Transcript: Laryngeal Cancer Background Info Background Info Background Information Background Information Laryngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx. The larynx is a part of the throat, between the base of the tongue and the trachea. The larynx contains the vocal cords, which vibrate and make sound when air is directed against them. The sound echoes through the pharynx, mouth, and nose to make a person's voice. Background Information Background Information There are three main parts of the larynx: Supraglottis: The upper part of the larynx above the vocal cords, including the epiglottis. Glottis: The middle part of the larynx where the vocal cords are located. Subglottis: The lower part of the larynx between the vocal cords and the trachea (windpipe). Background Information Background Information Most laryngeal cancers form in squamous cells, the thin, flat cells lining the inside of the larynx. Laryngeal cancer is a type of head and neck cancer. Background Information Background Information Approximately 13,150 people are diagnosed with laryngeal cancer each year. About 60% start in the glottis, 35% in the supraglottis and the rest develop in the subglottis or overlap more than one area. Background Information Background Information It is more common in men than women and most commonly diagnosed between the ages of 55-64. The front of the larynx in men, where the central plates form a ridge, is often referred to as the “Adam’s Apple” The larynx produces raw sound, which is formed into recognizable sounds through the mouth. Background Infomation Background Infomation Sypmtoms Sypmtoms A sore throat or cough that does not go away. Trouble or pain when swallowing. Ear pain. A lump in the neck or throat. A change or hoarseness in the voice. Diagnostic Tests Diagnostic Tests Physical exam of the throat and neck: An exam to check the throat and neck for abnormal areas. The doctor will feel the inside of the mouth with a gloved finger and examine the mouth and throat with a small long-handled mirror and light. The neck will be felt for swollen lymph nodes. Diagnostic Tests Diagnostic Tests Biopsy : The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. The sample of tissue may be removed during one of the following procedures: Laryngoscopy : A procedure to look at the larynx (voice box) for abnormal areas. A mirror or a laryngoscope (a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing) is inserted through the mouth to see the larynx. A special tool on the laryngoscope may be used to remove samples of tissue. Endoscopy : A procedure to look at organs and tissues inside the body, such as the throat, esophagus, and trachea to check for abnormal areas. An endoscope (a thin, lighted tube with a light and a lens for viewing) is inserted through an opening in the body, such as the mouth. A special tool on the endoscope may be used to remove samples of tissue. Diagnostic Tests Diagnostic Tests CT scan (CAT scan): A procedure that makes a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body, taken from different angles. The pictures are made by a computer linked to an x-ray machine. A dye may be injected into a vein or swallowed to help the organs or tissues show up more clearly. This procedure is also called computed tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography. Diagonostic Tests Diagonostic Tests PET scan (positron emission tomography scan): A procedure to find malignant tumor cells in the body. A small amount of radioactive glucose (sugar) is injected into a vein. The PET scanner rotates around the body and makes a picture of where glucose is being used in the body. Malignant tumor cells show up brighter in the picture because they are more active and take up more glucose than normal cells do. Diagnostic Tests Diagnostic Tests Bone scan : A procedure to check if there are rapidly dividing cells, such as cancer cells, in the bone. A very small amount of radioactive material is injected into a vein and travels through the bloodstream. The radioactive material collects in the bones with cancer and is detected by a scanner. Diagonostic Tests Diagonostic Tests Barium swallow : A series of x-rays of the esophagus and stomach. The patient drinks a liquid that contains barium (a silver-white metallic compound). The liquid coats the esophagus and stomach, and x-rays are taken. This procedure is also called an upper GI series. Treatements Treatements The stage of the disease. The location and size of the tumor. Keeping the patient's ability to talk, eat, and breathe as normal as possible. Whether the cancer has come back (recurred). Lasar Surgery Lasar Surgery Photodynamic therapy (PDT) : you have an injection of a drug that makes laryngeal cancer cells sensitive to the laser light. PDT may also be used to control symptoms of advanced laryngeal cancer. The surgeon makes a cut in your
Transcript: The Risk of Developing Hypertension during Enhanced Community Quarantine Chapter 1 Introduction Hypertension is a major contributor to the global disease burden. It poses an important public health challenge to both economically developing and developed countries, including Asia. The prevalence and rate of diagnosis of hypertension in children and adolescents appears to be increasing. Hypertension confers the highest attributable risk to deaths from cardiovascular disease and epidemiological data provide convincing evidence that the risk of cardiovascular disease related to blood pressure is graded and continuous. This risk is evident even in childhood; with elevated blood pressure predicting hypertension in adulthood, and adverse effects of elevated blood pressure in childhood on vascular structure and function, specifically left ventricular hypertrophy, are already apparent in youth. In this paradigm, the researchers discuss the content of this study. This study uses a survey questionnaire to determine the development of hypertension during enhanced community quarantine. Below, the input includes the profile of the respondents and their lifestyle during enhanced community quarantine. The process is a quantitative research design in a descriptive method using an online survey questionnaire. The output of this study is the risk of developing hypertension during enhanced community quarantine. Research Paradigm 1. Profile of the Respondents a. Age1.ofile of the Respondents a. Age b. Gender c. Occupation 2. Life Style during Enhanced Community Quarantine b. Gender c. Occupation 2. Life Style during Enhanced Community Quarantine Characters Characters Plot Thesis 1 Thesis 2 Thesis 3 Thesis 4 Thesis 5 Review Review Thesis 1 Opinion
Transcript: Art has been around for centuries and it sure has been a big part in my life. I am very passionate in music, I have been playing the piano for the past 8 years. I see art as a positive contribution to the wold because it allows people to express themselves in a non-verbal way. Topics The arts ar a powerful way of communicating and are considered essential in early childhood education. Art helps children explore the world through their senses and engage in skills that are crucial to their education. Adam Hansen Personal Relevance Music is a form of art Observation and reflection Conclusion Thesis Individuality Deep thinking Research PowerPoint "Including art in the education system is crucial because it teaches children skills that they will carry with them for the rest of their lives". I chose this to be my thesis because some people are unaware how art can greatly help a child's life. Self expression
Transcript: Stages of Cancer types of cancers Cancer affects on families Cancer on the Rise Shakira Douglas Support Breast Cancer Awareness Cancer Ribbons Breast Cancer alone has a national month (October) how does cancer form? Cancer “American Cancer Society” Making Strides against Breast Cancer. Making Strides, 2001. Web 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.makingstrides.acsevents.org/site/pageServer?pagename=MSABC_FY13_national_Corporate_Supporters “Breast Cancer and Prostate from Faye Mosby” Personal interview. 27 Nov. 2012 "Cancer Diagnosis." Cancer Diagnosis. News Medical, 25 Nov. 2012. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.news-medical.net/health/Cancer-Diagnosis.aspx>. "Cancer from Tonya Ward" Personal interview. 22 Nov. 2012. "Cancer Prevention and Control." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Oct. 2011. Web. 24 Nov. 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/dcpc/prevention/. "National Cancer Institute." Cancer Staging. National Cancer Institute, 2012. Web. 24 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/detection/staging>. "National Cancer Institute." Common Cancer Types -. National Cancer Institute, 2012. Web. 24 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/commoncancers>. "National Cancer Institute." What Is Cancer? -. National Cancer Institute, 2012. Web. 24 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/cancerlibrary/what-is-cancer>. "Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 16 Nov. 2012. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23163522>. U.S. Cancer Statistics Working Group. United States Cancer Statistics: 1999–2008 Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report. Atlanta (GA): Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Cancer Institute; 2012. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/uscs. Vogelstein, Bert, and Kenneth W. Kinzler. "Cancer Genes and the Pathways They Control." Celebrating Our Tenth Year Historical Perspective 10.8 (2004): 789-99. Print. What's New." National Cancer Center, 2 Oct. 2012. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ncc.go.jp/en/whatsnew.html>. Leiomyosarcoma Cancer what is it? Works Cited Cancer is the general name for a group of more than 100 diseases. Although there are many kinds of cancer, all cancers start because abnormal cells grow out of control. Untreated cancers can cause serious illness and death stages of cancer From February 1973 to December 2011, 12 cases of esophageal leiomyosarcoma were identified. The principal symptoms included progressive dysphagia in 11 cases (91.7%), retrosternal/back pain in four (33.3%), weight loss in four (33.3%), upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in two (16.7%), and emesis in two (16.7%) (National Center).
Transcript: Podiatrists Thesis Statement Corns, bunions, blisters, athletes foot podiatrists are the ones that treat those things Podiatrists Definition of Career Podiatrists are well trained doctors They take care of people's feet and lower legs Podiatrists Education/Training Requires at least 3 years of under graduate education Specific college courses such as anatomy, chemistry, biology, and mathematics are required Podiatrists Education/Training Must complete 4 years of study at a college of podiatric medicine Must have a 4-year degree after earning a bachelors degree and must be licensed in every state. Podiatrists Working Conditions Podiatrists work in general or group practices and are free to develop a practice focus such as pediatrics, geriatrics, or sports medicine. Podiatrists Working Conditions Need good vision and must work well with their hands Should communicate well with people, and have good business sense Podiatrists Schedule/Hours Always on call mostly work about forty-sixty hours per week Some work part time, but generally set their own hours Podiatrists Schedule/Hours Podiatrists’ offices may be open in the evenings to accommodate patients. In hospitals, podiatrists may have to work occasional nights or weekends Podiatrists Salary Range/Benefits The median annual wage of podiatrists was $118,030 in May 2010 The lowest 10 percent earned less than $50,150, and the top 10 percent earned more than $166,400. Podiatrists Salary Range/Benefits The net income of podiatrists with 10 to 15 years of experience was $135,000 Self employed podiatrists earn more than salaried doctors Podiatrists Employment Outlook/Advancement The employment of podiatrists is expected to increase 20 percent from 2010 to 2020 Podiatrists Student's Goal and Future Plan My goal is to start off getting my basics then transfer to get a Bachelors in Podiatry My future is to work in a hospital setting after obtaining my licenses then owning my own clinic Work Cited Bureau of Labor Statistics U.S Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook 2010-11 Edition, Podiatrists on internet at [http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/print/podiatrists/.htm]. “Podiatrists” Career Discovery Encyclopedia. Vol 1 Chicago: Ferguson Publishing Company, 2000. Pages 118-119. Print. Podiatrists. American Podiatric Medical Association. 2012. [http://apma.org/learn/content.cfm?ItenNumber992&navItemNumber=588.htm]. Kepos, Paula “Podiatrists” Career Information Center Vol 7 Detroit: Gale 2007 Pages 140-141. Podiatrists. Explore Health Careers. 27 February 2013. [http://explorehealthcareers.org/en/career/20/podiatrist_doctor_of_podiatric_medicine.htm]. Podiatrists. Hospital Podiatrists. 2001. [ http://hospitalpodiatrists.org.htm ]. Podiatrist Chelsea Morris Period 2 Spring 2013
Transcript: Leah Jones / 1st Block The Life of an Anesthesiologist 04/12/2019 What Is anesthesia? Brief History an SWOT SWOT S W O T STRENGTHS STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES WEAKNESSES OPPORTUNITIES OPPORTUNITIES THREATS THREATS FOCUS AREA 1 FOCUS AREA 1 THE PROBLEM THE PROBLEM PLAN PLAN TIMELINE #1 #2 #3 TIMELINE FOCUS AREA 2 FOCUS AREA 2 THE PROBLEM THE PROBLEM PLAN PLAN TIMELINE #1 #2 #3 TIMELINE FOCUS AREA 3 FOCUS AREA 3 THE PROBLEM THE PROBLEM PLAN PLAN TIMELINE #1 #2 #3 TIMELINE
Transcript: Prevention is avoid alcohol and tobacco products Cancer Powerpoint short term life style choices treatment persistent cough, difficulty swallowing prevention includes good oral hygiene, no smoking or use of tobacco products, drink alcohol in moderation, exercise regularly, eat healthy, see a dentist short term avoid smoking and air pollution treatment short term usually a lump, or rash pearly or waxy bump, flat flesh colored brown scar like lesion,firm red nodule, flat lesion with scaly crusty surface, mole that changes color, irregular border surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, depending the stage of cancer ear pain, numbness of the tongue, feeling of something caught in the throat lifestyle choices throat cancer long term long term treatment breast cancer treatment exercise, check family history, dont drink so much alcohol bone pain, spreading of disease lifestyle choices lifestyle choices Kiera Meloche skin cancer usually surgical incision with radiation or chemotherapy. main treatment for skin cancer is surgery. Radiotherapy can also be given to reduce chances of cancer recurrence. Photodynamic (treatment with a bright light) therapy can also be used. Chemotherapy is only occasionally used for treatment treatment usually through surgery, but radiation therapy is also used. chemotherapy is not usually effective. fatigue, headache, lymphedema, bone loss, osteoporosis, effects of chemotherapy and radiation long and short term effects Lung Cancer cough that won't go away, coughing up blood, hoarseness, shortness of breath, fatigue, wheezing voice changing, pain long term lump, lesions or oral sores, difficulty chewing and swallowing short term Oral Cancer most common type lifestyle long term protect yourself from the sun. Avoid mid day sun, avoid tanning beds and sunlamps, cover exposed areas, and use sunscreen early detection is key. Mammograms. A number of treatments may be used. Including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy
Transcript: -------- --------------- --------------- --------- -------- --------- Start Here College Research Explained Introduction Pick topic that you care about. Be unique. Think of your audience. What to look for? #1 Where to look? Not all sources are equal!!! Books Publishsed Journels Documentaries Internet (with Caution) DO's Wikipedia Friends/Family Prior Knowledge DONT'S #2 TRUST NO ONE! Always Get A Second Opinion Avoid Bias. Keep all work profession. Question your sources. ------------#3 Respond dont react Seperate emotions from your writing Analyze, Analyze, and overanalyze Engage your auidence Know the purpose of the text #4 Conclusion What does this all mean? Reseach isnt easy But it is rewarding Dont give up when it gets hard Present and stand by your work
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