Transcript: Cannot justify something based on the grounds that it prevents crime and they focus on the quality of life. Pressure to get published. Recommendations for further research rather than proposals for modified practice Difficult to isolate one influence from another Few research studies New professionals: employed by the police, local authorities, or consultancies to investigate criminogenic locations and come up with a solution. Individual or peer casework and/or counseling Situational prevention measures usually get the most funding Usually requires several agencies to cooperate List of Research 8.3 What the Research Can Tell Us BRITISH STUDIES What Doesn't Work: Same as the British study, but the American researchers added more to the list. Police newsletters with local crime information Correctional boot camp that uses traditional military training Home detention with electronic monitoring etc. 8.1 Question 8.7 Long-Termism Becarria - "better to prevent crimes than punish them." Wade - "root out causes of their perpentration." Ferri - "used as a primary defensive function" Too few crime control initiatives have been properly evaluated Why? Because it is difficult to change people since researchers can't control factors leading to the crime 8.2: Rediscovering Crime Prevention Question: Where do the moral and ethical lines stand on personal freedom or civil liberties? The chapter is separated into 9 parts. Each part deals with a specific aspect of Henry Shaftoe's analysis on crime prevention. 8.5 Cocktails and Balancing Acts A focus on family and children since that would return the biggest rise in crime prevention. Situational crime prevention would work, but with smaller gains. What Doesn't Work: Before We Begin 8.2: The 5 Rules 8.6 Limits to Common Sense: Why Numerous Programs Don't Work What Works: 8. 4 What Works and What Doesn't Programs, not projects Needs to be an inherent part of every existing public service. Politicans like short term projects to appear to be doing something 8.1 Overview Approaches and measures have to be delivered at a locational level Must be based on district or regional strategy and supported by national policy Top down strategy - from central government to local neighborhoods By: Alexis, Eddie, and Ryan 8.8 Policy Implementation: How to Create Safer Streets The few crime prevention techniques are rational choices based on: Evaluated success elsewhere and thinking about the issues of personal freedom, civil liberties, and social justice. Definition of Crime Prevention: A variety of interventions to deter crime and criminals 1. Uniform patrolling 2. Electronic surveillance 3. Design & situational measures 4. Legal controls 5. Management 6. Integration & absorption 7. Criminality prevention 8. Sustainability Cambridge Study Oscar Newman Pre-School Program Burglary Prevention Project Broken Windows Study 8.9 Summary 1. Focus on rule of authority and other public service members 2. Address the needs of people most vulnerable to crimes 3. Highlight the relationship between crime and the facilities 4. Recognition that crime is also fueled by motivation 5. Giving at risk, young people attractive alternatives to crime Sometimes short-term thinking doesn't work and we don't think rationally Ordinary citizens are experts on crime and security problems in their neighborhood but are left out on the community crime Arresting and charging juveniles for minor offenses etc. What Works: A focus on target groups, such as older males in prison or infants as well as pre-schoolers. "We have to intervene with a cocktail of measures that contain the right balance of ingredients" (181) Fear arousal techniques Random police patrols Crime Prevention Useful for short to medium terms - not a long-term solution! AMERICAN STUDIES
Transcript: Structure Sources: -deterrence -CCTV redu- ced 23% of crimes -video cameras (- 54%) Konstanze Beiner S4, 9.4.2014 - effective - easy - change of atmosphere (founded in 1971) 1) Surveillance 2) Access Surveillance -mostly new areas -defined structures in old parts - define borders - lighting system - 10 000 police officers - 94 % clear-up rate - own programs: -Neighbourhoodwatch - "Entlaubungsprogramm" -Bahnhofsmission - Gentrification - big street permanent presence - safer CPTED Access - narrowed - charm - hidden places How has crime prevention improved in Hamburg? - low privacy - high costs Crime Prevention Through Environmetal Design - CPTED Organisation - Advantages & Disadvantages - Comparison with Hamburg - How has crime prevention improved in Hamburg? - walls are not transparent -walls ensure privacy - distraction - costs Crime Prevention in Urban Planning Will I be seen? - transparent - do not ensure privacy - Youtube: Crime Prevention Though Environmental Design - Youtube: CPTED Crime and Design - http://urbnplanning.wordpress.com/2013/04/09/crime-prevention-through-environmental-design-cpted-urban-planning-green-washing/ - http://gentrificationblog.wordpress.com/2010/12/08/hamburg-stadtplaner-in-uniform-feat-haussmann/ - https://www.google.de/search?q=hamburg+b%C3%A4ume&client=firefox-a&hs=61O&rls=org.mozilla:de:official&channel=sb&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=pwlBU_viAs_XsgaZvoBY&ved=0CAgQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=620#channel=sb&q=hamburg+b%C3%A4ume+stadt&rls=org.mozilla:de:official&tbm=isch - http://www.koelntriangle.de/e1996/e2000/zoomimage2007/Parkhaus_10_ger.jpg - http://images.fotocommunity.de/bilder/italy/liguria/enge-gasse-ba2acd8b-0132-41aa-aaab-909bdb959541.jpg - http://www.ju-schweinfurt.de/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Strasse.jpg -http://img.webme.com/pic/r/robiller/zaun145rundkopf07komp10.jpg The SA - System -creates safer feeling -notice of domestic violence Did I get in and out?
Transcript: Stay safe from robbers Robberies Following these rules And you would never get robbed again Rules when you are out If you have to walk alone at night take extra care. Plan your route, and don't leave it. If you think someone is following you, go into a shop until you are sure, you are safe. Don´t look on your phone, because people maybe wan´t it. Make your home save Install an alarm Keep windows and doors locked Hide your key a safe place, and don't tell anyone, where it is The oldest robber was 80 years old. The Wimbledon Prowler had stolen for 100 millions danish crowns. 7.529 people had arrested in 2016, in Denmark. Facts A robber will often supervise your home, and you. Many robbers will find the weak places in your house. They don't want to make loud noises, because if they do, they might get caught. How robbers break into your house
Transcript: National Crime Prevention Council The Benefits of Neighborhood Watch The Crime Prevention Framework National Crime Prevention Council Programs and Resources (continued) Here are some things participants can do. Be proactive. Get involved. Motivate others to get involved. Involve all members of the community. Translate national needs into community concerns. Train and practice. Accept the challenge. Begin today. National Crime Prevention Council NCPC Resources (continued) Threat Conditions and Protective Measures: Elevated Condition (Yellow) National Crime Prevention Council National Crime Prevention Council And one more thing... National Crime Prevention Council Pandemic Preparedness (continued) National Crime Prevention Council Toiletries Tools, fuel, duct tape, etc. Flashlight/batteries Battery-operated radio Cash and identification Potential Terrorist Threats (continued) Nuclear: An explosion with intense light and heat, damaging pressure wave, and widespread radioactive materials that can contaminate air, water, and ground surfaces for miles around. Radiation: Sometimes known as a “dirty bomb,” this weapon uses common explosives to spread radioactive materials over a targeted area. In Essence… Community Preparedness NCPC Resources National Crime Prevention Council According to the World Health Organization Community Members Be observant; report any suspicious activity to authorities. Contact neighbors to discuss their plans or needs. Check with school officials to assess their emergency planning and procedures to reunite children with parents and caregivers. Update household communication plan. Pandemic Preparedness Community Preparedness (continued) Engaging the Power of Prevention: 10 Action Principles, 2005 Homeland Security Advisory System Goal of This Presentation TIPS: With Thanks From McGruff the Crime Dog, 2003 Preventing Crime Saves Money, 2005 Select a Meeting Location Most families are not together 24 hours a day; thus, planning ahead is important. Location points should be commonly frequented or accessible locations. Schools, public spaces, or neighbors’ homes may be ideal locations to meet. Source: www.fema.gov Schools and/or child care may be closed for an extended period. Talk with teachers and administrators about their plans to operate during a pandemic—consider child care arrangements. Plan home learning and exercise activities for children who may stay home. National Crime Prevention Council The National Crime Prevention Council Potential Targets Crime prevention group organized around a block, defined neighborhood, business district Serves as eyes and ears of law enforcement Helps establish/reclaim informal control of an area by observation, visibility, increased social interaction National Crime Prevention Council 2345 Crystal Drive Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22202 202-466-6272 FAX 202-296-1356 www.ncpc.org Services on all levels may be disrupted. Consider that hospitals, banks, government offices, etc. may not be available. Plan for possible public transportation cancellations and/or fuel shortages. Consider how to care for those with special needs if services are unavailable. National Crime Prevention Council Community Members Hold household meeting to review disaster plan. Update disaster supply kit. Develop a communications plan. Apartment residents should discuss emergency steps with building managers. People with special needs should discuss plans with friends and family. National Crime Prevention Council Crime prevention is. . . Everyone’s business More than security A responsibility of all levels and agencies of government Linked with solving social problems Cost-effective National Crime Prevention Council Only one in seven American adults (16 percent) believes that his or her community is extremely prepared or very prepared to respond to a terrorist attack. Source: February 2004 Wirthlin Worldwide Report National Crime Prevention Council A pandemic can start when three conditions have been met. The emergence of a disease new to the population The agent infects humans, causing serious illness The agent spreads easily and sustainably among humans A disease or condition is not a pandemic merely because it is widespread or kills a large number of people; it must also be infectious. Definitions of Terrorism Website: www.policevolunteers.org National Crime Prevention Council An Example National Crime Prevention Council National Crime Prevention Council Employment/Income: Being able to work may be difficult or impossible. Ask your employer about plans to operate in the event of a pandemic. Plan for income loss if you are unable to work or your company closes. Check with your employer or union about leave policies for yourself and family. National Crime Prevention Council Programs and Resources (continued) Includes terrorist acts by groups or individuals who are U.S. citizens based entirely within the United States without foreign direction and whose terrorist acts are directed at
Transcript: 1. Crimes against the Person - ALWAYS be aware of your surroundings -If you see something, say something!!! -Have a defensive mindset -Take the "opportunity" out of the equation! -If you can't take away the "opportunity"take away their "ability"! Arson IC 35-43-1-1 Mischief IC 35-43-1-2 Burglary IC 35-43-2-1 Criminal Trespass IC 35-43-2-2 Theft IC 35-43-4-2 Fraud 35-43-5-4 How to & Who to Report to! Careers in Crime & Crime Prevention Opportunity Ability If you see something, you have to SAY SOMETHING! trusted adult teacher parent coach police officer Who Else?? Crimes against the person are generally crimes that cause harm, serious bodily injury, or death to another human being. 2. Crimes against Property 2 Types of Crime CRIME: [krahym] noun 1. an action or an instance of negligence that is deemed injurious to the public welfare or morals or to the interests of the state and that is legally prohibited. Crime prevention is an essential key to assuring society operates and functions in a orderly manner. Crime Tips for preventing crime What constitutes a crime? What exactly is crime? Crimes against property generally do not include crimes that result in injury to a person, these crimes affect one's property. Crime & Crime Prevention Crimes against Property CRIME OCCURS Police Officer City, County, State, DNR Officer Probation Officer Corrections Officer Lawyer/Judge Department of Child Services (DCS) Murder IC 35-42-1-1 Manslaughter (2) IC 35-42-1-3 IC 35-42-1-4 Battery (3) IC 35-42-2-1 IC 35-42-2-1.3 IC 35-42-2-1.5 Strangulation IC 35-42-2-9 Kidnapping IC 35-42-3-2 Confinement IC 35-42-3-3 Human & Sexual Trafficking IC 35-42-3.5-1 Rape IC 35-42-4-1 Crime Prevention Desire Crimes against the Person
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: Benefits of Crime Prevention Get the youth active Neighborhood watch Advise others of consequences Build partnership with police Report any suspicious activity Crime Prevention Groups Shamique Jones, T'kyla Holmes, Dwayne Boyles, & Anthoy Johnson Ways to prevent crime Effective Enhances the quality of life of all citizens Reduces the costs associated with formal criminal justice system Less conflict What is Crime Prevention? Crime Prevention Crime Prevention comprises strategies and measures that seek to reduce the risk of crimes occurring and their potential harmful effects on individuals and society. Chelan County Crime Prevention Federal Way crime prevention & Public education Kent community Education Unit Seattle safety & Prevention add logo here
Transcript: Crime Prevention Program BACKGROUND D.A.R.E stands for Drug Abuse Resistance Education Nonprofit, International Organization Started in 1983 in Los Angeles Over 43 countries have implemented the DARE program This program is in effect in 75% of our nations school districts In the past 3 years over 220 new programs have arisen around the world D.A.R.E. Is Communty Policing D.A.R.E. "humanizes" the police: that is, young people can begin to relate to officers as people They permit students to see officers in a helping role, not just an enforcement role They open lines of communication between law enforcement and youth D.A.R.E. Officers can serve as conduits to provide information beyond drug-related topics This program opens dialogue between the school, police, and parents to deal with other issues Outreach D.A.R.E. is a life skills and drug education program for kids from kindergarten to 12th grade They offer many various programs including police officer-led classroom sessions Their sessions teach kids about resisting peer pressure and leading a healthy lifestyle. Not only is it for kids but also their parents. Together they can learn that they are being helped and that D.A.R.E. isn't just another law enforcement program Skill Builder D: Define problems and challenges A: Assess available choices R: Respond by making a choice E: Evaluate their decisions D.A.R.E. Topics Tobacco Alcohol Cannabis Volatile Substances Bullying Anti-Social Behavior Darren the Lion D.A.R.E. Mascot Used to connect with smaller kids and make them interested in the topics Strengths Reaches a broad range of people all over the world Covers a variety of relatable subjects including drugs, alcohol, and bullying Weaknesses Generalizes the topics Classes/programs are not mandatory after completion of 5th grade Proven to not have much effect on the children in the programs Effectiveness According the the US Surgeon General and scientific studies, D.A.R.E. has consistenly been ineffective in reducing the use of alcohol and drugs. In some areas such as the Eastern Coast it is known to be counterproductive. Example: "In Houston, Texas, where a study showed a shocking 29% increase in drug usage and a 34% increase in tobacco usage among students participating in DARE, the police chief defended it by saying he would use the results to 'fine-tune the program to better serve the children.'" Our Opinions We believe that D.A.R.E. is an ineffective program. Especially after seeing statistics about the rise in drug use in some areas we think that it has no effect and sometimes is even counterproductive. The classes are usually generalized and don't really have much effect on the kids that participate in the programs. Plus most kids terminate their relationship with the program after about 5th grade, leaving them vulnerable to peer pressure. Justin Goldnick Drug Abuse Resistance Education Josh Ritter Terrance McCorkle
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