Transcript: Child Soldiers Effects on a Child Soldier How are they recruited? Whats do to stop it? The participation of children in armed conflict is often seen in third world countries such as Tibet and most African Countries Used because its cheaper and have an underdeveloped sense of danger, thus its easier to send them into battle. Physical scars and Mental trauma due to many conflicts and participation in killings. Dependancies on alchohol and drugs. Even when escaped or freed, this children are ostrasized by there village, thus have no home Estimated of 250,000 serving around the world today. With a high amount of these being "girls" serving as wives and slaves. A great tactic used to recruit child soldiers would be kill their own family through beheading. This breaks their bonds with family and their friends, making it almost impossible to return home. Over 50 countries recruit people under the age of 18 into their armed forces. Child soldiers were also used during WW1 and WW2. However the age of children used were much higher than today. Where and Why are they used? Statistics A child soldier is basically, anyone under the military age participating illegally in armed conflict. Can come under three categories Actual Participation in hostilities Support roles Human shields or propoganda. The 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child 1999 ILO Convention on the Elimination of the Worst Forms of ChildLabour 1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child Adressing the root cause of Child Soldiers. Some are abducted from their homes and forced to become soldiers. Seen alot in the "Lords Resistance Army" A village may be forced to provide a certain number of children as soldiers in exchange for staying safe from attack. Some children are volunteered by their parents due to extreme poverty and hunger at home. What is a Child Soldier?
Transcript: Child soldiers In sierra leone children young as five join the war. They all have a 25% chance of diing befor they reach the age of six. there are various reason for this problem that we are facing children dont like were they are,so they want the chance to get out and be apart of a powerful group. most are joined by force, they pick the people that would be most unpredictable and put them at the front lines. some are reasponsalbe for them selves. They see There families in fear and in despreate help and feel they need to do something about, so they join. ever since the 1970's the military has bin using children to do what real soldiers were ment to do. even today, children are being constently shot at and killed becuase the most they can do for this to stop is join and try them selves. over 1.5 billion children are estamated to be victoms of violence, the sight of people being killed is a mental health issue, damaging there ability to socalize and interact with other people normally. inconclusion making children fight forsomething they them selves barley understand is wronge. with in half a quorter of a childs life in the war they have a chance of being killed, if you were in this situatiohn, would you think it fair?
Transcript: CHILD SOLDIERS Children have right to be educated, sheltering and health care. Who is a child soldier? In united nations convention on the rights of the child, Article #38 informs that; "States Parties shall refrain from recruiting any person who has not attained the age of fifteen years into their armed forces." According to a report in the website of Human Rights Watch in 2007; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child_soldiers#Nations_and_groups_involved_in_military_use_of_children http://www.essex.ac.uk/armedcon/story_id/000035.pdf http://www.unicef.org/emerg/index_childsoldiers.html http://www.child-soldiers.org/childsoldiers/why-children-join http://www.child-soldiers.org/coalition/what-we-do http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Hand_Day http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_vkDIml_Ibpg/SV_clJLx-GI/AAAAAAAAH28/iiWJjqaSJeE/s320/girl_soldier1.jpg http://www.hrea.org/crimesofwar/images/ChildSoldiers_Bleasdale.jpg?0.5869559722353094 http://www.wilsonsalmanac.com/images2/child_soldiers_xinhua.jpg http://www.familysecuritymatters.org/imgLib/20100502_un_convention_rights_child.JPG http://www.cyberdodo.com/medias/fckeditor/images/Partners/PAR-ChildSoldier-483-090918.jpg http://www.redhandday.org/images/logo-coa.gif http://uth.tumblr.com/post/997382279/uncut-killing-spree-children-soldiers http://unitedexplanations.org/english/2011/11/14/the-challenges-of-reintegration-of-child-soldiers/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/kindersoldatensomaliadudumagale/6334369654/ http://www.squidoo.com/rights-of-the-child http://www.angelrockproject.com/arp/monthly/organization_Child_Soldiers.asp http://library.thinkquest.org/06aug/01032/media.html http://funkydowntown.com/child-kid-soldiers-afghanistan-pakistan-sri-lanka-thailand/ Children rights are the rights which protects all children against abuse, neglect, explotation and discrimination. 1- Children who are compelled to join armed groups Girl children join armed forces to escape from domestic violence or enforced marriage. http://www.glogster.com/gizemkececi/unfinished-glog-3/g-6lnntjmms41i6jlv6g41ma0 There are two groups of Child Soldiers By Gizem Kececi Children take place in armed conflicts since years. They are used as combats, porters, spies, messengers or as an human shield. Children join armed groups by threat and violence. http://www.glogster.com/gizemkececi/child-soldiers/g-6lnoavs2nsinhe3eknsdka0 http://www.glogster.com/gizemkececi/child-soldiers-/g-6lnnumtnabhqq953akdl7a0 “In over twenty countries around the world, children are direct participants in war. Denied a childhood and often subjected to horrific violence, an estimated 200,000 to 300,000 children are serving as soldiers for both rebel groups and government forces in current armed conflicts.” 2- Children who are volunteering to join up There are too many soldiers in all regions of the world. Almost all of them have phisical health problems because of insufficient food, limited healthcare and Injures of conflicts. Also they have mental health problems too because, they have to kill by order in conflicts. While they kill people, they start to get used to it. They learn to hate and continue to kill more. Child soldier is a person under 18 years old, who is part of any kind of armed group. Some reasons that making children to join armed group are; poverty, lack of education, honour family traditions or political situations. CREDITS
Transcript: Child Soldiers How do kids become these child soldiers? These kids usually are influenced by violence in order to have them fight Some usually have their family members killed right infront of them Others usually are violently abused in order to have them fight What are these child soldiers made to do? They are made to kill people which oppose the people they are fighting for and are used to escape enemy attacks. What happens to these children? Over the past 10 years over 2 million children have died. Over 6 million have been seriously wounded and/or have a permanent disability. Over 10 million have psychological traumas. Mostly these kids have been orphaned or separated from families. Some others have been through sexual abuse and lack education. These child soldiers are usually deprived of food shelter and medical attention. There are ever children with traumatic scars over 36 countries in 1998. And also over the past 15 years over 10,000 children have been abducted. Some NGOs which are trying to prevent this conflict from continuing are UNICEF UNICEF is an NGO that have presistantly tried to stop this problem sinces the 1990s. UNICEF is trying to help this this issue by raising money to send to conflicted African areas. This money will be use to provide supplies for the affected African people. Human Rights Human Rights is an NGO which fights for the rights of children. Invisible Children Invisible children is an NGO that helps raise money for children's rights and making sure that children get out of this conflict. Some of the question to our NGO are What are you planning to do to help these child soldiers in Africa? We are working with children in six key areas to help them after being captured and enslaved. We are working to help them recover from their past and reuniting them with their families. What is your main objective to help these kids? We are helping them recover from past problems by rehabilitation them. When do you think this problem will come to a close? We believe we could stop it about 20-25 years ago, but still even now child soldiers are still happening and we do not really know when it will end. What is it you are doing better the situation? We are helping kids everywhere from having to leave a soldier life and get an education. We hope to help them find their families are reuniting them. Which areas are populated by this child soldiers? They are populated in many areas such as Sudan, Sierra Leone, Burma, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Maputo, and Mozambique mainly from Africa. Is there anything our country can do to help the situation? We are currently operating in Canada so Canada is actually helping to stop child soldiers. How much money was raised for this cause from 2005-2011? We cannot give you a definite number because we would have to search for the amount and it might take days. What can school students do to help this problem? There are a couple of ways your school can help by having advocating of children’s rights partition, and fund raising for the cause. What can we do to help These Child Solderis? We can help by fund raising for these child soldiers to help them rehabillitate their mental wounds in clinics and give supplies to those who are affected by Child Soldiers. We can also help by advocating children's rights petitions.By doing this, we are creating attention to this issue which will be hopefully considered by our governments or other organizations to help improve this situation. Thanks for watching our presentation! Some invisible children
Transcript: Erika Alba Who's the Victem? Affected Areas Sudan (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr An organization called Invisible Children are stepping in to end this. They have been going into the most dangarous parts of Africa to document and share the story of these children and familys to spread the word. Now, Invisible Children is raising up 2 million dollers to try to build these radio towers to help these villiages be able to communicate with each others. It will allow the communities to let eachother know when there is danger, giving them time to try to escape. They are also trying to raise enough money for a rehabilatation center and a school for all the kids that survived the abduction and escaped. To achieve this, Invisible Children is selling bracelets, t-shirts, and different items. And recently, Invisible Children went to the U.S Government to get them to help try and end this slavery and got Obama to send in some American troops to clear out the forest. Conclusion Where all thinking "why the hell isn't anybody just killing this man then?" But its not that simple. At first, the African Government had tried to make a peace treaty with Joseph Kony 5 different times, and each time he wouldn't show up, he just comes back stronger, killing more people than he had ever before. But bringing him to justice isn't going to end it all. He has followers. Men who help him and men who wont let him be the end of this slavery. And we don't even know who these men are. But making it more difficult, this slavery has been going on for 25 years, and half the world barely knows about it. Half the world barely even cares to know about it. Because of this man.. & Children are being abudcted http://www.irinnews.org/IndepthMain.aspx?IndepthId=24&ReportId=66280 http://www.hrw.org/news/2011/12/02/dr-congo-rein-security-forces Sources D.R of the Congo The Hardships And turned into child soldiers By In South Central Africa children ages 9-16 are the prey for being abducted. They're small enough to be able to sneek into the house without anybody noticing, but old enough to learn and handle a gun. Also, children are more vunrable, easier to capture, and easily brainwashed into doing horrible things. Child Slavery http://www.child-soldiers.org/childsoldiers/some-facts (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr In fear of this... (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr Uganda The LRA What's this about? Wtf? What are we doing to help? Ola Mujanni Being turned into these soldiers and killing people are not the only hardships these kids face. Think of yourself being abducted, what would you have done? Tried to escape right? But that's not as smart of an idea as it seems. If you don't obey, you don't get killed. At least not right away. They torture you in every way possible, making you wish you where dead. Cutting off your lips, taking out your eye, anything. But when finally, you're no use to them, you will be killed infront of those closest to you. And being that person watching, you're not allowed to cry, not allowed to talk, not allowed to do anything but watch. Then they send you out to kill your own family, friends, and neighbors. Joseph Kony ; Wtf? (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr http://invisiblechildren.com/
Transcript: Child Soldiers this is the everyday life of a child soldier When they go to battle they do all the dangerous work that senior members don't do. They plant bombs, check mines and can even be used as a human sheild to the senior officers. This doesnt happen in Australia, so why other countries? The Countries that it happens in have a very corrupt army. Some of the Countries include: Sudan Afghanistan and All over Africa By cameron b Then you are taken to a army camp and you are starved, unprioritised and if you take one step out of line they will torture you. This is until people storm into your village and kill everyone but you and your friends. This is one little boy holding an AK-47 (machine gun). Imagine if you were ten and you were living somewhere in Africa. Despite being starving you are very happy. You can help stop this by donating to caritas and... Then You are forced to kill your best friend or the friend will kill you. Imagine If This is why over the last 10 years Over 2 Million kids have been killed and About 16 Million kids critically injured.
Transcript: Russian Child Soldier in WW II Closing Thoughts - The existence of Child Soldiers is a horrible and unexcusable use of children by selfish adults. - The children are robbed of their childhood and may become permanently damaged both physically and emotionally because of their experiences. - The world community should unite to stamp out the use of children as soldiers. Child Soldiers by: Richie Parrillo, Jacob Conroy, and Charlie Moss How Are Child Soldiers Treated? What Happens After Child Soldiers Leave? What is a Child Soldier? - A Child Soldier is a person under the age of 18 who has been either manipulated or forced into an army, a guerilla group or warfare. - Child Soldiers have been used throughout history and continue to be used today. They were used in the 1917 Finland Civil War, World War II by the Soviet Union and Germany, and today are used primarily in African countries. - Although there is no precise data, there are an estimated 100,000 Child Soldiers worldwide. Bibliography A current day Child Soldier who is commonly mistreated: underfed, beaten, etc. Facts About Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers can be as young as 8 years old. - Between 2001-2008, there were 21 armed conflicts around the world where Child Soldiers were used. - They are sometimes forced to do very bad acts such as having to harm or murder their family or friends. The commanders force the Child Soldiers to perform such acts to make it more diffcult for the children to return to their communities and therefore more likely to continue as soldiers. - Most Child Soldiers come from the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Sudan and Uganda. - The children believe that they will receive better food and living conditions. Do you think they actually do? - Most of the children serve as guards, messengers or spies. Also, some Child Soldiers are used as decoys, and some are put in the front lines because they are not as valuable as the adult and more experenced soldiers. Some Child Soldiers are also forced, for example, into a field to check for landmines. - Surprisingly, there are also female children serving as soldiers. They are often raped or sold to the commanders as wives. - Google.com, search term "facts about child soldiers." Facts About Child Soldiers (2nd result) http://www.hrw.org/news/2008/12/03/facts-about-child-soldiers - Google.com, search term "search child soldiers" in Google images - Soldier Relief is an organization that is against Child Soldiers and has many different on-going projects to help these children. Contact info: http://www.childsoldierrelief.org/ - Child Soldiers International is another organization against the use of Child Soldiers. Contact info: http://www.child-soldiers.org/ - Children are more likely to become Child Soldiers if they are poor, separated from their families, living in a combat zone, and/or if they have limited education. - If children join willingly, it is often because they think the army or fighting force they joined will support them, acting as a type of family, and/or provide them with better food and living conditions. Why Would Children Join? Thank You Organizations That Help - If a child is not killed in the warfare, most eventually return to their home towns. - After the experiences as a Child Soldier, they are often emotionally scared from the fighting and seeing such traumatic events as people being blown up, burned, or tortured. Child Soldiers Training
Transcript: Located in Uganda, Africa Who? Joseph Kony is using young african children as soldiers. What? Around 30,000 kids are said to be fighting other countries. When? Happening right now. Why? Nobody knows why he's doing this. How? If the world knew who Kony was, he would have been stopped long ago. Over 10 million people have seen the video on Youtube! There was over 30,000 kids mentioned in his video, but there are really only a couple hundred people. Obama has sent 100 soldiers, to Uganda where Kony is supposed to be, to find him and arrest him. The Human Rights Watch has estimated that there are 200,000-300,000 child soldiers under 18 years old, fighting all over the world today. And that is not including Kony's children. There were also 20 celebrities that were assumed to help with Kony 2012. Some of them were- Oprah, Lady Gaga, Bill Gates, Jay-Z, Justin Bieber, Ellen Degeneres, Rihanna, Taylor Swift, Ryan Seacrest, Angelina Jolie, etc. Kaylyne Lee By: Child Soldiers
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