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Environmental Background Presentation

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Background Presentation

Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. 2. 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

Background Presentation

Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity

Environmental presentation

Transcript: Power take-off system: how the device transfers wave power to storable energy In surface-following attenuators, long, hinged floating tubes bob up and down in the water, parallel to the direction of the waves As the hinges flex, hydraulic fluid pumps generators What are two disadvantages of wave power? Sources: This is an example of an "oscillating wave surge converter" What are wave power stations classified by? Wave Power How it works: Pelamis - surface-following attenuator Wave energy is completely free! There is no fuel needed and no waste product. METHODS of energy capture include: What are two advantages to wave energy? Aquamarine Power's Oyster wave power By Anri Brod & Helen Wieffering Generators are dependent upon the waves and the wind, which may vary. Needs a suitable site where waves are consistent. Wave generators must be able to withstand rough seas and winds Current technology can only capture about 50% of the energy produced. Impact on marine life is another concern. Some designs are very noisy - noise pollution could have a negative impact. Wave farms may interfere with commercial and recreational fishing Waves can produce A LOT of energy. ADVANTAGES Questions! Pelamis is an example of which type of energy capture? LOCATIONS for the devices include shoreline, nearshore, and offshore CETO - buoy EXAMPLES: Power stations are not expensive to operate or maintain. Overtopping devices have reservoirs which are filled with water by incoming waves to levels above the average surrounding ocean. This water is then released, and the energy of the falling water turns turbines. Point absorber/buoy Surface-floating attenuator Overtopping device Oscillating water column, etc. Disadvantages: In point absorbers and buoys, the buoys move relative to each other due to wave action, and this relative motion is used to drive electromechanical or hydraulic energy converters. In the case of CETO, underwater equipment on the sea bed has pistons, which are moved when waves pass across the top of the unit. This pumps seawater to drive generators on land. Name two things that affect wave power Wind transfers its energy onto waves as it blows over water Wave power is determined by height, wave speed, wavelength, and water density There are many, many, many different ways of collecting this power; because wave power is a largely unexplored method of alternative energy, there's no established "best" way to do it. Generally, these devices are classified based on three things: the method of energy capture, location, and their power take-off system

Background of Environmental Education

Transcript: Welcome students! 1. to foster clear awareness of, and concern about, economic, social, political and ecological interdependence in urban and rural areas; 2. to provide every person with opportunities to acquire the knowledge, values, attitudes, commitment and skills needed t o protect and improve the environment; and 3. to create new patterns of behaviour of individuals, groups and society as a whole towards the environment. Since the 1970s, environmental education has been a part of Australian schooling. Outcome What does this have to do with sustainability? Sustainability: More than just information The 1980s and 1990s saw the language of sustainability popularised by organisations including the United Nations and the World Commission on Environment and Development. Now it became even clearer that a sustainable future was dependent on understanding the complex relationships between ecological, social, political and economic systems. Due its complex nature, studying sustainability involves more than just acquiring knowledge and understanding. It requires us to adjust our attitudes and commitment to global issues. Additionally, it assists in the development of critical thinking and emphasises the importance of working together to achieve positive outcomes. Image: By 1977 three main goals emerged for environmental education. These were highly influential in the move towards teaching sustainability as opposed to focusing purely on the destruction of natural ecosystems. New goals 'Education and the Environmental Crisis' 'Sustainability' emerges At this point in time the concept of sustainability hadn't yet gained popularity. Rather, it was still a period of environmentalism in which a focus was placed on conservation and preserving ecosystems without acknowledging the economic, social and political effects on environmental change (and vice versa). Sustainability: A complex system These new goals resulted in a greater understanding of the true nature and teaching of environmental issues. At this point it became clear that solving environmental problems required economic, social and political policies, and technological change. Environmental Education To help better understand the complex nature of sustainability, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) created a model which shows the interlocking dimensions of sustainability. That's it! The Three Goals So there you have it! You should now have an understanding of how you came to be learning about sustainability and the benefits it offers in the 21st Century! Why? Prior to the 1970s concerns had grown for natural ecosystems worldwide. Some of the major problems acknowledged included pollution, population growth and depletion of natural resources. It was understood at this time that ALL people should start to understand the negative effects they were having on the environment. The Road to Learning about 'Sustainability' To get the idea of environmental education rolling, the Australian Academy of Science convened the country's first conference on the topic in April 1970. Held over three days (24-26), 'Education and the Environmental Crisis' aimed to identify the perspectives and responsibilities pertaining to environmental change, as well as methods to teach young people about how to improve the future. Image:

Environmental Justice: Background Materials

Transcript: Environmental Justice What is it? The environmental justice or EJ movement and the environmental movement are distinct, yet overlapping struggles. The modern EJ movement has its roots in the intersection of the Civil Rights movement and the environmental movement. The EJ movement has since expanded to addressing the kinds of environmental inequalities being studied in areas such as transportation, health, housing, and smart growth/land use, water, energy development, brownfields, and militarization Studies of occupational exposures in the garment industry and in Silicon Valley factories staffed by Asian and Latino immigrant women workers, (Pellow and Park 2003) Native American communities imperiled by military wastes and hazards (Hooks and Smith 2004) Analyses of gender and the role of women as protagonists in environmental justice activism. (Allen (2003), Peeples and DeLuca (2006), and Di Chiro (1998) ) Youth environmental justice activism has also sparked a number of works that examine the issue of age/generation in environmental justice (Sze et al. 2005) Similarly, London (2007), Driskell (2002), and Chawla et al. (2005) describe the role of youth-led participatory action research in promoting youth voices and perspectives in the improvement and redesign of urban neighborhoods. U.S. Government milestones on environmental justice Recent research has broadened the scope: includes other racial and ethnic groups (e.g., Latinos, Asians, and Native Americans) and disparities associated with gender and age. Rosa Parks 2007 1978 Research While Civil Rights activists were struggling for basic human rights... ... environmentalists were working to preserve wilderness areas. In its earliest incarnations, environmental justice research was concerned primarily with the toxic and hazardous waste impacts in low income and communities of color Lois Gibbs and Love Canal Land use and smart growth Energy development Water issues Transportation Brownfields Militarization Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), a dangerous chemical, was illegally dumped along North Carolina highways in 1978. When the dumping came to light, state officials selected the mostly Black community of Afton, Warren County, for a landfill to store the contaminated soil. This site did not meet EPA guidelines for hazardous waste landfills. Residents fought the landfill’s construction through legal action and protests. More than twenty years later, community members held the State to its promise to decontaminate the site. Background material on Warren County NC Warren County, North Carolina - Birthplace of the E.J. Movement PCB Protest in Warren County 1982 1987 Original breakthrough report - Toxic Wastes and Race Background material on Toxic Waste and Race The study found a significant correlation between the number of commercial hazardous waste facilities in a zip code and the percentage of people of color in the zip code's population. 1994 Executive Order 12898 Federal

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