Transcript: Cannabis Group 8 Origin Cannabis' effect as a drug was first discovered around 2500 BC by Emperor Shen Nung in China where it was used in tea. Origin Prior to its use as a drug, Cannabis was more commonly used as a fiberous plant in making rope, clothing, and other such materials. Historical Uses Bhang Tea like soultion made with cannabis leaves and other items for taste Smoking Ganja (Dried Flower) Charas (Concentrated Oil) Injestion Hemp Historical Uses "Reefer Madness" An anti-marijuana propaganda film released in 1936 Directed towards parents of teens, Film depicted hit and runs, manslaughter, and hallucinations due to marijuana addiction Financed by a church, it wasn't published until 1972 when it was bought by a producer who recut and released it to no success, Called "one of the worst films ever made" Considered scandalous because the film was completely untrue and designed to scare parents and teens alike. It was created to demonize cannabis and its users. "Reefer Madness" Historical Regulation and Places Legal. Some regulations are the Pure Food and Drug Act, Uniform State Narcotic Drug Act and Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 30 states medical only, 9 recreational Regulation has changed a lot over time passing laws so it is legal/able to use Historical Regulation and Places Legal. "Legal history of cannabis in the United States." Wikipedia. December 02, 2017. Accessed December 03, 2017. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_history_of_cannabis_in_the_United_States. Misulonas, Joseph. "These Charts Show the Evolution of America's Marijuana Laws Over Time." Civilized. September 05, 2017. Accessed December 03, 2017. https://www.civilized.life/articles/evolution-america-marijuana-laws-charts/. "State Marijuana Laws in 2017 Map." Governing magazine: State and local government news for America's leaders. 2017. Accessed December 03, 2017. http://www.governing.com/gov-data/state-marijuana-laws-map-medical-recreational.html. "Cannabis, Coca, & Poppy: Nature's Addictive Plants." DEA Museum. Accessed December 07, 2017. https://www.deamuseum.org/ccp/cannabis/history.html. Works Cited Works Cited
Transcript: by Sanjel, Berfin, Aysude,Laura Cannabis Hemp Plant -cannabis is a collective Term for all intoxicants of the hemp plant Biological Aspect + 2 active (important) ingredients: cannabidiol most famous ones: Marijuana & Hashish Tetrahydrocannabinol CBD (cannabidiol) -Does not make you high CBD helps against: -epilepsy -pain -infections etc. THC THC -intoxicant that makes cannabis ,,strong'' or ,,weak'' -strongly affects the psyche -enhances relaxation Marijuana 5% Hashish 20-30% Cannabisoil 50-80% Addiction -Many teenagers start smoking cannabis young! -often through friends Addiction? biological effects Nervous system? On neuron basis? -CB1-crew helps, if something in your nervous system goes wrong. -THC activates the crew, although everything's going well (which messes things up). -THC affects the communication between neurons. -THC attaches to receptors, which leads to problems. smoking eating or drinking capsules/pills Ways to consume it? Ways to consume it? etc. Effects: Feeling/Effects + relaxation, euphoria + new (sometimes confused) ideas - forgetting things, confusion - nausea, hallucinations & anxiety long term? cognitive performance is impaired indifference in career or social environment RISK OF ADDICTION! Rising Cannabis use under Teenagers until 2015: Cannabis Abuse under Teenagers Medical Use & help Side Effects: Diseases: diarrhea Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis Tourette Chronical Pain red eyes dry mouth Increased heart-rate Depression Marijuana & Oil capsules Prevention? Help? Prevention 1 3 Cannabis Hotlines & programs 2 Addiction Support Groups & therapy Counseling Services - peer pressure Why do people start taking it? Why do teenagers start taking it? - Stars admit to taking it: Lady Gaga, Rihanna - or German rappers, like Juju & Bonez MC Legalization Legalization? And what the heck is Rastafari? Rastafari -Snoop Dogg converted to the Rastafari-Religion in 2012. Bob Marley was a member, too. Rastafari -This religion is originated in Jamaica from the 1930s. Actual Legalization Legalization in other countries -10 States in the USA have legalized it for at least medical use -You can buy Cannabis in pharmacies in Uruguay
Transcript: 12- to 17-year-old Should it be legalized? •Laws and unwritten laws •In most states, cannabis is a banned substance •Distribution Use of drugs THC chemical blocks the receptor (like a key in a lock) 1) Electrical signals 2) Signals triggers production of neurotransmitters 3) Neurotransmitters travels across the gap 4) Binds with receptors on the second neuron and triggers new electrical impulses The effects on the body Different cultures and different celebrities Basic facts: •THC, how it effects the brain • Rules in Denmark vs in Netherlands • Christiania compared to the rest of Denmark Short term effects: Loss of coordination Lowered reaction time Short-term memory Anxiety Panic attacks and paranoia Problems with learning Difficulty with solving problems Increased heat rate History Is it clever? Introduction Alcohol vs. Marijuana Mia, Fuppe, Melanie, Vitus and Sara, 2.z Celebrities Where does it come from, and how is it produced? Delta-9 tetrahydro-cannabinol Short term effects / Long term effects Internatioanal stats Character vs. changing character Laws •What is cannabis? •Differences between marijuana, hashish and hash oil. •Three sorts of the cannabis plant: - cannabis sativa - cannabis indica - cannabis ruderalis Different Ethanol - 400 known chemicals Few hours - Weeks Long term effects: Psychotic symptoms Damages in heart and lungs Suppression of the immune system Reduced sexual capacity Study difficulties Personality and mood changes Growth disorders Lung infections, bronchitis Before age 15: Cocaine Heroin Smoked, ingested or intravenously
Transcript: SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES OF USING CANNABIS LONG TERM EFFECTS SHORT TERM EFFECTS SUPPORT NETWORKS Using, possessing, selling, and growing Cannabis is illegal in every state and territory in Australia, though every state or territory has their own penalties and fines. NSW Police have the option to not arrest adolescents aged 10 and younger than 18. Cannabis is a depressant drug which slows down passages in your body. Other names for Cannabis include: Marijuana, yarndi, pot, weed, hash, dope, gunja, joint, stick, Kronic (synthetic form), cone, choof, dabs, dabbing, BHO -Feeling relaxed and sleepy -Spontaneous Laughter -Increased Appetite -Dry Mouth -Quiet and reflective mood -Short attention span -Food cravings -Dangerous Driving behavior -Hallucinations -Poor Memory -Altered sense of time -Confusion -Poor coordination -Increased Heartrate. Cannabis has a negative effect on learning and memory . This means that if someone smokes Cannabis daily they may be functioning at a reduced intellectual level most or all of the time. WHAT IS CANNABIS? LAWS CONCERNING CANNABIS Cannabis users can go to counseling whether it is individually or with other drug users. The National Cannabis Information and Helpline can help to support Cannabis users to effectively stop using cannabis. -Memory loss, -Learning difficulties -Mood swings -Regular colds or flu -Reduced sex drive -Low fertility -Financial, work and social problems -Needing to have more cannabis to have the same effect. CANNABIS
Transcript: What are the legal consequences/penalties if caught with cannabis? These are the possible long-term effects of regular cannabis use. (eg. after smoking daily or regularly for a period of years) These effects may include: Subtle impairments to your thinking processes- such as organising complex information and using your attention and memory processes. Its unclear if such effects are reversible. Evidence suggests that long-term use does not cause severe damage to thinking processes, or cause permanent brain damage. Breathing system problems- eg. Bronchitis, emphysema, wheezing, shortness of breath. Becoming dependant on Cannabis, so that you are unable to stop using cannabis or control your use. Risk of dependency appears greater if you start using cannabis at an early age. What is it made out of? It is made out of Cannabis sativa plant. The ingredient that causes you to get ‘high’ is called THC (Delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol) By Terra, Nicole, Stella, Jessica Long term effects of Cannabis: What does it look like and how is it taken? If a young person under 17 years of age is reported for smoking or possessing cannabis they could be arrested. Penalties associated with cannabis range from a $500 fine for possession to a 14 year jail term for its supply or manufacture. The maximum penalty for possession of marijuana (Class C) is three months jail and/or a $500 fine. The maximum penalty for importing, cultivating and/or supplying cannabis is eight years imprisonment. The maximum penalty for dealing (importation, manufacture and supply) a Class B drug (hashish and oil), is 14 years imprisonment. Possession or use offences carry a maximum three month jail term and/or a $500 fine Cannabis comes in three main forms: Marijuana: small stalks, dried leaves and flowering tops (‘buds’). It is usually smoked in a hard rolled cigarette or joint, or inhaled through a pipe or bong. It can also be eaten in cakes or biscuits. Hashish: Dried resin and compressed flowers that usually comes as a block. Hash oil: sticky, concentrated liquid made from leaves and buds. Increased risk of cancers in the lung, mouth, throat, and the canal from the mouth to the stomach Possible impaired educational achievement in adolescents, and underachievement in adults work performance if their work requires high-level thinking skills A risk of worsening symptoms for those with physical problems (Such as breathing system problems) or mental problems (such as schizophrenia). If you smoke whilst pregnant your baby could be effected (eg. Born with a low birth-weight) A possible increased risk for some young people using cannabis to be exposed to other drugs Additionally, if you use Cannabis regularly it may lead to problems relating to family and friends. Long term effects of Cannabis: Short term effects of Cannabis: Possible paranoia, anxiety or panic Feeling of hunger Time seeming to speed up or slow down Some experiences seeming to be intensified Impaired reaction time and coordination that may lead to higher risk of accidents Impaired concentration, short-term memory, and information processing that affects learning at school or work performance Potential worsening symptoms of mental problems in those with a history of such problems. Cannabis can also be known as: Marijuana, weed, blunt, hash oil, grass, pot or dope These are likely short-term effects of a single dose. (eg. After smoking one or more joint in a session). These effects can happen soon after the drug is in your system or while you are ‘stoned’ and can last up to 3-4 hours. They may include: Increased heart rate and changes in blood pressure Feeling of happiness and relaxation Talkativeness and laughter Changes in mood, perceptions, thoughts or feelings What is the name of the drug and any other names for it? Cannabis Presentation Short term effects of Cannabis:
Transcript: RECREATIONAL DRUGS: CANNABIS The Mode Of Action of Cannabis MODE OF ACTION Effects of cannanbis are explained on the basis of the cannabinoid receptor system. The main ingredient in cannabis is THC which binds to and activates the specific receptors known as cannabanoid receptors. Cannabinoid receptros There are two main cannabinoid receptors that are acted on; cannabinoid 1 and 2 How THC works THC interferes with the normal functioning of receptors in parts of the brain by activating cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2; it stops them from carrying on their normal function at the synapse. Parts of the brain affected The Cerebellum The Hippocampus The temporal lobe How the brain is affected Cannabis affects the cerebellum, the part of the brain involved in balance, posture and coordination of movement. The hippocampus is involved with memory formation, someone who is taking marijuana will have impaired short term memory and new learning may be needed. Cannabis also affects the temporal lobe responsible for processing sensory input; cannabis use leads to enhancement of perception. PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS Physiological Effects When Cannabis is smoked by non-tolerant individuals, some of the physiological effects include: - increased heart rate - Dry mouth - Eyes reddening - Muscle relaxation PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS Psychological effects Cannabis use affects the hypothalamus causing increased appetite. As well as this, it affects the amygdala causing increased anxiety and paranoia. The hippocampus is also affected by cannabis use by impairing learning. WITHDRAWAL W WITHRAWAL - Depression - Apetite changes -Vvid dreams - Increased Aggression
Transcript: Pleasure Cannabis The Paradox The solution to this problem was to ban it entirely, but we still do it. Based on Pollan’s observations, and maybe some of your personal experience, the use of weed generates the same pleasures that one may experience in everyday life. -Eating -Relaxation -Sleeping Prohibition During the prohibition from 1920-1933, people rebelled.
Transcript: Cannabis Presentation By Axel, Mady and Ben What is Cannabis? Cannabis and It's Effects Cannabis, which is also known as marajuanna or weed (among other things), is a product of the cannabis or hemp plant that is used for its psychoactive and therapeutic effects. It comes in many forms, including as dried flowers and leaves; hash; extracts and shatter; and edibles (e.g., candies, butter or baked goods). More than 100 chemicals, called cannabinoids, have been identified as specific to the cannabis plant. THC is the main psychoactive cannabinoid and is most responsible for the “high” associated with cannabis use. According to the Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, 27% of Canadians use cannabis recreationally as of 2022. The Effects of Cannabis The Effects of Cannabis Cannabis can have a different effect on everyone. The effect it has on you depends on how you take it(smoking, vaping, edibles, ect.), how much you use, how long you've been using cannabis, and many other variables. You may feel relaxed, lively, talkative, giggly and even euphoric, or it can make you feel tense, anxious, fearful and confused. The kind of experience you may have can vary from one time to another, usually because of the amount taken, the method used and how often you use it. Physical Effects of Cannabis Some physical effects of cannabis use include red/dry eyes, dry month, increase in heart rate and/or appitite, decrease in blood preasure, ballance and/or stability. Symptoms and Medical Uses Medical Uses for Cannabis Some Medical Uses for Cannabis Cannabis can be used to regulate/manage symptoms from several medical conditions. Some of these symptoms are nausea, pain, seizures, depression, insomnia, among other things. Cannabis is used to treat conditions such as Alzheimers desease, ALS, HIV/AIDS, Crohns desease, Epilepsy, and severe chromic pain. Types of Cannabis There are 2 main species of cannabis, indica and sativa. Both are used for several reasons, both medical and recreational. Recently, a third species, called ruderalis, has also been discovered. There are also hybrid strains which are made up of a mix of the 2 major species. Types of Cannabis Indica vs Sativa Indica Vs. Sativa Hybrids Hybrid strains are made by cross breeding 2 different strains of Cannabis in an attempt to produce effects of both. Most of the strains that are commonly grown today are hybrids rather than pure indica or sativa. Hybrids Pros and Cons of Using Cannabis Pros: - Pain Relief - Inproved sleep - Reduced nausea/vomitting -Improved appitite -Helps treat many illnesses -Prevents seizures -Lowers blood pressure The Pros and Cons of Using Cannabis Cons: -Breathing problems -Increased heartrate -Problems with development with children during and after pregnancy -Headaches -Fatigue -Memory Loss Paranoia Conclusion People use cannabis for many different reasons, both medically and recreationally. It has good and bad side effects, just like anything else. As long as you use it safely and you are of legal age to use it, it can be very benificial to ones mental and physical health. Conclusion
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