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Catholic Church

Transcript: The Catholic Church Bishop- Leader of certain area of mutiple churches The Catholic Church had many fights with Kings and Queens of Europe. One fight was with King Henry IV. Henry had alot of political power by appointing church officials. In 1075 Pope Gregory VII said that he couldnt appoint officials anymore. Henry got angry and got a group of bishops that supported him and he declared the Popes decision invalid. Pope Gregory VII banished Henry. Religious Orders Poverty,Chastity and Obedience. People of the church want to follow these orders. definitions Chastity- being pure. Obedience- Being faithful to God Poverty- do not want to be greedy. The organization and universities Problems with Kings and Queens Who were important people? (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Catholics- Followers of the church Clergy of the Church Where The Pope Gregory was one of the important people because he was the leader of the Catholic church also fought with other leaders. (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr The middle ages started in Western Europe and spread throughout. Pope- head of Catholic Church Priests- Preachers of a certain church (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr There were many people who made great impacts on the middle ages Schools were establised at cathedrals which were the center of power for bishops. Students of these schools were usually the sons of European nobels who often became religious or political leaders. (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr

Catholic Church

Transcript: The Diet of Worms was a journey Luther made to appear for his hearing. After the hearing Luther was considered an outlaw. That means he can be killed by anyone without them being arrested. Simony is the act of selling church offices and roles. This kind of act started from a guy named Simon Magnus. He went around trying to sell two disciples of religious people in return for power. The Catholic Church struggled with this and Queen Elizabeth I was strongly against this practice. The Church was a very important one. This church married King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon and later after that broke off from the Catholic Church. This church became established after passing the Act of Supremacy and led to English Reformation. Queen Elizabeth I reigned in the same period of time that King Henry wanted the divored. She passed it and rejected the pope of his authority. The church was restored in Rome. Church of England Act of Supremacy 1534 This act basically summed up to be the act that allowed King Henry VIII to become the head of the Roman Catholic Church. This act happened because Henry wanted a divorce and since the pope and the church wouldn't allow it, he became the head and made it happen another way. 95 Thesis By: Killian Mullen Catholic Church Diet of Worms - Idulgences were taught in Catholic Churches and basically was the step before God forgave your sins. Works Cited English Reformation - John Calvin was a pastor during Reformation and developed a Christian theory called Calvinism. Henry VIII reigned in the time period the Reformation began. It started out with a divorce that he wanted to get with his wife, Catherine of Aragon. However, the Catholic Church didn't believe in divorces and wouldn't allow it. Henry found a way to make sure the divorce happened and became in charge of the Church. However, he didn't do good things with his power. He made people pay for things that weren't necessary for the payment. This lead eventually played out and led to the community crumbling. English Reformation The printing press was a device that allowed you to print texts and pictures. This machine helped Luther in Reformation. The printing press helped Luther spread Protestant Reformation. The availability of quick cheap printed material allowed ideas to be spread faster and to a wider audience. Church of England Printing Press Simony The 95 Thesis was a letter with 95 statements Martin Luther created to send to the church to get rid of the abuse.

Catholic Church

Transcript: Baptism removes all sin is the agreement to take away sin. The cross represents Jesus who took on flesh and died on the cross. Jesus is the son of God (Holy Trinity). Pray to the saints (not directly to God). Usage of common characteristics Variation Samantha Romero, Abigail Duffin Dali, China Rouhen, France Common Characteristics Washington Township, Ohio, United States Cross is the highest point of the church Made out of different clays and woods Brightly colored Chinese architecture One of the thirty-two Catholic churches left Built during the Opium Wars Rouhen, France Religion remains constant Cross is a common feature Decorating shows journey of Jesus and Saints Chambers where followers are invited to confess sins Bells at top of building Church made of stone with a thatched roof Cross is the highest point of the church Plain Put together with what they had Bends in the roof that make it stand out Not large, but bigger than houses in the surrounding area. AB Brazil Catholic Church Mamre, South Africa Church in Mamre, South Africa Jesus died on the cross to take away sin Chinese Catholic Church Different countries build different churches based on how much they can afford Different architectural designs Different color schemes Varying sizes Cross is the center on the roof Four hundred and ninety five feet tall Given the fifteenth century Gothic style Stained glass Highly intricate architecture Beliefs The Catholic Church is considered to be one body of believers who commonly follow the same rituals no matter where they live. Inside is sculpted with Brazilian produce ( coffee branches, pineapple, native animals etc ) Constructed in Neo-Gothic style largest Catholic church in the city of São Paulo Mostly marble Catholic Church United States Catholic Church Steeple with cross on top Made of bricks with stain glass windows Large with cross at the highest point One large room in the center for mass São Paulo, Brazil add logo here


Transcript: - AGE OF DISCOVERY AND CONQUEST 1492-1579: RELIGION PLAYED A BIG ROLE IN SHAPING VALUES, ATTITUDES AND CONDUCT OF THE SPANISH - AS LONG THE CHURCH WAS IN PLACE, THERE WAS SPANISH ORDER, AND AS LONG THERE WAS SPANISH ORDER, THE COLONIZATION PROCESS COULD CONTINUE TO RUN SMOOTHLY AND PROSPER - PRIORITY TO CONVERT THE INDIANS TO THEORETICALLY JUSTIFY THE IBERIAN PRESENCE IN THE INDIES - SUCCESSFUL AND THE COLONIAL CHURCH GREW VERY POWERFUL : AFFECTED EVERY ASPECT OF COLONIAL LIFE - INDIANS NEARLY SECOND CLASS CITIZENS OF THEIR OWN LAND Catholic Church privileges: 1. Accusation: Informants as Inquisition's primary source of information. Denunciations were anonymous -> Frequent false denunciations. 2. Detention: Accused not informed about the accusations against them. 3. Trial: Interrogatories -> Torture Garrucha (strappado), toca (waterboard), potro (rack) "Catholicism remains the principal colonial heritage of Spain in Central and South America. More than any set of economic relationships, more even than the language... the Catholic religion continues to permeate Spanish-American culture today, creating an overriding cultural unity which transcends the political and national boundaries dividing the continent”. Adriaan van Oss Conquest of Granada in 1492 led to the end of the "Reconquista". Columbus. "Discovery" of America. 4. Sentence: Burning at stake or garrote vil if repentance. "Reconquista" CATHOLIC CHURCH 70% of Spanish population define themselves as catholic even if only a 15% of them go to church usually. Source: Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas (CSI) December 2013 Liberation Theology In 380 a.D emperor Teodosio stablished Christianism as the official religion of the Roman Empire. Rome declined, Germanic tribes invaded most of the lands of the former empire. Reccared, the Visigothic king at Toledo, was converted to Catholicism. In 711 a.D the last Visigothic king, Roderic, was defeated and by 718 the Muslims dominated most of the peninsula. Only the northern part remained. -Definitely abolished in 1834. -To ensure the orthodoxy of recent converts from Judaism and Islam. -Witchcraft, blasphemy, bigamy or sodomy. LATIN AMERICA CATHOLIC CHURCH Inquisition stablished in 1478. Reyes Católicos (Isabel and Fernando) Obligation to propagate the Christian faith in the New World by converting indigenous peoples. Article 16, Spanish Constitution 1978... 1. Freedom of ideology, religion and worship of individuals and communities is guaranteed [..] 3. There shall be no State religion. The public authorities shall take the religious beliefs of Spanish society into account and shall consequently maintain appropriate cooperation with the Catholic Church and the other confessions. Coexistence between Islam, Christianity and Judaism Al-Andalus COLOMBUS SAILED TO AMERICA "TO SEE THE SAID PRINCES AND PEOPLES AND LANDS" AND DETERMINE HOW TO EFFECT "THEIR CONVERSION TO OUR HOLY FAITH" - DIVISION OF THE NEW WORLD TERRITORIES (POPE ALEXANDER VI IN 1493): KINGDOM OF CASTILE AND PORTUGUESE - 1537 SUBLIMIS DEUS ("MOST HIGH GOD") = NEW WORLD PEOPLE ARE FULLY HUMAN - 1500-1800 = 15 000 EUROPEAN PRIEST ARRIVED IN THE AMERICAS: 'DIOCESAN' PRIEST, FRANCISCAN, DOMINICAN AND JESUIT ORDERS - COLOMBUS ROUGHT TREATMENT OF THE NATIVE INHABITANTS - COLLAPSE OF AZTEC EMPIRE IN MEXICO ADN INCA EMPIRE IN PERU - UNDER SPANISH CONTROL, INDIANS COULD NO LONGER PRACTICE THEIR TRADITIONAL RELIGIONS OPENLY (DESTRUCTION OF OBJECTS AND SITES) - CREATION OF RELIGIOUS, EDUCATIONAL, MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS - DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGE SKILLS BUT NOT LEARNED HOW TO READ AND WRITE - ANTONIO DE MONTESINOS AND BARTOLOME DE LAS CASAS (TO END THE EXPLOITATION OF INDIANS) ==> NEW LAWS 1542 Pentecostalism tax exemption on properties (real state) and some others. Inmatriculaciones. Church is the biggest property owner in Spain with more than 100.000 Annual tax declaration. No choice between other religious institutions. part of the tax income goes to the Catholic Church. “Colegios Concertados” Catholic symbols present in the State institutions.

Catholic Church

Transcript: Catholic Church By: Abbie Fullenkamp & Caitlyn Huelskamp Impacts on Society The Cistercian Order The Cisterian Order was founded in 1098. The monks were a huge part of this order. They farmed land, worshipped, and prayed. The monks were very good farmers. They made many new farming techniques. One famous monk was Bernard of Clairvaux. Bernard helped promote the second crusade. He also helped advise the pope and defend the poor against the rich. Power The Catholic Church was very powerful in medieval society. Using this power, the Catholics tried to put an end to heresy because it was a crime against God. The pope soon decided to make a court known as an Inquisition in about 1233. This Inquistition is a church court that is suppost to try to punish Heretics. Heretics are people that are suspected of heresy Jews The Catholic Church leaders persecuted the Jews as bad as they did Heretics. They did this because first of all, they refused to become Christians. Second, they charged interst and were moneylenders. The Catholics thought at the time that charging interest was a sin. Jews were blamed for diseases and economic problems. When these problems hit society, the hatred of Jews became very feirce. This hatred of Jews is called anti-Semitism. Friars Before the 1200s, most religious people stayed in their monosteries seperated from the rest of the world. They lived a very simple life of prayer and hardwork. When many new religious orders were created in the 1200s, there became people known as friars. Friars came from the latin word, "Brother". Friars were not like Monks at all. The monks stayed in monosteries while the friars went out into the world to preach. They also lived by begging because they were not allowed to own property or keep any personal wealth. The first order of these so called friars was founded by Francis of Assisi in about 1209. The Friars later became known as Franciscans and lived in towns while teaching Christianity to people. Another group of friars, known as the Dominicans, was founded by a Spanish priest named Dominic De Guzman. The Dominican's goal was to defend Christian Catholic Churches. This group of friars could teach to very well educated people Kings Philip IV Philip IV, also known as Philip the fair, ruled between 1285 to 1314. Philip met with many different representatives from each estate. One of these estates were the clergy. A clergy is people who have been ordained as priests. After that, he met with many more estates. Ivan III Ivan III was also known as Ivan the great. He became the Grand Duke. He had a wife named sophia. Sophia was the neice of the last Bysantine Emperor. Once he was married, he started living like a regular emperor did. He even started calling himself Czar because it means "Emperor" in Russia. It was also a short form of Ceaser. Otto I Otto I was one of the strongest kings. He fought the Magyars along with sending troops to Italy to protect the pope. Otto's reward for protecting the pope was becomming emperor. Otto soon got his territory which became known as the Catholic Church. Details that Changed Europe New Religious Orders Between 1050 and 1150, a strong wave of religious feelings swept across Europe in the West. There were more monosteries built along with new religious orders with groups like priests, monks, and nuns. Women Women entered covents in the A.D 1000 and 1200s. This included widows and unable to mary or willing to mary women. Most women that were educated in Europe were nuns. One of these very famous nuns were Hildegard of Bingen. She headed one of the covents in Germany. She also composed music for her church. This was very successful for women because usually only men wrote the church music. Art and Architecture In the A.D 1000s and 1100s, Europe experienced a building boom that proved Architecture was very important in Europe. It also proved that religion was important too. The church leaders, nobles, and wealthy merchants donated money to build very large churches called Cathedrals. These Cathedrals were built in either the Gothic Style or the Romanesque Style. Pics: St. Thomas Aquinas Philip IV Otto I Monks Praying Ivan III A Cathedral

Catholic Church

Transcript: The Catholic Church Pope Gregory VII ; Kicked King Henry IV out of the Catholic Church. Pope Nicholas V ; Restabilized papacy. Francis of Assisi ; Founded the religious order to travel to preach the word of God. Catholic Church was able to influenced the kings and rulers of Europe. Conflict was between the king and the pope over power . The pope believes god gave him power over everyone and everything. Over 80 universities were founded in western Europe. okaybye. Famous Leaders okaybye The main religion in the Middle Ages was Roman Catholic. Monastic order ; Laregely seperate themselves from society to focus on God and praying. Men were known as Monks and they lived in monastaries. (picture on bottom left) Woman were known as Nuns and lived in convents. (picture in the top left) The Catholic church had leaders like popes, religious orders, etc,. Here are some of them. Pope ; He was the leader of the church politically & spiritually. Cardinals ; They helped the Pope run the church. Bishops ; They ran the dioceses. Priests ; They ran individual churches. Monks & Nuns ; Spent their time in prayer & devotion. Education was a positive influence that the Catholic Church made. Popes ; they lived in a papal palace in Vatican City, Rome because they honored God. Bishops ; Lived in a palace along with the Pope because they helped the Pope. Priests ; They lived in small cottages near the Church or in the Church because they are always doing work. Monks ; Lived in monastaries with all other monks. Nuns ; They lived in convents with all other nuns. Thank you for your attention !! Catholic Church Conflicts Catholic Church Living Levels of the Clergy The people of the Middle Ages put the people in the church called the clergy, in order by their position. These were the levels: Friars ; preached the word of God and were mendicants. Owned nothing and lived off of begging. Francis of Assisi who was an italian founded this order in the early 1200s. Forced his followers to live without property, be teachers, &be friends to all living. Later declared as a Saint by the Catholic Church. All different levels of the Clergy lived in different places. But they all went to the Catholic Churches. Religious Orders Middle Age Organization A religious order is a group of people who live by rules specific to their order.

PowerPoint Game Templates

Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.

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