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Transcript: What is Halloween? and What do people do on Halloween? Origins of Halloween Why we (as Ahmadi Muslims) should avoid celebrating halloween? What is Shirk? Do Muslims believe in ghosts and supernatural things? What is Halloween? Celebrated on the night of October 31st Traditional activities include: Trick-or-treating Carving jack-o-lanterns Costume parties Visiting "haunted houses" Origin of Halloween celebration of the end of the harvest season Samhain was a time used by the ancient pagans to take stock of supplies and prepare for winter The ancient Gaels believed that on October 31, the boundaries between living and the dead overlapped and the deceased would come back to cause havoc such as sickness or damaged crops Masks and costumes were worn in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or appease them. Why we should avoid celebrating Halloween? Halloween is a harmful innovation among Christians which takes one closer to shirk. The Bible forbids witches, satanic practices etc. but Halloween is generally regarded as fun. Hudhur said it should always be remembered that any ‘fun’ that is based on shirk or any harmful way is to be avoided. We must give up on worldly traditions like these to follow the right path Faith Matters These practices makes children do wrong things in the name of “fun” These practices makes children do wrong things in the name of “fun” Agenda Friday Sermon October 29th 2010 ... small Conclusion Even a hint of shirk is unacceptable to God What is Shirk? Associate anyone in the name, action, or worship of Allah constitutes shirk Condition of Baiat number 6 says that we “shall refrain from following ______________ Ahmadi muslims do not believe in ghosts and other supernatural things (witches, goblins...) Do Muslims believe in ghosts and supernatural being? Heaven is a better reward than the candy get from you get from trick or treat QUESTIONS? “Badness attracts and leads man to adopt it with intensity, while forgetting traditions and beliefs. Some Ahmadis, considering such matters trivial, also get inclined in this way, resulting in very bad consequences” Shirk causes man to sink morally and spiritually. Belief in Divine Unity is a seed out of which grows all virtues, and lack of which lies at the root of all sins Halloween and what do people do on halloween? What other holidays do we not celebrate? Originated from the ancient celtic festival known as Samhain It is extremely wrong to believe in things that are supernatural even if it is for fun We must give up on worldly traditions like these to follow the right path Halloween is a tradition when many people celebrate it with extravagant parties, elaborate costumes and spending more $$$ Hudhur’s Friday Sermon October 29th 2010 Why should Ahmadi Muslims avoid celebrating Halloween? Bringing of dead spirits is WRONG and it goes against what we believe as Muslims

Copyright Presentation

Transcript: Case #1 Intellectual Property Ideas Fair Use Principles COPYRIGHT PRESENTATION By: Pranathi C. and Logan E. Notes Case #2 Examples of Fair Use in the Classroom Ideas What is it? Copyright is a person's automatic right to possess, use, and generate benefits from things that they create. Who and what does it protect? Anything that is produced by human creativity: literary works, artistic works, movies, computer software, photography, and architecture DOES NOT cover: ideas, rules, concepts, etc. Why is copyright law needed? Copyright law protects legal rights to intellectual property. Filing copyright with the US Copyright Office enables a person to pursue and recover damages for violations to their intellectual work. Copyright Law What happened? A California school district made 1,400 copies of Microsoft Word and Adobe Photoshop and installed them on district computers Wrong? Oh yes, they didn't pay for the copies or have permission to install them. Outcome? District paid $300,000 in fines and $5 million to replace the illegal copies. Cases of Copyright Violations Creative Commons What is it? An organization that seeks to encourage creativity and enable people to share ideas freely and legally Provides copyright licenses and tools that give individuals and companies ways to keep their copyright while allowing certain uses of their creations Examples of CC licenses: Attribution, No Derivative Works, Attribution Non-commercial, Attribution Share Alike, and Attribution No Derivative Copyright vs. Creative Commons: Allows copyright owner to manage and control their rights 1. Factual information used in biographies, encyclopedias, and databases 2. Articles and illustrations from books, periodicals, and newspapers 3. Essays, short stories, and poems What happened? A Texas administrator distributed 300 copies from a book of multiple pages that he photocopied without permission from the publisher. Wrong? Yes, he didn't get permission from the publisher nor did he pay for the 300 books that the content was taken from. Outcome? District had to pay $15,000 to the publisher, which is the cost of 300 of those books. Ideas IP refers to creations of the mind and include: Patents (protect what makes things work) Trade Marks (distinguishable signs) Designs (protect the appearance of a product or logo) Copyright (automatic right when work is fixed, written, or recorded in some way) Examples of Intellectual Property: inventions literary and artistic works images names symbols Fair Use is a set of guidelines that protect educators from violating copyright laws. 1. Purpose and character of use - Copied or transformed? 2. Nature of work - Factual v. fictional 3. The amount of original work used - Less is better! 4. The effect of the original work - Profits?

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