Transcript: Laryngeal Cancer Background Info Background Info Background Information Background Information Laryngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx. The larynx is a part of the throat, between the base of the tongue and the trachea. The larynx contains the vocal cords, which vibrate and make sound when air is directed against them. The sound echoes through the pharynx, mouth, and nose to make a person's voice. Background Information Background Information There are three main parts of the larynx: Supraglottis: The upper part of the larynx above the vocal cords, including the epiglottis. Glottis: The middle part of the larynx where the vocal cords are located. Subglottis: The lower part of the larynx between the vocal cords and the trachea (windpipe). Background Information Background Information Most laryngeal cancers form in squamous cells, the thin, flat cells lining the inside of the larynx. Laryngeal cancer is a type of head and neck cancer. Background Information Background Information Approximately 13,150 people are diagnosed with laryngeal cancer each year. About 60% start in the glottis, 35% in the supraglottis and the rest develop in the subglottis or overlap more than one area. Background Information Background Information It is more common in men than women and most commonly diagnosed between the ages of 55-64. The front of the larynx in men, where the central plates form a ridge, is often referred to as the “Adam’s Apple” The larynx produces raw sound, which is formed into recognizable sounds through the mouth. Background Infomation Background Infomation Sypmtoms Sypmtoms A sore throat or cough that does not go away. Trouble or pain when swallowing. Ear pain. A lump in the neck or throat. A change or hoarseness in the voice. Diagnostic Tests Diagnostic Tests Physical exam of the throat and neck: An exam to check the throat and neck for abnormal areas. The doctor will feel the inside of the mouth with a gloved finger and examine the mouth and throat with a small long-handled mirror and light. The neck will be felt for swollen lymph nodes. Diagnostic Tests Diagnostic Tests Biopsy : The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. The sample of tissue may be removed during one of the following procedures: Laryngoscopy : A procedure to look at the larynx (voice box) for abnormal areas. A mirror or a laryngoscope (a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing) is inserted through the mouth to see the larynx. A special tool on the laryngoscope may be used to remove samples of tissue. Endoscopy : A procedure to look at organs and tissues inside the body, such as the throat, esophagus, and trachea to check for abnormal areas. An endoscope (a thin, lighted tube with a light and a lens for viewing) is inserted through an opening in the body, such as the mouth. A special tool on the endoscope may be used to remove samples of tissue. Diagnostic Tests Diagnostic Tests CT scan (CAT scan): A procedure that makes a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body, taken from different angles. The pictures are made by a computer linked to an x-ray machine. A dye may be injected into a vein or swallowed to help the organs or tissues show up more clearly. This procedure is also called computed tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography. Diagonostic Tests Diagonostic Tests PET scan (positron emission tomography scan): A procedure to find malignant tumor cells in the body. A small amount of radioactive glucose (sugar) is injected into a vein. The PET scanner rotates around the body and makes a picture of where glucose is being used in the body. Malignant tumor cells show up brighter in the picture because they are more active and take up more glucose than normal cells do. Diagnostic Tests Diagnostic Tests Bone scan : A procedure to check if there are rapidly dividing cells, such as cancer cells, in the bone. A very small amount of radioactive material is injected into a vein and travels through the bloodstream. The radioactive material collects in the bones with cancer and is detected by a scanner. Diagonostic Tests Diagonostic Tests Barium swallow : A series of x-rays of the esophagus and stomach. The patient drinks a liquid that contains barium (a silver-white metallic compound). The liquid coats the esophagus and stomach, and x-rays are taken. This procedure is also called an upper GI series. Treatements Treatements The stage of the disease. The location and size of the tumor. Keeping the patient's ability to talk, eat, and breathe as normal as possible. Whether the cancer has come back (recurred). Lasar Surgery Lasar Surgery Photodynamic therapy (PDT) : you have an injection of a drug that makes laryngeal cancer cells sensitive to the laser light. PDT may also be used to control symptoms of advanced laryngeal cancer. The surgeon makes a cut in your
Transcript: Structures formed by tubulin, the make up of microtubles Located near the nucleus Help to organize cell division and are only found in plant cells Organelles that convert the chemical energy in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use Have two membranes "powerhouse" of the cell What are they? Prokaryotes VS Eukaryotes DNA Ribosomes Sack-like structure that stores materials such as water, salt, proteins, and carbohydrates Exists in both animal and plant cell but is bigger in plant cells due to their need of water and their inability to move for it There are some key organelles in both the plant and animal cell that help identify them. For example, centrioles are only found in animal cells while chloroplast and cell wall are unique to plant cells. Though no matter what, both contain cell membrane and carry DNA. Cell Wall Plant cells are more complicated than animal cells There is a major size difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Eukaryotic cells are larger and more complex. They also contain nuclei which is where their genetic information is stored Though, prokaryotic cells are smaller and have structures within themselves that are far less diverse and complicated than that of the eukaryotic cells. They do not have a nucleus and rather have free-floating genetic information Golgi Apparatus Cell PowerPoint Thin, flexible barrier that surrounds the cell It regulates what enters and leaves cell while also providing protection ad support It is composed of a lipid bilayer, studded with proteins, and most importantly, it is constantly moving in a fluid manner Organelle that modifies,sorts, and packages proteins and other materials from the ER for, either, storage in the cell or secretion outside of the cell Kind of like UPS Cytoplasm Nucleolus Network of protein filaments that help the cell to maintain its shape while also being involved in movements It consists of microfilaments and microtubules, distinct protein filaments that aid in the holding up of the cell Cytoskeleton Unique powerhouse of plant cells Captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy in a process called photosynthesis Contain their own genetic information Strong supporting layer around the membrane of plant cells, which allows certain substances to pass through It's main function is to provide protection and support for the cell in question Made from fibers of carbohydrate and protein and are mostly made of cellulose, the base ingredient in paper Response:Yes, plant cells are more complicated than animal cells do to the fact that it has more structures which withhold the cell and identify it. For example, the cell wall is a feature that can distinguish a plant cell from an animal cell as well as chloroplast, the intricate power source of plant cells. Cell Membrane Cytoplasm is basically cell goo/gel It is an area of the cell outside of the nucleus or, in the case of a prokaryotic cell, the stuff that the DNA and the other cell organelles float in It keeps the organelles from crushing or hurting themselves, for it acts like a cushion Vacuole The carrier of genetic information specific to each cell in question It is found inside the nucleus, the control center of the entire cell, but more specifically is the make up chromatin it stands for deoxyribonucleic acid Animal Cells Cytoskeleton Centrioles Nucleus Mitochondria By: Julian Perez P.3 Inside a Prokaryote Claim: Control center of the entire cell Contains basically all of the cell's DNA and instructions to make proteins and other significant molecules Covered with a double membrane called a nuclear envelope Distributes important information to the whole cell Chloroplast Site where lipid components of the cell membrane are assembled, along with proteins and other materials that will leave the cell Like Tesla, for it uses small parts to make big things Consists of both smooth (isn't covered with ribosomes) and rough (covered with ribosomes) Prokaryotes are cells that don't have a nucleus. The greek origins of the word suggest that the cell evolved before a nuclei could develop. Instead, their DNA is not contained in a nucleus and they are generally less complicated than eukaryotes. This does not mean that they are "disabled" for they can still grow, reproduce, and respond to their environment, activities commonly associated with living things. Bacteria are examples of prokaryotes. Cell Membrane Small organelles filled with enzyme The "janitors" of the cell They remove organelles that are past their prime Lysosomes also break down lipids and carbohydrates so they they can be used by the rest of the cell Lysosome Ribosomes make/assemble proteins and are found floating in the cytoplasm They are smalle pieces of RNA and protein and are attached to the endoplasmic reticulum Small and dense region within the nucleolus Where the assembly of ribosomes begins Plant Cells Centrioles Endoplasmic Reticulum Plant cells consist of many organelles
Transcript: Templates A house style is a set of rules. These rules format a document. Examples - Font style and size Text should be right, left or justified. How text should be presented. What is a house style? Templates is a tool for ensuring that all documents or pages have a standard layout, look and feel. Changes made to the templates automatically update any pages or documents which are based on the templates. how does a template be used to create a constant housestyle By Vj + David Templates make consistant house style. Templates provide a document with a standard pre-set layout or format
Transcript: Example of a Jeopardy Template By: Laken Feeser and Rachel Chapman When creating without a template... http://www.edtechnetwork.com/powerpoint.html https://www.thebalance.com/free-family-feud-powerpoint-templates-1358184 Example of a Deal or No Deal Template PowerPoint Game Templates There are free templates for games such as jeopardy, wheel of fortune, and cash cab that can be downloaded online. However, some templates may cost more money depending on the complexity of the game. Classroom Games that Make Test Review and Memorization Fun! (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://people.uncw.edu/ertzbergerj/msgames.htm Fisher, S. (n.d.). Customize a PowerPoint Game for Your Class with These Free Templates. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from https://www.thebalance.com/free-powerpoint-games-for-teachers-1358169 1. Users will begin with a lot of slides all with the same basic graphic design. 2. The, decide and create a series of questions that are to be asked during the game. 3. By hyper linking certain answers to different slides, the game jumps from slide to slide while playing the game. 4. This kind of setup is normally seen as a simple quiz show game. Example of a Wheel of Fortune Template https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Wheel-of-Riches-PowerPoint-Template-Plays-Just-Like-Wheel-of-Fortune-383606 Games can be made in order to make a fun and easy way to learn. Popular game templates include: Family Feud Millionaire Jeopardy and other quiz shows. http://www.free-power-point-templates.com/deal-powerpoint-template/ Quick video on template "Millionaire" PowerPoint Games Some games are easier to make compared to others If users are unsure whether or not downloading certain templates is safe, you can actually make your own game by just simply using PowerPoint. add logo here References Example of a Family Feud Template PowerPoint Games are a great way to introduce new concepts and ideas You can create a fun, competitive atmosphere with the use of different templates You can change and rearrange information to correlate with the topic or idea being discussed. Great with students, workers, family, etc. For example: With games like Jeopardy and Family Feud, players can pick practically any answers. The person who is running the game will have to have all of the answers in order to determine if players are correct or not. However, with a game like Who Wants to be a Millionaire, the players only have a choice between answers, A, B, C, or D. Therefore, when the player decides their answer, the person running the game clicks it, and the game will tell them whether they are right or wrong.
Transcript: Templates The key to generic programs a simple code! Output? Answer Namespaces Namespace is a feature added in C++ and not present in C. A namespace is a declarative region that provides a scope to the identifiers (names of the types, function, variables etc) inside it. Multiple namespace blocks with the same name are allowed. Templates Templates Templates are powerful features of C++ which allows you to write generic programs. In simple terms, you can create a single function or a class to work with different data types using templates. Advantages: Readability Flexibility Re-usability Function Template FUnction Templates A single function template can work with different data types at once but, a single normal function can only work with one set of data types. Normally, if you need to perform identical operations on two or more types of data, you use function overloading. However, a better approach would be to use function templates because you can perform the same task writing less and maintainable code. Example Sometimes, you need a class implementation that is same for all classes, only the data types used are different. Normally, you would need to create a different class for each data type OR create different member variables and functions within a single class. This will unnecessarily bloat your code base and will be hard to maintain, as a change is one class/function should be performed on all classes/functions. Class Template Class Templates Example virtual functions virtual functions Virtual functions ensure that the correct function is called for an object, regardless of the type of reference (or pointer) used for function call. They are mainly used to achieve Run-time polymorphism. The prototype of virtual functions should be same in base as well as derived class. They are always defined in base class and overridden in derived class. It is not mandatory for derived class to override Example Pass by reference Pass-by-reference means to pass the reference of an argument in the calling function to the corresponding formal parameter of the called function. The called function can modify the value of the argument by using its reference passed in. Does not copy the arguments. The formal parameter is an alias for the argument. References cannot be NULL.
Transcript: Social learning network for teachers & students Create assignments, files & notices Discussion forum for class groups Retrieve homework Penzu Furl Shanna Wood 10/5/12 Web 2.0 Tools Multiple technology tools increase ability to learn Providing students with technology that they would not normally have Positive effect of student learning Student engagement & hands on with technology Encourage creativity Audio broadcast converted to MP3 or other playback device Listener can choose what they listen to and download Can be used for class presentations, lecture & literacy Anyone, Anytime, Anywhere Web 2.0 is a term coined in 1999 to describe web sites that use technology beyond the static pages of earlier web sites Blogs Emerging Technologies Reflection Edmodo Ways that Penzu can be implemented into the classroom:Warm-Up Activities Daily journaling Writing Essay's Introduction Penzu is a simple service written on rails, that allows you to write and save private notes or posts with images, print the entry, or share it by email or submit as assignment Podcasts Enhance learning, creativity & collaboration Easier to share global wide Web 2.0 tools are today's tomorrow Possibilities & future are endless Social bookmarking site that enables students and teachers to share their favorite sites with each other. This can be helpful for research, projects or sharing tutorial sites, with peers. Teachers can also use this site to share ideas on lesson plans or fun ways to teach while keeping students engaged in learning. Daily post Personal reflections Only owner can make changes Class discussion forum
Transcript: Stages of Cancer types of cancers Cancer affects on families Cancer on the Rise Shakira Douglas Support Breast Cancer Awareness Cancer Ribbons Breast Cancer alone has a national month (October) how does cancer form? Cancer “American Cancer Society” Making Strides against Breast Cancer. Making Strides, 2001. Web 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.makingstrides.acsevents.org/site/pageServer?pagename=MSABC_FY13_national_Corporate_Supporters “Breast Cancer and Prostate from Faye Mosby” Personal interview. 27 Nov. 2012 "Cancer Diagnosis." Cancer Diagnosis. News Medical, 25 Nov. 2012. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.news-medical.net/health/Cancer-Diagnosis.aspx>. "Cancer from Tonya Ward" Personal interview. 22 Nov. 2012. "Cancer Prevention and Control." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Oct. 2011. Web. 24 Nov. 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/dcpc/prevention/. "National Cancer Institute." Cancer Staging. National Cancer Institute, 2012. Web. 24 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/detection/staging>. "National Cancer Institute." Common Cancer Types -. National Cancer Institute, 2012. Web. 24 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/commoncancers>. "National Cancer Institute." What Is Cancer? -. National Cancer Institute, 2012. Web. 24 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/cancerlibrary/what-is-cancer>. "Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 16 Nov. 2012. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23163522>. U.S. Cancer Statistics Working Group. United States Cancer Statistics: 1999–2008 Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report. Atlanta (GA): Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Cancer Institute; 2012. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/uscs. Vogelstein, Bert, and Kenneth W. Kinzler. "Cancer Genes and the Pathways They Control." Celebrating Our Tenth Year Historical Perspective 10.8 (2004): 789-99. Print. What's New." National Cancer Center, 2 Oct. 2012. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ncc.go.jp/en/whatsnew.html>. Leiomyosarcoma Cancer what is it? Works Cited Cancer is the general name for a group of more than 100 diseases. Although there are many kinds of cancer, all cancers start because abnormal cells grow out of control. Untreated cancers can cause serious illness and death stages of cancer From February 1973 to December 2011, 12 cases of esophageal leiomyosarcoma were identified. The principal symptoms included progressive dysphagia in 11 cases (91.7%), retrosternal/back pain in four (33.3%), weight loss in four (33.3%), upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in two (16.7%), and emesis in two (16.7%) (National Center).
Transcript: Row cells in a table that are arranged horizontally. Templates Template is a reuseable pattern that you can use to lay out elemts on a web page. Title Graphic, also called a page header is an image that appears at the top every page on a web site. Table an item consiting of colums and rows that is used to organize a web page's content. Logo is a symbol used to represent a business or an organization. Column cells in a table that are arrange vertically.
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