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civil rights template

Transcript: Civil Rights By: Priscilla Oxford, Brock Benoit, Camden Adams, Caitlyn S How have Constitutional provisions supported and motivated social movements? How has the government responded to social movements? Constitutional Support and Government Response Civil Rights Racial The Civil Rights Movement and later passed Civil Rights Act of 1964 abolished racial segregation in society. But unfortunately that didn't fully stop racial segregration. Plessy v. Ferguson made it legal to have racial segration public places as long as they were "separate but equal" similar to many other Jim Crow laws legalizing racial segregation. President John F. Kennedy proposed to Congress, "They involve ecery American's right to vote, to go to school, to get a job, and to be served in a public place without arbitrary discrimination." Racial Segregation in Education Education This "Separate but Equal Doctrine" became a problem in the school system since black white schools were separate but never equal in funding Many court cases on this issue surfaced and became known as "Brown V. Board of Education" A black family tried to enroll their daughter into an all-white school nearby, they were denied. They brought the case to court since it was a violation of their 14th ammendment rights The court ruled in their favor and overturned Plessy v. Ferguson Racial Voting Rights Voting Rights Many African American voters were required to take literacy tests These were a strategy from southern states to prevent African Amercans from voting In 1965 Voting Rights Act was passed to abolish those literacy tests Southern States also enacted poll taxes on African Americans in order to vote The 24th Ammendment protected citizens to vote free of poll taxes Women's Rights Movement Womens To alter public policy against women and to obtain the right to vote Susan B Anthony led the charge on both fronts. She led the suffragists charge to protest for allowing more states to allow female votng. Eventually the suffragists were able to get their voice heard on a national level enforcing the 19th amendment to giving the right for women to vote all across the U.S. in 1920. However there was more changes necessary for the progress of female rights such as pursuing equality in the workplace, education opportunities, and enforcing that women be treated fairly. In these aspects of life organizations were made for such a purpose like the National Organization for Women (NOW) which pushed feminist issues to the public and aswell the federal governemnt Title IX of the Eduaction Amendments Education Title IX of the Education Amendments in 1972 guranteed that women have the same educational opportunities as men in programs receiving federal government funding. Which was an instrumental improvement to insure that women would get the same educational provisions in its entirty to men in the years to come. The Civil Rights and Equal Pay Act Workplace The 1960s were a monumental decade for womens rights and equality in the workplace. Before the civil rights act was established, women worked for the Equal Pay Act in 1963 which required that both men and women be payed the same wage for working the same job. This and later the Civil Rights Act established that women are a force in the workplace and shall not be discriminated against. Discrimination against LGBTQ community LGBTQ Early Members of the LGBTQ community faced discrimination daily similarily to those oppressed by the race or gender and had to fight for rights to intimacy, military service and marriage. A few federal example of these discriminations was the executive order signed by President Eisenhower to ban all "sexual perversion" in any sector of the federal governement including homosexuality. This aswell as the Defense of marriage act (DOMA) 1996 which declared that states did not have to recognize same sex marriages recognized in other states. Obergfell V. Hodges Legalization and marriage In the fight for Civil Rights by the LGBTQ community one landmark supreme court case would allow them to express freely their rights to marriage. This case was Obergfell V. Hodges in which the supreme court ruled 5-4 that states preventing same sex marriage violated the Constitution's Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Bostock V. Clayton The 1964 Civil Rights Act was instrumental to limiting workplace discrimination and prevented employers from refusing employment for reasons of race, color, and sex. However this act did not include sexuality or gender identity discrimination making it still legal to fire or refuse employmet on the basis of sexuality. Only until 2020 was workplace discrimintation of the LGBTG community outlawed in the landmark case of Bostock V. Calyton which had the supreme court rule that workplace discrimination was illegal throughout the nation under title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Workplace discrimination How has the Supreme Court allowed the restriction of the civil rights of

Civil Template

Transcript: LOGO GOES HERE Elements of a Negligence Action Claim Overview Civil Cases Tort = Injury or Negligence (which means it is an accident). Elements of a Negligence Action Liability Always Causation No preexisting Conditions Damages Ambulance Ride Emergency Room Primary Care Visit Chiropractor Physical Therapy Massages Surgery Medications Coverage Zero? State minimum? Good Coverage? Under insured? Uninsured? Punitive? Drunk Driver? Flee the Scene? Reckless? Run Red Light? Liability Liability Always assumed. What % you are at fault. We want 0, however you can have more and still be OK. Causation Causation of Injury No preexisting conditions The accident, did it cause the damages? Coverage Coverage Zero Coverage? State Minimum? Good Coverage? Under insured? Uninsured? Drunk Driver? Flee the Scene? Reckless Driver? Ran Red Light? Coverage Details Coverage Coverage leads to case value and Punitive Damages Who Pays? At Fault? Under Insured? Own Coverage? Friends coverage or lived with? Jordan Waivers for U.I.M. State Minimum Other Coverage Options Punitives Punitive Damages Drunk Driver Flee the Scene Reckless Driver Run Red Light -Stolen Car -Hit and Run -DUI <> Reckless as well as Negligent Extinuating Circumstances Liens and Treatment Liens and Treatment Medicaid? Medicare? Treatment? Who Pays? We Reduce Medical Costs! Find out everything we can about everyone involved - Friends - Family - Other Drivers - Witnesses - Any vehicle owned, even if you weren't in it - Work insurance? Information Gathering Information Gathering Damages Damages Ambulance Ride Emergency Room Primary Care Physician Chiropractor Physical Therapy Massage Surgery Damages Also Include: - Treatments of all injuries and Medical Bills - Lost Wages - Pain and Suffering - Property Damage In the Hospital For? - Tears and Sprains - Head Injuries - Loss of Consciousness - Burned by Airbag - Damage from Vehicle - Cuts/Bruises/Scrapes - Stitches - Fractures - Head/Neck/Back Pain Injuries Injuries Do you have any photos of your injuries? - CT Scans - X Rays - EKGs - Blood work Hospital Related Injury Expenses Hospital We do not know how long treatment will last Do not rush it. Treatment = $$$ Treatment Page Treatment Page - Ambulance Ride - Neck Brace - IVs - Hospital - Wait Time - Rx Given - Post Visit Instructions - Tests - Labs - X-rays - Other Treatments - Primary Care Physician - Chiropractor Previous Treatments Treatments - Therapy for P.T.S.D. - Physical Therapy - Massage - Acupuncture Consider Future Treatments Future Treatments Claim Overview Elements of a Negligence Action Liability Always Causation No preexisting Conditions Damages Ambulance Ride Emergency Room Primary Care Visit Chiropractor Physical Therapy Massages Surgery Medications Coverage Zero? State minimum? Good Coverage? Under insured? Uninsured? Punitive? Drunk Driver? Flee the Scene? Reckless? Run Red Light?

Civil Rights Powerpoint

Transcript: Does the reading of a nondenominational prayer violate the "establishment of religion" clause of the 1st Amendment? It is unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer and encourage its recitation in public schools. Issue Addressed: School Prayer Throughout American history, women had been inferior on every aspect in the society. 1960s was a period that women spoke for themselves, gaining social rights that they were banned from. This case is important because it gave women control so that they could decided for themselves instead of following instructions that men and the society had given them in the past. It was women's time to shine! - Gave a woman total autonomy over the pregnancy during the first trimester. Separate but equal had always been a situation that was difficult to describe, so the society allowed it to happen. This case is important because the Federal Court decided it was unequal; it was a huge step for African Americans to be protected by the gov. and have equal access by law. - Also said that separation from the majority of law students harmed student's abilities to compete in the legal arena. Engel v. Vitale(1962) Roe v. Wade (1970) Summary of the Case: - In 1946, Heman Marion Sweatt, a black man, applied for admission t the University of Texas Law School. State law restricted access to the university to whites, and Sweatt's application was automatically rejected because of his race. - When Sweatt asked the state courts to order his admission, the university attempted to provide separate but equal facilities for black law students. Summary of the Case: - The Board of Regents of the State of New York authorized a short, voluntary prayer for recitation everyday, attempt to defuse the politically potent issue by taking it out the hands of local communities. Why Landmark Case? Issue Addressed: Women's rights Issue Addressed: racial equality Historical Context: - Separate but equal was a legal doctrine that permitted racial segregation. - Gov. was allowed to require that services facilities, public accommodations, housing, medical care, education, employment, and transportation be separated along racial lines, provided that the quality of each group's public facilities was equal. - The Court heard arguments twice. Roe's opponent posted strong arguments. Why Landmark Case? Wenxin Chen - Defined different levels of state interest for the 2nd and 3rd trimesters. 46 states were affected. A Culture of Protest The Court decided that "law school for Negroes" was unequal. Historical Context: - After WW2, the U.S. experienced another intense concern about communism abroad and at home. - Some states encouraged patriotism, moral character, and other values of good citizenship because they were afraid of McCarthy. - They also began challenging separation of church and state issues in hopes of providing students with strong moral and spiritual stamina. A violation to the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment? Does the Constitution embrace a woman's right to terminate her pregnancy by abortion? Sweatt v. Painter (1950) Summary of the Case: - Roe, a Texas resident, sought to terminate her pregnancy by abortion. - Texas law prohibited abortions except to save the pregnant woman's life. - Argued that the separate school were inferior in some situations like faculty, course variety and overall prestige. - Despite the passage of time, the decision is still unpopular with a majority of Americans. New York officially approved religion. "Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and beg Thy blessings upon us, our teachers, and our country. " Why Landmark Case? The Court held a woman's right to abortion fell within the right to privacy protected by the 14th Amendment. This case is important because it was the first in a series of cases in which the Court used the establishment clause to eliminate religious activities of all sorts, which had traditionally been a part of public ceremonies. Historical Context: - Various anti-abortion laws have been on every state statute book since at lease 1900. - Abortion was prohibited in 30 states and legal under certain circumstances (such as pregnancies resulting from rape or incest) in 20 states. Anti-abortion groups began forming in various states in 1967. - Neither the prayer's nondenominational character nor its voluntary character saves it from unconstitutionality.

Civil Rights Template

Transcript: Abigail Tomlinson 1964-1970 Top 10 Civil Rights 2019 1950-1960 Pre 1950's 1960-1964 1950-1960 A picture of 14 year old Emmett Till. A picture of the 4 during Greensboro sit-ins. Emmett Till Emmett Till Emmett Louis Till was a 14 year old boy who was accused of offending a white woman in her family's store, and was lynched for the accused crime. Little Rock 9 Little Rock 9 Little Rock Nine was a group of nine African Americans who were enrolled into Little Rock Central High School. They were prevented from getting into the school by the governor of Arkansas. The president helped them attend school. Greensboro 4 Greensboro 4 Greensboro sit-ins occurred in Greensboro, North Carolina in 1960. It led to the Woolworth department store chain to remove segregation 1960-1964 Freedom Riders in front of their bus. Protestors for the 24 Amendment. March on Washington. Freedom Riders Freedom Riders The Freedom Riders were civil rights activists that rode interstate buses into southern U.S. to protest segregation. 24th Amendment 24th Amendment Abolished the poll tax for federal elections. It allowed African Americans to vote because they couldn't afford the tax. March on Washington March on Washington was a mass march on Washington to protest blacks exclusion from WW11 defense jobs and New Deal programs. March on Washington 1964-1970 Members of the Black Panthers. Thurgood Marshall Where and when MLK was shot. Black Panthers Formation/End of Black Panther The Black Panthers started in 1961 to protest police brutality against blacks. The group disbanded in 1982. Thurgood Marshall Thurgood Marshall Thurgood Marshall was an American lawyer who served as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court from October 1967 to October 1991, he was the first African American on the American Justice system. MLK Assassination MLK was a civil rights activist and the biggest one of the civil rights time. He fought for blacks rights and freedoms until he was assassinated at his hotel in 1968. MLK Assassination Pre-1950's Example of Jim Crow Laws Drawing of Plessy vs Ferguson 13-15th Amendments 13th-15th Amendments The 13th Amendment banned slavery except in the cases of a punishment, and the 15th Amendment prohibited governments from denying someone to vote based on race, color, or past servitude. Jim Crow Laws Jim Crow Laws Jim Crow Laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation. The laws were enforced until 1965. Plessy vs. Ferguson Plessy vs. Ferguson Plessy vs. Ferguson was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court issued in 1896. It upheld segregation as long as the segregated facilities were equal in Was Civil Disobedience Successful? Civil disobedience was the act of boycotting, picketing, nonviolent protests, nonpayment of taxes, and passive resistance to influence legislation or government policy. There are many ways civil disobedience was successful, but there are ways it was not successful, especially during the time of when people starting fighting for civil rights. Reasons it was successful Reasons it was successful Civil disobedience is how we are at where we are today. The sit-ins, the peaceful protests, and the refusal to comply to discriminatory laws allowed us to live like this. They were able to get a message across peacefully, and if people saw peaceful people getting hurt and berated on, more would stand up. Many Americans stood up to racist laws and segregation and just racism. It showed that people cared for their peers and helped create a better world. Reasons it was unsuccessful. Reasons it was unsuccessful The reasons why civil disobedience wasn't successful was because it could end it violence, and sometimes the goal of the people using civil disobedience could be lost. Protests could start out peaceful, but the police or authority could anger protestors and start fights. It would end badly for some people, even deaths. The people protesting could also lose track of what they are actually there for, and do whatever they want. They could destroy things and put themselves and others in danger. Or, they could purposely be violent and think they are doing the right thing, which means they wouldn't give up if questioned. Conclusion Conclusion Civil disobedience has it's unsuccessful and successful ways. Successful ways seems to weigh more than unsuccessful, because anything can go wrong with almost everything. But, the movement of civil disobedience has done many great things and accomplished a lot, so that say's something about how it works. Top 10 Jim Crow Laws Plessy vs. Ferguson Emmett Till Little Rock 9 Freedom Riders March on Washington Black Panthers Thurgood Marshall MLK Assassination Greensboro 4 Emmett Till Emmett Till Emmett Till is one of my top 3 because it was a really shocking case, as a 14 year old boy was killed because of something that could've or could not of have happened. He didn't deserve the penalty and it was a wake up call essentially that something need to be done. Little Rock

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