconception #2
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