Transcript: ASSETS Cash & Investments Accounts Receivable Inventories Prepaid Expenses Fixed Assets & Accumulated Depreciation Intangibles Long-Term Investments LIABILITIES & SHAREHOLDER'S EQUITY Accounts Payable Accrued Expenses Current Income Taxes Payable Long Term Debt Deferred Income Taxes Preferred/Common Stock Additional Paid-In Capital Retained Earnings & Foreign Currency Translations Oversight for payroll administration, payroll taxes, garnishments, benefits withholding, 401k maintenance, profit sharing calculation. Oversees and maintains the company’s time & attendance program. Financial Planning & Analysis Complete oversight for a company’s budgeting process. Prepares ad-hoc financial analysis and investment analysis for projects the Company wishes to undertake to determine the return on investment. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) are a widely accepted set of rules, conventions, standards, and procedures for reporting financial information, as established by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are designed as a common global language for business affairs so that company accounts are understandable and comparable across international boundaries Balance Sheet - a financial statement that summarizes a company's assets, liabilities and shareholders' equity at a specific point in time. These three balance sheet segments give investors an idea as to what the company owns and owes, as well as the amount invested by the shareholders. The balance sheet must follow the following formula: Assets = Liabilities + Shareholders' Equity Responsibility for global cash at subsidiaries, oversees all company financial investments, maintains corporate cards, all corporate insurance policies and associate benefit plans. Statement of Cash Flows - a financial statement that shows how changes in balance sheet accounts and income affect cash. Breaks the analysis down according to operating, investing, and financing activities. Income Statement - a financial statement that measures a company's financial performance over a specific accounting period. Financial performance is assessed by giving a summary of how the business incurs its revenues and expenses through both operating and non-operating activities. Tax Internal Audit Audit Internal Audit Reporting FP&A Q & A Accounts Payable Internal Controls Internal Controls Accounts Receivable Accounting Operations Accounts Receivable Payroll Credit Reporting Accounting Operations Costing Accounting Operations Customs Internal Controls Reporting Tax Costing Reporting Accounting Operations Corporate Finance Treasury Reporting Payroll FP&A Credit Accounts Payable Reporting Treasury
Transcript: Does Corporate Diversification Destroy Value? A YOUR LOGO HERE C 3 Kazi Abrar Faiyaz Towsif Enam Afreen Hossain Tasnim Tarannum Faizur Rafi Zahid Hossain Team Members 114 161 026 114 161 006 114 163 011 114 161 016 111 161 001 114 161 031 The Team Introduction Sample Measuring Financial Performance Losses for How Long? Market Performance Market Share & Financial Performance Summary Topics We will Discuss Overview What is Diversification? Introduction It means branching out into new business opportunities, not just expanding your existing business Besides increasing the income, diversification also protects our business in case of our core business failure. Sample selection and description Sample 1 The sample consisted of 200 established US companies. 2 Among those companies there were 35 parent companies. 3 Which launched 68 different ventures. Measuring Financial Performance Financial Performance Exhibit 1 1 Exhibit 2 2 Start up, Adolescence Maturity Losses for How Long? Losses for How Long? 1 Market Performance Market Performance Sales growth did not lead to a strong market position 1 Although the low initial share level might be expected for a new business, the apparent difficulty in improving share is disturbing. 2 Market Share & Financial Performance Market Share & Financial Performance Effect of Market Share 1 Effect of Building Share 2 Share before Profits 3 Entry Scale 4 Summary Summary Corporate diversification destroy value is highly controversial Value first declines and in long run it increases above a threshold Diversification is most likely valuable under: • Related diversification seems to be more valuable than unrelated diversification. • Diversified firms perform better in industries dominated by multi-segment firms and cyclical industry • Diversification is relatively more valuable for firms with efficient corporate governance mechanisms
Transcript: Accountancy April 2015 Exchequer Services It’s your responsibility… If in doubt don’t… Passwords… Clear your desk… If its online its public… Backup, backup, backup… Be careful especially with email)… BUDGET 2015-22 7 actions: 6 met, 1 partially met 1 PI met Malcolm Burr guest speaker in the Town Hall today Free within F&CR Tuesday 7 October 2014 CONSULTATION ON STRUCTURE OF DEPT COUNCIL CHIEF ADDRESSES FCR GATHERING Familiarise yourself with exits Customer Services & IT PSN, Registration, 100% customer satisfaction, 77% IT satisfaction, PM Views sought by 31 October What (small) changes could we make within the department to be more effective, efficient or economic? Early Edition Internal Audit Next Generation Broadband 2 Actions; both met 7 PIs: 6 met COUNCILS FINES RUN TO THOUSANDS Remember: The consultation paper sets out the rational for the Director's proposals but views are sought as to the merits of this or any alternative options. Responses welcome: by direct correspondence to Robert; via unions or staff reps; by online survey. Only a summary of the responses will to go committee. BUSY AGENDA FOR F&CR AWAY DAY 2014 October 2014 Operational plan completed, reliance placed on work by External Audit Continuous Improvement Review of 2013/14 Next generation broadband Information security Continuous Improvement The departmental review Workforce planning Future budget projections Questions? "Workforce Planning is a continual process used to align the needs and priorities of the organisation with those of its workforce to ensure it can meet its legislative, regulatory, service and production requirements and organisational objectives. Workforce Planning enables evidence based workforce development strategies " Sessions at 11am and 1pm. Lunch from 12pm till 2pm AM No fire alarm tests in Town Hall today Workforce planning is about deciding how many and what types of workers are required. HEALTH AND WELLBEING A PRIORITY Budget and Accounts on time Con Com NGB (BT) SWAN ? 30 actions: 29 met 5 PIs: 2 met, 1 partially met SECURITY RISKS GROW 9 actions: 4 met, 1 partially met 32 PIs: 22 met, 2 partially met FINANCE & CORPORATE Welfare Reform, New claims (23 days) Auto enrolement, CPA (57), NDRI 98.1%, CT 95.2%, Invoices in 30 days (94%)
Transcript: Long Term Financial Interest in the Firm Dealer Market - dealers buy and sell at their own risks (OTC markets) Auction Market - matching those who wish to sell against those willing to buy (exchanges & dealer market) owns stock of the organization Finance Manager functions and act in the best interest of stockholders. Mixture of Debt & Equity Employees Business created as a distinct legal entity composed by one/more individuals, or entities Secondary Markets - involves transferring of ownership of corporate securities To survive Avoid bankruptcy Beat the competition Maximize sales / market share Maintain steady earnings growth Minimize costs, maximize profits Affect risk & value of the organization Agency Problem What is Corporate Finance? Financial Markets and the Corporation Process of Planning and Managing a firm's Long-Term Assets Corporation Forms of Business Organizations? Primary Advantages: Easy transfer of ownership Money can easily be raised Owners / Stockholders Seller is the organization, transaction raises money for the corporations. How much to borrow? Mixture of Debt & Equity Ratio Indirect Agency Cost - lost of opportunity Size, Timing, Risk (CFs) Financial Markets A business formed by 2 or more individuals Bringing buyers and sellers together, where debt & equity securities are bought and sold. Capital Structure / Financial Structure Working Capital Management Profit maximization Sole Proprietorship Agency Cost - costs of the conflict of interest between management and stockholders. Direct Agency Cost - corporate expenditure - expense on monitoring management Managing of Daily Financial Activities hiring someone to represent his/her interest How much cash & Inverntory to keep? Selling on credit Obtain short term financing Corporate Finance Agency Relationships - relationship between stockholders and management. Stakeholders - someone other than stockholders / creditors who potentially has claim on cash flows of the firm. Government Agencies Possible Goals Partnership Types of Long -term Investment Suppliers Goal of Financial Management Capital Budgeting Primary Markets - where original sale of securities by government or corporations Reasons to Increase Share Value - management compensation tied to financial performance - Job prospects (promotion in line with performance) Goal of Financial Management -maximize the current value per share of the existing stock Firm's short-term assets & liabilities also known as joint stock companies, public limited companies, or limited liability companies (depending on nature of the company and country of origin) Do managers act on behalf of the shareholders? 2 key factors: - management goals is aligned with stockholder goals (compensation of management) - can managers be replaced if failure to pursue stockholder goals (control of firm) Stockholders' View point Large MNCs - Financial Manager Business owned by single individual Customers
Transcript: Assumptions Financial Decision Analysis Biggest brewery in Europe; #3rd world wide with 139.2 mhl yearly World's biggest cider brewery (e.g. Strongbow, Bulmer's) Key brands: Heineken, Desperados, Amstel, Strongbow Annual marketing expenses of € 2.2 bn Assumptions Financial Decision Analysis Company Valutation Company Valuation Company Snapshot Enterprise Share Value Range Enterprise Share Value Range Femsa Cerveza Acquisition in 2010: Merger with a value of € 5.4 bn Mexico’s second biggest beer brewery Strategic objective: Entrance to fast-growing Latin American market Financing: all-stock deal giving Femsa 20% interest in Heineken after issuance of new shares Takeover of Asian Pacific Breweries Ltd. in 2010: Bought remaining shares for € 5 bn Primary investment vehicle in Asia with 23 breweries Strategic objective: prevent competitor Thai Brew from seizing control of APB Financing: Excess cash and bank loans Financial Decision Analysis Additional Risks: Any significant volume decline in key markets, notably the US and Brazil Significant adverse shift in key currencies, especially a weakening real Company Snapshot Merger with Anheuser Busch in 2008 for $ 50.1 bn 25% ww market share / even larger share of profits Extremely aggressive cost cutting strategy ($ 2.5 bn yearly) New marketing strategy in the USA High incentive contracts for executives Potential clashes of cultures Financial Decision Analysis Additional Risk: Any significant volume decline in key markets, notably Europe Takeover of Grupo Modelo in June 2012: Bought remaining shares for $ 20.1 bn Market Share of 50% in Mexico; no distribution in US Expected annual cost savings of $ 600 mn Corporate Finance Seminar, FT 2012 Tammy Bromet, Alexander Hoffmann, Hendrik Bachmann, Jens Marchewski World's biggest brewery 17 Brands are worth more than $ 1bn in sales Owns 4 out of the top 10 brands world wide 50% market share in the USA (most profitable market ww) Thank you for your attention!
Transcript: Problem solving,Accounting, Having a good work-ethic bachelors degree in business, accounting, finance or economics. Increasingly, having a masters degree is preferable to most employers. Academic training will involve diabetes hgh learning how to analyze finances, deal with technology related to this field and to learn the necessary analytical skills that are needed to do the work. Corporate finance Those working in corporate finance act as financial managers who are responsible for supervising investment on behalf of the company, use various strategies to manage funds, supervise creation of financial reports and work with the company to outline future financial goals and strategies. Day to Day Activities Education/training/licensing Skills required Aptitudes
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: -the area of finance dealing with the sources of funding and the capital structure of corporations and the actions that managers take to increase the value of the firm to the shareholders. Principles of Corporate Finance : What is Objective of Decision making in CF objective function the investment decision the financing decision the dividend decision 1. Long term decisions : • "zombie-esque" feeling • emotional and mental exhaustion • stress • cynical and apathetic feelings • frustrated and irritated feelings • feelings of inadequacy 1. Investment Decision 2. Financing Decision 3. Dividend Decision 4. Liquidity Decision ? (a)Decision on Investment (b)Decision on Financing (c)Decision on Dividend 1. Acquisition of Resources : (a) Equity ; (b) Liability 2. Allocation of Resources : (a) Fixed Assets; (b)Current Assets Explanation Цц Corporate finance Areas of CF Functions of CF What's about CF in every day life? Finance are : (1) Raising of Capital or Financing (2) Budgeting of Capital (3) Corporate Governance (4) Financial management (5) Risk Management........... 2.Short term decisions
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