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Background Business in China

Transcript: • The disadvantages (from our western perspective) of this are a perceived lack of individual initiative. It is seen as odd for an individual in a team to act without involving other members from the team. If one was to stand out from the “crowd”, it would cause personal difficulties as it can be viewed as very negative from others. • China remains a consensus oriented when it comes to teamwork as consensus players make good team members. The culture puts emphasis on individual needs in group orientation being added to the greater good of the whole. At the beginning of the 21st century, the Republic of China finds itself in the midst of social, economic and central transition. Their old work ethics, which embodied the iron-tight grip of the Communist Party, have since been replaced by the more liberal, but with unclear policies. The pursuit of profit is no longer "counter-revolutionary" and business people have been ceased because they were viewed as enemies of the people. Yet, the Communist Party is still in power and shows little to none for any political reform. • Chinese management style bends towards the senior director giving instructions to employees who follow them without question. If the employees were to question the manager it would be seen as highly disrespectful and would result in the loss of their jobs. Chinese women are highly successful with the education they have in the city, and are actively managing their careers. Management Style • The bosses always try to give out detailed and complete instructions because if they were to give out vague instructions their employees would be very confused and probably not get the job done right. Successful entertaining • This is based on the Confucian philosophy that the older person (senior) should be respected automatically from the younger employee (subordinate). • Chinese managers should be the type of managers that employees look up to, and are loyal and obedient to. Managers should also have interest in the well being of their employees, this creates a two way relationship between Chinese managers and their employees. Foreign businesswomen will be treated with great respect and courtesy. • China is often known to have terrible inexperienced managers because of the increasingly growing and modernizing economy. Also good managers are expensive which puts emphasis on the companies’ recruitment and retention process (recruiting the best and keeping them). Chinese business and management Background Business in China women have the same rights as men in the workplace and the party has promoted this sense of equality over the past thirty years It is not a problem if you drink a lot of alcohol it is safest to be wary of unknown local liquors. Successful entertainment are done in a banquet hall with up to thirty dishes served. Teamwork The meal is coming to an end when fruit and hot towels are given out. You can smoke in a banquet hall. The idea of no-smoking hasn't really taken of in China. If you are invited, you will be shown where to sit and if you are a host is best to ask some local advice where to sit to avoid insulting anybody. It is now more and more common to encounter women in reasonably senior roles in large Chinese organizations especially in the larger, more modern cities. Women in business


Transcript: m 1 2 p b Y g X F Historical Background & Literature CHINA E China is one of the countries with the oldest and richest civilization. It can be divided into three phases including the Ancient China Era (1600- 221 B.C), The Imperial Era (221 B.C- 1912 A.D), The Republic of China Era (1912 - 1949), and The Modern China (1949). Historical Background Ancient China Era Xia Dynasty Shang Dynasty Zhou Dynasty Historical Background Imperial China Era Qin Dynasty Han Dynasty Three Kingdoms Period Sui Dynasty Tang Dynasty Song Dynasty Ming Dynasty Qing Dynasty The Republic of China Era Modern China D Chinese Dynasty The first chinese dynasty founded by Emperor Yu in 1105 B.C Hsia Dynasty Hsia Dynasty Best known for the groundbreaking works A History of Modern Chinese Fiction (1961) and The Classic Chinese Novel (1968), C. T. Hsia has gathered sixteen essays and studies written during his Columbia years as a professor of Chinese literature. Wider in range and scope, C. T. Hsia on Chinese Literature stands beside his two earlier books as part of his critical legacy to all readers seriously interested in the subject. The period around which the Chinese were already civilized and had their government, society, philosophy, music, literature, and industries The blossoming of Chinese philosophy reached its golden age during Chou Dynasty (112-256 B.C.) with the emerge of three great philosophers, namely; Lau Tzu, Mencius, and Confucius. Chou Dynasty It was the longest dynasty in Chinese history and the time when much of ancient Chinese culture developed. They also developed a middle class. Although a decentralized tribal system at the beginning, the Zhou became centralized over time. Iron was introduced and Confucianism developed. Also during this long era, Sun Tzu wrote The Art of War, in about 500 B.C. Chou Dynasty Chou Dynasty Lao Tzu Mencius Confucius The Chin rulers had first completed the Great Wall in 207 B.C. which extended along the northern frontier, giving stalwart protection and preserving what truly were Chinese and warding off intruders and foreign ideas as well. Chin Dynasty China’s first emperor was Shih Huang Ti The Qin or chin dynasty was brief in duration (221-206 BCE) but very important in Chinese history. It followed the Zhou dynasty (1046-256 BCE) and it ended when Liu Bang became the king of Han in 206 BCE (the formal beginning of the Han dynasty) Chin Dynasty Chin Dynasty Shih Huang Ti The Han period is the most inspiring epoch in the history of China. Thus, the Chinese called themselves Sons of Han. Chinese literature became prominently richer in both form and content; with Confucius of the fore, the Chinese mind was conquered and the first standard historical documents and literary manuscript with a truly Chinese mind were collected in the archives of an imperial library. Han Dynasty The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin dynasty and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period. Spanning over four centuries. Han Dynasty The Tang period witnessed the flourishing of Chinese poetry with Tu Fu who was given the title, god of Poetry. Li Po, his friend also rose to fame with his romantic lyrical poems, and was called “plot fairy”; and Tu Fu was the poet sage” who was known more as an intellectual poet with much restraint and refinement. Other poets contributed to the periods of the great age of poetry were Po Chiu, Wang Wei, and Wei Ying Wu. Tang Dynasty Four centuries after the fall of the Han, China gain rose to greatness with the Tang Dynasty, founded and ruled by Li Yuan. Tang rulers manifested God-given talents, and had strong political consciousness. Buddhism and other religions were subjected to the State. Tang Dynasty Tang Dynasty Li Yuan Po chiu Wang Wei Wei Ying Wu Tu Fu The first dynasty for which there is historical record and archaeological evidence is the Shang Dynasty. It was a small empire in northern central China. No documents from that country survive, but there are archaeological finds of hieroglyphic writing on bronze wares and oracle bones. The hieroglyphic writing system later evolved into ideographic and partly-phonetic Chinese characters. Shang Dynasty (about 1700-1050 BC) — Development of Chinese Writing Shang Dynasty Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) — Novels Ming Dynasty The Chinese rebelled against the Mongols, and the Ming Dynasty era began about 1368. The Mongols and the Ming government still sometimes fought. Because of this and the presence of Muslim countries in between, trade with the west was reduced to the pre-Yuan level. The Ming initially were interested in exploration, and Muslims whose ancestors arrived during the Yuan Dynasty and who were familiar with seagoing trade were employed to make long voyages to the Indian Ocean, the Middle East and perhaps Africa. Then they became isolationist. C Chinese Literature A collection of ancient lyrics, the Shin Ching or Book of Odes can be attributed to Confucius. Chinese Ancient poetry is the largest and

Background Presentation

Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. 2. 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

Background Presentation

Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity

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