Transcript: the Shinkansen FUN FACT the Shinkansen is a name for a bullet train in japan. the Shinkansen mean bullet train in japan. the fastest Shinkansen is the Nozomi it can get up to 320 mph The Nozomi is a type of Shinkensen it make a trip from Tokyo to Osaka in 2 hours and 26 minutes the nozomi the Shinkansen was made in 1959 in japan know as the high power rail way. The Shinkansen
Transcript: Bullet train -bullet train is a nickname in english -carry 151 million passengers per year -the maximum operating speed is 320 km/h (200 mph) (on a 387.5 km section of the Tōhoku Shinkansen) A JNR map from the October 1964 English-language timetable, showing the then-new Tokaido Shinkasen line (in red) and conventional line. The picture of the shinkansen 2 IBNU KHALDUN History Bullet train (shinkansen) Japan was the first country to build dedicated railway lines for high-speed travel. People who were credited with the construction of the first Shinkansen are Hideo Shima, the Chief Engineer, and Shinji Sogō, the first President of Japanese National Railways (JNR) who managed to persuade politicians to back the plan
Transcript: Thank you BY: Joseph, Julia, Kayla, & Liz History of the Bullet train Possibilities such as the adding Friction based electrical systems, or solar panels which would essentially make the project pay for itself at a certain point it would produce its own energy to run making the project gain more funding to add on or fund other areas, also allowing if enough electricity is made that can power surrounding areas for little to no cost. https://www.google.com/search?q=facts+on+the+bullet+train&rlz=1CAHPZY_enUS731US731&oq=facts+on+the+bullet+train&aqs=chrome..69i57.4246j0j9&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8&surl=1&safe=active&ssui=on The original bullet train is the Japanese 0 Series Shinkansen. The nickname originated when the concept was first proposed in the 1930s, and when the high-speed train started operating in 1964 (shown above) it kind of resembled a bullet, so the name stuck. The fact that it could do 130 mph didn't hurt, either. Bullet Train cite work Our stance on the situation Perks of the Bullet Train The cost of buying a bullet train ticket isn't as expensive as buying a plane ticket A bullet train is an extremely fast train usually found in Chinese, Japanese, and European countries. They offer visitors an experience like no other with speeds reaching up to 200 mph. www.marketplace.org/topics/business/desert-city-welcomes-californias-high-speed-train design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi http://clarencegooden.com/the-pros-and-cons-of-californias-high-speed-rail-project/ High speed rail is the most convenient and comfortable form of transportation on earth Bullet Trains are good because ... Creates millions of green jobs nationwide building the new rail infrastructure and manufacturing the rail cars Saves lives (43,000 Americans die each year in car accidents) Cons to the Bullet Train https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/15/us/california-today-bullet-train.html?_r=0 www.marketplace.org/topics/business/desert-city-welcomes-californias-high-speed-train What is a Bullet Train? Cost The potential cost for a ticket around $80 per person, for a family of 4 that is $320. Poorly cited The work going on at the work cites are poorly supervised, leaving room for error. Not enough support Public opinion is iffy, people are unsure if the bullet train is worth tax payers money. http://www.acprail.com/rail-passes/japan-rail/bullet-train Provides efficient mobility that moves people and goods without delay and waste https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/15/us/california-today-bullet-train.html?_r=0
Transcript: Aeroplane Airplane’s wings are curved on top and flatter on the bottom to make air flow over the top faster than the bottom. GROUP MEMBERS: NORZAINI ROS BINTI NOR SHAHFIZA BINTI NUR AMIRAH BINTI MAT GHANI NOORUL ATIQAH BINTI RAMLI CONCLUSION Non- aerodynamics cars The air flows become irregular or turbulent above a certain velocities The flow will abrupt the velocity of the car CONCLUSION Bicycles Aerodynamics shape can be improved by the body shape of the riders Bullet train Body shape of the train is streamline and the front part of the bullet train is tapered like nose of aeroplane to reduce air resistance as much as possible. VEHICLE AERODYNAMICS HOW AERODYNAMICS WORKS?? When air flows over a body having a streamline shape, the flow is faster across the curved surface compared to flat surface. Bernoulli’s principle is applied Four forces involved HOW AERODYNAMICS CARS SAVE ENERGY? Vehicle aerodynamics How aerodynamics cars save energy?? Bullet train Body shape of the train is streamline and the front part of the bullet train is tapered like nose of aeroplane to reduce air resistance as much as possible. WHAT IS AERODYNAMICS? The study of movement of air over a body in motion How aerodynamics cars save energy?? Aerodynamics cars The air flow smoothly around the car is said to be laminar The laminar flow does not abrupt the velocity of car. Aeroplane Airplane’s wings are curved on top and flatter on the bottom to make air flow over the top faster than the bottom. GROUP MEMBERS: NORZAINI ROS BINTI CHE NOZID NOR SHAHFIZA BINTI MAT ZAIN NUR AMIRAH BINTI MAT GHANI NOORUL ATIQAH BINTI RAMLI What is aerodynamics?? Applications of aerodynamics shape in vehicles Differences between aerodynamics cars and non-aerodynamics cars. Non- aerodynamics cars The air flows become irregular or turbulent above a certain velocities The flow will abrupt the velocity of the car GROUP MEMBERS: NORZAINI ROS BINTI NOR SHAHFIZA BINTI NUR AMIRAH BINTI MAT GHANI NOORUL ATIQAH BINTI RAMLI Applications of aerodynamics shape in vehicles Aerodynamics cars The air flow smoothly around the car is said to be laminar The laminar flow does not abrupt the velocity of car. GROUP MEMBERS: NORZAINI ROS BINTI CHE NOZID NOR SHAHFIZA BINTI MAT ZAIN NUR AMIRAH BINTI MAT GHANI NOORUL ATIQAH BINTI RAMLI Differences between aerodynamics cars and non-aerodynamics cars. Differences between aerodynamics cars and non-aerodynamics cars. Aerodynamics cars is created to reduce aerodynamic drag. The greater the drag, the harder the vehicle motor has to work At high speed, aerodynamics drag can be the largest consumer of energy on a heavy vehicle. What is aerodynamics?? Vehicle aerodynamics Movement of air over a body in motion How aerodynamics work? When air flows over a body having a streamline shape, the flow is faster across the curved surface compared to flat surface. Bernoulli’s principle is applied Four forces involved Vehicle aerodynamics Overall, it is obvious that aerodynamics vehicles can conserve energy. It is because the air flows smoothly around an aerodynamics vehicle. From Islamic perspective, aeroplane was first invented by Abbas Ibn Firnas using the concept of how bird can fly,Do they not observe the birds above them, spreading their wings and folding them in? None can uphold them except ((Allah)) Most Gracious: Truly ((Allah)) Most Gracious: Truly it is He that watches over all things.(Al-mulk:verses 19) In Islam we have been taught to not wasting and it is clearly stated in Surah Al-Isra’(verses 27): Indeed, the wasteful are brothers of the devils, and ever has Satan been to his Lord ungrateful. Bicycles Aerodynamics shape can be improved by the body shape of the riders Overall, it is obvious that aerodynamics vehicles can conserve energy. It is because the air flows smoothly around an aerodynamics vehicle. From Islamic perspective, aeroplane was first invented by Abbas Ibn Firnas using the concept of how bird can fly,Do they not observe the birds above them, spreading their wings and folding them in? None can uphold them except ((Allah)) Most Gracious: Truly ((Allah)) Most Gracious: Truly it is He that watches over all things.(Al-mulk:verses 19) In Islam we have been taught to not wasting and it is clearly stated in Surah Al-Isra’(verses 27): Indeed, the wasteful are brothers of the devils, and ever has Satan been to his Lord ungrateful. Movement of air over a body in motion How aerodynamics work? When air flows over a body having a streamline shape, the flow is faster across the curved surface compared to flat surface. Bernoulli’s principle is applied Four forces involved
Transcript: Dallas - Houston corridor expected to experience increased congestion in the coming years. The Texas Central Bullet Train offers a Japanese solution to a Lone Star sized problem. Average cruising speed - 160 mph One-way trip Automobile: 4.5 hrs High-speed rail: 1.5 hrs Most time-efficient method for average Texan Direct project investment Infrastructure and construction jobs $10 billion Indirect project investment $38 billion Dallas - Houston corridor Over 30 daily, non-stop commercial flights 30,000 seats available Profitability American Airlines - 4.5% Shinkansen - 5.8% Tebessa Ketchersid Initial Investment Tebessa Ketchersid Fast Facts Existing Market Heather Harbin Congestion Relief Permit Process Carson Allgood https://www.bizjournals.com/dallas/news/2018/06/ 13/hosting-2026-world-cup-could-bring-620m- economic.html Land area needed for right of way is already developed by individuals and corporations Large easements are needed due to high speed of train Bullet Trains vs. Cars During construction phase: 10,000 jobs per year Total of 40,000 jobs Post-construction phase: Directly - 1,000 Indirectly - 4,000 Services-related 3. The destination city's public transportation is important in making sure that the journey from the bullet train station to the destination is as easy and convenient as the bullet train. *acknowledging all services in place and projected need of additional services Not all cities have the same modes of public transportation and all don’t service all areas of the cities and outlying areas. The existing services such as DART in Dallas and METRO in Houston were taken into consideration when determining the optimal location of the stations. In most cases cities will have to alter existing bus routes and propose express shuttle routes to local city train stations. As for the Brazos Valley Station/ College Station where there are no existing services all new services have to be implemented then there is the decision as to which neighboring city will be responsible for providing services and which city will be providing funds for these services. *Coordination of city officials, transportation heads and planning departments With a project of this magnitude there is a lot of communication between all the parties involved which could be a logistical nightmare getting all involved to meeting, conference calls, and meeting minutes relayed to those that are unavailable. City Planning and development Departments have to coordinate with Public Transportation department heads to plan out which services will be available which may not be a part of the cities thoroughfare plan due to existing demand of ridership in the proposed locations which could lead to budget issues if demand is not met once the stations become operational. * Could enlarge the footprint of the stations Once acknowledging which Public transportation services will be available consideration and accommodations must be made for Rideshare services that may also become available at the proposed locations. As these services become available and as the high-speed train’s ridership grows as projected more space for parking, increasing means public transportation required could force the need for available parking. Presently the Brazos station will have 1200 vehicle parking lot while the Houston and Dallas stations which are located in rail interchange areas will have smaller parking areas but will have pedestrian connections to adjacent parking facilities. Being on a 60 acre lot the Brazos station could potentially grow in the future if need be but the Houston and Dallas stations will have harder times expanding being they are already on smaller landlocked lots. Carson Allgood - Aerospace Engineer Heather Harbin - Industrial Engineer Tebessa Ketchersid - Civil Engineer Marlon Urquhart - Mechanical Engineer Carson Allgood Heather Harbin Coordination of agencies 19 agencies are currently involved in the permit process ranging from city, state, and federal government Economic Impact Marlon Urquhart Marlon Urquhart Marlon Urquhart Permit Process Job Creation Point #3 Before opening, costs must cover: Surveying Pre-design Analysis Design Engineering Installation Permit Process HOUSTON Carson Allgood Summary of project Carson's Info: Aerodynamic Efficiency Streamlined shape reduces inhibiting forces on the train Bombardier tool: 25% reduction in drag force 15% reduction in electricity needed DALLAS Electric Operation Existing Public Transportation Carson Allgood https://www.jrailpass.com/blog/shinkansen-gran-class COLLEGE STATION Texas Central President Tim Keith told the Texas Tribune the company could begin construction next year and that trains could start running around 2024. Comfort and Convenience Point #4 Existing Public Transportation Group Chat Area: Bullet trains would require approval and permits from various local governments as well as the state government, which could take years to acquire. The permit process takes a long time
Transcript: BULLET TRAIN BY: ARTIFICIO PASCUAL SAMSON VITALEZ Introduction 1 ABOUT? THE STUDY IS ABOUT? The effects of High-Speed Rail on the Transportation System of the Philippines Also known as High-Speed Rail (HSR) is a railway system designed for speeds above 250 km/hr. WHAT IS A BULLET TRAIN? WHAT? SHINKANSEN PROBLEMS 2 TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN/OUT AND WITHIN METRO MANILA TRAVEL TIME CURRENT CONDITION OF RAILWAY TRANSIT SYSTEM OBJECTIVES 3 To determine if Bullet Train can help lessen traffic congestion To determine the effectiveness and efficiency of Bullet Train in terms of travel time To determine if Bullet Train is the applicable solution to replace current railway system DISCUSSION RELATED LITERATURE 4 CONGESTION CONGESTION JICA "Studies show that delays caused by traffic make the Philippines suffer economically" (2017) JICA CARMUDI “Carmageddon -we all experience it these days. It’s the bane of every motorist and commuter in the Philippines, and sadly, it’s getting extremely worse by the second." CARMUDI "Waze, the world’s largest community-based traffic and navigation app, describes Metro Manila traffic as the worst traffic on earth." ABS-CBN ABS-CBN CURRENT STATE CURRENT STATE RAILWAY IN PH DOTR Accidents happened on MRT3 from January 2017 – December 2017 DOTr SPOT.TH SPOT.TH November 27, 2017 50.11K Reactions ........ FOOTAGE TRAIN TRIP FROM PACO TO BLUMENTRITT THEN TO UM PNR ROUTE TAKEN PNR PACO STATION TO BLUMENTRITT COST = 15 PESOS 24 MINUTES ROUTE TAKEN LRT BLUMENTRITT TO UN AVE. COST = 15 PESOS 15 MINUTES BULLET TRAIN BULLET TRAIN ADVANTAGES "Take Beijing to Shanghai as an example — counting preparation time for the journey, it takes about 4.5 hours by plane, about 5.5 hours by high-speed rail, and [would only take] about 3.5 hours with [the new] high-speed maglev," GROSSMAN ,D. (2019) BEIJING TO SHANGHAI ROUTE USHSR "HSR not only delivers a new form of fast transportation but also relieves congestion on highways and runways, making both of those systems function more effectively. " DISADVANTAGES "Japan has estimated that it would cost the Thai government 420 billion baht" Nikkei 2017 "the first 380 km will be built in a span of 6 years from 2019 to 2025." CONCLUSION 5 HSR FOR SHORT DISTANCES IS NOT ECONOMICAL #1 NOT AN ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION #2 ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS MUST BE CONSIDERED #3 RECOMMENDATION 6 #2 #3 #4 #1 IMPROVE OR UPGRADE RAILWAY SYSTEM BUILD MORE RAILWAY INFRASTRUCTURE IN PROVINCIAL AREAS IMPROVE PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PROMOTE AND IMPLEMENT MODES OF TRANSPORTATION THANK YOU FOR LISTENING! 7
Transcript: Bullet Train by Kyla Rusputri Designer Who first designed/developed it? Hideo Shima was the inventor , and designer of the first Bullet Train . He died of the age of 96 in March 19th . Engineers What types of engineers are (or may be) involved in the design and operation of the Bullet Train? Civil engineering, Computer engineering, Electrical engineering, Mechanical engineering Process When was the device, product, or system first designed/developed? Late 1990's What knowledge and materials had to exist before the product could be designed/developed? Engineers modeled after the kingfisher birds. They modeled for them for their tunnel sonic booms . The train's high speed in tunnels would build too much pressure , but from the design from the kingfisher adapts the head of the bird. Solution What problem does Bullet Trains solve? About 5 million people in opening day, Japan has one of the busiest rail-road lines . Bullet Trains helps Japan's economy . It helps business and people alike by allowing workers go off in a distant and helps suppilers and firms. Also, tourism went up for their simple , and fast access to places. Future What new products could Bullet Trains lead to in the future? It could led to faster trains , or more train tunnels that are built. Sources : https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1998-mar-20-mn-31043-story.html https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/10/what-50-years-of-bullet-trains-have-done-for-japan/381143/ https://uxdesign.cc/shinkansen-the-bullet-train-inspired-by-kingfishers-bf6173cc5eae
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