Transcript: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/colon-and-rectal http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/colon-cancer/DS00035 Sources Kayla Ramsey Colon cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed form of cancer in the United States. It affects the large intestine and rectum Description Details Colon Cancer Causes Potential Cures and Preventative Measures Symptoms include: change in your bowel habits, which basically means diarrhea or constipation Weakness or fatigue Unexplained weight loss Narrow stool Blood in stool Abdominal pain or tenderness in lower abdomen Early diagnosis can often lead to a complete cure There is no single cause You have a higher risk of colon cancer if you: Are older than 60 Are African American of eastern European descent Eat a diet high in red or processed meats Have cancer elsewhere in the body Have inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis) Have a family history of colon cancer Have a personal history of breast cancer Cancer that forms in the tissues of the colon (the longest part of the large intestine). Most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). Estimated new cases and deaths from colon and rectal cancer in the United States in 2012: New cases: 103,170 (colon); 40,290 (rectal) Deaths: 51,690 (colon and rectal combined) Symptoms Treatment: Surgery Chemotherapy Radiation Prevention Colon cancer can almost always be caught by colonoscopy in its earliest and most curable stages. Almost all men and women age 50 and older should have a colon cancer screening. Patients at risk may need earlier screening. Changing your diet and lifestyle is important. Some evidence suggests that low-fat and high-fiber diets may reduce your risk of colon cancer.
Transcript: Colon Cancer What is colon cancer Colon cancer is characterized by a development of malignant cells in the lining or epithelium of the first and longest portion of the large intestine.The malignant cells have lost normal control mechanisms governing growth. These cells may invade surrounding local tissue, or they may spread throughout the body and invade other organ systems. Systemic Colon Cancer Symptoms Unintentional weight loss (losing weight when not dieting or trying to lose weight) Loss of appetite extreme tiredness Nausea or vomiting Anemia (low red blood cell count or low iron in your red blood cells) Jaundice (yellow color to the skin and whites of the eyes) The longer the stool stays in the colon the higher risk of colon cancer. Colon cancer includes cancerous growth in the colon, rectom, and apendix. Colon cancer symptoms come in two general varieties: local and systemic Once they remove the colon you have to careful how water you drink and you have less storage area. You have to be careful how much food you eat. You have go to the bathroom more. How People Get Colon Cancer How it affects your live Cure There are four types of treatments surgery,chemotherapy,radiation therapy and targeted therapy. Colon cancer is genetic. That mean it runs in your family. Colon cancer can grow inside you before you know you have it.
Transcript: A change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain A feeling that your bowel doesn't empty completely Weakness or fatigue Unexplained weight loss Treatments: Rehabilitation Surgery for early-stage colon cancer Surgery for invasive colon cancer Surgery for advanced cancer Chemotherapy: uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy: uses powerful energy sources, such as X-rays, to kill any cancer cells that might remain after surgery, to shrink large tumors, or to relieve symptoms of colon cancer and rectal cancer. Targeted drug therapy: are typically reserved for people with advanced colon cancer. It?? Assessment Findings Causes: Increasing age Family history of colon cancer or polyps Previous colon cancer or adenomatous polyps High consumption of alchol Cigarette Ssmoking Obesity History of gastrectomy Etc. Patient Teaching Signs and Symptoms Complications: Tumor growth may cause partial or complete bowel obstruction. Extension of the tumor and ulceration into the surrounding blood vessels result in hemorrhage. Perforation, abscess formation. peritonitis, sepsis, and shock may occur. Medical Science Jennifer Younce In early stages of the disease, many people may not experience symptoms Causes and Complications IS Includes physical therapy and occupational therapy Blood tests to better understand what may be causing your signs and symptoms, but there are no blood tests that can detect colon cancer Using a scope to examine the inside of your colon a long, flexible and slender tube attached to a video camera and monitor to view your entire colon and rectum Using dye and X-rays to make a picture of your colon barium enema allows your doctor to evaluate your entire colon with an X-ray Using multiple CT images to create a picture of your colon Virtual colonoscopy combines multiple computerized tomography (CT) images to create a detailed picture of the inside of your colon Bowel management can produce an increase in the number of daily bowel movements. Colostomy can allow patients to achieve some measure of control over the timing of a bowel movement, however, by regularly irrigating, or flushing fluid into, the stoma once every day or two. Lifestyle considerations such as eating a healthy diet. Surveillance means patients should be seen at three-to-six-month intervals for three years. Sexual function changes the way people see themselves. Fertility patients should talk to physician before surgery because radiation can destroy sperm and eggs. Diagnostic Tests Your rehabilitation therapist will help you build strength and endurance so you can maintain the energy you need to perform daily tasks and how to apply it. Helps cancer patients stay physically strong so they can tolerate treatments such as chemotherapy and continue to participate in everyday activities Colon Cancer Interventions Most important diagnostic procedures: fecal occult blood testing barium enema proctoisgmoidoscopy colonoscopy carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)
Transcript: Clusters of abnormal cells Had/have Breast, Uterine, or Ovarian Cancer Having Ulcerative Colitis or Crohns Disease Treat early Quit smoking Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables Physical activity every day Chemo Radiation Surgery Many patients survive 5 years after being diagnosed. What part of the body? Cancer is uncontrolled mitosis.. Prevention Treatment Options Colon Cancer Causes What happens to the colon? ??What does it have to do with mitosis?? Statistics The Colon: gets blocked bleeds It affects the: large intestines (colon)
Transcript: Description and Causes Stage 4 is not curable, most of the time Tests Stage 0: Very early cancer on the innermost layer of the intestine Stage I: Cancer is in the inner layers of the colon Stage II: Cancer has spread through the muscle wall of the colon Stage III: Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes Stage IV: Cancer has spread to other organs Surgery Chemotherapy Radiation Stages older than 60 African American of eastern European descent Having had other forms of cancer Have inflammatory bowel disease family history of colon cancer Have a personal history of breast cancer Drinking and smoking Treatments Colon Cancer 5 year survival-if one lives past 5 years with no more cancer, they are cured Also called colorectal Starts in the large intestine or rectum Mostly begin as benign polyps, but there is no one single cause Can be caused by a low-fiber, high-fat red meat diet Tests and Stages Abdominal pain Blood in the stool Diarrhea Constipation Narrow stools Weight loss with no known reason Cured? Symptoms Other tests include: Blood tests Fecal Blood Tests CT and MRI scans Physical tests Liver function tests The most conclusive tests are: Colonoscopy Sigmoidoscopy Other Risk Factors
Transcript: Cells normally grow and divide only when they are needed to keep our bodies functioning properly. But sometimes, the mechanisms that regulate cell growth stop working and cells divide out of control to form tumors. This is called cancer. When cancer develops in the cells lining the colon, it is called colon cancer. People who have a history of colon cancer in their family are at a great risk of getting the disease.These families are considered high-risk, because they may have inherited one of two rare genetic conditions: FAP (familial adenomatous polyposis) or HNPCC (hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer). FAP is caused by a mutation of the APC gene on chromosome 5. APC is a tumor gene, which means that it prevents uncontrolled cell growth. People who inherit a mutated form of this gene develop growths called polyps in their colon. By the age of 15, they may have hundreds of these. Polyps are not dangerous at first, but if they aren't treated, they will develop into colon cancer. Colon Cancer causes many problems in the stomach and bowels, such as: Diarrhea or Constipation, blood in the stool, vomiting, bloating, cramps and unexplained weight loss. Colon Cancer is inherited from others in your family, when diagnosed with colon cancer, it is likely that if not treated, you will be more likely to develop other cancers, such as ovarian, stomach, brain and liver cancers. 90% of patients will survive the disease after going through treatment. If the cancer hasn't yet spread into the surrounding tissues, it can be treated with special chemicals, or radiation. If that doesn't work, a surgery can be performed to remove the polyps and the cancerous part of the colon. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/disorders/whataregd/colon/index.html Colon Cancer Symptoms Resources Treatment
Transcript: Treatment/Cure: Surgery to remove part or the whole colon (Colectomy) Palliative surgery to relieve symptoms for advanced or untreatable cancers Chemotherapy & radiation treatment It can be prevented by regular screening-especially after the age of 50. Causes: The exact causes are unknown, but scientists believe that smoking, drinking, diet and enviornmental and genetic factors are involved. Description: When tumors are formed on the inner walls of the large intestine. Some may be malignant. Only the large intestine is effected. Symptoms: Diarrhea/Constipation Rectal bleeding Continual urges to defecate Anemia Unexplained weight loss Websites: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150496.php http://medicineworld.org/cancer/colon/what-causes-colon-cancer.html Colon Cancer
Transcript: Colon Cancer some symptoms for colon cancer are abdominal painand tenderness, blood in the stool, diarrhea, constipation, cange in bowel habbits, narrow stoolsor weight loss wth no reason. you could diagnose colon cancerby having surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. To prevent colon cancer you should not smoke, stay away from radiation, and maintain a balanced diet and weight. my gandpa-moms side great grandpa-moms side and my great uncle-moms side "in terms of fitness and battleing through cancer, excercise helps you stay strong physically and mentally -Grete Waitz disease cancer in the cells of the colon Prevention http://www.gihealth.com/html/education/colonCancer.html Quote Genetic connection symptoms Treatment http://iahealth.net/colon-cancer/ http://www.gihealth.com/html/education/colonCancer.html diagnosis some treatments for colon cancer are: surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.
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