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Building design

Transcript: Design of two 50 m2 art studios in Jura, Scotland and Salamua, Papua New Guinea Group B Consultancy Kathleen Painter, Dominik Konstantin Hinteregger, Adewale Oluwatosin Abiola, Cristina Diaz Perez, Shiv Prateek Dahiya Jura, Scotland Design General Design Located at the base of the mountain and surrounded by mountains. Shell/skeletal type of structure. Glass façade with timber frames covered by stone cladding for durability against sources of nature. Excess daylight and diffused light throughout. Duplex structure inside for more volume of air and light within the studio. Bedroom in the rear for added privacy. Additional storage beneath the staircase. Pull out cabinets. Bar storage beneath the hanging lights Minimalist design. Energy & Heating Heating & Ventilation Jura First aim was to reduce heating demand by using proper insulation. Biomass boiler as best option. 3.5 tons of wood needed. Wood logs as best option for the off site application. Natural ventilation Power A mix of photovoltaic and a wind turbine. Wind turbine has peak output in the winter, the photovoltaic panels in summer. Waste & Water Abstraction from lake Re-use greywater 320 litres for two people per day Low environmental impact Water Consumption Semi closed-loop system Re-use greywater Sink from studio itself filtered via sand bucket Pod tank Advantages of the PodTank System: Salamua, Papua New Guinea Design Use of locally available material. Local mode of construction. Easy to tear down and rebuild Vernacular Architecture Proposed Design Ground Floor plan Open plan design Minimal partitioning to aid air movement through living space First Floor plan Open plan design The use of three collapsible doors to give the artist control of lighting and ventilation of the studio space Ample balcony space 3D sectional view Open plan design The use of a mechanical pulley system to provide lift access for disable use of both floors The lift connects to both floors via the balconies 3D sectional view Open plan design Studio space south facing Space underneath the straight flight of stairs serves as power room for battery storage and other electrical devices required Use of wooden louvre shutters aid the ventilation of the space Elevations Energy & Ventilation Heating and Ventilation No heating needed due to warm climate. Warm water supply via a solar collector. Open design to allow maximum air flow. Power Waste & Water Water Water Consumption Any question or inquiry will be cleared by our team Thank you

Building Design

Transcript: A return to natural materials Use of organic materials for insulation for example Prefabrication of buildings Reduction in transport emissions if managed correctly Efficiency built in at every level Supply chain right down to modeling of air flow Enviromental Improvements 43% of all the UK’s carbon emissions come from buildings uk gov 2009 Integrated Passive Design - Orientation : making best use of year round sun - Glazing : best use of sun to avoid overheating in summer and heat loss in winter - Thermal Mass : providing place to store solar heat in the winter and a heat sink for the summer - Insulation : to stop overheating or excessive cold - Natural Ventilation : well designed airflows for cooling without impacting on insulation - Zoning : grouping areas of similar thermal requirements together to increase efficiency design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi Environmental Management Plans With the introduction of EMSs from the early '90s businesses have been increasingly looking for ways to comply with legislation and increase their environmental commitment. One of the ways that EMSs have contributed to this is to provide a framework that encourages standardisation of subjects such as land management and improving/increasing building stock. This in turn has led to the raise in schemes such as BREEAM which is an environmental assessment method and rating system for buildings Scottish Government Design Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 Created the statutory framework for greenhouse gas emissions reductions in Scotland Low Carbon Scotland: Meeting our Emissions Reduction Targets 2013-2027 A set of recommendations to deliver reduced emissions from Scotland’s existing and future building stock Building Practices Building Design

Building Design

Transcript: Named after designer Gustave Eiffel (Dijon, France) In 1909 it was propsed to be demolished until it was repurposed as a radio antenna Most visited paid monument in the world (2011) with 6.98m visitors During WW2 they cut the elevator cables so that when Hitler visited hew would only be able to take the stairs (1'665) The paint alone covering the tower is equivalent in weight to 10 elephants Colloseum - Rome, Italy Lotus temple - Delhi, India Chrysler building - New York, USA Sydney Opera House - Australia Hagia Sophia - Istanbul Largest amphitheater globally famously known for hosting gladiator battles The west exit is referred to as the gate of death because that is where the dead gladiators were carried out from The first games performed for emperor Titus lasted 100 days and included 3'000 deaths Only took 10 years to build (with the help of 60'000 jewish slaves) Siphephelo Zuma Worlds tallest structure (828m) Designed by Adrian Smith (American), who also designed One world trade center NY Built within 6 years Has the longest running elevator that travels at 10m per second Construction subsidized by Dubai government Tallest brick building in the world and all were laid by hand Designed by William Van ALen (Brooklyn, NY) Built for Chrysler automobiles but ownership remained with Walter Chrysler to be inherited by his children (who then sold in 1953) The top mantle was erected in 1hr and a half as part of the competition to be the highest structure in NY Designed by a Danish architect, Jorn Utzon Estimated cost to build was AUS$ 7m, final project cost AUS$ 102m The roof is covered by over 1 million tiles made by Höganas (Swedish company) Total of 1'000 rooms UNESCO world heritage site in 2007 Designed to look like sails Taj Mahal - India Burj Khalifa - Dubai, UAE Empire state building NY Contemporary Design in architecture The building was commissioned as a tomb for the third wife of the Mughal emporor (she died giving birth to their 14th child) Made completely of white marble The four sides of the building are identical thus making it one of the most symmetrical buildings on the planet Designed by persian architect Ahmed Lahauri Estimated 1'000 elephants used to help transport the heavy raw materials Eiffel tower - France Open to all regardless of religious belief The Bahá’í Faith is a monotheistic religion which emphasizes the spiritual unity of all humankind Made up of 27 free standing marble petals that have 9 entrances to one hall Designed by Furiburz Sabha (Iranian-American) The lotus represents the Manifestation of God, and is also a symbol of purity and tenderness No pictures, images or statues are present in the building (openness to belief). There are also no sermons conducted 5th tallest skyscraper in the U.S. Designed by William F. Lamb (Brooklyn, NY) In 2007 recognized as Americas favorite architectural structures $500m spent in renovation, $120m of which was spent in making it more eco-friendly and energy efficient A B-25 army aircraft crashed into the building due to foggy conditions killing 14 people, however, Betty Lou Oliver survived a 75 floor elevator fall. Former greek orthodox church turned imperial mosque. now is a museum The monument is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture, because of its enormous dome Finished in under 6 years over 14oo years old and is still standing (despite being built in 6 years and surviving an earthquake) This clock tower is officially known as Elizabeth tower Biggest chiming clock in the world Designed by Augustus Pugin and Charles Barry (London) To this day the cables of the Big ben are winded three times weekly as the clock works with a gravitational pull Big Ben - London, UK

Building Design

Transcript: U UD UNDERCUT DOOR UH UNIT HEATER R RF RETURN AIR FAN RH RELIEF HOOD RHC REHEAT COIL RHP RADIANT HEATING PANEL RTU ROOFTOP UNIT E EBB ELECTRIC BASEBOARD EER ENGINE EXHAUST REEL EF EXHAUST FAN EHC ELECTRIC HEATING COIL ERV ENERGY RECOVERY VENTILATOR ET EXPANSION TANK EUH ELECTRIC UNIT HEATER Escalators are required to have moving handrails that keep pace with the movement of the steps. The direction of movement (up or down) can be permanently the same, or be controlled by personnel according to the time of day, or automatically be controlled by whoever arrives first, whether at the bottom or at the top (the system is programmed so that the direction is not reversed while a passenger is on the escalator). Elevators themselves are simple devices, and the basic lifting systems have not changed much in over 50 years. The control systems, however, have changed substantially to improve safety and speed of operation. Elevators are designed for a specific building, taking into account such factors as the height of the building, the number of people travelling to each floor, and the expected periods of high usage. K KW KILOWATT BUILDING DESIGN II N (N) NEW N/A NOT APPLICABLE NC NOISE CRITERIA NIC NOT IN CONTRACT NO. NUMBER NOP NORMALLY OPEN NTS NOT TO SCALE K KH KITCHEN HOOD KMU KITCHEN MAKEUP UNIT O OA OUTSIDE AIR OBD OPPOSED BLADE DAMPER OC ON CENTER OD OUTSIDE DIAMETER S ST SOUND TRAP G GMU GLYCOL MAKE-UP UNIT GRH GRAVITY RELIEF HOOD GRV GRAVITY VENT D DC DRY COOLER DH DEHUMIDIFIER ABBREVIATIONS V VAV VARIABLE AIR VOLUME BOX VF VENTILATION FAN L LPP LIQUID PROPANE PUMP LPT LIQUID PROPANE TANK LPV LIQUID PROPANE VAPORIZER F F FARENHEIT FA FACE AREA FC FAN COIL FC FLEXIBLE CONNECTOR FD FIRE DAMPER FF FOULING FACTOR FLA FULL LOAD AMPS FM FLOW METER FPI FINS PER INCH FPS FEET PER SECOND FS FLOW SWITCH FT FEET FVEL FACE VELOCIT The benefits of escalators are many. They have the capacity to move large numbers of people, and they can be placed in the same physical space as one might install a staircase. They have no waiting interval (except during very heavy traffic), they can be used to guide people toward main exits or special exhibits, and they may be weatherproofed for outdoor use. It has also been observed that a non-functioning escalator simply becomes a normal staircase, whereas many other conveyances become useless when they break down. Modern commercial buildings commonly have multiple elevators with a unified control system. The object of the control system is to minimize the average time any passenger spends from the time the elevator call button is pushed to the arrival of the first available elevator. Different systems use different levels of sophistication. The simplest systems use a single up and down button on each floor regardless of the number of elevators. When a passenger calls for an elevator, the controller sends the nearest elevator that is travelling in the desired direction. The approach of an elevator car is signalled by an illuminated arrow above the elevators doors pointing up or down. Escalators have three typical configuration options: parallel (up and down escalators "side by side or separated by a distance", seen often in metro stations and multilevel motion picture theaters), crisscross (minimizes structural space requirements by "stacking" escalators that go in one direction, frequently used in department stores or shopping centers), and multiple parallel (two or more escalators together that travel in one direction next to one or two escalators in the same bank that travel in the other direction). Escalators, like moving walkways, are powered by constant-speed alternating current motors and move at approximately 1–2 feet (0.30–0.61 m) per second. The typical angle of inclination of an escalator to the horizontal floor level is 30 degrees with a standard rise up to about 60 feet (18 m). Modern escalators have single-piece aluminum or stainless steel steps that move on a system of tracks in a continuous loop. M MA MIXED AIR MAX MAXIMUM MBH THOUSANDS BTU’S PER HOUR MD MOTORIZED DAMPER MH MOUNTING HEIGHT MIN MINIMUM MS MOTOR STARTER MW MAKE-UP WATER HVAC ( HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING) E (E) EXISTING EAT ENTERING AIR TEMPERATURE EDH ELECTRIC DUCT HEATER EER ENERGY EFFICIENCY RATING EF EXHAUST FAN EEF EFFICIENT EL ELEVATION ELECT ELECTRICAL EWTEN ETERING WATER TEMPERATURE EXH EXHAUST ELEVATOR C CD CEILING DIFFUSER CD CONDENSATE DRAIN CF CUBIC FOOT CFM CUBIC FEET PER MINUTE CL CENTERLINE CV CHECK VALVE CH CHILLER COP COEFFICIENT OF PERFORMANCE CONT. CONTINUATION CT COOLING TOWER CU CONDENSING UNIT CV VALVE FLOW COEFFICIENT CW COLD WATER P P PUMP PD PRESSURE DROP PH PHASE PR VPRESSURE REDUCING VALVE PSI POUNDS PER SQUARE INCH 5 TERMINOLOGIES Crisscross Escalator MECHANICAL 2 H HD HEAD HP HEAT PUMP HP HORSE POWER HTG HEATING HTR HEATER HWC HOT WATER COIL F F FILTER FC FLUID COOLER FCU FAN COIL UNIT FTR FIN TUBE RADIATION FTU FAN TERMINAL UNIT 4 ESCALATOR GENERAL TERMINOLOGIES B B

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Transcript: Nobody knows babies like we do! Quality products . Good Customer service. Every Kid really loves this store.. BABYLOU ABOUT US About Us BabyLou was established in 2004. It has been more than a decade since we started, where we have ensured to take care of every need and want of every child and infant under one roof, true to the caption “NO BODY KNOWS BABIES LIKE WE DO”. Our benchmark is to provide 100% customer service and satisfaction and continue to deliver the same with a wide range of toys, garments and Baby Products. Play and Create We Are Best 01 02 03 Block games Building Blocks help Kids to use their brain. PLAY TO LEARN in Crusing Adventures Our Discoveries Enjoy a sunny vacation aboard a luxury yacht with the LEGO® Creator 3in1 31083 Cruising Adventures set. This ship has all the comforts you need, including a well-equipped cabin and a toilet. Sail away to a sunny bay and take the cool water scooter to the beach. Build a sandcastle, enjoy a picnic, go surfing or check out the cute sea creatures before you head back to the yacht for a spot of fishing. Escape into the mountains Disney Little Princes in Also available for your Babies..... Also... Out of The World… Our reponsibility BABYLOU…. Our Responsibility All children have the right to fun, creative and engaging play experiences. Play is essential because when children play, they learn. As a provider of play experiences, we must ensure that our behaviour and actions are responsible towards all children and towards our stakeholders, society and the environment. We are committed to continue earning the trust our stakeholders place in us, and we are always inspired by children to be the best we can be. Innovate for children We aim to inspire children through our unique playful learning experiences and to play an active role in making a global difference on product safety while being dedicated promoters of responsibility towards children.

Building design!

Transcript: Overview Ventalation is the intended and controlled entrance and exit of air through buildings, delivering fresh air, and getting rid of stale air through purpose-built ventilators. These work together with the designed heating system. If you do not insulate properly and ventilate too little, you can risk warm humid air condensing on cold, poorly insulated surfaces which will create moisture that allows for molds and fungi to grow. Controlled ventilation will satisfy the fresh air requirements of an airtight building. Air infiltration or opening of the window cannot be considered an acceptable alternative to designed ventilation. Ventilation This is thinking about the shape and orientation of the building, solar protections and passive solar systems. It takes into account climate and environmental conditions outside and works with them to make the inside more comfortable. Designing this involves the following principles: The design has to be compact reducing the surface contact with the exterior. The doors are designed face south (preferably) and the interior is laid out according to heating requirements. passive solar systems collect solar radiation, acting as “free” heating and lighting systems; the building is protected from the summer sun, primarily by shading but also by it's colour, designed to be reflective so often painted white. Consequences of air leakages Air tightness is designed to reduce the possibility of air escaping the house through gaps and cracks making it more energy efficient by also a more sustainable structure. It is easier to make sure a house is air tight in the building stages than to fix a drafty home later on after the build is complete. Cold outside air will be drawn in through gaps in the walls, ground floor and ceiling (infiltration). Infiltration can cool surface of places inside, leading to condensation. Warm air leaking out through gaps in the dwelling’s envelope (exfiltration) is a major cause of heat loss and, consequently, wasted energy. Most buildings, even those built recently, are not airtight and because of unwanted air infiltration generate huge costs to owners and occupants. A leaky house will result in higher CO2 emissions. The additional heat loss will mean that a correctly sized heating system may not be able to meet the demand temperature. Drafts and cold spots in the house can cause discomfort. In extreme cases, excessive infiltration may make rooms uncomfortably cold during cooler periods. Excessive air leakage can allow damp air to penetrate the building fabric, degrading the structure and reducing the effectiveness of the insulation. Air leakage paths often lead to dust marks on carpets and wall coverings that look unpleasant. Energy efficient Building design! Bioclimatic architecture Thermal insulation Being well insulated ensures energy efficiency throughout the home. Insulation is as relevant in cold regions as in hot ones. In cold/cool regions, insulation keeps a building warm and limits the need for energy for heating whereas in hot/warm regions the same insulation systems keep the heat out and reduce the need for air conditioning. An exterior waqll is well insulated when thermal resistance is high, meaning heat loss through it is small. Making the conductivity of heat through the materials small means a house can me more insulated within the smae space. Air Tightness Energy efficiency can be achieved by including bioclimatic architecture, high performing building envelope, and high performance controlled ventilation. Only when the building has been designed to minimise the energy loss, it makes sense to start looking at the energy source (including renewable energy) and at the heating and cooling equipments. This is the trias energetic concept.

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