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Transcript: Two Categories Living Systems A brief history... Adaptive BioEngineering is usually a permanent change designed to help a living system function better. Lasik Eye Surgery Knee Repalcement New Strains of a Crop Ethics An engineer is working at a pharmaceutical company that takes bacteria and inserts genes that make them produce insulin for diabetics. What type of bioengineer is she? a) BioMedical b) BioMechanical c) BioChemical Assistive BioEngineering is designed to help an organism or system without altering it. Contact Lenses Wheelchairs Pesticides Application of engineering design principles to living systems. Development of technology to work within a living system. A certain type of potato is genetically modified to contain more vitamins than regular potatoes so that they can provide better nutrition in developing countries. Is this a) Assistive BioEngineering OR b) Adaptive BioEngineering BioChemical Engineers use in-depth knowledge of chemistry and biology to create technology at the cell or molecular level! Ancient Egyptians developed artificial limbs 1816 invention of stethoscope by Rene Laennec 1895 discovery of X-rays by Wilheml Roentgen Now a common major at most engineering colleges Assistive BioEngineering Biomedical Sometimes people think that certain types of bioengineering are not things humans should be doing Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) Stem Cell Research Cloning Biomedical engineers apply engineering principles to understand the human body and create therapeutic devices. Questions Different Levels of Engineering Who were the first people to use proesthetics? a) The Greeks b) The Egyptians c) The Victorians BioEngineering is... BioMechanical Engineers use knowledge of mechanical engineering to assist or improve living systems. BioChemical Engineering BioMechanical Engineering Adaptive


Transcript: Job Title Biomedical engineers Life scientists Medical scientists Bioengineers Duties They enjoy a range of possible duties, including the design and development of artificial organs, modeling of physical processes, development of blood sensors and other physiologic sensors, design of therapeutic strategies and devices for injury recovery, development and refinement of imaging techniques and equipment, development of advanced detection systems, testing of product performance, and optimal lab design. Responsibilities Bioengineers specialize in a variety of functional areas, including bioinstrumentation, biomechanics, biomaterials, clinical engineering, medical imaging, rehabilitation engineering and systems physiology. The following specialties are integral to, and interdependent with, each other. All combine engineering principles and methodologies in solving medical challenges. Common work activities Many do research, along with life scientists, chemists, and medical scientists, to develop and evaluate systems and products for use in the fields of biology and health, such as artificial organs, prostheses (artificial devices that replace missing body parts), instrumentation, medical information systems, and health management and care delivery systems. Work Enviroment Bioengineers are employed in universities, in industry, in hospitals, in research facilities of educational and medical institutions, in teaching, and in government regulatory agencies. They are not limited to geographical locations and can work mostly anywhere. Specialization They specialized by combining biology and medicine with engineering, biomedical engineers develop devices and procedures that solve medical and health-related problems. Many do research, along with life scientists, chemists, and medical scientists, to develop and evaluate systems and products for use in the fields of biology and health, such as artificial organs, prostheses (artificial devices that replace missing body parts), instrumentation, medical information systems, and health management and care delivery systems. References 11-29-11 by Brian Chan Description Principle of Engineering Bioengineering Period 6


Transcript: What Is It? Fast and Efficient because signals sent via nervous system Orthopedic Implants Fusion of Lifealert and Pacemaker Placed in heart of a person Detects pulse Response to Danger Signal sent to brain and processed Distress signal sent to local 911 dispatcher Fast & efficient Can also be converted into App variation for smartphones Entirely Automated System Human interference unnecessary Current Bioengineering Projects Using the Body to Build a Better Future The Idea Life-alert function activates GPS Location of user triangulated via-satellite Information relayed to 911 dispatcher Application of Biology and sciences of engineering to solve improve healthcare and treatment. Fictional Example of potential of Bioengineering Combination of Technology and Biology Metal Skeleton fused with supreme cell regeneration Can be adapted for use in Military How It Works My Innovation Can be modified for other conditions and diseases Blood pressure for obesity Blood sugar for Diabetes Relatively new Science with much potential. Examples include Heart-lung machines, infusion pumps, and pacemakers Heart Lung Machine Why use my Innovation? By: Salmaan Zafer Doctors can configure BP settings and signal response time to match user's needs. Can be easily installed through one-time only simple procedure Pace maker function maintains regular heart operation Monitors the blood pressure of the body. Problem Detection Drop in blood pressure Heart Attack, Stroke message sent to brain immediately 30-second wait for OK Signal No signal = Emergency distress call sent out to local authorities Wolverine Prosthetics


Transcript: Tissue engineering According to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, biomedical engineers earned an average hourly wage of $40.76, which amounted to an average annual income of $84,780, as of May 2010. The top ten percent of biomedical engineers made upwards of $126,990 per year, while the bottom ten percent made $49,690 or less per year. The highest-paying industry was semiconductor and other electronic components manufacturing, which had an average annual income of $111,480 at that same time. Genetic engineering 1.The use of artificial tissues, organs, or organ components to replace damaged or absent parts of the body. 2.The use in engineering or industry of biological organisms or processes. What is the Average Salary for Bio engineers? What Do Bio engineer's produce? Bioengineering Bioengineering Genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology, genetic modification/manipulation (GM) and gene splicing are terms that apply to the direct manipulation of an organism's genes. Genetic engineering is different from traditional breeding, where the organism's genes are manipulated indirectly. Genetic engineering uses the techniques of molecular cloning and transformation to alter the structure and characteristics of genes directly. Genetic engineering techniques have found success in numerous applications. Some examples are in improving crop technology (not a medical application per se; see BioSystems Engineering), the manufacture of synthetic human insulin through the use of modified bacteria, the manufacture of erythropoietin in hamster ovary cells, and the production of new types of experimental mice such as the oncomouse (cancer mouse) for research. Tissue engineering is a major segment of Biotechnology. One of the goals of tissue engineering is to create artificial organs (via biological material) for patients that need organ transplants. Biomedical engineers are currently researching methods of creating such organs. Researchers have grown solid jawbones and trachea's from human stem cells towards this end. Several artificial urinary bladders actually have been grown in laboratories and transplanted successfully into human patients.Bioartificial organs, which use both synthetic and biological components, are also a focus area in research, such as with hepatic assist devices that use liver cells within an artificial bioreactor construct.


Transcript: Education Average starting salary Ryerson Famous Contributions The average starting salary for a biomedical engineer is $50,000 a year. The average salary for biomedical engineers is $82,550 For PhD.'s only the average salary is $134,000 Leslie Geddes - Recieved a National Medal of Technology in 2006 for his 50+ years of contribution to the field. Including ligament repair, new method of CPR, BP measures for premature infants and miniature defibrillators. Nicholas A. Preppas - Pioneered nanobiotechnology, hydrogels and drug delivery. Willem Johan Kolff - A pioneer in the areas of hemodialysis and artificial organs High school average: 80-84% Pre-requisites: ENG4U, MCV4U, MHF4U, two credits of; SBI4U, SCH4U, or SPH4U. One additional 4U/M course. SCH4U and SPH4U are strongly recommended. Applicants who lack one of these courses will take the replacement course in semester one. Co-op: Co-op and internship available Enrollment: 80 Degree: BEng (Bachelor of engineering) McGill All three universities require a Bachelor of Engineering as a prerequisite. References Biomedical engineering is the use of biological concepts to solve real world problems. -The use of molecular biology to advance the applications of living organisms. -The development of biomimetics, the use of biomimicry, the inspiration of materials and machines based on the structures of living organisms. Biomedical Engineer What is biomedical engineering? Employment Rate The employment rate of biomedical engineering is 97.2%. This is extremely high due to the recent increase in the field and branches of the science. Bioengineering - Stanford Biomedical Engineering| Yale Biomedical Engineering - Programs - Ryerson University Biomedical Engineering | Future Graduate Students - McGill University Ryerson Magazine eINFO University or Guelph High school average: 93% overall 85% in math and sciences and top6 Pre-requisites: 4U English or French, 4U Calculus and Vectors, 4U Chemistry and 4U Physics. Degree: BEng (Bachelor of engineering) High school average: 77-80% Pre-requisites: 4U English (ENG4U/EAE4U preferred), MHF4U, SPH4U, SCH4U and MCV4U. Co-op: Co-op and internship available Enrollment: 80 Degree: BEng (Bachelor of engineering)

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