Transcript: Ecosystem a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their environment. Ecology The branch of dealing with the relations and interactions between organisms and their environment, including other organisms. Polar Biome A polar ice cap or polar ice sheet is a high-latitude region of a planet or moon that is covered in ice. Tropical Biome The tropical rainforest is a hot, moist biome found near Earth's equator Temperate Biome Temperate forests are areas with high levels of precipitation, humidity, and contain a variety of deciduous trees. Desert Biome A desert is a dry area where less than 50 cm of rain falls each year Food Chain A food chain shows how each living thing gets its food. Producer Producer is what makes food by themselves Predator An animal or other organism that hunts and kills other organisms for food Carnivore A flesh-eating animal. Consumer A consumer is the organisms that obtain nutrients from other organisms. Decomposer A decomposer Breaks down the dead material Prey An animal hunted or caught for food Herbivore an animal that is adapted to eat primarily plants Omnivore An animal that will feed on both plants and animals Mutalism A relationship between two organisms of different species that benefits both and harms neither. Commensalism The relationship between organisms of two different species in which one derives food or other benefits from the association while the other remains unharmed and unaffected Parasitism Symbiosis in which one organism lives as a parasite in or on another organism
Transcript: Ecosystem Project Taiga Location The taiga is the largest biome. The taiga is primarily a coniferous forest (evergreen trees with needles) like the temperate rainforest, but the taiga is located between 50 degrees latitude north and the Arctic circle. Many coniferous trees (evergreens with needles) grow in the taiga. The taiga has fewer animal species than the tropical or temperate deciduous forests. The taiga climate is for the most part dominated by cold arctic air. Exceptionally cold winds bring bitterly cold air from the Arctic Circle: the temperatures fall even more on clear nights when there is no cloud cover. Because of earth's tilt, the taiga is turned away from the sun in the winter. Less of the sun's radiation reaches the ground to warm it up. Winter, with it's freezing cold temperatures, lasts for six to seven months. Summer is a rainy, hot and short season in the taiga. Fall is the shortest season for taiga. Spring brings flowers, the frozen ponds melt, and the animals come out from hibernation. The summers are mostly warm, rainy and humid. They are also very short with about 50 to 100 frost free days. The total precipitation in a year is 30 - 85 cm (12 - 33 in) . The forms the precipitation comes in are rain, snow and dew. Most of the precipitation in the taiga falls as rain in the summer. The main seasons in the taiga are winter and summer. The spring and autumn are so short, you hardly know they exist. It is either hot and humid or very cold in the taiga. The typical taiga soil is called podzol or podsol. It has a dark upper horizon (A) this layer is dark because it's rich in humus formed from decomposition of the leaf litter. Horizon A is followed by a characteristic lighter (whitish) eluvial horizon (E) the mineral components of this layer have drained toward the deeper, usually brownish B horizon. The B horizon overlays the broken down rock (C horizon). Paper Birch Fire Snag Willow Wild Rose Trembling Aspen Tamarack Bobcat Bald Eagle Gray Wolf River otter Wolverine red fox THE END YEAHHHH Ecosystem rubric In the taiga, the average temperature is below freezing for six months of the year. Total yearly precipitation in the taiga is 12 - 33 inches (30 - 85 centimeters). Although the cold winters have some snowfall, most of the precipitation comes during the warm, humid summer months.Because of the tilt of the earth on its axis, in the taiga you'll find long nights in the winter and long days in the summer. During the summer months, the taiga fills up with millions of insects. Birds, who eat insects, migrate every year for the plentiful food supply. The taiga is prone to wildfires. Many trees have adapted to this by growing thick bark, which can protect a tree from a mild fire. Temperature Taiga Additional Notes Mrs.Moreland Melody Land 1st Period Climate Taiga Because of cold temperatures, decomposition is slow in the taiga. Dead vegetation will pile up on the forest floor, making a sponge-like covering. Since decomposition is slow, the soil is thin, and lacking in nutrients. Trees grow taller where the taiga is warmer (so things can decay) or by a stream, where the water can carry nutrients to the tree. The world's oldest trees can be found in the taiga. The bristlecone pines in California are a prime example. One of them is 4,600 years old . Soil Description Precipitation 6 Animals in Taiga Taiga Mrs.Moreland Melody Land 1st Period Taiga 6 Plants in the Taiga
Transcript: Light PLANT A TREE It's good for the air, the land, can shade your house and save on cooling (plant on the west side of your home), and they can also improve the value of your property RECYCLE NEWSPAPER There are 63 million newspapers printed each day in the U.S. Of these, 44 million, or about 69%, of them will be thrown away. Recycling just the Sunday papers would save more than half a million trees every week. RECYCLE GLASS Recycled glass reduces related air pollution by 20 percent and related water pollution by 50 percent. If it isn't recycled it can take a million years to decompose. PLASTIC BAGS SUCK Each year the U.S. uses 84 billion plastic bags, a significant portion of the 500 billion used worldwide. They are not biodegradable, and are making their way into our oceans, and subsequently, the food chain. Stronger, reusable bags are an inexpensive and readily available option. TURN OFF LIGHTS Always turn off incandescent bulbs when you leave a room. Fluorescent bulbs are more affected by the number of times it is switched on and off, so turn them off when you leave a room for 15 minutes or more. You'll save energy on the bulb itself, but also on cooling costs, as lights contribute heat to a room. An ecosystem is a biological system consisting of all the living organisms or biotic components in a particular area and the nonliving or abiotic component with which the organisms interact, such as air, soil, water and sunlight. Producers United Nations Environment Programme Abiotic Chemical composition of surroundings This is a huge mountain heterotrophs Greenpeace autotrophs That is just a tip of the iceberg, too Biotic Iceberg of ecosystems Water World Wide Fund for Nature Tip Tertiary consumers Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization. It focuses its campaigning on world wide issues such as global warming, deforestation, overfishing, commercial whaling and anti-nuclear issues Ecosystem UNEP is an international organization that coordinates United Nations environmental activities. Its activities cover a wide range of issues regarding the atmosphere, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, environmental governance and green economy Wind Ecosystem Primary Consumers (herbivores) Temperature Secondary Consumers (carnivores) The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization working on issues regarding the conservation, research and restoration of the environment. The group says its mission is "to halt and reverse the destruction of our environment" Environmental organizations
Transcript: huddle Mrs. Rossi huddle to crowd together crowd huddle separate
Transcript: Blacktail Deer Secondary SCAVENGERS: Food Chains Modoc Plateau Great Horned Owl Balsam Root Blacktail Deer Grasshopper Mountain Lion Black Bear Bald Eagle Antelope Sandhill Crane Black- Crowned Night Herons Great Horned Owls Balsom Root 1% 100 kcal Little Pocket Mouse 3rd Level Consumers Western Larch 10% Food Web Red Fox 0.1% California Ground Squirrel Consumer Primary Consumer Bald Eagle 10,000 kcal Blacktail Dear Great Horned Owl Primary Consumer Earthworm Rainbow Trout Black Tailed Jackrabbit Tertiary Elk Blacktail Deer Mule Deer Bighorn Sheep Mountain Lions Black Bears Bald Eagles Antelopes Sandhill Cranes Black-Crowned Night Herons Rainbow Trout Great Horned Owls Shasta Crayfish Northern Pintails Cinnamon Teals Lost River Sucker Lodgepole Pine Yellow & Jeffrey Pine Yellow Arrowleaf Balsam Root Long-Haired Star Tulip Spiny Milkwort Ash Creek Ivesia Ravens Lomatium Cindy Do & Roselyn Mai April 14, 2014 Period 1 London 1,000 kcal PARASITES: 1,000 kcal Food Levels Grasshopper (decomposer) Sun Decomposers 1% Plants Consumer Recreational Activities Utility& Service Lines Dams & Water Management/Use Renewable Energy Annual & Perennial Non-Timber Crops Invasive Plants/ Animals Inappropriate Livestock Farming & Ranching Housing & Urban Areas Fire & Fire Supression Bovista aestivalis Ecosystem & Biome Powerpoint Agarics Boletes Chanterelles Teeth Fungi Polypores Lodgepole Pine Yellow & Jeffrey Pine Yellow Arrowleaf Balsam Root Long-Haired Star Tulip Spiny Milkwort Ash Creek Ivesia Ravens Lomatium Wooly Stenotus Mixed Conifer Whitebark Pine Antelope Bitterbrush Western Larch Mountain Mahogany Washo Pine Western White Pine Cinammon Teal 10,000 kcal 1st Level Consumers Blacktail Deer Mule Deer Bighorn Sheep Candy Striped Leafhopper Food Pyramids Great Horned Owl Animals (decomposer) Organisms Sun Producer Consumer Earthworms, fungi, mushrooms Mountain Lion Tertiary Bald Eagle Producer 0.1% 2nd Level Consumers 10 kcal Lies in the northeast corner of California as well as parts of Oregon & Nevada Mile-high expanse of lava flows with cinder cones, juniper flats, pine forests, & seasonal lakes Thought to have been formed approximately 25 mil years ago Dominated by volcanic activity Repeated eruptions from cracks have produced a more subdued terrain of shield volcanoes and broad lava plateaus (most recent eruption 200-300 years ago) up to 120 inches of precipitation each year(usually from November thru April) has one of the most extensive Ponderosa pine forests in western US Bald Eagle Producers 100 kcal 100% Western Larch Human Impacts Spiny Milkwort 10 kcal Rainbow Trout Mountain Lion Western Larch Description Secondary Wooly Stenotus Mixed Conifer Whitebark Pine Antelope Bitterbrush Western Larch Mountain Mahogany Washo Pine Western White Pine 10% Consumer Fleas, botfly, sheep ked Rainbow Trout Shasta Crayfish Northern Pintails Cinnamon Teals Lost River Sucker 100%
Transcript: Ecosystem! Rain forest Artic costal Tundra. Srub`s Fungi mosse`s Dwarf birch Moist Sunlight Similarity`s jaguars red-eyed tree frogs leopards Snow Cheetah Cold Vine`s Ice wedge`s Snakes willows Rain Tree's Polar bears mosse`s lemmings polar bear walrus beluga whale snowshoe hare arctic hare red fox grey wolf Arctic ground squirrel seals Monsoon mosse`s
Transcript: 2.1 Energy Flow in Ecosystems Plants are called producers because they produce. carbohydrates from carbon dioxide, water, and the Sun’s energy. Energy Flow and Energy Loss in Ecosystems:Food Chains Producers = 1st trophic level Primary consumers = 2nd trophic level Secondary consumers = 3rd trophic level Tertiary consumers = 4th trophic level consumers: 1.Detrivores: – consumers that soak up energy and nutrients from dead organisms and waste matter 2.Herbivores: primary consumers Herbivores eat plants (producers) only. 3.Carnivores secondary or tertiary consumers Secondary consumers eat non-producers, like herbivores. 4.Omnivores consumers that eat both plants and animals for example humans and bears. Energy Flow and Energy Loss in Ecosystems:Food Webs Arrows in a food web represent the flow of energy and nutrients. Following the arrows leads to the top carnivore(s). Energy Flow and Energy Loss in Ecosystems:Food Pyramids first level= most energy each level loses large amount of energy Each level in the energy pyramid = a loss of 90 percent of total energy available Lower trophic levels have much larger populations than upper levels. By:Darya Arani Each level in the energy pyramid = a loss of 90 percent of total energy available
Transcript: Nobody knows babies like we do! Quality products . Good Customer service. Every Kid really loves this store.. BABYLOU ABOUT US About Us BabyLou was established in 2004. It has been more than a decade since we started, where we have ensured to take care of every need and want of every child and infant under one roof, true to the caption “NO BODY KNOWS BABIES LIKE WE DO”. Our benchmark is to provide 100% customer service and satisfaction and continue to deliver the same with a wide range of toys, garments and Baby Products. Play and Create We Are Best 01 02 03 Block games Building Blocks help Kids to use their brain. PLAY TO LEARN in Crusing Adventures Our Discoveries Enjoy a sunny vacation aboard a luxury yacht with the LEGO® Creator 3in1 31083 Cruising Adventures set. This ship has all the comforts you need, including a well-equipped cabin and a toilet. Sail away to a sunny bay and take the cool water scooter to the beach. Build a sandcastle, enjoy a picnic, go surfing or check out the cute sea creatures before you head back to the yacht for a spot of fishing. Escape into the mountains Disney Little Princes in Also available for your Babies..... Also... Out of The World… Our reponsibility BABYLOU…. Our Responsibility All children have the right to fun, creative and engaging play experiences. Play is essential because when children play, they learn. As a provider of play experiences, we must ensure that our behaviour and actions are responsible towards all children and towards our stakeholders, society and the environment. We are committed to continue earning the trust our stakeholders place in us, and we are always inspired by children to be the best we can be. Innovate for children We aim to inspire children through our unique playful learning experiences and to play an active role in making a global difference on product safety while being dedicated promoters of responsibility towards children.
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