Transcript: Directional drilling is the science of deviating a well bore along a planned path to a target located a given lateral distance and direction from vertical. Surface casing - protect aquifer 3. What are the Problems of Conventional Casing While Directional Drilling? Casing is an important assembly in drilling engineering which is fixed by cementing. There are different kinds of casing acting different role while drilling. Problems Caused by Absence of Directional Casing Directional Casing Technology While Drilling Intermediate casing - prevent blowout Schlumberger Service and Products http://www.slb.com/services/drilling/directional_drilling.aspx?entry=ad_google_dm&gclid=CKmqofmXyLMCFcsWMgod8CQA_A Directional Casing While Drilling http://www.slb.com/services/drilling/specialty_drilling_applications/casing_drilling/directional_casing.aspx Definition of Directional Drilling Directional Drilling Directional Drilling is Getting Popular Nowadays Method Reasons We Use Casing While Drilling with an Inclination, the Forces on Different Side of the Wellbore are Different Due to the Depth Diefferent The Well Bore is not Perpendicular to Ground, so the Cuttings are more likely to Settle at One Side of the Wellbore If no Directional Casing is Applied to Wellbore, Problem such as Lost Circulation and Wellbore Instability will Occur 2. Why We Use Casing? aquafer Conductor Pipe - prevent from caving in 1. What is Directional Drilling? Adventages with Rotary Steerable System 3/4 of the Wells Drilled Last Week are not Vertical Tools PowerDrive X6 push-the-bit Rotary Steerable System or PowerDrive Xceed point-the-bit Rotary Steerable System Directional Casing while Drilling uses the Rotary Steerable System (RSS) Reference 4. What Tools and Methods can be Used to Solve the Problems? Method and Tools Production casing - help produce oil efficiently Constant casing rotation breaks static friction which create even WOB Facilitates borehole cleaning by moving drill cuttings into flowstream Directional and inclination control is much easier with a rotary steerable system (RSS) which resulting in smoother borehole trajectory
Transcript: Go on Exchange present your country abroad Work with different mentalities Diversity Explore different cultures Be a Member Develop your skills Have an impact Enrich your knowledge AIESEC Be a Leader Lead your team Achieve your vision Coach others Be a mentor EXPERIENCE YOUR AIESEC JOURNEY Gives you a great experience
Transcript: Fig 3. Diagram of fracking History of Oil Drilling Hamlli brother's Spindletop Soon became our nation's leading resource in 1900's ("Oil, the Hamill Brothers and the Spindletop") Fracking is the process of drilling into the ground and than using pressured liquids to get through rocks and to trapped natural gas dangerous chemicals can go into drinking water (Dong) dangerous health effects ( "The Truth About Gas Drilling and Your Health") A Crowd Gathers to Watch a Side Gusher on Spindletop Hill in Beaumont, Texas Which Was the Site of the First Texas Oil Gusher, January 10, 1901. 1901. Texas Energy Museum, Beaumont. News Talk 1290. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. Chavis, Jason C., and Bronwyn Harris. "What Is an Oil Field?" WiseGeek. Conjecture, 22 Nov. 2014. Web. 30 Nov. 2014.Work Cited Dong, Linda. "What Goes In & Out of Hydraulic Fracking." Dangers of Fracking. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2014. Fracking Diagram. Digital image. Ktrch. Ktrch, 23 July 2013. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. Helvarg, David. "Oil Drilling--A Nasty National Habit." Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles, CA). 01 Apr. 2010: A.15. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. Horton, Jennifer. "Why Is Offshore Drilling so Controversial." HowStuffWorks. HowStuffWorks.com, n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2014. Hruse, John. Oiled Penguins on Robben Island Try to Preen Oil off Feathers during Treasure Oil Spill off Cape Town, South Africa in 2000. 2000. Cape Town. International Bird Rescue Research Center. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. Kurtzman, Daniel. "Same Ol' "Drill"" About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. "Oil, the Hamill Brothers and Spindletop." HISTORY. History, n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2014. Skarzynski, Janek. A Fracking Rig Exploring for Shale Gas of Oil Company Chevron on June 11, 2013 in a Village of Ksiezomierz in South-eastern Poland. 2013. Drilling and Fracking Photos, Ksiezomierz. Huffington Post. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. "The Truth About Gas Drilling and Your Health." Catskill Mountainkeeper. Catskill Mountainkeeper, n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2014. Fig 4. Penguins covered in oil. Figure 1. A 1901 photograph of a spindletop. Fig 2. Oil Well Source: Kurtzman, Daniel. "Same Ol' "Drill"" About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. Work Cited Offshore oil drilling chemicals can leak into ocean effects ocean animals and organisms (Horton) threat for spills (Helvarg) The Consequences of Oil Drilling It Can Cause Health Problems Oil Drilling Source: Skarzynski, Janek. A Fracking Rig Exploring for Shale Gas of Oil Company Chevron on June 11, 2013 in a Village of Ksiezomierz in South-eastern Poland. 2013. Drilling and Fracking Photos, Ksiezomierz. Huffington Post. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. Florida should take a stance to stop oil drilling on coasts and land because it is harmful to both animal and human environment. Take Action Fig 5. Cartoon about the ignorance of renewable resources. It Disrupts Marine Life Joe Garcia should take action in Florida Awareness of oil drilling should be made Gasoline should be limited Less we use the less it would be in demand Carpool, use public transportation, buy local produce Cleaner alternatives Have more solar panels, buy electric cars and funding more programs for renewable energy Oil fields Globally there are 47,000 oil fields while there are 35,000 oil fields in the U.S alone. uses acres of land deforestation takes away animal homes ( Chavis) Source: A Crowd Gathers to Watch a Side Gusher on Spindletop Hill in Beaumont, Texas Which Was the Site of the First Texas Oil Gusher, January 10, 1901. 1901. Texas Energy Museum, Beaumont. News Talk 1290. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. Source: Hruse, John. Oiled Penguins on Robben Island Try to Preen Oil off Feathers during Treasure Oil Spill off Cape Town, South Africa in 2000. 2000. Cape Town. International Bird Rescue Research Center. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. Oil Drilling Presentation By: Daren Figueroa Oil was once an undesirable resource, but later used as an alternative to whale oil A Solution It Takes Up Too Much Space Source: Fracking Diagram. Digital image. Ktrch. Ktrch, 23 July 2013. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. http://lifehacker.com/5401954/programmer-101-teach-yourself-how-to-code 2. http://www.bluecloudsolutions.com/blog/cost-develop-app/ 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week
Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" http://www.stoprapenow.org/uploads/advocacyresources/1282164625.pdf Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking http://www.womenundersiegeproject.org/blog/entry/the-need-for-numbers-on-rape-in-warand-why-theyre-nearly-impossible-to-get Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity
Transcript: Packers Christina Cameron PEGN 311: Drilling Engineering December 5, 2018 Device run into wellbore with an outside diameter that expands to create a seal Two Types: What is a packer? Quick Overview 1. Retrievable 2. Permanent Importance Why do they matter? - Main component in regards to completions - Can be used as a way to separate multiple producing zones - Facilitates artificial lift - Protects casing from high pressure and corrosion. -Essential for most wells to function properly How it Works Key Components Body/Mandrel wedge-shaped device with teeth used to penetrate and grip the casing wall Slip beveled to match the slip and forms ramp to drive slip outward into casing wall Cone Packing Element System creates seal between packer and inside diameter of casing Configuration Types Various types and configurations for different wellbore or reservoir conditions Each type is run down hole with production tubing string or a wire-line The purpose is never to restrict normal production or injection flow Rating Envelope Must be able to hold differential pressures at varying temperatures Rating Envelope Rating envelope shows the safe operational limits Cost Downward trend in prices due to small demand and high competition Retrievable packers cost more than permanent packers Range from 6,000-300,000 USD Cost “Packers & Plugs.” Daleel Supply Chain Management Network, www.scmdaleel.com/category/packers-amp-plugs/152. “Oil 101 - Well Completion - Upstream Oil and Gas.” EKT Interactive, www.ektinteractive.com/production/well-completion/. “Packer.” HHP - Schlumberger Oilfield Glossary, www.glossary.oilfield.slb.com/en/Terms/p/packer.aspx. “Packers.” Functions of Drilling Fluid -, petrowiki.org/Packers. References
Transcript: nesra's last day at kindergarten 2 years old 4 years old ( soon to be 5) NESRA- 3 YEARS OLD AT KINDERGARTEN NESRA'S FIRST DAY AT KINDERGARTEN NESRA'S FIRST DAY OF PRIMARY SCHOOL
Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas
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