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Accents

Transcript: South African English or SAE Raggae Makeda television with south African Lucky Dube What is the situation in South Africa? Now as you see with the release of Nelson Mandela is the peace increasing there or is it just being cover up? Well it`s a ... South Africa at the moment I can said everything is like happening you know the changes going on positive changes, it´s all now left with the people, is for the people to do their parts now because the government tells loosing up the laws that was said to be very oppressive some of them have been removed and so is the people that will make now the extra changes because the government can remove this oppressive laws like this “Apartheid” thing, it can be scratched in the books of South Africa but it can not be scratched in the people`s minds. Apartheid lives with the people even if the government can make the changes in their books but if the people don`t adjust themselves then all the changes that the government has made will be nothing, will mean nothing so it`s all left up to the people right now. English's strategy was to solve the problems between Boers and Xhosa with the help of british immigrants who settle down at the cabe. English mother tongue of 3.45 million people in South Africa Protest Music... Hugh Masekela - Afro Beat Blues; Hugh - Witch Doctor ; For the Love of You For the Love of You lyrics Driftin' on a memory Ain't no place I'd rather be Then with you, yeah Loving you well, well, well Day will make a way for night All we'll need is candle lights And a song, yeah Soft and long, well, ooh Glad to be here alone With a lover unlike no other Sad to see a new horizon Slowly comin' into view, yeah I wanna be living for the love of you Ah, yes, I am All that I'm giving is for the love of you Alright now Ooh, lovely as a ray of sun That touches me when the mornin' comes Feels good to me, yeah My love and me, well Smoother than a gentle breeze Flowin' through my mind with ease Ag man - oh man; ag as the Afrikaans equivalent to "oh", man pronounced as in English bakgat - cool; expression of appreciation for something very well accomplished bra - male friend compare American English: "dude" goffel - Ugly girl/woman. For example,"What a G!". Also a degrading term for a person or coloured origin. lank - lots/a lot lekker - nice, good, great (lit. tasty) Like "tik, tik is lekker" nooit - never, no way, unbelievable! yoh - an expression of surprise e.g., "Yoh, that was rude" "Yoh, you gave me a fright!", (Police-chief talking about the poor physique of his policemen) "They should look at our men and say "yoh!". With the help of: "Language in SouthAfrica" Rajend Mesthrie http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_South_African_slang_words http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_South_Africa http://books.google.es/books?hl=es&lr=&id=cqaGb_SEQHUC&oi=fnd&pg=PA104&dq=south+african+english+&ots=R3k83PLrTT&sig=8neO1_2fbDdOYB1F5e3PaSRcnRc#v=onepage&q=south%20african%20english&f=false http://www.lel.ed.ac.uk/research/gsound/Eng/Database/Phonetics/Englishes/ByLanguage/All_Words_Gmc_W_Eng_SH_SAf_Jbg_Typ.htm http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zlAJ-L8MXp4 A little of history!! First name of the Cabe: Das tormentas British got interested in the Cabe Colony and they protected this part of Africa from the French Some britons arrived to Africa after the Netherlanders in the XVIII century ... small Africanisms: Who arrived first? The British, the Dutchs, the Portugueses English-speakers dominated politics , finance, manuacturing while the Boers stayed at the farms.

ACCENTS

Transcript: Commonly spoken in the East End of London is the cockney accent. It is typically associated with working class citizens. *Spelling and punctuation started to become more standarised. Cockney: “I want to rabbit with you in the nuclear.” Standard English: “I want to talk with you in the pub.” Cockney: “Fancy a butcher’s?” Standard English: “Want to take a look?” Cockney: “Babbel rang me on the dog.” Standard English: “Babbel rang me on the phone.” *Word order became more fixed: subject-verb-object *Archaic possessive pronouns were still in use in earlier examples of texts, for example, "thy" and "thou" *Use of auxiliary verbs became mandatory in interrogative sentence, for example, "did he go running?" *Americanisms and American spellings (or/our and re/er endings) started to form. This accent can be heard around Southeast England, East Anglia, the Midlands and North. It is slightly similar to General American in the US. Vowel combination “ae” is very common. Take for example the word “cannot” in Standard English. In Scottish English, the T is swallowed, and the O sound changes to “ae”, becoming “cannae”. ‘I cannae do it.’ Not only does the T at the end of “cannot” get swallowed, but “it” also has that distinctive glottal stop after the vowel sound, so you don’t actually hear the letter T in the sentence at all. KEY TEXT: Written religious texts Stage 4: Modern English Stage 1: Old English Scottish English - Capitals used for proper nouns but also important common nouns -The spelling of words resembles the literal pronunciation, influenced by the Bible which was meant to be a spoken text -Loss of many inflections, making word order more important -French words: more elegant and refined with softer sounds and different stress on the endings of words. -The most common adjective used in English is ‘good’. -The most commonly used noun is ‘time’. -The word ‘set’ has the highest number of definitions. -Month, orange, silver, and purple do not rhyme with any other word. -The word ‘lol’ was added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2011. -The word ‘Goodbye’ originally comes from an Old English phrase meaning ‘god be with you’. -Etymologically, Great Britain means ‘great land of the tattooed’. -The oldest English word that is still in use is ‘town’. West Country Stage 3.-Early Modern English (from 1450 to 1750) The West Country accent can be heard in the South of England, just about fifty miles West of London and extending to the Welsh border. Often, the letter ‘r’ is pronounced after vowels. Instead of saying mother as ‘muthah’, someone from the Southwest would say ‘mutherrr’. Stage 2: Middle English ACCENTS and dialects Gaby ,Grecia, Camila, Ricardo West Country: “Alright me’ansum? / Alright me’luvver?” Translation: “Hello, how are you?” (Lit. “Alright, my handsome?” / “Alright, my lover?”) Usage: This common greeting is popular across the West Country. The word me’ansum is used when greeting close male acquaintances. West Country: “Ideal” / “Proper job!” Translation: “Very good!” (Lit. it was “ideal”, or it was “proper job” – like a “job done well”.) Usage: Both expressions are used by West country folk to express happiness or contentment, and they can be deployed at any given situation and in all manner of contexts -The old english was only spoke until 1100 and then was not spoken again. -Muscular quality to the words: short, direct and forceful. -Use of kenning, for example "bone-house"= body • Geordie: “Areet marra?” • Standard English: “Alright mate?” When to use it: When you bump into a friend on the street, or when you meet a chum in the pub. • Geordie: “Wey aye!” • Standard English: “I’m in agreement.” When to use it: When one of your marras (friends) suggests going to the pub for a bottle of broon (brown ale). • Geordie: “Champion!” • Standard English: “Great!” When to use it: When celebrating your favourite Alan Shearer goal. • Geordie: “Howay!” • Standard English: “Come on!” When to use it: This is one of the most famous, and most misunderstood, bits of Geordie. “Howay!” can be taken to mean “Come on!” in both positive and negative associations. Stage 4.- Modern English (from about 1750) Geordie normally refers to both the people and dialect of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne in Northeast England. It is one of the oldest and best loved British dialects, but it is slowly dying. History of English *Many prefixes (anti-, post-, pre-) and suffixes (-ate, -ic, -al) were taken from Latin. British Language "The Tempest" - Shakespeare *Where should this music be? I´the air or the earth? It sounds no more; and, sure it waits upon Some god o´the island. *But ´tis gone. Cockney Geordie Stage 3: Early Modern English Estuary English Fun facts Stage 2.- Middle English (1150 to 1750) Stage 1.- Old English (from 450 to 1150) Scots roll their Rs regularly and collapse their words so that they sound like they have been cut off in the middle. For instance, ‘cot’ instead of ‘caught’ and ‘not’ with ‘nee’. So instead of saying you ‘didn’t

Accents

Transcript: Why do you pick up a different accent when you move to another country? Will an accent affect your singing? How many accents can someone do? About Definition An accent is a distinctive way of pronouncing a language, especially one associated with a particular country, area, or social class or a distinct emphasis given to a syllable or word in speech by stress or pitch. When was the first accent recorded? When was the fist accent recorded? Where was the fist accent recorded? Accents have been used to determine one person from another since the Biblical times. In the Bible, a tribe noticed that their enemy couldn't pronounce the word "shibboleth", how they would. They used this to their advantage to be able to identify and kill them. The first accent to be recorded was in the biblical times. There is a quote in the bible where people noticed the difference in the way Peter spoke: After a little while those who stood by came and said to Peter, "Surely you are also one of them, for your speech makes you known." Matthew 26:73 Why are there different accents in the same country? Different accents are developed regionally. Recently, accents have been noticed more because of the developments in travel. No one is born with an accent. Children develop their language and accent from the people around them, like their parents. There has been an increase in immigration over the years, so our accents have developed from other accents, languages, and countries. Why are there different accents in the same country? People's language has become more lazy so different words have been created. UK and USA In the USA, most of the regional accents are a reflection of the major immigration increase in those areas. There are many more examples: the influence of West African languages due to the slave trade, the influence of French speakers in Louisiana, and the influence of the Scandinavians in the Upper Midwest. The most popular accents are: Received Pronunciation (the Queen's English) Yorkshire Cockney Geordie West Country Because there was more moving around, and because English accents took centuries to develop, there are a lot. The first children to grow up in a new place are very important. The children who grow up together are a 'peer group'. They want to speak the same as each other to express their group identity. The accent they develop as they go through their childhood will help form the new accent of a place. I couldn't find the world record for number of accents spoken, but in this video, a man speaks 67 English accents. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=riwKuKSbFDs How many accents can someone do? An accent will influence your singing voice. Just like languages have accents or different pronunciations, musical genres involve vocal emphasis that effects how you use your tongue, and throat muscles to communicate vowels and consonants. http://erinrebeccaroberts.com/blog/2014/12/31/will-an-accent-affect-your-singing When you sing, often in pop, you naturally put on an American accent. Some experts suggest that since pop music was invented in the USA, the songs suit an American accent better. But others have said it's simply because British singers copy the style of music they want to sound like. https://www.google.com/search?q=will+an+accent+effects+you+when+you+sing&rlz=1C1GGRV_enGB841GB841&oq=will+an+accent+effects+you+when+you+sing&aqs=chrome..69i57.15991j1j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8 https://www.google.com/search?q=why+do+you+pick+up+an+accent+whenyou+move+countries&rlz=1C1GGRV_enGB841GB841&oq=why+do+you+pick+up+an+accent+whenyou+move+countries&aqs=chrome..69i57.29639j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8 https://www.google.com/search?q=why+do+you+pick+up+an+accent+whenyou+move+countries&rlz=1C1GGRV_enGB841GB841&oq=why+do+you+pick+up+an+accent+whenyou+move+countries&aqs=chrome..69i57.29639j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8 https://www.google.com/search?q=why+do+you+pick+up+an+accent+whenyou+move+countries&rlz=1C1GGRV_enGB841GB841&oq=why+do+you+pick+up+an+accent+whenyou+move+countries&aqs=chrome..69i57.29639j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8 it actually has a lot to do with phonetics, the pace at which they sing and speak, and the air pressure from the vocal chords. People put on an American accent, because the American accent is fairly neutral. Some singers like Adele, loose their accents when they sing But other's like Ed Sheeran keep their accents when they sing Who? Adele has a very strong Cockney accent, but it can't be heard when she sings However, Ed Sheerhan's accent can be heard. I think that whether you hear an accent or not depends on what type of genre of music is being sung. Certain genres have certain accents. When people move to new places their accents change, as they naturally mimic the speech they hear around them because they want to empathise with the people around them. American researchers have found that human brains imitate the speech patterns of other people, even complete strangers, without meaning to. The older 1.

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accents

Transcript: Australian accent Australia 1 Australian Aborigines arrived 50,000 years ago. In 1770 Captain James Cook landed and claimed the territory for the British crown. Australia got indemepndent slowly during the XX century Pronunciation 2 The Pronunciation is the main difference between Australian English and Standard English. The most characteristic features are the vowels and diphthongs. They pronounce bee like bay in normal English, bay like buy, and buy with a little bit of o. Tone is pronounced like town and Town is pronounced with a bit of e. The e is pronounced like an i, get is pronounced like git. https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1qCg46yLvqxTNTdF34m8Lk_hfikr6Oue7?usp=sharing Examples Vocabulary Here there are some australian words compared to the british word. 3 Words Words kangaroo Roo toilet toilet Chrissie Christmas Berko Angry Chocolate Chokkie food tucker British Australian Grammar 4 there isn't much difference between Australian grammar and British grammar but here they are some examples. Australians are more likely to say numbers like 1100 as “eleven hundred” than “one thousand, one hundred” They might say there is two of them where a British speaker would say there are two of them. Spelling There is almost no difference between British spelling and Australian but there is difference with the american spelling 5 Examples Apologise Examples British and Australian American Apologize Traveler Traveller Center Centre Analyze Analyse Celebrity Speaking 6 Ryan Williams https://youtu.be/ZBleJCC-MPA?t=24 Conclusion 7 The main difference between australian English and standard English is the pronunciation and in the other aspects there are minor differences

Accents

Transcript: What is an accent? People have trouble pronouncing sounds that aren't in their language. As a young child we learn what sounds are important to our language and to disregard the rest. The older we get the harder it becomes to learn sounds that are part of a different language. For example, someone who has spoken German would have a difficult learning sounds in the English language that belong at the beginning of wish and this because the German language doesn't have those sounds-so they may pronounce them instead as a Z or V. The other kind of accent is simply the way a group of people speak their native language. This is determined by where they live and what social groups they belong to. People who live in close contact grow to share a way of speaking, or accent, which will differ from the way other groups from other places speak. We may notice someone has a Texas accent for example, particularly if we're not from Texas. We notice this because it's different from the way we speak. Trouble with certain sounds. Accent is the way you sound when you speak. There are two different kinds of accents. One is a ‘foreign’ accent; this occurs when a person speaks one language using some of the rules or sounds of another one. For example, if a person has trouble pronouncing some of the sounds of a second language they’re learning, they may substitute similar sounds that occur in their first language. This sounds wrong, or ‘foreign’, to native speakers of the language Accents

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