Transcript: Little Rock March on Washington SCLC Where: Atlanta Georgia When:1957 Why: Non-violent resistance was a powerful tool to display americans hatred, especially on TV. University of MI When: 1961 Where: University of Mississippi Why: President JFK summarizes the importance of this event by saying "Americans are free to disagree with the law but not to disobey it." When: 1957 Where: Little Rock, Arkansas Why: This event shows the determination of white "massive resistance" to integration and that federal enforcement will be needed. Montgomery Bus B. Voting Rights Act Civil Right Act Freedom Summer When:1963 Where: Washington DC. (Lincoln Memorial) Why?: The purpose of this event was to bring national attention to meaningful civil rights laws, full and fair employment, decent housing & the right to vote. When: 1956 Where: Montgomery, Alamba Why: Non-violent resistance became a powerful tactic for CRM. This event puched MLK as a national Civil Leader. When: 1965 Where: United States of America Why?: This also ensured that the federal intention would be used. When: 1964 Where:Mississippi Why?: Mississippi was the most segregated at the time. When:July 2, 1964 Where:United States of America Why?: This was an significant piece of legislation because the effects of it were widespread and long term. For example, better education & new employment oppertunities.
Transcript: This battle was fought at the appomattox courthouse on april 9th, 1865. General Robert E. Lee surrendered at this battle Abraham Lincoln Appomattox Robert E. Lee this was the start of the civil war. The confederates opened fire on the fort of union forces. the ship coming to the fort was meant to be peaceful and was only full of food and supplies for the men. A note was even sent to the confederates to tell them that the union did not want a fight. He was considered a hero of the civil war and fought for the union. He was the general for the confederate side. He did not believe in slavery and he wanted the north and south to come back together as a nation again. He only fought for the confederate side because of his love and devotion to the south. Civil War Powerpoint Battle of Antietam Gettysburg This battle was the bloodiest battle known in american military history. It ended in a tie but sine the confederate army retreated, lincoln called this a victory for the union. soon after he made his emancipation proclamation speech. fort sumpter Jefferson Davis He was a writer and an escaped slave from the south. When he became free he started working with abolitionists and became leader of the abolitionist movement Ulysses S. Grant Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln gave this speech during the civil war to fight back against the confederates. It issued a military order to free the slaves in southern states. These african americans could now join the army if they wanted too. This order angered the south even more but added to the union army. Lincoln became president in 1860 which caused a huge uproar in the south. They seceded from the north because they believed that Lincoln would abolish slavery everywhere.Lincoln just wanted the country to one nation even if he had to brin both sides together by force. He encouraged Lincoln to abolish slavery and was a very big abolitionist himself. He was a member of the army and a senator from Mississippi. He was the president of the confederate states and he was the secretary of war as well. By: McKayla Winder Fredrick Douglass This battle is known as the turning point of the civil war and was also the battle with the largest number of deaths among each side. The battle was fought on July 1st through July 3rd.
Transcript: Causes of Civil war Causes of Civil War Kansas-Nebraska Act Was proposed in 1854 by Senator Stephen Douglas Main goal of this was to organize the grand sized territory of Nebraska It was controversial because it was opening slave trade to some pllaces where it was banned Outbreak of Civil War Bleeding Kansas War also known as the Border War started because of the disagreement of slavery in Kansas Topic Civil War in Virginia
Transcript: Civil Rights By: Priscilla Oxford, Brock Benoit, Camden Adams, Caitlyn S How have Constitutional provisions supported and motivated social movements? How has the government responded to social movements? Constitutional Support and Government Response Civil Rights Racial The Civil Rights Movement and later passed Civil Rights Act of 1964 abolished racial segregation in society. But unfortunately that didn't fully stop racial segregration. Plessy v. Ferguson made it legal to have racial segration public places as long as they were "separate but equal" similar to many other Jim Crow laws legalizing racial segregation. President John F. Kennedy proposed to Congress, "They involve ecery American's right to vote, to go to school, to get a job, and to be served in a public place without arbitrary discrimination." Racial Segregation in Education Education This "Separate but Equal Doctrine" became a problem in the school system since black white schools were separate but never equal in funding Many court cases on this issue surfaced and became known as "Brown V. Board of Education" A black family tried to enroll their daughter into an all-white school nearby, they were denied. They brought the case to court since it was a violation of their 14th ammendment rights The court ruled in their favor and overturned Plessy v. Ferguson Racial Voting Rights Voting Rights Many African American voters were required to take literacy tests These were a strategy from southern states to prevent African Amercans from voting In 1965 Voting Rights Act was passed to abolish those literacy tests Southern States also enacted poll taxes on African Americans in order to vote The 24th Ammendment protected citizens to vote free of poll taxes Women's Rights Movement Womens To alter public policy against women and to obtain the right to vote Susan B Anthony led the charge on both fronts. She led the suffragists charge to protest for allowing more states to allow female votng. Eventually the suffragists were able to get their voice heard on a national level enforcing the 19th amendment to giving the right for women to vote all across the U.S. in 1920. However there was more changes necessary for the progress of female rights such as pursuing equality in the workplace, education opportunities, and enforcing that women be treated fairly. In these aspects of life organizations were made for such a purpose like the National Organization for Women (NOW) which pushed feminist issues to the public and aswell the federal governemnt Title IX of the Eduaction Amendments Education Title IX of the Education Amendments in 1972 guranteed that women have the same educational opportunities as men in programs receiving federal government funding. Which was an instrumental improvement to insure that women would get the same educational provisions in its entirty to men in the years to come. The Civil Rights and Equal Pay Act Workplace The 1960s were a monumental decade for womens rights and equality in the workplace. Before the civil rights act was established, women worked for the Equal Pay Act in 1963 which required that both men and women be payed the same wage for working the same job. This and later the Civil Rights Act established that women are a force in the workplace and shall not be discriminated against. Discrimination against LGBTQ community LGBTQ Early Members of the LGBTQ community faced discrimination daily similarily to those oppressed by the race or gender and had to fight for rights to intimacy, military service and marriage. A few federal example of these discriminations was the executive order signed by President Eisenhower to ban all "sexual perversion" in any sector of the federal governement including homosexuality. This aswell as the Defense of marriage act (DOMA) 1996 which declared that states did not have to recognize same sex marriages recognized in other states. Obergfell V. Hodges Legalization and marriage In the fight for Civil Rights by the LGBTQ community one landmark supreme court case would allow them to express freely their rights to marriage. This case was Obergfell V. Hodges in which the supreme court ruled 5-4 that states preventing same sex marriage violated the Constitution's Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Bostock V. Clayton The 1964 Civil Rights Act was instrumental to limiting workplace discrimination and prevented employers from refusing employment for reasons of race, color, and sex. However this act did not include sexuality or gender identity discrimination making it still legal to fire or refuse employmet on the basis of sexuality. Only until 2020 was workplace discrimintation of the LGBTG community outlawed in the landmark case of Bostock V. Calyton which had the supreme court rule that workplace discrimination was illegal throughout the nation under title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Workplace discrimination How has the Supreme Court allowed the restriction of the civil rights of
Transcript: Robert Parris also know as Bob Moses is an american educator and civil rights activist known for his work as a leader of the student nonviolent coordinating committee. Robert Parris was born January 23 he is 82 years old now. Civil Rights powerpoint civil rights movement Ruby Nell Bridges hall is an American activist known for being the first black child to desegregate the all white William Frantz Elementary school in Louisiana during the new Orleans school desegregation crisis in 1960. made by kingrobert Bayard Rustin was born March 17 1912. Bayard Rustin passed away on August 24 1987 Bayard hometown is West Chester Pennsylvania. How did the civil rights affect me it made me see how the world really is and push me harder to do better and school. Because they took beatings for us to get to this point. Bayard Rustin was an American leader in social movements for civil rights, socialism,nonviolence, and gay rights. The Selma were organized by activists to demonstrate the desire of African- American citizens to exercise their constitutional right to vote. Robert Parris help Black Lives all over Mississippi to vote he was another MLK but for Mississippi. Ruby Bridges was born September 8 1954 Ruby is currently 62 years old. Ruby home town is Tylertown Mississippi. Company Logo
Transcript: LOGO GOES HERE Elements of a Negligence Action Claim Overview Civil Cases Tort = Injury or Negligence (which means it is an accident). Elements of a Negligence Action Liability Always Causation No preexisting Conditions Damages Ambulance Ride Emergency Room Primary Care Visit Chiropractor Physical Therapy Massages Surgery Medications Coverage Zero? State minimum? Good Coverage? Under insured? Uninsured? Punitive? Drunk Driver? Flee the Scene? Reckless? Run Red Light? Liability Liability Always assumed. What % you are at fault. We want 0, however you can have more and still be OK. Causation Causation of Injury No preexisting conditions The accident, did it cause the damages? Coverage Coverage Zero Coverage? State Minimum? Good Coverage? Under insured? Uninsured? Drunk Driver? Flee the Scene? Reckless Driver? Ran Red Light? Coverage Details Coverage Coverage leads to case value and Punitive Damages Who Pays? At Fault? Under Insured? Own Coverage? Friends coverage or lived with? Jordan Waivers for U.I.M. State Minimum Other Coverage Options Punitives Punitive Damages Drunk Driver Flee the Scene Reckless Driver Run Red Light -Stolen Car -Hit and Run -DUI <> Reckless as well as Negligent Extinuating Circumstances Liens and Treatment Liens and Treatment Medicaid? Medicare? Treatment? Who Pays? We Reduce Medical Costs! Find out everything we can about everyone involved - Friends - Family - Other Drivers - Witnesses - Any vehicle owned, even if you weren't in it - Work insurance? Information Gathering Information Gathering Damages Damages Ambulance Ride Emergency Room Primary Care Physician Chiropractor Physical Therapy Massage Surgery Damages Also Include: - Treatments of all injuries and Medical Bills - Lost Wages - Pain and Suffering - Property Damage In the Hospital For? - Tears and Sprains - Head Injuries - Loss of Consciousness - Burned by Airbag - Damage from Vehicle - Cuts/Bruises/Scrapes - Stitches - Fractures - Head/Neck/Back Pain Injuries Injuries Do you have any photos of your injuries? - CT Scans - X Rays - EKGs - Blood work Hospital Related Injury Expenses Hospital We do not know how long treatment will last Do not rush it. Treatment = $$$ Treatment Page Treatment Page - Ambulance Ride - Neck Brace - IVs - Hospital - Wait Time - Rx Given - Post Visit Instructions - Tests - Labs - X-rays - Other Treatments - Primary Care Physician - Chiropractor Previous Treatments Treatments - Therapy for P.T.S.D. - Physical Therapy - Massage - Acupuncture Consider Future Treatments Future Treatments Claim Overview Elements of a Negligence Action Liability Always Causation No preexisting Conditions Damages Ambulance Ride Emergency Room Primary Care Visit Chiropractor Physical Therapy Massages Surgery Medications Coverage Zero? State minimum? Good Coverage? Under insured? Uninsured? Punitive? Drunk Driver? Flee the Scene? Reckless? Run Red Light?
Transcript: huddle Mrs. Rossi huddle to crowd together crowd huddle separate
Transcript: What is even happening: An Intro to Civil Disobedience 1 SO what does this mean? Let's break it down!! Background 2 #1 Civil Disobedience Within the topic literature, there is some disagreement as to what civil disobedience (hereafter “CD”) entails. Most authors agree that all acts of CD involve the following: 1) breaking a law that the rest of society typically follows; 2) law-breaking that will not threaten the very existence of the social order; and 3) protest against a specific governmental policy or action, rather than a rejection of the entire political system. Political theorists usually hold that civil disobedients accept punishment for their actions; they don’t seek to overthrow the state. Moreover, such protestors take action not out of self-interest, but because they genuinely have a moral objection to the law in question. 1) “Integrity-based” CD, in which “a citizen disobeys a law because he feels that law is immoral” (e.g., “an antebellum Northerner refusing to turn over a slave to authorities”); 2) “Justice-based” CD, in which “a citizen engages in actions designed to lay claim to some right denied that citizen—wrongfully, in his view” (e.g., “the actions of protestors during the Civil Rights Movement”); and 3) “Policy-based” CD, in which a citizen responds to a policy s/he believes is “dangerously wrong” (e.g., “the sit-ins and other protests against deployment of American nuclear weapons in Germany”) Types!!!!!! #2 DEMOCRACY! The resolution’s context is a democracy, rather than a dictatorship or other politically repressive regime. This is significant, since it may exclude certain examples of CD from discussion. For instance, the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacres in China certainly demonstrated a hostile reaction to civil disobedience, but didn’t occur within a democratic climate. Likewise, examples like American resistance to slavery and South African resistance to apartheid are only questionably topical, since one could argue that those societies weren’t democracies, either. GREAT QUESTION!!! The broadest definition of the term indicates that it is “rule by the people.” This typically means that the government must have a voting system, as well as safeguards for individuals’ free expression and minority rights. Moreover, democracies definitional provide a means of holding leaders accountable. Various theories of what democracy means exist; the fundamental point here is that democracy is not just majority rule. Rather, it is a means of balancing majority rule and minority rights. The existence of laws does not, by itself, make those laws democratically valid; it’s important that individuals have a check on the legislative process in any truly democratic system, since that ensures that all voices have the opportunity to be heard. So What is a Democracy? #3 Last but Not Least #3: MORALLY JUSTIFIED! Perhaps the most important question in the resolution is what it means for an action to be morally justified. Is this necessarily the same as the action being moral or just? Why does the resolution include the word “morally” before “justified” – what’s the distinction between those terms? It seems that the affirmative must do more than simply prove that there may be good reasons to engage in CD, yet s/he doesn’t need to prove that CD is actually good. Rather, s/he needs to show the action to be morally valid or legitimate – i.e., that it doesn’t break moral duties. The negative, meanwhile, must establish reasons why CD should be taken off the table entirely, since democracies should discourage the use of morally illegitimate tactics. So What Does Each side have to prove? Debaters on both sides should consider using something related to moral justification or democracy as the basis of their frameworks, since the resolution’s goal is to achieve some kind of morally justified action within a democratic context. Sample values might include morality, justice, democratic legitimacy, or some combination of terms (e.g., moral legitimacy). So what should we do with this new information? Framework so your brain works ;) Q1 Q2 Q3 BANKRUPTCY THE AFF! Let's start with framework! Consequentialism As mentioned above, a large number of moral theories fall under the broad umbrella of consequentialism. A consequentialist framework says that acts which promote the best outcomes are morally justified. So a consequentialist affirmative will argue that civil disobedience in a democracy, as opposed to a democracy without civil disobedience, is the ideal way to set up society. Civil disobedience is an excellent tool for citizens of a democracy to challenge and disrupt patterns of oppression through open and peaceful defiance of seemingly unjust laws. Counterfactually speaking, without civil disobedience the United States may have been a significantly less welcoming and free nation that it is today. This is not to say that the United States is perfect right now, I simply mean to say that things are much better now than they The
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