Transcript: OLD CARS Moreno Rodriguez Abraham Antonio Olguin Garcia Adriana Oropeza Pichardo Ariadne CONCLUSION ENERGY REFORM SPEED LIMITS Fishbone procedure TRAFFIC JAM When to use fishbone diagram? INCREASE OF TRANSPORTATION COSTS SOURCES MEXICAN PETROLEUM DECREASE LONG DISTANCE Fishbone diagram Cause and effect When identifying possible causes for a problem. Especially when a team’s thinking tends to fall into ruts. TRAFFIC REGULATIONS CHANGES What´s cause and effect diagram? DOLLAR COST The fishbone diagram or cause and effect diagram identifies many possible causes for an effect or problem. It can be used to structure a brainstorming session. It immediately sorts ideas into useful categories. Materials needed: flipchart or whiteboard, marking pens. Methods Machines (equipment) People (manpower) Materials Measurement Environment Write the categories of causes as branches from the main arrow. Brainstorm all the possible causes of the problem. Ask: “Why does this happen?” Write sub–causes branching off the causes. And generate deeper levels of causes indicate causal relationships. Focus attention to places on the chart where ideas are few. TRAFFIC TICKET http://asq.org/learn-about-quality/cause-analysis-tools/overview/fishbone.html http://www.dictionary.com/browse/cause-and-effect https://www.superteacherworksheets.com/causeeffect.html https://www.flocabulary.com/unit/cause-and-effect/ http://examples.yourdictionary.com/cause-and-effect-examples.html Agree on a problem statement (effect). Write it at the center right of the flipchart or whiteboard. Draw a box around it and draw a horizontal arrow running to it. Brainstorm the major categories of causes of the problem. If this is difficult use generic headings: Is useful to analyze process dispersion with this simple, visual tool. The resulting diagram illustrates the main causes and subcauses leading to an effect
Transcript: What it looks like Fishbone Diagram Classic fishbone diagram Analyze your diagram. By this stage you should have a diagram showing all the possible causes of your delay / problem. Depending on the complexity and importance of the problem, you can now investigate the most likely causes further. This may involve setting up interviews (see getting patient perspectives), carrying out process mapping or surveys which you can use to decide whether the causes identified are correct. Take each of the main categories and brainstorm possible causes of the problem. Then, explore each one to identify more specific 'causes of causes'. Continue branching off until every possible cause has been identified. Where a cause is complex, you might break it down into sub-causes. Show these as lines coming off each cause line. Patient Re-admission Process-type cause and effect diagram Firstly, identify the problem. Write it in a box and draw an arrow pointing towards it. Think about the exact problem in detail. Where appropriate, identify who is involved, what the problem is, and when and where it occurs. CONTD.... A cause and effect diagram, also known as an Ishikawa, and it is a graphic tool used to explore and display the possible causes of a certain effect. It helps to identify areas for improvement. When causes group naturally under the categories of Materials, Methods, Equipment, Environment, and People Classic Diagram FISHBONE DIAGRAM Visually explanation To show causes of problems at each step in the process. It graphically displays the relationship of the causes to the effect and to each other. When you need help fully understanding an issue and to identify all the possible causes - not just the obvious. If you know the cause of the delay, you are then better placed to implement the solution. Variety of benefits Teach-a-tool It helps teams understand that there are many causes that contribute to an effect Solutions Identify the major factors and draw four or more branches off the large arrow to represent main categories of potential causes. Categories could include: equipment, environment, procedures, and people. Make sure that the categories you use are relevant to your particular problem / delay. When is it used Application to the real world How is it created? Process-type cause and effect diagram Creates a clear understanding
Transcript: People Brainstorm all the possible causes of the problem. "Why does this happen?" Why Did we miss our 59 Second time Point When to Use a Fishbone Diagram When identifying possible causes for a problem. Especially when a team’s thinking tends to fall into ruts. PK Draws Brainstorm the Major Categories of Causes to the Problem - Methods -Machines/Equipment -People/Manpower -Materials -Measurement -Environment Methods or Process Equipment What can go wrong with Agree on a problem statement (effect) Use The 5 Why Method Continue to ask "Why does this happen?" for each cause -Includes Training Environment
Transcript: GROUP 7 FISH BONE DIAGRAM OBJECTIVES Objectives Define the fishbone diagram Generate a fishbone diagram Analyze a problem using a fishbone diagram Implement fishbone diagram in solving cause - effect problems What is Fishbone? WHAT IS FISH BONE? Also known as cause and effect diagram : visualization tool for categorizing the potential causes of a problem in order to identify its root causes. - Useful tool in PDSA cycle for developing changes. - Discovering - Organizing - Summarizing Different changes and variations that contribute to the current state HISTORY History of Fishbone Created by Kaoru Shikawa in 1968 Develop this diagram in order to manage quality control - But now it is used by different industries to access root causes. WHEN TO USE ? When to use a Fishbone Diagram Discovering the root cause of a problem Uncover bottelnecks in your processes To find where and why a process isn't working PROCEDURES Procedures Figure out the problem Write down the major factors Identify the possible causes Analyze diagram ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES ADVANTAGES Simple Easy to find possible root causes DISADVANTAGES It may be too simple, hard to show interrelated nature of problems hard to explore if you don't have large amount of space EXAMPLE Example
Transcript: School work Get in shape Get a Job BENEFITS Travel Procrastinate Pay for it Plane High school friends HISTORY Workout People Buddy system Fishbone diagrams, Herringbone diagrams, Cause-and-Effect diagram, or Ishikawa diagram. Created by Kaoru Ishiawa in 1968 The diagram shows the causes of a specific event Causes are usually grouped into major categories to identify sources of variation Then factors causing the overall effect are found Game plan Step by Step Product Design Quality Defect Prevention Situations Marketing Industry Eat Healthy Car Fishbone Diagram Swim trunks Ideal Situations By: Joel Jackson & Joe Pedrotty College Friends Sun screen Ask Parents Supplies Needed The fishbone diagram captures the associations and relationships among the potential causes and effects displayed in the diagram Any cause or causal chain featured on the fishbone diagram could be contributing to the problem. The fishbone diagram is a great way to stimulate and structure brainstorming about the causes of the problem The fishbone framework can keep your team focused as you discuss what data needs to be gathered Going on Spring Break Safety Do it ahead of time
Transcript: Most Grade 5 pupils are not interested in reading the displayed policies. Too many policies Fishbone Diagram Some Grade 5 pupils are unable to follow in-house policies. Environment Method Poor attitude towards policies. Most pupils live in depressed areas. Man Some Grade 5 teachers find it difficult to strengthen the implementation of rules. Material
Transcript: Time for an Activity! This would be a great to use in the elementary classrooms and with higher grades. It would help give the students a deeper understanding of the problem, because it gives several causes. How do you Create a Fishbone? Ideas Take 5 minutes to think about the following topic: What causes students to loose their recess? Fishbone Diagram Notes Create a head, which lists the problem or issue to be studied. Create a backbone for the fish (straight line which leads to the head). Identify at least four “causes” that contribute to the problem. Connect these four causes with arrows to the spine. These will create the first bones of the fish. Brainstorm around each “cause” to document those things that contributed to the cause. Use the 5 Whys or another questioning process such as the 4P’s (Policies, Procedures, People and Plant) to keep the conversation focused. Continue breaking down each cause until the root causes have been identified. Ideas a visualization tool for categorizing the potential causes of a problem in order to identify its root causes. Work Cited Definition This diagram is useful in brainstorming sessions to focus conversation. It is easier to follow other peoples train of thought. http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/fishbone-diagram Why Should We Use It? Ideas How do we use this?
Transcript: A cause-and-effect analysis generates and sorts hypotheses about possible causes of problems within a process by asking participants to list all of the possible causes and effects for the identified problem. Cause-and-effect diagrams can reflect either causes that block the way to the desired state or helpful factors needed to reach the desired state. AGENDA 1. What is Fishbone Diagram 2. What is Fishbone Template 3. What are the details of Fishbone Diagram 4. Usage 5. Fishbone Diagram Example Why Fishbone Fishbone analysis is mostly used by teams at the deepen stage of the remodeling process. It does not tell which is the root cause, but rather possible causes. Want to study all the possible reasons why a process is beginning to have difficulties, problems, or breakdowns? Leomar Barrameda -This root cause analysis method was developed by Kaoru Ishikawa, a Japanese scientist, who discovered through his work at Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Want to study why a process is not performing properly or producing the desired results? FISHBONE DIAGRAM MITCO3 REPORTING SAMPLE DIAGRAM Need to study a problem/issue to determine its cause? Fishbone Diagram Van Vliet, V. (2013). Fishbone diagram by Kaoru Ishikawa. Retrieved [1-2017] from ToolsHero: http://www.toolsh… http://sumo.ly/osmq What is Fishbone Analysis When should a fishbone diagram be used? Example Template THANK YOU
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