Transcript: In order to know which way to go, we were blessed to be given the following "road signs". With this idea, the Contractor will one by one start putting up steps to form the building blocks of the plant. The Client, being the one who sets the goal, serves as the margin of what they want to happen. For easier and more efficient interdiscipline coordination, representatives from each discipline were gathered into one floor. Having this set-up, inputs can easily be informed without generally the need to schedule a meeting. For close vendor coordination, meeting rooms for teleconference are made available for every discipline that needs it. FPD and LL In order to guarantee the safety of everyone, or at least minimize the negative effects of H2S poisoning, the Client has required everyone to undergo Shelter and H2S Training before doing any site survey. Factory Acceptance Test and Inspection and Test Procedure Shelter and H2S Training DEM1 and DEM2 Engineering for Fueled up by previous positive and negative experiences, these two information are our "guidelines" in making sure our "drive" is as smooth as we intended it to be. Before accepting any Vendor's design, each discipline makes sure that the Vendor has agreed to comply to every test and inspection procedure as stated in the discipline's Requisitions. Before and during a project execution, each discipline was given a compilation of FPD list and LL. With these, items related to each discipline served as the checkpoints as to what should and shouldn't be done in order not to commit the same mistakes as before and in order to implement what has been done right in the past that has led to a good project execution. These are the items that SHALL be followed and are not to be deviated. Flawless Project Delivery and Lessons and Learned The path to the destination is mapped out and made smooth by close coordination between the Vendors and of course, within each discipline involved in the project. The first step in pursuing the vision (STAR TREC Project) is to establish a partnership between a Client and Contractor. Partnership between Client and Contractor GOAL ZERO The road to the terminal may be smooth but forked roads are present and are sometimes inevitable. Neglecting or taking these "road signs" for granted can cause serious difficulty in the end or worse, fatality. Close Vendor and Interdiscipline Coordination One example is the recently concluded IPF and DSR. These safety related studies were implemented and participated to by all disciplines of the Contractor together with the Client and some related vendors. In order to have a close watch on the compliance to these statements, a Shell Audit was recently concluded and will be followed in a few weeks time. One by one, every statement under DEM requirements were verified if incorporated in the deliverables. A follow-up audit will happen to verify if these requirements were actually implemented. Having a companion and fuel for a drive does not guarantee that we will arrive at our destination. Safe Construction Design and Engineering Manual 1 and 2 But, having the Vendor "say" that they can comply to our requirements doesn't guarantee that they will. With this possibility in mind, FAT will be done to verify if all procedures were strictly adhered to by the Vendor. IPF, DSR and HAZOP Instrument Protective Function, Desktop Safety Review and Hazard and Operability Study Thank you and have a happy and safe driving! Upon proper preparation and successful implementation of every "road signs", we will reach our target for a GOAL ZERO. FAT and ITP To establish a good relationship, activities such as teambuildings and workshops were done to build a strong bond between these two. Furthermore, having the Client and the Contractor in one area also contributed a great deal for this partnership. This is to inform everyone regarding the hazards in the plant, the effects of H2S poisoning and how to react during a possible leak in the area.
Transcript: By: Evelyn Hernandez Worldwide Construction Safety Organization (WCSO) Junior Carl Wunsche Sr High School San Jacinto North Community College Sam Houston State University Construction Management Business Management Developing my topic Mission Statement Machinery not well maintained Area is not secure No supervisor available No fall protection Safety gear requirements not obeyed Problem ANY QUESTIONS? Family members in the construction field, I have heard their stories. This connects to my pathway, currently taking Architecture and Construction, kids have gotten hurt because of their lack of attention. I want my future workers to feel secure and work safe. Why companies take construction seriously Highlights Example of Problem Leading to Solution My goal is to reduce construction fatalities and deaths. Construction Safety The Creation Skills USA Spanish National Honor Society There are too many fatalities and deaths in the construction field. Job risks are continuously increasing. Simple mistakes, carelessness, or lack of attention have cause most accidents. 350,000 workers die every year due to job accidents, of which 60,000 occur in the construction field. About Me Companies keeping assets safe Many companies want safety to save money and keep a good reputation As seen on video, safety gear is important Supervisor is required My challenge is to determine a way of reducing so many accidents occurring in the US. There are many organization that are not taken serious Some protections needed are too expensive Many small construction companies do not force their workers to attend any construction safety organizations
Transcript: What is the safety performance of construction industry compared with other industries? Discuss the reasons of the difference. safety peformance of construction in dustry Overview High accident rate High fatality rate compare with other developed countries. No. of deaths per 10,000 workers in construction industry Accident rate is the highest among developed countries. compare with other industry high accident rate accident rate per 1000 worker in 2010 is around 50 but only not only one year High fatality rate construction is highest within all industry in Hong Kong but according to the working population by industry only 8 % population on construction industry indicate the fatality rate is high because the population is low but number of the dead cases is highest also why compare with more detail about construction Typical Hazards in Construction Industry Competitive environment Tendering system Multi-parties involvement e.g.Client, architects, quantity surveyors prevention why Compare with other indusry , it is more danger so safety measurement of constrction must improve basic safety practices an effective construction safety program Site Safety Inspections Hazard-identification inspections should be conducted on a regularly scheduled basis and should include participation by all site contractors. Regular inspections provide the opportunity for prompt feedback to individuals who might be working unsafely. Imminent hazardous conditions must be corrected immediately or work suspended until they are corrected. Injury/damage Reports and Investigation provides the basis for avoiding a recurrence. Information extracted from the analysis of incidents should be shared at toolbox safety talks. Examples All injuries and major equipment / property damage must be reported and investigated immediately. what is the reason? Fire hazards Hazard Identification critical step in accident prevention Chemical hazards installation of a stairway early in the work-assembly sequence of a building modification to provide safe access for other trades to upper floors. References The prebid meeting provides an opportunity to explain the safetyclause requirements detailed in the invitation-for-bid documentation. · Unusual hazards on the job site · Personal protective equipment requirements · Emergency evacuation procedures · Immediate reporting of incidents · Site rules and regulations Pre-bid Meeting Subcontracting system Difficult in control Stepping on or striking against object Low education background of construction workers Constructability Reviews recent year 16 purposes: Establish standards. Free management from repetitive decisions on common problems. focus on exceptional or unusual cases. include Induction Training Census and Statistics Department of Hong Kong. (2011). Table: Number of establishments, persons engaged and vacancies (other than those in the Civil Service) analysed by industry section. Dr.S.W.Poon. (2009). construction accident statistics. labour department of Hong Kong. (2010).Occupational Safety and HealtStatistics 2010. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Construction Industry Institute Hong Kong. (2006). Height Solutions in Hong Kong. USTHK. (2001). CONSTRUCTION SAFETY. improve construction work flow and efficiency. Time pressure time is money based on their past safety performance improves the probability that the chosen contractors / subcontractors will follow good safety procedures safety policy Fall from height Contractors have no say in design but are responsible for site safety Falling objects Hazards associated with operation of machinery, transport and earth moving equipment such as concrete mixing plants, trucks, bulldozers, excavators etc. provide a basis for fair competition for the competing bidders regarding safety compliance and minimizes the potential for future claims with regard to compliance expectations. High turnover rate of workers training and control difficult End Collapse of earth – during excavation, slope cutting Selection of Contractor / Subcontractors Hazards associated with lifting of materials, both mechanical and manual. Work above ground falling hazard The Accident Prone Characteristics of Construction Industry Electrical hazards Safety-awareness and hazard-communication training must be conducted before any one employee is permitted to being work on an unfamiliar site. a process whereby each stage of the work is evaluated to identify hazards that could potentially injure employees.
Transcript: Lime, Naphtha, Portland Cement Portland-Cement cement that is manufactured from limestone and clay and that hardens under water. Lime A white caustic alkaline substance consisting of calcium oxide, obtained by heating limestone. Naphtha a flammable oil containing various hydrocarbons, obtained by the dry distillation of organic substances such as coal, shale, or petroleum. Hazards? Uses In The Industry? OSHA - https://www.osha.gov/dts/chemicalsampling/data/CH_260900.html CDC - http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0492.html OSHA - https://www.osha.gov/dsg/guidance/cement-guidance.html CDC - http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0093.html http://www.cement.org/cement-concrete-basics/how-cement-is-made Naphtha - Eye protection, gloves of nitrile or neoprene, adequate ventilation, chemical protective clothing Naphtha - http://www.collectioncare.org/MSDS/naphthamsds.pdf Portland Cement - Contains trace amounts of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)], a toxin harmful to the skin. - Skin problems: Cement burns (blisters, dead or hardened skin, or black or green skin), Dermatitis (inflammation), and ACD (allergic contact dermatitis). Lime - Irritation of the eyes and skin, Upper respiratory tract infection, Ulcers, Nasal septum perforation (hole in cartilage, Pneumonitis, Dermatitis. Naphtha - Irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat; Dizziness, Drowsiness, Headaches, Nausea, Dry cracked skin, Pneumonitis Protection Against It? Portland Cement - The basic ingredient of concrete. Concrete is formed when portland cement creates a paste with water that binds with sand and rock to harden Construction Safety Portland Cement - water-proof gloves, long sleeves, pants, and eye protection Works Cited Dictionary - http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/naphtha Lime - long sleeve shirt, pants, boots, hat, gloves, protective cream on exposed skin, filter mask, eye protection Lime - A versatile material in the construction of buildings. It can be used in the construction of masonry systems as a component of mortar or of the masonry unit. Exterior (stucco) and interior plaster systems can also contain lime What Is It? Naphtha - A flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture that is commonly found in paint thinners and gasoline Cement - http://www.cement.org/for-concrete-books-learning/concrete-technology/concrete-construction
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: Falls The Fatal Four [OSHA Fall Danger Sign] Moxie Media. Retrieved 1/27/16 from http://www.moxietraining.com/s.nl/it.A/id.6589/.f [(4)OSHA Focus Four Safety Signs] OSHA.gov. Retrieved 1/27/16 from https://www.osha.gov/dte/outreach/construction/focus_four/ [Electrocution Safety Sign] Electricshock.org. Retrieved 1/27/16 from http://www.electricshock.org/electrical-safety.html [Struck By Safety Sign] LIPSIG Brooklyn. Retrieved 1/27/16 from http://lipsigbrooklyn.com/struck-by-accident/ The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has found that there is four areas of concern for safety in the construction industry Falls Caught-in-Betweens Electrocutions Struck-By's References: Conclusion Construction Safety Falls account for "349 out of 874 total deaths in construction in CY 2014 (39.9%)"(OSHA.gov). To prevent fall deaths, the following should happen: Guardrail Systems Safety Net Systems Fall Arrest Systems There is many other ways to prevent falls that you can find at OSHA.org In 2014, 74 of 874 construction deaths were caused by electrocution. Electrocutions have been rising due to more electronics being integrated into building. Ways to prevent electrocutions are: Inspect all electrical equipment before use. Use GFCI with all power tools. Use intact and properly rated cords Do not use damaged equipment Do not work in wet conditions with electricity. Electrical Safety. (n.d.). Retrieved January 27, 2016, from http://www.electricshock.org/electrical-safety.html Moverman, T. (2015, November 19). Struck By Accident | Brooklyn Construction Lawyer. Retrieved January 27, 2016, from http://lipsigbrooklyn.com/struck-by-accident/ OSHA. (n.d.). OSHA Outreach Training Program - Construction Industry. Retrieved January 27, 2016, from https://www.osha.gov/dte/outreach/construction/focus_four/ Struck-By's There was 12 deaths caused by Caught-in-Betweens as of 2014, which accounts for 1.4% of construction deaths in the U.S. Here are some ways to prevent Caught-in-Bewtweens: Always make sure there is guarding on moving equipment Barricades around unsafe areas such as cranes Proper Materials Handling Proper shielding in trenches Refererences for Media: In Order of Appearance: Struck-By's account for 8.4% of construction deaths. There were 73 Struck-By deaths in 2014. Here are some struck-by precautions: Don't place heavy loads on concrete structures unless authorized Make sure structures are shored until permanent support systems are installed Don't overload lifting devices Caught-in-Betweens In conclusion, construction is a very dangerous industry. It's the responsibility of everyone involved on a job site to keep everyone safe, employer and employee alike. Since OSHA was founded, construction deaths have gone down but there is still a lot of work to do in order keep our workers safe. By Matthew Ellison Electrocutions
Transcript: Goals On average 1000 construction workers are killed every year = 83 workers per month = 19 workers per week (Mroszczyk, 56) Construction Safety 1. Background 2. Goals/Methods 3. Research 4. Recommendations OSHA 10-Hour and OSHA 30-Hour Online Safety Training. Web. 27 April. 2016. Background Recommendations Construction Management Major Experience in the construction industry OSHA 30 Certified Occupational Health and Safety Administration Investigate the need of a commons sense approach to construction safety. Research if the common sense approach would be both safe and productive. By: Nick Carlin Methods Statistics How companies deal with safety What a common sense approach would mean. Actual Picture Taken During an OSHA Inspection. The Common Sense Approach (Mroszczyk, John W. "Improving Construction Safety." Professional Safety.) Construction Safety Research Over regulated companies Dangerous companies Common sense approach is needed OSHA classes should be more practical The common sense approach should be adopted industry wide Why does this matter? OSHA Statistics Current Safety Measures Questions? Primary: Interview with Dan Carlin Secondary: Research from peer reviewed sources and an OSHA approved training website.
Transcript: Falls from working at height Crush injuries from excavation work Slips and trips Being struck by falling objects Moving heavy loads Inhalation of dust (ex: saw dust) Exposure to dangerous substances (chemical, biological, and radiological) Loud Noise and Vibrating Machinery ELECTROCUTIONS INTRODUCTION TO CONSTRUCTION SAFETY WHAT DOES "SAFETY" MEAN? Inadequate scaffolding Lack of edge protection, Unprotected openings in buildings, Lack of edge protection in roof work, Dangerous demolition work, and Inappropriate use of ladders and hoists The lack of toe boards on scaffolding Lack of tool belts for workers Bad storage and stacking Poor housekeeping WHAT ARE THE MAIN HAZARDS IN CONSTRUCTION? FALLS FROM HEIGHT Worldwide, construction workers are three times more likely to be killed and twice as likely to be injured as compared to workers in other occupations. However, this can be lessened if those entering in the profession of construction will really do correct safety measures. HOW DANGEROUS IS CONSTRUCTION? This can be due to cable strikes on buried services, or to contact with overhead cables. Although hazards, risks and dangers are present in construction sites, it is always important for us to be responsible in our actions. We should always do our best to be safe at all times. Enterprises should investigate all the causes of industrial accidents, including minor accidents and near-accidents, to identify measures that can be taken to increase worker safety. Minor accidents should be regarded as a wake up call, warning us to take action. Studying minor accidents and near misses makes it possible to update and if necessary adapt the relevant safety procedures before a serious accident occurs. All incidents and near accidents have to be taken into account when the risk assessment is carried out or up-to-date. WHAT ARE THE MAIN CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS IN A CONSTRUCTION SITE? These are probably the most common forms of accidents in construction: WHY IS SAFETY IMPORTANT? CRUSH INJURIES So what can safety do for you? The benefits of maintaining a safe work environment are many, but first and foremost, safety is about what you can do to protect your workers. “It’s the right thing to do. Employers should send their workers home in the same condition they came in." (Todd Detro) No one can argue with the fact that workplace safety is important, yet it’s often unintentionally overlooked, leaving workers and others on the job site exposed to risk. Safety is also important so that we can identify unsafe acts and conditions and provide practical solutions for minimizing those risks. These occur in unsafe excavations often lead to fatal accidents or serious injuries. They occur when there is inadequate support for trench sides, especially after rainfalls, or when vehicles are operating too close to the edge. Buildings and walls may collapse when supporting structures are undermined. Safety, in lay man's term, means freedom from danger or harm. It is the condition of being safe from, undergoing of causing hurt, injury or loss. AMONG THE DANGERS OF CONSTRUCTION ARE: BEING STRUCK BY FALLING OBJECTS, MATERIALS OR TOOLS
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