Transcript: How a drug is passed Firstly First an important event goes on or a disease is being spread and there is no cure. This start an innotiative from clinical doctors around the world to do research on what it is and try to discover a medicince for it. Firstly Example Osteoporosis, a crippling disease marked by a wasting away of bone mass, affects as many as 2 million American, 80 percent of them women, at an expense of $13.8 billion a year, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation., The disease may be responsible for 5 million fractures of the hip, wrist and spine in people over 50, the foundation says, and may cause 50,000 deaths. Example Next Then after the awarness of the disease occurs doctors and researchers as the demand for the drug goes higher as the cure is needed. Clinical Trials occure to try to see how the drug reacts with the human body Next Example For osteoporosis patients, taking salmon calcitonin, which is 30 times more potent than that secreted by the human thyroid gland, inhibits. Though the calcitonin in drugs is based chemically on salmon calcitonin, it is now made synthetically in the lab in a form that copies the molecular structure of the fish gland extract. FDA approved the first drug based on salmon calcitonin in an injectable. Since then, two more drugs, one injectable and one administered through a nasal spray were approved. Example Then After the drug is put through the clinical trails the FDA approves it depending on the results. They try to change the ammount of dosage depending on the patient to try to have the most succesful outcome. Then Example An oral version of salmon calcitonin is in clinical trials now. Salmon calcitonin is approved only for postmenopausal women who cannot tolerate estrogen, or for whom estrogen is not an option. Clinical trials are experiments that use human subjects to see whether a drug is effective, and what side effects it may cause. Example Last Then after the best outcome from the results the amount of dosage and type of drug is announced and is released to the public. Also drugs that are under devolpment usually have apatent by a certain company. This process can take years to complete but the ending result is worth the wait. The patient gets the drug to make his or her life better. Last Example The patent protects the salmon calcitonin sponsor's investment in the drug's development by giving them the sole right to sell the drug while the patent is in effect. It makes the drug administrated by a certain company and then distrubuted to the patients for use. Example
Transcript: Educate public about Echinacea concerns Remove sales from competitors Solution Promotional Campaign Immediately suspend sales of Echinacea Offer customer refund Run advertising campaign Demonstrate Chemmax's initiative regarding Echinacea Advertise alternative to Echinacea Reputation remains intact Turn adversity into benefit Quick response Television, in-store, and online Is there a risk of incurring liability or damaging the reputation? Imperative to not incur liability and to preserve the reputation Continue selling Echinacea Actively discredit television program's claims Promote alternative to Echinacea Increase profits Option 1: Chemmax shows initiative to protect customers Preserves reputation Demonstrates care for customer's health Offer refund to customer Appeases customers Shows good will Worst Case Scenario Option 2: Echinacea claims are shown to be false Suspend sales of Chemmax Echinacea Replace Chemmax with another brand of Echinacea Option 3: Immediate Suspension of Product Loss of profits Business remains profitable Suspend product sales Offer customer a refund Run promotional campaign
Transcript: Pharmacist: Giju K. Abraham SALARY RANGE Dispensing prescriptions Communicating with prescribers Ensuring a patient's safety Counceling Patients about Medication You have the opportunity to interact with patients. High Salary Can work in a variety of settings In charge of your team Good hours Salary Ranges: 80K to 150k $110,000 annually $60 dollars/hour THE FIELD OF PHARMACY Stressful On call Sometimes boring Fast paced Very busy 6 years of School DAILY DUTIES PHARMACY dispensing prescriptions, communicating with prescribers, ensuring a patient’s safety, and counseling patients. Advantages & Disadvantages WHERE HE WORKS & FOR HOW LONG Work hard and use your time efficiently as a student if you are trying to get into pharmacy school STUDY Be motivated Love chemistry He used to work at the Pharmacy in Walmart. Although that was a good job, he felt that working in a hospital setting would give him more opportunities to become clinically involved so he quit after working there for 10 years and got a job at Pine Creek Medical Center. Altogether, he has been practicing as a pharmacist for almost 21 years. ADVANTAGES DAILY DUTIES ADVICE PINE CREEK MEDICAL CENTER Giju chose the field of pharmacy because he wanted to be involved in the health care system and he wanted to become something that would make him financially stable. He was also very good at chemistry and this helped him decide to become a pharmacist. DISADVANTAGES Pharmacy Presentation 250 prescriptions per day Hours: 12pm to 8pm Holidays: All public holidays are off
Transcript: Health issues are a constant threat in Pakistan and all over the world due to a lack of properly trained pharmacists. Death and dangerous diseases will continue to escalate with out properly trained pharmacists. Unfortunately due to country specifics not many places are able to satisfy the requirements or the established preconditions for issuing a pharmacy license. A world without pharmacies, means a world with out healthcare professionals available to the community seven days a week. Pharmacist not only ensure patients are receiving the correct medications but also offer services such as tobacco cessation and blood pressure reading. Pharmacist are essential, they are professionals that can answer questions and give advice on issues such as contraception and HIV screening. The field of pharmacy is very import, long, and challenging. In order to be a pharmacist one needs to obtain a Bachelors degree(4-years). Pharmacy school, varie among institutions and program specifics. The time varies from 4-3 years. Pharmacy Raley's Pharmaceutical Central Fill Line worker 2012 (Sacramento CA) Strictly maintained customer and patient confidentiality Consistently upheld proper pharmacy and general safety producers and standards Properly operated machinery and maintained sanitary standards Maintained and accurate accountability of shipments and medications Gosselin, Raymond A., Inside Pharmacy: The Anatomy of a Profession. Lancaster: Technomic Publishing Company, Inc 1999. eBooks. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. Yucary Padilla Mrs. Mills ENG-112-HD1 29 Nov. 2013 Being a pharmacist is rewarding the in the sense that pharmacists are able to make patient and pharmacists connections, and thus establish trust. The reward is more of a personal reward, a pharmacists’ work within the community is seldom acknowledged. 1. Do you have any tips for some who would like to become a Pharmacist? If so what tips would you give? Volunteer at local pharmacies and hospital pharmacies to get a sense of what the job is like. 2. What can I expect if math is not my strong point? Definitely get a tutor from school, and ask your professor as many questions as you can, they are always happy to help and want to see their students succeed. 3. Was it challenging landing a job? And what tips would to give for someone who’s just finished school? First get a job with a pharmacy and work your way up. I started out as a cashier, then a Pharmacy tech, and then I got an internship. Professional Resume Reflection “Dispelling the Myths About Pharmacists.” Chemist & Druggist 12 Jan. 2013: 1/3. Business and Source Complete. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. Influential Interview Questions “Importance of Pharmacists.” Daily Time (Pakistan). 2013. n. pag. Points of View Reference Center. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. Work Experience
Transcript: Industrial pharmacy Relevant work experience is great BUT if you can express what you have learnt through working a checkout at Tesco or being a waitress that tells us a lot too Work experience gives us an idea about your : The Personal Statement Two types – UKCAT and BMAT Three schools don’t use them – Overview Decisions are not based solely on academic achievement - use your UCAS form to sell yourself Many Medical schools will require UKCAT but may use it differently in each case How best do you learn? Entrance tests General considerations before applying for Med or Pha Management/Professional ? 2nd in the Complete University Guide (Independent) 3rd in the Times University Guide Choosing a University Filling out a UCAS form Preparing for interview Making a decision What's Special About Chem at UEA? The Personal statement Opportunity to visit the School! 2 hrs long From 2012 deferred fees of £9000 a year Medicine – pay fees for only the first four years of the course The Department of Health pays for the additional ‘clinical’ years Pharmacy – pay fees for the full course Paid employee during pre-registration year For both degrees all students are eligible for Student Loans through the Student Loans Company Depending on academic achievements and/or personal circumstances a range of bursaries are available to help with your studies – Don’t be afraid to ask ! Relevant work experience is essential in medicine but does not have to be clinical (care home work, work in a pharmacy, observation of GPs, nurses) For Pharmacy relevant work experience is great BUT if you can express what you have learnt through working a checkout at Tesco or being a waitress that tells us a lot too Work experience gives us an idea about your .... Secure, flexible job with excellent starting salaries of up to £28K rising to £100K enthusiasm and motivation ability to work with people If you want a career that combines the pursuit of interdisciplinary science within a patient-focused environment then pharmacy is the ideal choice. What Type of University? Teaching Research Relevant work experience is great BUT if you can express what you have learnt through working a checkout at Tesco or being a waitress that tells us a lot too Work experience gives us an idea about your Different schools have different entry requirements – check the prospectus The UEA asks for AAB from A-levels for MChem, ABB for BSc courses in chemistry Chemistry at A2 is compulsory at all Schools of Chemistry You do not need to have all science ‘A’ levels Every university will bring you up to speed in Maths during first year Minimum requirement for GCSE’s is 5 B grades (including English and Maths) Section 2 - Scientific Knowledge and Applications Studying Chemistry at University Applying for University Relevant work experience is great BUT if you can express what you have learnt through working a checkout at Tesco or being a waitress that tells us a lot too Work experience gives us an idea about your Relevant work experience is great BUT if you can express what you have learnt through working a checkout at Tesco or being a waitress that tells us a lot too Work experience gives us an idea about your Personal statement is opportunity to sell yourself – convince the Admissions Tutor that they want you A strong personal statement is more than a list of excellent academic and personal achievements Why will your academic ability and sporting excellence make you a good Chemist ? Integrate personal achievements/ hobbies/ ambitions with skills required to be a successful student Ability to communicate - Is there evidence of communicating with other people in your work experience / hobbies? Opportunity to visit the School! Academic Liverpool Choosing a Course The UCAS application Why Study Pharmacy? University of East Anglia Personal statement is opportunity to sell yourself – convince the Admissions Tutor that they want you. A strong personal statement is more than a list of excellent academic and personal achievements Why will your academic ability and sporting excellence make you a good doctor / pharmacist? Integrate personal achievements/ hobbies/ ambitions with skills required to be a successful Medical student Ability to communicate - Is there evidence of communicating with other people in your work experience / hobbies? Pharmacists are experts on the development and use of medicines Unique combination of ‘hard’ science and clinical/patient care What type of University inner city, small city, campus university what ranking does the university hold; generally or subject specific (all broadsheet newspapers have rankings) accommodation (campus, off campus, cost) facilities (sports, clubs, social life) visit at open days, talk to the current students £ Pen + Paper guaranteed on-campus accommodation for all first years on-site sportspark (50m swimming pool, gym etc) one of the UK’s largest and most active students unions excellent teaching facilities What Type of Course?
Transcript: Arrival Legal Check Identify the prescriber Presciber allowed to prescribe the item Clinical Check Dispense and label Accuracy Check Item to patient and counselling Process the prescription form Life-cycle of an NHS Prescription
Transcript: by Moira Evangelista Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder What is it? A severe condition in which two or more distinct personalities are present in and alternating control of an individual. The Causes Facts Not biological. Triggered by extreme environmental and interpersonal stressors. Most common in Americans. Childhood-onset post traumatic developmental disorder. Dissociative Amnesia: inability to recall significant personal information and routine events. Severe distress and inability to function properly because of their mental illness. The Signs The Signs Mental health symptoms with DID: depression anxiety manic behavior seizures depersonalization derealization hearing voices Symptoms Symptoms The Pharmacist's role Treatments Medication is used for the treating the mental health symptoms associated with DID. Varied forms of psychotherapy applied. Antidepressants Antidepressants Selective Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SSNRIs). Generic Brand Name Benzodiazepines Benzodiazepines Brand Names Generics Generics Antipsychotics Antipsychotics Brand Names The Side Effects Antidepressants: Nausea Insomnia Anxiety Constipation Increased appetite and weight gain Fatigue and drowsiness Benzodiazepines: Slow brain function Slowed pulse and breathing Lowered blood pressure Poor concentration Confusion Fatigue Dizziness Slurred speech Sluggishness Dilated pupils Disorientation Depression Addiction Side Effects Antipsychotic: Blurred vision dry mouth drowsiness muscle spasms or tremors weight gain Thank You Thank You
Transcript: Health & Medicine in the 19th Century Diseases during the scientific era. Small pox,cholera,typhus,bubonic plague,influenza. There were no treatents. Tobacco was used as medacine. During this time it was used for headaches, respiratory failure, stomach cramps, colds and drowsiness. A person with a mental illness was usually isolated from others and had to stay home at all times. PHARMACY CLASS OF 2013-2014 Medicines during this time were not tested often; therefore, medicine killed as many as it cured. The Scientific Era (1500's-1800's) Early Victorian ideas of human physiology involved a clear understanding of anatomy but the populace often had hazy knowledge of the location and role of internal organs 'Patent electric-medical machine', Davis and Kidder, Britain, 1870-1900. Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library Doctors medicole machinery Florence Nightingale: (Born May 12, 1820) -She started the first official nursing program. Way's to study human vane's The First Blood Pressure Examination The Scientific Era/Florence Nightingale By: Jose C, Alberto S-R, and Julio B In the early 19th century and further back, Gangrene, a common infection that occurs on the battlefield, would affect many wounded soldiers. Due to the lack of antibiotics like penicillin to slow down and treat the infections, surgeons were forced to amputate infected limbs which stop the infection from spreading out through the body causing death During the 17th and 18th centuries, scientific and medical knowledge advanced at an extraordinary pace. Many of Galen’s misconceptions were finally overturned. The Englishman William Harvey (1578-1657) accurately described the circulation of blood in the body, confirming the findings of earlier scholars (such as Ibn Nafis and more recent Europeans). He added the critical experimental finding that blood is "pumped" around the body by the heart. Florence Nightingale "Religion, superstition, and fear were replaced by reason and knowledge." -James Hannam Treatments of Gangrene gangrene after several months Untreatable Disease Hospitals in the 1600's and 1800's
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