Transcript: KINDERGARTEN Piaget: In kindergarten we did a lot of adding using blocks or other objects. This shows the preoperational stage in action. The intelligence is demonstrated through symbols (the blocks representing the numbers). FIRST GRADE Gilligan: We used to play lava monster on the playground. I would never want to be the monster and usually more boys ended up wanting to be the monster than girls. This shows Gilligan's belief that girls grow up with a sense of nurturing. Girls normally do not want to cause pain to others which is why they would rather be chased and not be the monster. SECOND GRADE Erikson: In second grade my cousin and I snuck away at a block party in order to ride a hayride that our parents wouldn't let us do. I remember after sneaking away from the block party feeling some remorse for doing something that I wasn't supposed to do but the feeling of adventure overpowered that. THIRD GRADE Mead: In third grade our teacher made our classroom live by the golden rule. This is the basis of Mead's theory. This rule was drilled into be back in third grade and still sits with me and most of my friends to this day. FOURTH GRADE Cooley: Fourth grade was the first year that I really remember caring what other people thought of me. I began to wonder how other people viewed me and started to dress and act accordingly. It was the first year I started to worry about fitting in. FIFTH GRADE Piaget: In fifth grade we started using some algebra type math and also began reading critically which shows that by then most of us had reached the Concrete thinking phase. We were able to begin thinking bastractly to solve problems. SIXTH GRADE Kohlberg: This was the year that our class took a trip to Nature's Classroom. It was the first time that I had been away from my parents for an extended period of time. There were new rules and we had more rights and freedom then ever before. It taught us how to adjust to a completley new lifestyle for a few days. SEVENTH GRADE Erikson: Seventh grade was a new experiance for everyone. We were meshed together with a bunch of strangers that we didn't know. We had to meet new people and re - organize our social groups. This is a perfect example of Erikson's fifth step, identity vs. role confusion. We were all trying to fit in and find groups that made us feel like we belonged. I began to do things for myself and what others around me thought rather than my parents. EIGHTH GRADE Cooley: Yet, again I began to worry how others saw me. I began to dress in all brand named clothes and constantly thought about how other people viewed me. I got paranoid worrying about what other people thought and began to act different and change myself in order to fit in, hoping that people saw me in a good light. NINTH GRADE Piaget: In ninth grade all learning in school took the path of Formal thinking. We began to pick apart literature and find the deeper meanings in everything that we did. I was at the point where I began to be able to think like this and act accordingly. TENTH GRADE Gilligan: I began to pick relationships carefully in order to avoid being hurt. I took great care in my friendships and when something went wrong, I would be crushed. This again shows how Gilligan that girls were brought up with a natural nurturing and caring ability. ELEVENTH GRADE Erikson: This year I had a serious boyfriend that I had been going out with for over a year. This goes along with Erikson's idea on intimacy vs. isolation. I put all of my time into my boyfriend and had began to make a long term relationship out of it. I learned how to give my time to someone and share my feelings with someone. SENIOR YEAR Erikson This year I broke up with my boyfriend and I went back to identity vs. role confusion. I had to meet new friends and reconnect with my old ones in order to help get rid of that lonely feeling that I was experiancing. It was confusing and hard to do at first but everything turned out okay.
Transcript: Sound Economic Management Sound economic Management is what any good government needs, therefore if we were to look into the future, as far as the 2022 World Cup, we need to be reassured that the hosts had a secure, stable and reliable future for their economy. Qatar has the vision for its future in 2030, and they have bid and won the hosting opportunity for the 2022 World Cup. They state that, “Reasonable and sustained rates of economic growth that secure a high standard of living for this generation and for future generations.Financial and economic stability characterized by low inflation rates, sound financial policy and a secure and efficient financial system,” If they were to follow these rules, then in the future for 2030, Qatar would be looking at a stable, developed and well known country. Not only does its Natural Gases reserves give it a head start in the financial race with other countries, but its plan for the future, with keeping a low and sensible inflation rate, makes it a country more in power, and less likely to be affected with any ‘credit crunch’. Although, the changes in the goal would have to take into account that a major part of their time would be taken up by focusing on the 2022 preparations, for example, parts of the goal, such as constant low inflation rates could not be constantly monitered as time and money would need to be put into the preparations. Responsible Exploitation of Oil and Gas Suitable Economic Diversification How do you think Qatar would have altered its Qatar 2030 plan to take into consideration the holding of the World Cup in 2022? After reading the goals for 2030, I find that in order to hold and accommodate the 2022 World Cup, some things in the goals would have to be altered. Time and money goes into the planning of events, and as the Bid for this was so important to Qatar and its people, it would be no surprise that they would want it to be a great success. Therefore, plans and goals for 2030 would be cut down, altered or completely removed, but the ideal situation would be to either alter or cut down the demands for 2030. For example, things like that did not affect the people immediately could be postponed, and the goals concerning the environment (not only Qatar’s goal but a step for the World) could be the focus for the 2030 goal completions. Many things concern Qatar and it’s goals for the future, but a lot must be taken into account before planning out the order of completion, therefore due to the fact the World Cup is closer in arrival than 2030, it would be thought that the alterations made would be for the benefit of the 2022 games. Arshia Jain Humanities 8C Economic Development With Qatar having such high reserves with Oil and Gas, it puts them in a state of financial security. In the future, when it comes around to actually hosting the World Cup, Qatar, with its fast growing infrastructure and economic visions, would we well organized and sorted. They not only visualize a fast growing economy, country etc, but a clean environment. The basics are to have a Gas Industry that provides a major source of clean energy for Qatar and the World, plus; the long term maintenance of strategic reserves of oil and gas to meet the needs of national security and sustainable development. With all the resources Qatar has at the moment and the fact, that they have not set out completely unreachable goals, I think that by 2030 and the 2022 World Cup, Qatar would not only be completing their goals but setting new ones. Most personal goals can take up ones time, but when dealing with the future goals of a whole country, you try your best to complete them, but a lot of time is taken up. Looking at the ‘Suitable Economic Diversification’ section of the Economic Development Qatar for 2030, I find that it would not only be tricky to complete in the given time but it might also collide with the completion of other goals. I find that, ‘A knowledge-based economy characterized by innovation; entrepreneurship; excellence in education; a world-class infrastructural backbone; the efficient delivery of public services; and transparent and accountable government’, is not only asking to much of its people in a short amount of time, but it is a very broad goal. With the 2022 World Cup coming up, and the preparations for the stadiums, accommodations, housing, tourist attractions etc, Qatar and its government would have a lot to think about, and that by the time 2030 arrives, Qatar would be well on its way to complete this goal, but not finished. Key Points: •This is all about having a secure and sustained rate of economic growth, which will be maintained for the future and the future generations. •A stimulating business climate capable of attracting foreign funds and technologies and of encouraging national investments •Open and flexible economic structures capable of competing in a changing world •Coordination with Gulf Cooperation Council states and with Arab and regional economic
Transcript: Governments can reduce protection, lower minimum wages and to attract TNC's and FDI's. This can sometimes lead to labour exploitation, but it is the government's responsibility to make sure that this doesn't happen. Although this still does because some governments are subject to corruption *cough* Indonesia. They can also use monetary policy. By increasing the interest rates, although this might lower spending, this will increase foreign savings, investments and the exchange rate. An economy can also invest into capital, technology and trading blocs to increase trade. Economies can also invest in increasing the amount of skilled labour in their economy. Economic Development Economies wish to develop because it will lead to an increasing unemployment, GNI and gradually an increase in the countries standard of living. Short Term Solutions Reasons Why Developing countries have attemped to develop by creating trading blocs and trade agreements to break down trade barriers. The Uruguay Round was held and the purpose of this was that countries would lower their trade barriers on agriculture. By doing this, poorer and more agricultural based economies would have a comparative advantage compared to agriculuture from economies such as the US and the EU. The countries that took part in this agreement agreed to reduce barriers but, much to the fury of the developing and undeveloped economies, the reality was they didn't. Attempts to develop and problems encountered A country can develop it's economy short term by altering it's fiscal budget. By increasing government spending an economy can see an increase in employment, increase GDI, etc. Long Term Solutions
Transcript: What makes up the Human Development Index? In the United States there are 4 out of 100,000 people murdered intentionally every year. This might not seem like a lot but if you multiply it by the amount of people living in the United States to the amount of people involved in a homicide (12 556 people killed per year in the United States). Even so, the United States is a very safe place to live. The places where the murders happen are usually ghettos and the poorer places, for example Harlem. Why are some countries are developed? The United States is an example of a MEDC country. They have a strong economy and a lot of power. Their army also helps show how developed the United States are. America also has put a lot of money into education so it easy to get good education. Most people are living a decent life with food and clean water, shelter, easy access to facilities and education and a very high GDP (in 2012 it was 15.68 trillion.) 2. Describe why some countries are classified as developed and others are not. http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/indicators/default.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_Human_Development_Index http://norte.stgeorge.com.ar/secondary/School%20Closure/Carina%20Zabaleta/EGB%209%C2%BA/development_pathway.pdf http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/ Economic Development Countries with medium HDIs The United Nations want to make sure that all children get a solid base of primary education which can help them progress farther towards a better life. If everyone gets a decent education, then they can all help build towards a more equal world because everyone has a fair, equal chance at having a good life. It is a lot harder to get a well paying job if you have never been to school before so once you learn basic things like how to read, write and use a computer, life will become easier from there on. Haiti is a example of a LLEDC. One reason that it is a LLEDC is that in 2010 that did lots of damage to the infrastructure of Haiti. Ever since the earthquake, there was a deadly strain of cholera that, to this year, kills over 1000 Haitians a year. Also, Haiti doesn't have that much money already, especially not to give enough for everyone in Haiti. Haiti is not a very safe place to be right now because there have been many uprisings that have resulted in deaths of the civilians. Their HDI is rated at LOW and is right now 161th is the world The amount of education and healthcare available can be very important for many reasons. One, if there is very little healthcare available to the public, there is a larger, younger death rate than if there was easy access to health care. Also, if there is very little education, the people cannot inform themselves about dangers that can put their life at risk such as bacteria and viruses. Education can also help with things like GDP (when the people are more educated, they can produce more goods and services, therfore enlarging their GDP) and lower the unemployment rate. Why are some countries not developed? 2.9% of Thailand's GDP is spent on public healthcare. This is not much compared to some other countries with higher HDIs such as Norway (which spends 8% of its GDP on public healthcare). If people of a certain country don't have easy access to health care, their death rate will go up because people have no place to go when they're injured or sick. Still, Thailand puts in enough money to make their doctors well trained, therefore going to the doctor (if you can) will, most likely, help you with your problem. Germany (Carbon dioxide emissions per capita, tons) Questions 4 - 6 The top 5 countries with the highest HDIs* were Norway ( ), Australia ( ), United States ( ), Netherlands ( ) and Germany ( ). *In 2012 Why do we have the Human Development Index? 4. What is the Human Development Index? Explain. All of these factors correspond with eatch other to make up the Human Development Indicator. Health Life expectancy at birth Education Mean years of schooling Expected years of schooling Living Standards Gross national income per capita In blue are the 4 indicators and in red are the 3 dimensions that make up a HDI. Brazil is an example of an LEDC* for many reasons. For example, the government spends most of its money on the big cities, not the small, rural towns so they are extremely poor. This shows that there is a large, growing poverty gap. There is also high amount of money put into to healthcare and education but it is not available to everyone. *Brazil isn't fully classified as a LEDC because it is also a BEE (Big Emerging Economy). 7. Analyze the effects of a change in a HDI indicator for two countries at different stages of development. 8. Pick one of the UN’s Millennium Development Goals. Explain why the UN wish to target that goal and suggest two possible ways that the UN might achieve it. Some reasons some countries are more developed than others are because they have lots of natural resources, natural disasters are not common, they put lots
Transcript: place different values on non-market goods and on market goods - "market biases" - can adjust w/ PPP the type of social capital a group of people have will influence their identity as a community and thus it influences cultural differences between groups Also, leads to easier integration of new technology Population Genetic Diversity According to Solow model: increasing capital per worker (k) increases output per woker (y) Institutions have ability to invest in social capital to foster a stronger national identity Colonialism Income Distribution Deep under the surface of Economic Development Government sponsored programs to help people when down on luck Ex. Social Security, Medicare, unemployment insurance Affects income distribution because it takes money from everyone and distributes it to those in need - redistribution of wealth Social Capital Social Insurance Institutions rate of savings Domestic Price Levels In extended Solow Model, increasing TFP - total factor productivity will increase output per capita Regulation: Taxes/Tariffs depreciation rate Influences colonization -> europeans couldn't colonize as prominently where they couldn't adequately survive the diseases Public Policy Capital per worker and it's growth rate Property rights determine ability to use property as collateral to get loan -> loan leads to increased investment GDP per capita and it's growth rate Quotas and tariffs can make the domestic prices on imported goods higher - if these are intermediate goods or investment goods this will hinder growth. Idea behind the Washington Consensus and the Great Liberalization Economic Development economic freedom can be partly measured by the degree to which one can have property rights The migratory distance from the cradle of life in Africa affects the genetic diversity because of the serial founder effect. TFP Freedom of Choice Governmental Institutions -> make public policy decisions externalities (pollution), black market/informal production, quality of life Gini coefficient -> indicates gap between rich and poor Affect property rights because the better the institutions and rule of law the more secure property rights can become. Types of institutions influence scope of property rights: -open access property -common property -state property -private property In US we have institutions that provide citizens with right to private property Integration Labor in Solow Model is held constant, but in extended model population growth (n) negatively affects capital per worker (k) Can sometimes control for non-market goods and services Taxation or subsidy based on externality Ex. pollution - taxing alleviates negative externality Migratory Distance from Cradle Public policy towards education affects human capital property rights The presence of higher human capital attracts more investment influences institutions through impact on quality of domestic institutions poor geography -> bad institutions Market integration drives productivity change more international trade -> more diffusion of technology and ideas -> more productivity Non-market goods and services Directly affects GDP per capita through agricultural productivity impacts distance from markets and extent of integration Slave Trade Affects social capital because it augmented the infighting between and within ethnic groups -> more fractionalized societies and lost of trust Most often used indicator of economic development Measures economic growth: C + I + G +NX affects capital per worker because a higher depreciation rate (ceteris paribus) will decrease the change in capital per worker Investment Rate Public Policy influences social insurance organizations Geography no agreed upon definition generally includes: freedom from want freedom to hold property free to chose different "functionings" - states of being (Amartya Sen) freedom from others imposing functions on you Public policy manipulates trades/tariffs The genetic diversity leads to differences and social capital GDP per capita doesn't indicate distribution of wealth Whether a country was colonized or not and when it received its independence affects the quality of institutions present today. Human Capital Dimensions: exclusivity duration transferability scope Income taxes affect income distribution positively or negatively Progressive tax -> rate increases as persons income increases (burden of incidence on wealthy) Regressive tax -> rate decreases as persons income increases (burden of incidence on poor) Affect investment because high domestic price level means you get less for your money -> less investment Also, affects capital per worker. The higher the investment the greater the change in capital per worker (ceteris paribus) affects institutions: the level of trust and the relationships within a community can determine the quality of the governmental institutions high fractionalization -> rent-seeking behavior Influences life expectancy due to diseases with different climates
Transcript: Human capital is a direct contributor to the growth of an economy: Investments necessary in the areas of: Health Education Disease and Life expectancy As spending in human capital increases, the more effective and efficient the labor force becomes, thus resulting in increase in the gross national GDP. As a factor of Production: Y = AK^ª (H.L) ^1-ª (Higher the human capital, more effective the labor force) Higher life expectancy rates increases the savings and consumption rates. C = (1 - s) Y and I = sY Genetic diversity has been attributed to economic development. Genetic diversity on one hand helps a population take advantage of the advance technology and help in the production process while on the other hand it also decreases the development process due to less cooperation among the different genetic diverse groups. Genetic Diversity is linked to human capital as well as to Natural resources. Discrimination may occur for the availability of natural resources as there is less cooperation among groups. This also ties in the aspect of corruption. Genetic diversity enhances human health and thus leads to a healthier population. Physical capital (K) Stock that could be used as a means of production, that yields a flow of benefits over time. Ecosystem based Natural Capital eg: Cultural services, regulation based channels, renewable sources etc. Geologic based Natural Capital Non-renewable sources, glaciers etc. Natural resources have different effects on different countries. Some benefit from it while others suffer from it. Countries. Claim that countries with abundance of natural resources have a slower growth rate. Institutions are human constructed structures that lay down the rules for practices that leads to economic development. Institutions vary over a wide rang: Economic - the government, banks, financial institutions etc. Cultural - churches, religion, ethnicity etc. The economic institutions determine the policies that affect the economy of a region. Strong institutions hold a strong direct relation to the economic growth. More effective the institutions are in implementing growth promoting laws, faster is the growth rate. Property rights as a law help elevate poverty and increases savings and investment rates. Natural Resources Property Rights Historical events determine the economic performance and growth of a country. Historical "shocks" are the indicator of current economic status of a region. These shocks deviate the economic path of a country form the determined trajectory. After a transitory or a long lived shock, the incentives to save decreases, there is lower cooperation among the different groups and level of inequality increases. k• = (A x s/s+n) ^1/1-α Human Capital Economic Development Property rights are directly affected by institutions, geography and also on human capital. Positive effect on human capital More saving rates Long term investments Corruption is seen as a negative variable that reduces the growth rate of a country. It directly affects the way the financial institutions function. Natural resources are exploited by a few by the use of illegal means and bribery. Human capital is affected as it limits the availability of resources to many people. Rate of corruption varies across different regions. Increase in Corruption rate decreases the rate of Investment. The Role of History The Solow Model of Growth Financial and legal Institutions Factors of Production: Labor (L), capital (K) and technology (T) Y=F(A,K,L) Production functioning: Y = A·F(K, N) Two key properties: Diminishing Marginal Product and Constant return to scales Cobb-Douglas Production function: Y = A K^α L^1−α Consumption and savings: C = (1 - s) Y Savings and Investment: I = sY Accumulation and Depreciation: ∆K = I - ∂K Development affected by various measures: Tropical vs Non Tropical Coastal vs Landlocked Population Density Diseases specific to a region may decrease the production of goods. Lower productivity in the tropical as compared to non-tropical areas and more population density at the coastal areas as compared to the landlocked countries as there is more interaction between countries which have coastal areas. Corruption Diversity Geography
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: Economic Develpment By: Taylor Webster The human development index measure four factors.Literacy rate for one is the most importnant because people have to be literate to run a country. Another is Infant Mortality Rate it measures how many babies die out of 1,000 births. The other factor is the life expectancy and that shows how long a person is expected to live. Last but not least is the value of the total output of goods G.D.P. H.D.I. Cost European Union Economic The difference of developed and undeveloped countries are thier economic levels. Newly developed countries will have a higher economic level than the one that has been around for a couple hundred years. They will have to come up with what they want to as a goverment either Free-Enterprise, Socialism, and or Communism. New Harbors Gas Nafta Trade Free trade has an amazing impact on the economy. Probably more than the biggest chain restraunt in the country. LIke in the North American Free Trade Agreement N.A.F.T.A. the members are Mexico, the United States, and Canada. Defeinition of globilization is where lets say mcdonalds spreads through out the entire world. Depending on thier economic develpment will show how impotant and how big of an impact will have on thier economy. Because here in America it has somewhat of an impact but not that much. In some McDonalds they serve alcohol and wine. A chokepoint is a international trading station where they have to wait a while to get through. Like the Panamal Canal it takes hours on end just to get through it. The European Union had a big impact of trade with other countries at the beginning of every countries time. Europe is where the trade with other countries actually started. Negatives Develpoment Conclusion Free Trade Agreement Positives I just stated how the Levels of Economic Devolpment have on countries. Like H.D.I. NAFTA and globilization. (cc) image by quoimedia on Flickr Positives & Negatives Free trade
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